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''[[United States of America|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina Military Records|South Carolina Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina in the Civil War|South Carolina in the Civil War]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 14th|South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 15th through 51st]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   20th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry''  
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''[[United States of America|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina Military Records|South Carolina Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina in the Civil War|South Carolina in the Civil War]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 15th through 51st]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   20th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry''  
  
 
=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
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Original organization:  
 
Original organization:  
  
*A Company, [[Sumter County, South Carolina|Sumter]]: Captain Stephen M. Boykin  
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A Company - many men from [[Sumter County, South Carolina|Sumter District (County)]]: Captain Stephen M. Boykin  
*B Company, [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]]: Captain Jas. M. Jones
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*C Company, [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]]: Captain G. Leaphart
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*D Company, [[Anderson County, South Carolina|Anderson]]: Captain J.A. Cowan
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*E Company, [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg]]: Captain P.A. McMichael
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*F Company, [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg]]: Captain R.V. Danelly
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*G Company, [[Newberry County, South Carolina|Newberry]]: Captain J.M. Kinard
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*H Company, [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]]: Captain E. Kinsler
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*I Company, [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]]: Captain W.D.M. Harkins
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*K Company, [[Pickens County, South Carolina|Pickens]]: Captain J.M. Partlow
+
  
This regiment was reorganized on 29 April 1862:  
+
B Company - many men from [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]]: Captain Jas. M. Jones
  
*A Company, [[Anderson County, South Carolina|Anderson]] and [[Pickens County, South Carolina|Pickens]]: Captain Jno. M. Partlow; Captain C.H.A. Woodin; Captain Jno. Lee
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C Company - many men from [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]]: Captain G. Leaphart
*B Company, O[[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|rangeburg]]: Captain P.A. McMichael
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*C Company, [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]] (Dutch Forak area): Captain G. Leaphart; Captain G.T. Haltiwanger (also known as the Evans Guards<ref name="Seigler" />)<br>
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*D Company, [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg]] (North and Neeses near Bull Swamp area): Captain R.V. Donnelly (also known as the Bull Swamp Guards<ref name="Seigler" />)<br>
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*E Company, [[Laurens County, South Carolina|Laurens]]: Captain N.A. Cowan.&nbsp; Men also from Abbeville District (County)<ref name="Seigler" /><br>
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*F Company, [[Newberry County, South Carolina|Newberry]]: Captain John M. Kinard; Captain William M. Kinard. A few men also from Laurens District (County). (Also known as the Kinard Phalanx<ref name="Seigler" />
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*G Company, [[Sumter County, South Carolina|Sumter]]: Captain S.M. Boykin; Captain A. Mosely; Captain A.L. Herriot. (Also known as the Spring Hill Volunteers<ref name="Seigler" />)
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*H Company, [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg]] and [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]]: Captain Edward Kinsler; Captain S.M. Roof
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*I Company, [[Marlboro County, South Carolina|Marlboro]]: Captain A.D. Sparks
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*I Company, [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg]] and [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]]: Captain Elbert Gunter.&nbsp;(Also known as the Edisto Guards<ref name="Seigler" />)
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*K Company, [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]]: Captain W.D.M. Harman. (Also known as the Lesington Volunteer Rifle Company and the Lexington Riflemen<ref name="Seigler" />)
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*L Company, [[Marlboro County, South Carolina|Marlboro]]: Captain A.D. Sparks; Captain C.P. Bolton. Men also from Lexington and Marion Districts<ref name="Seigler" /> (Counties). (Also known as the Ripley Rangers)
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*M Company (also known as the Emmett Guards, Captain Keitt's Company Mounted Riflemen, and the Mounted Riflemen) - Newberry, Richland, Anderson and Marlboro Districts (Counties). Attached: Keitt's Cavalry, Keitt's Mounted Riflemen <ref name="20th SC Vol">[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Infantry_Units_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion 20th South Carolina Volunteers], (accessed 13 Apr 2011).</ref>.
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*N Company (possibly called the Peterkin Rangers), some of its men from Marlboro District (County)<ref name="Seigler" />
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*O Company ( also known as Venning's Company)<ref name="Seigler" />
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Information on the Companies, their nicknames, counties of origin and officers taken from the[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Infantry_Units_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion 20th South Carolina Volunteers] website<ref name="20th SC Vol" /> and Seigler's book.<ref name="Seigler" />.  
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D Company - many men from [[Anderson County, South Carolina|Anderson District (County)]]: Captain J.A. Cowan
 +
 
 +
E Company - many men from [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg District (County)]]: Captain P.A. McMichael
 +
 
 +
F Company - many men from [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg District (County)]]: Captain R.V. Danelly
 +
 
 +
G Company - many men from [[Newberry County, South Carolina|Newberry District (County)]]: Captain J.M. Kinard
 +
 
 +
H Company - many men from [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]]: Captain E. Kinsler
 +
 
 +
I Company - many men from [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]]: Captain W.D.M. Harkins
 +
 
 +
K Company - many men from [[Pickens County, South Carolina|Pickens District (County)]]: Captain J.M. Partlow
 +
 
 +
''This regiment was reorganized on 29 April 1862:''
 +
 
 +
A Company - many men from [[Anderson County, South Carolina|Anderson District (County)]] and [[Pickens County, South Carolina|Pickens District (County)]]: Captain Jno. M. Partlow; Captain C.H.A. Woodin; Captain Jno. Lee
 +
 
 +
B Company - many men from O[[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|rangeburg District (County)]]: Captain P.A. McMichael
 +
 
 +
C Company - (also known as the Evans Guards<ref name="Seigler" />) many men from [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]], Dutch Forak area: Captain G. Leaphart; Captain G.T. Haltiwanger &nbsp;
 +
 
 +
D Company - (also known as the Bull Swamp Guards<ref name="Seigler" />), many men from [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg District (County)]] (North and Neeses near Bull Swamp area): Captain R.V. Donnelly
 +
 
 +
E Company - many men from&nbsp; [[Laurens County, South Carolina|Laurens District (County)]] and [[Abbeville District, South Carolina|Abbeville District ]](County): Captain N.A. Cowan.<ref name="Seigler" /><br>
 +
 
 +
F Company - (Also known as the Kinard Phalanx)<ref name="Seigler" />, many men from [[Newberry County, South Carolina|Newberry District (County)]] and a few men from Laurens District (County): Captain John M. Kinard; Captain William M. Kinard.&nbsp; .
 +
 
 +
G Company - (Also known as the Spring Hill Volunteers)<ref name="Seigler" />), many men from&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline"> </span>[[Sumter County, South Carolina|Sumter District (County)]]: Captain S.M. Boykin; Captain A. Mosely; Captain A.L. Herriot.
 +
 
 +
H Company - many men from [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg District (County)]] and [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]]: Captain Edward Kinsler; Captain S.M. Roof
 +
 
 +
I Company - many men from [[Marlboro County, South Carolina|Marlboro District (County)]]: Captain A.D. Sparks
 +
 
 +
I Company - (Also known as the Edisto Guards).<ref name="Seigler" /> many men from [[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg District (County)]] and [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]]: Captain Elbert Gunter.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
K Company - (Also known as the Lesington Volunteer Rifle Company and the Lexington Riflemen).<ref name="Seigler" />many men from [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington District (County)]]: Captain W.D.M. Harman.
 +
 
 +
L Company - (Also known as the Ripley Rangers), many men from [[Marlboro County, South Carolina|Marlboro District (County)]]: Captain A.D. Sparks; Captain C.P. Bolton. Men also from [[Lexington County, South Carolina#Military|Lexington District (County)&nbsp;and]] [[Marion County, South Carolina#Military|Marion District (County]])<ref name="Seigler" />.
 +
 
 +
M Company - (also known as the Emmett Guards, Captain Keitt's Company Mounted Riflemen, and the Mounted Riflemen) - many men from [[Newberry County, South Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County),&nbsp;]]&nbsp;[[Richland County, South Carolina#Military|Richland District (County]]), [[Anderson County, South Carolina#Military|Anderson District (County)]] and [[Marlboro County, South Carolina#Military|Marlboro District (County). ]]Attached: Keitt's Cavalry, Keitt's Mounted Riflemen <ref name="20th SC Vol">[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Infantry_Units_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion 20th South Carolina Volunteers], (accessed 13 Apr 2011).</ref>.
 +
 
 +
N Company - (possibly called the Peterkin Rangers), some of its men from [[Marlboro County, South Carolina#Military|Marlboro District (County]])<ref name="Seigler" />
 +
 
 +
O Company - (also known as Venning's Company)<ref name="Seigler" />
 +
 
 +
Information on the Companies, their nicknames, counties of origin and officers taken from the[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Infantry_Units_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion 20th South Carolina Volunteers] website<ref name="20th SC Vol" /> and Seigler's book.<ref name="Seigler" />.
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 +
The [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database] lists 3,252 men on its roster for this unit. [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers.htm?submitted=1&SDunitCode=CSC0020RI Roster].
  
 
=== Other Sources  ===
 
=== Other Sources  ===

Latest revision as of 03:02, 11 January 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina in the Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 15th through 51st   Gotoarrow.png   20th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry

Contents

Brief History

The 20th Infantry Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was organized at Orangeburg, South Carolina, during the winter of 1861-1862. It was also called Keritt's Regiment and the "Pound Cake Regiment" because up to about 1863 it had not been engaged in any difficult service. Many of the men were recuirted in Sumter, Orangeburg, and Calhoun counties. In the spring of 1864 it moved to Virginia and was assigned to General Kershaw's, Kennedy's, and Conner's Brigade. On April 9, 1865 the 20th Regiment was consolidated with the 2nd Infantry Regiment and parts of the1st, 2nd, 6th, and 7th Battalions of Blanchard's South Carolina Reserves to form the (new) 2nd Regiment.  The 2nd Infantry Regiment surrendered on April 26, 1865 with the Army of Tennessee near Greensboro, North Carolina.[1][2]


Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Original organization:

A Company - many men from Sumter District (County): Captain Stephen M. Boykin

B Company - many men from Lexington District (County): Captain Jas. M. Jones

C Company - many men from Lexington District (County): Captain G. Leaphart

D Company - many men from Anderson District (County): Captain J.A. Cowan

E Company - many men from Orangeburg District (County): Captain P.A. McMichael

F Company - many men from Orangeburg District (County): Captain R.V. Danelly

G Company - many men from Newberry District (County): Captain J.M. Kinard

H Company - many men from Lexington District (County): Captain E. Kinsler

I Company - many men from Lexington District (County): Captain W.D.M. Harkins

K Company - many men from Pickens District (County): Captain J.M. Partlow

This regiment was reorganized on 29 April 1862:

A Company - many men from Anderson District (County) and Pickens District (County): Captain Jno. M. Partlow; Captain C.H.A. Woodin; Captain Jno. Lee

B Company - many men from Orangeburg District (County): Captain P.A. McMichael

C Company - (also known as the Evans Guards[2]) many men from Lexington District (County), Dutch Forak area: Captain G. Leaphart; Captain G.T. Haltiwanger  

D Company - (also known as the Bull Swamp Guards[2]), many men from Orangeburg District (County) (North and Neeses near Bull Swamp area): Captain R.V. Donnelly

E Company - many men from  Laurens District (County) and Abbeville District (County): Captain N.A. Cowan.[2]

F Company - (Also known as the Kinard Phalanx)[2], many men from Newberry District (County) and a few men from Laurens District (County): Captain John M. Kinard; Captain William M. Kinard.  .

G Company - (Also known as the Spring Hill Volunteers)[2]), many men from  Sumter District (County): Captain S.M. Boykin; Captain A. Mosely; Captain A.L. Herriot.

H Company - many men from Orangeburg District (County) and Lexington District (County): Captain Edward Kinsler; Captain S.M. Roof

I Company - many men from Marlboro District (County): Captain A.D. Sparks

I Company - (Also known as the Edisto Guards).[2] many men from Orangeburg District (County) and Lexington District (County): Captain Elbert Gunter. 

K Company - (Also known as the Lesington Volunteer Rifle Company and the Lexington Riflemen).[2]many men from Lexington District (County): Captain W.D.M. Harman.

L Company - (Also known as the Ripley Rangers), many men from Marlboro District (County): Captain A.D. Sparks; Captain C.P. Bolton. Men also from Lexington District (County) and Marion District (County)[2].

M Company - (also known as the Emmett Guards, Captain Keitt's Company Mounted Riflemen, and the Mounted Riflemen) - many men from Newberry District (County),  Richland District (County), Anderson District (County) and Marlboro District (County). Attached: Keitt's Cavalry, Keitt's Mounted Riflemen [3].

N Company - (possibly called the Peterkin Rangers), some of its men from Marlboro District (County)[2]

O Company - (also known as Venning's Company)[2]

Information on the Companies, their nicknames, counties of origin and officers taken from the20th South Carolina Volunteers website[3] and Seigler's book.[2].

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 3,252 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Other Sources

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, WorldCat.
  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • Carr, Benjamin B. History of Co. E, 20th N.C. Regiment, 1861-'65 : Confederate Greys. Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. FHL 6082578 (1 fiche).
  • Dickert, D. Augustus. History of Kershaw's Brigade : With Complete Roll of Companies, Biographical Sketches, Incidents, Anecdotes, etc.  (Dayton, Ohio : Morningside Bookshop, 1976), 583 pages. Rosters for the 20th South Carolina Volunteer Regimental companies are found on pages 576-583. Digital copies at Google Books and Internet Archives. Book found at FHL 975.7 M2d 1976 and Other Libraries.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 and 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. Locate this book at other libraries.This book lists 15 Companies, A-O plus a named company, "Company Artillery".  Dates of service were from December 1861 to June 1864. It also lists some of the nicknames and former company names.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 2, p 255-266.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with
  3. 3.0 3.1 20th South Carolina Volunteers, (accessed 13 Apr 2011).

 

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