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''[[Portal:United States of America|United States of America]] &gt; [[United States History|United States History]] &gt; 20th Century 1901-2000'' <br>
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''[[United States|United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[United States History]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''20th Century 1901-2000''' <br> [[Image:Ellis Island 2.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Ellis Island as seen from the Circle Line Ferry from Battery Park to Liberty Island.]] The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th_century 1900’s] brought a rapid change in the country’s makeup. Immigrants from all over the world went through the doors at [http://www.ellisisland.org/ Ellis Island]. [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/291675/Interstate-Highway-System Highways and expressways] were constructed. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transportation_in_the_United_States Modes of transportation] were improved causing the populous to move about the country more easily. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_production Mass production] made technology affordable to the middle class. [http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=224387 Trade Unions] and [http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/bus/A0859157.html labor laws] affected the work place. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roaring_Twenties twenties roared] in with [http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture15.html economic prosperity] then the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wall_Street_Crash_of_1929 Wall Street Crash] brought on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression_in_the_United_States Great Depression]. The [http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/water_14.html farmers in the great plains], some called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okie “okies”], endured and then exited the [http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/res/div/ocp/drought/dust_storms.shtml terrible dust storms] that drove them from their farms in the [http://faculty.washington.edu/gregoryj/exodus/ Dust Bowl west to California]. It has been a country on the move, going from farms to cities to find work. <ref> Hine, Robert V. and Faragher, John Mack; ''Frontiers: a short history of the American West'',  Contributor Robert V. Hine, John Mack Faragher. Edition: illustrated, abridged. Published by Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN 0300117108, 9780300117103. 248 pages. Page 170. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/74987823 Worldcat] </ref> The many [http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL32492.pdf wars of this century] all have had an impact on your ancestors. Two very different territories, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_of_Hawaii Hawaii] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_Territory Alaska], each uniquely beautiful, became the last two to join the Union. [http://www.rehabilitated.org/pardon_documents/u_s_population_1900_2000.htm The Nation's population] is at nearly 76 million according to the US Census to begin this century and [http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html over 281 million in April of 2000].
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== Timeline ==
  
The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th_century 1900’s] brought a rapid change in the country’s makeup. Immigrants from all over the world went through the doors at [http://www.ellisisland.org/ Ellis Island]. [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/291675/Interstate-Highway-System Highways and expressways] were constructed. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transportation_in_the_United_States Modes of transportation] were improved causing the populous to move about the country more easily. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_production Mass production] made technology affordable to the middle class. [http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=224387 Trade Unions] and[http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/bus/A0859157.html  labor laws] affected the work place. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roaring_Twenties twenties roared] in with [http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture15.html economic prosperity] then the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wall_Street_Crash_of_1929 Wall Street Crash] brought on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression_in_the_United_States Great Depression].  The [http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/water_14.html farmers in the great plains], some called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okie “okies”], endured and then exited the [http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/res/div/ocp/drought/dust_storms.shtml terrible dust storms] that drove them from their farms in the [http://faculty.washington.edu/gregoryj/exodus/ Dust Bowl west to California]. It has been a country on the move, going from farms to cities to find work. <ref> Hine, Robert V. and Faragher, John Mack; ''Frontiers: a short history of the American West'',
 
Contributor Robert V. Hine, John Mack Faragher. Edition: illustrated, abridged. Published by Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN 0300117108, 9780300117103. 248 pages. Page 170. [ttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/74987823 Worldcat] </ref> The many [http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL32492.pdf wars of this century] all have had an impact on your ancestors. Two very different territories, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_of_Hawaii Hawaii] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_Territory Alaska], each uniquely beautiful, became the last two to join the Union. [http://www.rehabilitated.org/pardon_documents/u_s_population_1900_2000.htm The Nation's population] is at nearly 76 million according to the US Census to begin this century and [http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html over 281 million in April of 2000].
 
==Timeline==
 
 
*'''1901:''' William McKinley is sworn in as President with Theodore Roosevelt as Vice President. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_McKinley_assassination President McKinley is assassinated]. Theodore Roosevelt is the President of the United States.
 
*'''1901:''' William McKinley is sworn in as President with Theodore Roosevelt as Vice President. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_McKinley_assassination President McKinley is assassinated]. Theodore Roosevelt is the President of the United States.
  
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*'''1905:''' Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 2nd term with Charles Fairbanks as Vice President.
 
*'''1905:''' Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 2nd term with Charles Fairbanks as Vice President.
  
*'''1906:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1906_San_Francisco_earthquake San Francisco earthquake] and fire destroys approximately 4 square miles of the city, leaving 500 dead or missing. For information on burned counties see the [[Burned Counties Research|Burned Counties Research]] page.<ref> ''The California earthquake of April 18, 1906: Report of the State Earthquake Investigation Commission ...'' By California. State Earthquake Investigation Commission, Andrew Cowper Lawson, Harry Fielding Reid. Published by Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1910. Item notes: v. 2. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2437385 Worldcat]Full Text is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=w7oQAAAAIAAJ Google Books. </ref>
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[[Image:San Francisco Earthquake.jpg|thumb|center|700px|Ruins of San Francisco after earthquake and fire, April 18 - 21, 1906, view from Stanford Mansion site]]
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*'''1906:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1906_San_Francisco_earthquake San Francisco earthquake] and fire destroys approximately 4 square miles of the city, leaving 500 dead or missing. For information on burned counties see the [[Burned Counties Research|Burned Counties Research]] page.<ref> ''The California earthquake of April 18, 1906: Report of the State Earthquake Investigation Commission ...'' By California. State Earthquake Investigation Commission, Andrew Cowper Lawson, Harry Fielding Reid. Published by Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1910. Item notes: v. 2. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2437385 Worldcat]Full Text is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=w7oQAAAAIAAJ Google Books]. </ref>
  
 
*'''1907:''' [http://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/oklahoma/ Oklahoma] is the 46th state admitted to the Union and was formed from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oklahoma_Territory Oklahoma Territory] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Territory Indian Territory]. The [http://www.museumca.org/picturethis/2_4.html "Gentleman's Agreement"] restricts Japanese immigration to the United States. [http://www.ellisisland.org/genealogy/ellis_island_timeline.asp 1,004,756 immigrants were received at Ellis Island] this year alone making it the most ever received in one year.
 
*'''1907:''' [http://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/oklahoma/ Oklahoma] is the 46th state admitted to the Union and was formed from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oklahoma_Territory Oklahoma Territory] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Territory Indian Territory]. The [http://www.museumca.org/picturethis/2_4.html "Gentleman's Agreement"] restricts Japanese immigration to the United States. [http://www.ellisisland.org/genealogy/ellis_island_timeline.asp 1,004,756 immigrants were received at Ellis Island] this year alone making it the most ever received in one year.
  
*'''1908:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Ford Henry Ford] introduces the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Model_T Model T.] and The [http://www.footnote.com/page/93_investigative_case_files_of_the_bureau/ Bureau of Investigation (BOI)] is established, predecessor to the FBI.
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*'''1908:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Ford Henry Ford] introduces the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Model_T Model T.] and The [http://www.footnote.com/page/93_investigative_case_files_of_the_bureau/ Bureau of Investigation (BOI)] is established, predecessor to the FBI.
  
*'''1909:''' William Taft is sworn in as the President of the United States with James Sherman as Vice President.  
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*'''1909:''' William Taft is sworn in as the President of the United States with James Sherman as Vice President.
  
*'''1912:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Mexico New Mexico] is the 47th state and Arizona is the 48th. [http://phoenix.about.com/od/phoenixfactsandfiction/qt/statehood.htm Arizona] had been called by Arizona before 1863, although it was still in the Territory of New Mexico. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Titanic RMS Titanic] sinks.
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[[Image:Ford Assembly Line.jpg|thumb|right|360px|Ford Assembly Line 1913]]  
  
*'''1913:''' Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as the President of the United States with Thomas Marshall as Vice President. [https://www.msu.edu/user/mcnallyh/massproductioninquiry.htm Henry Ford adopts the conveyor belt system] used in the meat-packing industry and applied it to the manufacture of cars. <ref> Wood, John Cunningham; ''Henry Ford: Critical Evaluations in Business and Management'', Contributor John Cunningham Wood. Edition: illustrated. Published by Taylor & Francis, 2003.
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*'''1912:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Mexico New Mexico] is the 47th state and Arizona is the 48th. [http://phoenix.about.com/od/phoenixfactsandfiction/qt/statehood.htm Arizona] had been called by Arizona before 1863, although it was still in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Mexico_Territory Territory of New Mexico]. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Titanic RMS Titanic] sinks.
ISBN 0415248256, 9780415248259. 384 pages. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50143429/editions?editionsView=true&referer=br Worldcat] </ref> Within ten years this process cut the price of a car by approximately seventy five percent. The Panama Canal is open for shipping.  
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*'''1914:''' American forces occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico. The United States Army Air Corps is established. The Panama Canal is now opened for travel.
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*'''1913:''' Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as the President of the United States with Thomas Marshall as Vice President. [https://www.msu.edu/user/mcnallyh/massproductioninquiry.htm Henry Ford adopts the conveyor belt system] used in the meat-packing industry and applied it to the manufacture of cars. <ref> Wood, John Cunningham; ''Henry Ford: Critical Evaluations in Business and Management'', Contributor John Cunningham Wood. Edition: illustrated. Published by Taylor &amp; Francis, 2003. ISBN 0415248256, 9780415248259. 384 pages. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50143429/editions?editionsView=true&amp;referer=br Worldcat] </ref> Within ten years this process cut the price of a car by approximately seventy five percent.
  
*'''1916:''' U.S. agrees to purchase Danish West Indies (Virgin Islands) for $25 million.
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*'''1914:''' American forces occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aviation_Section,_U.S._Signal_Corps The Aviation Section] of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Army_Signal_Corps The United States Signal Corps] is established. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama_Canal The Panama Canal] is open for travel. <ref> Haskin, Frederic Jennings;  ''The Panama Canal''. Published by Doubleday, Page &amp; Company, 1913. 386 pages. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/563782 Worldcat]. Full text is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=I0X49oGRUYMC Google Books] </ref>
  
*'''1917-18:'''World War I. The United States entered [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] in April 1917. More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Service_Act_of_1917 Selective Service]. Over 4.7 million men and women served in the regular U.S. forces, national guard units, and draft units. There were 53,402 killed in action, 63,114 deaths from disease and other causes, and about 205,000 wounded. New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio furnished the most soldiers. For information concerning records about this war see the [[World War I United States Military Records, 1917 to 1918|World War I United States Military Records]] page.
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*'''1916:''' U.S. agrees to purchase [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish_West_Indies Danish West Indies] (Virgin Islands) [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/wwi/107293.htm for $25 million]. Road improvements and developments increased after federal funding for roads began with the [http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/summer96/p96su7.htm Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1916 and continued with the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1921].
  
*'''1917:''' The Jones Act makes Puerto Rico part of United States territory, making its inhabitants U.S. citizens. The Selective Service Act authorizing registration and draft of all men between 21 and 30 military service is passed by Congress. Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as President with Calvin Coolidge as the Vice President of the United States. The United States enters World War I on the side of the Allies. The United States National Guard is established.
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*'''1917-18:'''World War I. The United States entered [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] in April 1917. More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Service_Act_of_1917 Selective Service]. Over 4.7 million men and women served in the regular U.S. forces, [http://archives.utah.gov/research/inventories/6308.html national guard units], and draft units. <ref> Seymour, Charles; ''Woodrow Wilson and the World War'' Published by Biblio Bazaar, LLC, 2007. ISBN 1434648354, 9781434648358. 204 pages. Page 115. [http://books.google.com/books?id=eh3tqiGH5FAC Google Books] </ref> There were [http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/ww1/statistics.html 53,402 killed in action, 63,114 deaths from disease and other causes], and about 205,000 wounded. New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio furnished the most soldiers. For information concerning records about this war see the [[World War I United States Military Records, 1917 to 1918|World War I United States Military Records]] page.
  
*'''1918:''' There was a sharp decline do to the war in immigration as the numbers of immigrants passing through Ellis Island decreased from 178,416 in 1915, to just 28,867 in 1918. The Allied and Central Powers sign an armistice.
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*'''1917:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jones-Shafroth_Act The Jones-Shafroth Act] makes Puerto Rico part of United States territory, making its inhabitants U.S. citizens. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Service_Act_of_1917 The Selective Service Act] authorizing registration and draft of all men between 21 and 30 military service is passed by Congress. Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as President with Calvin Coolidge as the Vice President of the United States. The United States enters World War I on the side of the Allies. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_National_Guard United States National Guard is established].
  
*'''1919:''' The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending World War I.
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*'''1918:''' There was a sharp decline do to the war in immigration as the numbers of immigrants passing through [http://www.tachna.com/psm/home.htm Ellis Island decreased from 178,416 in 1915], to just 28,867 in 1918. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armistice_with_Germany_(Compi%C3%A8gne) Allied and Central Powers sign an armistice] ending the fighting of World War I.
  
*'''1920:''' This year was a historical tipping-point. For the first time in our nation's history, more people were living in cities than on farms. <ref> [http://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/20/us/farm-population-lowest-since-1850-s.html Farm Population] New York Times. </ref>
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*'''1919:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Versailles The Treaty of Versailles] is signed, officially ending World War I.
  
*'''1921:''' 560,971 immigrants passed through Ellis Island this year alone. Warren Harding is sworn in as the 29th President of the United States with  Charles Dawes as the Vice President.
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[[Image:Wall Street Crash.jpg|thumb|right|A solemn crowd gathers outside the Stock Exchange after the crash]]
  
*'''1923:''' Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as the 30th President of the United States.
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*'''1920:''' This year was a historical change in the nation's history, more people were living in cities than on farms. <ref> [http://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/20/us/farm-population-lowest-since-1850-s.html Farm Population] New York Times. </ref>
  
*'''1924:''' The Immigration Act of 1924 greatly restricted immigration.
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*'''1921:''' 560,971 immigrants passed through Ellis Island this year alone. <ref> Cunningham, John T.; ''Ellis Island: Immigration's Shining Center''Published by Arcadia Publishing, 2003. ISBN 073852428X, 9780738524283. 160 pages. Page 142. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53967006 Worldcat]. Full text is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=OyL6JatN5KwC Google Books] </ref> Warren Harding is sworn in as the 29th President of the United States with Charles Dawes as the Vice President.
  
*'''1925:''' Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as President with Charles Curtis as the Vice President.
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*'''1923:''' Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as the 30th President of the United States.
  
*'''1929:''' Charles Lindbergh  makes the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight in his plane The Spirit of St. Louis. American Samoa officially becomes a U.S. territory. Herbert Hoover is sworn in as the 31st President with John Garner as the Vice President.
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*'''1924:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration_Act_of_1924 The Immigration Act of 1924] greatly restricted immigration.
  
*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and families moved to cities to find jobs.  
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*'''1925:''' Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as President with Charles Curtis as the Vice President.
  
*'''1930-1936:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dust_Bowl The Dust Bowl] had wind storms that turned drought stricken farms into unworkable land. This affected the farms centered in the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and adjacent parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas. This exodus was the largest migration in American history within a short period of time. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states; of those, 200,000 moved to California.<ref> Worster, Donald; ''Dust Bowl: the southern plains in the 1930s'' Edition: 25, illustrated, annotated. Published by Oxford University Press US, 2004. ISBN 0195174887, 9780195174885. 290 pages. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/55878029 Worldcat] </ref>  
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*'''1929:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Lindbergh Charles Lindbergh] makes the first solo [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transatlantic_flight nonstop transatlantic flight] in his plane [http://www.charleslindbergh.com/plane/ The Spirit of St. Louis]. [[Samoa (Western and American)|American Samoa]] officially becomes a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Samoa U.S. territory]. Herbert Hoover is sworn in as the 31st President with John Garner as the Vice President. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wall_Street_Crash The Wall Street Crash] or Black Tuesday gave way to the Great Depression. <ref> Rothbard, Murray Newton; ''America's Great Depression'', Edition: 5 Published by Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2000. ISBN 0945466056, 9780945466055. 368 pages. Page xiii. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56218274 Worldcat]. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RHINtHpq8p0C Google Books]</ref>
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*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and families moved to cities to find jobs. <ref> Rothbard, Murray Newton; ''America's Great Depression'', Edition: 5 Published by Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2000. ISBN 0945466056, 9780945466055. 368 pages. Page xiii. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56218274 Worldcat]. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RHINtHpq8p0C Google Books]</ref>
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[[Image:Dust Bowl in South Dakota.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Buried machinery in barn lot during the Dust Bowl, an agricultural, ecological, and economic disaster in the Great Plains region of North America. Location is Dallas, South Dakota]]
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*'''1930-1936:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dust_Bowl The Dust Bowl] had wind storms that turned drought stricken farms into unworkable land. This affected the farms centered in the panhandles of [http://www.humanities-interactive.org/texas/dustbowl/ Texas] and [http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/es/ok/dustbowl_1 Oklahoma], and parts of [http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/depwwii/dustbowl/dustbowl.html New Mexico], [http://www.history.com/maps.do?type=view&catId=1&letter=S&mapId=1377 South Dakota], [http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/water_02.html Colorado], and [http://www.kansashistory.us/dustbowl.html Kansas]. This exodus was the largest migration in American history within a short period of time. By 1940, [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dustbowl/peopleevents/pandeAMEX08.html 2.5 million people] had moved out of the Plains states; of those, [http://faculty.washington.edu/gregoryj/dust%20bowl%20migration.htm 200,000 moved to California].<ref> Worster, Donald; ''Dust Bowl: the southern plains in the 1930s'' Edition: 25, illustrated, annotated. Published by Oxford University Press US, 2004. ISBN 0195174887, 9780195174885. 290 pages. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/55878029 Worldcat] </ref> <ref>Mink, Gwendolyn and O'Connor, Alice; ''Poverty in the United States: an encyclopedia of history, politics, and policy'', Edition: illustrated. Published by ABC-CLIO, 2004. ISBN 1576075974, 9781576075975. 895 pages. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56065029 Worldcat]</ref>
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*'''1933:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_City,_Maryland Ocean City Inlet] created by a major storm. Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as the 32nd President of the United States with Henry Wallace as the Vice President.
  
*'''1933:''' Ocean City Inlet created by a major storm. Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as the 32nd President of the United States with  Henry Wallace as the  Vice President.
 
 
 
 
*'''1935:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Works_Progress_Administration The Works Progress Administration (WPA)] was implemented to supply work for almost 8 million jobs. [http://www.ssa.gov/history/briefhistory3.html The Social Security Act] was signed into law. For information about how the Social Security Records can be helpful to your research see the [[U.S. Social Security Records for Genealogists|U.S. Social Security Records for Genealogists]] page.
 
*'''1935:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Works_Progress_Administration The Works Progress Administration (WPA)] was implemented to supply work for almost 8 million jobs. [http://www.ssa.gov/history/briefhistory3.html The Social Security Act] was signed into law. For information about how the Social Security Records can be helpful to your research see the [[U.S. Social Security Records for Genealogists|U.S. Social Security Records for Genealogists]] page.
  
 
*'''1937:''' Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President with Henry Wallace as the Vice President.
 
*'''1937:''' Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President with Henry Wallace as the Vice President.
  
*'''1940–1945:''' World War II. Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II] of whom 291,557 died in battle, 113,842 died from other causes, and 670,846 were wounded. For information concerning records about this war see the [[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II Military Records]] page.
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*'''1940–1945:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II World War II]. Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II] of whom [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_casualties 291,557 died in battle, 113,842 died from other causes, and 670,846 were wounded]. For information concerning records about this war see the [[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II Military Records]] page.
  
*'''1941:''' Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President with Henry Wallace as the Vice President. Japanese forces attack the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The United States declares war on Japan. Germany and Italy declare war on the United States. United States entered World War II.
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*'''1941:''' Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President with Henry Wallace as the Vice President. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor Japanese forces attack the United States naval base] at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_War The United States declares war on Japan]. [http://www.worldwar2database.com/html/us_war.htm Germany and Italy declare war on the United States]. United States [http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1661.html entered World War II].
  
*'''1942:'''  Women are now allowed to serve in all branches of the armed services.
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[[Image:Chesapeake Bay Bridge.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Chesapeake Bay Bridge]]
  
*'''1944:''' D-Day; invasion of Normandy, France by Allied Forces.
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*'''1942:''' Women are now allowed to serve in all [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_Armed_Services_Integration_Act branches of the armed services branches of the armed services].
  
*'''1945:''' Germany surrendered, ending World War II in Europe. United States dropped atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Japan surrendered, ending World War II in the Pacific.
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*'''1944:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D-Day D-Day; invasion of Normandy, France] by Allied Forces.
  
*'''1946:''' The Philippines, a United States protectorate, gains its independence. Winston Churchill proclaims "an iron curtain has swept across the continent (Europe)," beginning the Cold War.
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*'''1945:''' Germany surrendered, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End_of_World_War_II_in_Europe ending World War II in Europe]. United States dropped [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_bombings_of_Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki]; Japan surrendered, ending World War II in the Pacific.<ref> Gropman, Alan L.; ''Mobilizing U. S. Industry in World War II'', Published by DIANE Publishing, 1996. ISBN 0788136461, 9780788136467. 167 pages. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/174158881 Worldcat]. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=72jSjkaKbUYC Google Books].</ref>
  
*'''1949:''' Harry Truman is sworn in as President with Alben Barkley as the Vice President
+
*'''1946:''' The Philippines, a United States protectorate, [http://encarta.msn.com/sidebar_761593984/the_philippines_gain_independence.html gains its independence]. Winston Churchill proclaims "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Curtain an iron curtain] has swept across the continent (Europe)," beginning the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_War Cold War].
  
*'''1950's–1960's'''  The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
+
*'''1949:''' Harry Truman is sworn in as President with Alben Barkley as the Vice President
  
*'''1950–1953:'''   Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War]. About 54 thousand of these [[United States Military Records|American service]] men and women who served in the Korean War were killed. For information concerning records about this war see the [[United States Military in the Korean War 1950 to 1953 and Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|United States Military in the Korean War]] page.  
+
*'''1950's–1960's''' The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
  
*'''1952''' First span of Chesapeake Bay Bridge opened.
+
*'''1950–1953:''' Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War]. About 54 thousand of these [[United States Military Records|American service]] men and women who served in the Korean War were killed. For information concerning records about this war see the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War]] page.
  
*'''1953:''' The Refugee Act of 1953 makes an additional allocation of places for the victims of the war disaster. Dwight Eisenhower is the President of the United States with Richard Nixon as the  Vice President.
+
*'''1952''' First span of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chesapeake_Bay_Bridge Chesapeake Bay Bridge] opened connecting Maryland's Eastern and Western shores.
  
*'''1957:''' - Dwight Eisenhower is the President of the United States with Richard Nixon as the Vice President
+
*'''1953:''' The [http://tucnak.fsv.cuni.cz/~calda/Documents/1950s/Refugee_53.html Refugee Act of 1953] makes an additional allocation of places for the victims of the war disaster. Dwight Eisenhower is the President of the United States with Richard Nixon as the Vice President.
  
*'''1959:''' Alaska becomes the 49th state and Hawaii becomes the 50th.
+
*'''1957:''' Dwight Eisenhower is the President of the United States with Richard Nixon as the Vice President
  
*'''1961:''' John Kennedy is the 35th President of the United States with Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the  Vice President.
+
[[Image:Little Port Walter Alaska.jpg|thumb|left|385px|Little Port Walter Alaska]] [[Image:Iolani Palace.JPG|thumb|right|265px|ʻIolani Palace in Honolulu, was the official residence of the Hawaiian Kingdom's last two monarchs--King Kalakaua, who built the Palace in 1882, and his sister and successor, Queen Lili`uokalani]]
  
*'''1963:''' American/Vietnamese forces stage a coup in Vietnam. President Kennedy is assassinated. Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
+
<br>
  
* '''1964:''' Segregation is now abolished in the United States. The United States begins military presence in Vietnam. Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel opened; it was coined as one of the Seven Engineering Wonders of the Modern World.
+
*'''1959:''' [http://xroads.virginia.edu/~cap/BARTLETT/49state.html Alaska] becomes the 49th state and [http://www.statehoodhawaii.com/ Hawaii becomes the 50th].
  
*'''1964–1972:'''   Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War], about 58 thousand these Americans who served in Vietnam died. For information concerning records about this war see the [[United States Military in the Korean War 1950 to 1953 and Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] page.
+
*'''1961:''' John Kennedy is the 35th President of the United States with Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the Vice President.
 +
 
 +
*'''1963:''' American/Vietnamese forces stage a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1963_South_Vietnamese_coup coup in Vietnam]. President Kennedy is assassinated. Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
 +
 
 +
*'''1964:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1964 Segregation is now abolished in the United States]. The United States begins military presence in Vietnam. [http://www.cbbt.com/history.html Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel] opened; it was coined as one of the [http://digg.com/d1Oz8P Seven Engineering Wonders of the Modern World].
 +
 
 +
*'''1964–1972:''' Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War], about 58 thousand these Americans who served in Vietnam died. For information concerning records about this war see the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] page.
 +
 
 +
*'''1969:''' Richard Nixon is sworn in as the 37th President of the United States with Spiro Agnew as the Vice President.
 +
 
 +
*'''1973:''' Richard Nixon is sworn in as President with Spiro Agnew as Vice President for a 2nd term. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Peace_Accords The United States and Vietnam sign a peace treaty], [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/dr/17411.htm ending the Vietnam War]. The last of American forces leave Vietnam. Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 40th Vice President of the United States.
  
*'''1969:''' - Richard Nixon is sworn in as the 37th President of the United States with Spiro Agnew as the Vice President.
 
*'''1973:''' Richard Nixon is sworn in as President with Spiro Agnew as Vice President for a 2nd term. The United States and Vietnam sign a peace treaty, ending the Vietnam War. The last of American forces leave Vietnam. Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 40th Vice President of the United States.
 
 
*'''1974:''' Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States with Nelson Rockefeller as the Vice President.
 
*'''1974:''' Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States with Nelson Rockefeller as the Vice President.
 +
 
*'''1977:''' Jimmy Carter is sworn in as the 39th President of the United States with Walter Mondale as the Vice President.
 
*'''1977:''' Jimmy Carter is sworn in as the 39th President of the United States with Walter Mondale as the Vice President.
*'''1981:''' Ronald Reagan is the President of the United States with George Bush as the Vice President of the United States.
+
 
*'''1985:''' Ronald Reagan is the President of the United States with George Bush as the Vice President of the United States.
+
*'''1981:''' Ronald Reagan is the President of the United States with George Bush as the Vice President of the United States.
*'''1989:''' George Bush is the President of the United States with Dan Quale is as the Vice President.
+
 
*'''1991:''' A cease fire is signed between the United Nations and Iraq.
+
[[Image:Panama Canal Diagram.png|thumb|right|400px|Diagram illustrating the layout of the Panama Canal]]
*'''1992:''' The United States and Russia sign a treaty officially ending the Cold War.
+
 
 +
*'''1985:''' Ronald Reagan is the President of the United States with George Bush as the Vice President of the United States.
 +
 
 +
*'''1989:''' George Bush is the President of the United States with Dan Quale is as the Vice President.
 +
 
 +
*'''1991:''' A cease fire is signed between the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War United Nations and Iraq].
 +
 
 +
*'''1992:''' The United States and Russia sign a treaty officially [http://www.americanhistory.si.edu/subs/history/timeline/end/index.html ending the Cold War].
 +
 
 
*'''1993:''' Bill Clinton is the 42nd President of the United States with Al as the Vice President.
 
*'''1993:''' Bill Clinton is the 42nd President of the United States with Al as the Vice President.
*'''1997:''' Bill Clinton is the President of the United States with Al as the Vice President.
 
*'''1999:'''  Panama gains control of the Panama Canal from the United States.
 
  
==Websites==
+
*'''1997:''' Bill Clinton is the President of the United States with Al as the Vice President.
*[http://www.cis.umassd.edu/~gleung/nacaf/Timeline.htm Asian in America Timeline]
+
 
*[http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/chron20.cfm Digital History] Timeline for the 20th Century.
+
*'''1999:''' Panama gains [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torrijos-Carter_Treaties control of the Panama Canal] from the United States with the enactment of the Panama Canal Treaty.
*[http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/index.html Immigration the Journey to America]
+
 
*[http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/immig/irish3.html Irish immigration]
+
== Websites ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.cis.umassd.edu/~gleung/nacaf/Timeline.htm Asian in America Timeline]  
 +
*[http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/chron20.cfm Digital History] Timeline for the 20th Century.  
 +
*[http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/index.html Immigration the Journey to America]  
 +
*[http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/immig/irish3.html Irish immigration]  
 +
*[http://faculty.washington.edu/gregoryj/dust%20bowl%20migration.htm The Dust Bowl Migration] Poverty Stories, Race Stories
 
*[http://1918.pandemicflu.gov/ The Great Pandemic of 1918-1919] details the effect it had on each state.
 
*[http://1918.pandemicflu.gov/ The Great Pandemic of 1918-1919] details the effect it had on each state.
  
==Sources==
+
== Sources ==
<references/>
+
 
[[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]]
+
<references />  
 +
 
 +
[[Category:United_States_History| 1901-2000]]

Latest revision as of 18:31, 15 March 2012

United StatesGotoarrow.pngUnited States History Gotoarrow.png 20th Century 1901-2000
Ellis Island as seen from the Circle Line Ferry from Battery Park to Liberty Island.
The 1900’s brought a rapid change in the country’s makeup. Immigrants from all over the world went through the doors at Ellis Island. Highways and expressways were constructed. Modes of transportation were improved causing the populous to move about the country more easily. Mass production made technology affordable to the middle class. Trade Unions and labor laws affected the work place. The twenties roared in with economic prosperity then the Wall Street Crash brought on the Great Depression. The farmers in the great plains, some called “okies”, endured and then exited the terrible dust storms that drove them from their farms in the Dust Bowl west to California. It has been a country on the move, going from farms to cities to find work. [1] The many wars of this century all have had an impact on your ancestors. Two very different territories, Hawaii and Alaska, each uniquely beautiful, became the last two to join the Union. The Nation's population is at nearly 76 million according to the US Census to begin this century and over 281 million in April of 2000.

Timeline

  • 1901: William McKinley is sworn in as President with Theodore Roosevelt as Vice President. President McKinley is assassinated. Theodore Roosevelt is the President of the United States.
  • 1905: Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 2nd term with Charles Fairbanks as Vice President.
Ruins of San Francisco after earthquake and fire, April 18 - 21, 1906, view from Stanford Mansion site
  • 1909: William Taft is sworn in as the President of the United States with James Sherman as Vice President.
Ford Assembly Line 1913
  • 1913: Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as the President of the United States with Thomas Marshall as Vice President. Henry Ford adopts the conveyor belt system used in the meat-packing industry and applied it to the manufacture of cars. [4] Within ten years this process cut the price of a car by approximately seventy five percent.
  • 1917: The Jones-Shafroth Act makes Puerto Rico part of United States territory, making its inhabitants U.S. citizens. The Selective Service Act authorizing registration and draft of all men between 21 and 30 military service is passed by Congress. Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as President with Calvin Coolidge as the Vice President of the United States. The United States enters World War I on the side of the Allies. The United States National Guard is established.
A solemn crowd gathers outside the Stock Exchange after the crash
  • 1920: This year was a historical change in the nation's history, more people were living in cities than on farms. [7]
  • 1921: 560,971 immigrants passed through Ellis Island this year alone. [8] Warren Harding is sworn in as the 29th President of the United States with Charles Dawes as the Vice President.
  • 1923: Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as the 30th President of the United States.
  • 1925: Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as President with Charles Curtis as the Vice President.
  • 1930's: The Great Depression closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and families moved to cities to find jobs. [10]
Buried machinery in barn lot during the Dust Bowl, an agricultural, ecological, and economic disaster in the Great Plains region of North America. Location is Dallas, South Dakota
  • 1933: Ocean City Inlet created by a major storm. Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as the 32nd President of the United States with Henry Wallace as the Vice President.
  • 1937: Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President with Henry Wallace as the Vice President.
Chesapeake Bay Bridge
  • 1949: Harry Truman is sworn in as President with Alben Barkley as the Vice President
  • 1950's–1960's The building of interstate highways made it easier for people to move long distances.
  • 1950–1953: Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the Korean War. About 54 thousand of these American service men and women who served in the Korean War were killed. For information concerning records about this war see the Korean War page.
  • 1953: The Refugee Act of 1953 makes an additional allocation of places for the victims of the war disaster. Dwight Eisenhower is the President of the United States with Richard Nixon as the Vice President.
  • 1957: Dwight Eisenhower is the President of the United States with Richard Nixon as the Vice President
Little Port Walter Alaska
ʻIolani Palace in Honolulu, was the official residence of the Hawaiian Kingdom's last two monarchs--King Kalakaua, who built the Palace in 1882, and his sister and successor, Queen Lili`uokalani


  • 1961: John Kennedy is the 35th President of the United States with Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the Vice President.
  • 1963: American/Vietnamese forces stage a coup in Vietnam. President Kennedy is assassinated. Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
  • 1964–1972: Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the Vietnam War, about 58 thousand these Americans who served in Vietnam died. For information concerning records about this war see the Vietnam War page.
  • 1969: Richard Nixon is sworn in as the 37th President of the United States with Spiro Agnew as the Vice President.
  • 1974: Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States with Nelson Rockefeller as the Vice President.
  • 1977: Jimmy Carter is sworn in as the 39th President of the United States with Walter Mondale as the Vice President.
  • 1981: Ronald Reagan is the President of the United States with George Bush as the Vice President of the United States.
Diagram illustrating the layout of the Panama Canal
  • 1985: Ronald Reagan is the President of the United States with George Bush as the Vice President of the United States.
  • 1989: George Bush is the President of the United States with Dan Quale is as the Vice President.
  • 1993: Bill Clinton is the 42nd President of the United States with Al as the Vice President.
  • 1997: Bill Clinton is the President of the United States with Al as the Vice President.

Websites

Sources

  1. Hine, Robert V. and Faragher, John Mack; Frontiers: a short history of the American West, Contributor Robert V. Hine, John Mack Faragher. Edition: illustrated, abridged. Published by Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN 0300117108, 9780300117103. 248 pages. Page 170. Worldcat
  2. Cunliffe, John William and Lomer, Gerhard Richard; Writing of Today: Models of Journalistic Prose Edition: 4. Published by The Century Co., 1915. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Feb 24, 2006. 390 pages. Page 52. Worldcat, Full Text is available at Google Books
  3. The California earthquake of April 18, 1906: Report of the State Earthquake Investigation Commission ... By California. State Earthquake Investigation Commission, Andrew Cowper Lawson, Harry Fielding Reid. Published by Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1910. Item notes: v. 2. WorldcatFull Text is available at Google Books.
  4. Wood, John Cunningham; Henry Ford: Critical Evaluations in Business and Management, Contributor John Cunningham Wood. Edition: illustrated. Published by Taylor & Francis, 2003. ISBN 0415248256, 9780415248259. 384 pages. Worldcat
  5. Haskin, Frederic Jennings; The Panama Canal. Published by Doubleday, Page & Company, 1913. 386 pages. Worldcat. Full text is available at Google Books
  6. Seymour, Charles; Woodrow Wilson and the World War Published by Biblio Bazaar, LLC, 2007. ISBN 1434648354, 9781434648358. 204 pages. Page 115. Google Books
  7. Farm Population New York Times.
  8. Cunningham, John T.; Ellis Island: Immigration's Shining CenterPublished by Arcadia Publishing, 2003. ISBN 073852428X, 9780738524283. 160 pages. Page 142. Worldcat. Full text is available at Google Books
  9. Rothbard, Murray Newton; America's Great Depression, Edition: 5 Published by Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2000. ISBN 0945466056, 9780945466055. 368 pages. Page xiii. Worldcat. Full text available at Google Books
  10. Rothbard, Murray Newton; America's Great Depression, Edition: 5 Published by Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2000. ISBN 0945466056, 9780945466055. 368 pages. Page xiii. Worldcat. Full text available at Google Books
  11. Worster, Donald; Dust Bowl: the southern plains in the 1930s Edition: 25, illustrated, annotated. Published by Oxford University Press US, 2004. ISBN 0195174887, 9780195174885. 290 pages. Worldcat
  12. Mink, Gwendolyn and O'Connor, Alice; Poverty in the United States: an encyclopedia of history, politics, and policy, Edition: illustrated. Published by ABC-CLIO, 2004. ISBN 1576075974, 9781576075975. 895 pages. Worldcat
  13. Gropman, Alan L.; Mobilizing U. S. Industry in World War II, Published by DIANE Publishing, 1996. ISBN 0788136461, 9780788136467. 167 pages. Worldcat. Full text available at Google Books.

 

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