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United States Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png  Alabama Gotoarrow.png   Alabama Military Gotoarrow.png  Alabama in the Civil War Gotoarrow.png 1st Regiment, Alabama Infantry

Contents

Brief History

1st Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Pensacola, Florida, in March, 1861.[1]

In January 1862, the regiment drastically reorganized.[2]

The men were from the counties of Tallapoosa, Pike, Lowndes, Wilcox, Talladega, Barbour, and Macon. Th unit surrendered in April, 1865.[3]

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first. 

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 3,852 man on its roster for this unit.  Roster.

  • Company A (Pioneer Guards)  - many men from Barbour County.  In 1862, this company reorganized as the Eufaula Light Artillery with Company B (Eufaula Rifles).[2]
  • Company B (Eufaula Rifles)  - many men from Barbour County  In 1862, this company reorganized as the Eufaula Light Artillery with Company A (Pioneer Guards).[2]
  • Company C (Perote Guards)- many men from Pike County, became Company G.
  • Company D (Red Eagles)  - many men from Mobile County. In 1862, it disbanded.[2]
  • Company E (Rough and Ready Pioneers)  - many men from Pike County, stayed Company E 
  • Company F (Tallapoosa Rifles)  - many men from Tallapoosa County, became Company A. 
  • Company G (Alabama Rifles) - many men from Talladega County, became Company D.
  • Company H (Guards of the Sunny South)  - many men from Lowndes County, became Company C. 
  • Company I (Clayton Guards)  - many men from Barbour County, became Company F. 
  • Company K (Wilcox True Blues)  - many men from Wilcox County, became Company B.

The list of companies with their counties and their rosters are on the southern-style.com web site.

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Alabama in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Alabama in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Alabama, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.

References

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Southern-Style.com, 1st Alabama Infantry, (accessed 10 May 2011).
  3. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).

 

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