2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)

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===Breif History===
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''[[United States of America|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[Virginia Military Records|Virginia Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Virginia in the Civil War]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]    Virginia 2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate) ''
  
*:Organized in February, 1862
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=== Brief History  ===
*:Formed ten, twelve-month companies
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*:Commander: Colonel Rober Tanaill
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=== Companies ===
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The 2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery was organized in February, 1862. It was formed of ten companies for twelve months. Commander: Colonel Robert Tanaill <ref>http://www.ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/artillery/2nd_arty_regt.html Virginia 2nd,Virginia Artillery (Confederate)(accessed 25 November 2011).</ref>
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=== Companies ===
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Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
  
 
::Co. A  
 
::Co. A  
 
:::Enlisted January 14, 1862, for one year  
 
:::Enlisted January 14, 1862, for one year  
 
:::Reorganized May 23, 1862, subsequently becoming Company A of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry  
 
:::Reorganized May 23, 1862, subsequently becoming Company A of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry  
:::Captains: Lawson M. Burfoot, Thomas E. Burfoot.
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:::Captains: Lawson M. Burfoot, Thomas E. Burfoot.  
 
::Co. B  
 
::Co. B  
 
:::"The Charlotte Chesterfield Artillery." - recruited from those counties  
 
:::"The Charlotte Chesterfield Artillery." - recruited from those counties  
 
:::Enlisted on December 31,1861 for one year  
 
:::Enlisted on December 31,1861 for one year  
 
:::Reorganized May 19, 1862, into Company B of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
 
:::Reorganized May 19, 1862, into Company B of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
:::Captain Armistead W. Baily.
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:::Captain Armistead W. Baily.  
 
::Co. C  
 
::Co. C  
:::"The Southside Artillery." or "Chesterfield Artillery," from Chesterfield County  
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:::"The [[Virginia's Southside Light Artillery|Southside Artillery]]." or "Chesterfield Artillery," from Chesterfield County  
 
:::Organized January 7, 1862.  
 
:::Organized January 7, 1862.  
 
:::Enlisted for the war's duration on June 3, 1862, and became Captain John W Drewry's Company of Virginia Artillery.  
 
:::Enlisted for the war's duration on June 3, 1862, and became Captain John W Drewry's Company of Virginia Artillery.  
:::Captains: Augustus H. Drewry, James B. Jones, John W. Drewry.
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:::Captains: Augustus H. Drewry, James B. Jones, John W. Drewry.  
 
::Co. D  
 
::Co. D  
 
:::Enlisted on January 20, 1862 for one year  
 
:::Enlisted on January 20, 1862 for one year  
 
:::Reorganized May 24, 1862 as Company D of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
 
:::Reorganized May 24, 1862 as Company D of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
:::Captains: James T. Alexander, William G. Jackson.
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:::Captains: James T. Alexander, William G. Jackson.  
 
::Co. E  
 
::Co. E  
 
:::Enlisted January 20, 1862 for one year under Captain Samuel F. MeGehee  
 
:::Enlisted January 20, 1862 for one year under Captain Samuel F. MeGehee  
:::Reorganized May 23, 1862 to become Company E 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
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:::Reorganized May 23, 1862 to become Company E 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
 
::C0. F  
 
::C0. F  
 
:::"The Lynchburg Rebel Artillery" lynchburg County  
 
:::"The Lynchburg Rebel Artillery" lynchburg County  
 
:::Enlisted January 25, 1862 for one year under Captain Samuel W. Hawthorne  
 
:::Enlisted January 25, 1862 for one year under Captain Samuel W. Hawthorne  
:::Reorganized June 5, 1862 to become Captain Corelius Tacitus Allen's Company F of the Virginia Artillery.
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:::Reorganized June 5, 1862 to become Captain Corelius Tacitus Allen's Company F of the Virginia Artillery.  
 
::Co. G  
 
::Co. G  
 
:::Enlisted January 23, 1862, for one year under Captain James C. Johnson  
 
:::Enlisted January 23, 1862, for one year under Captain James C. Johnson  
 
:::Reorganized May 31,1862 as Company G 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
 
:::Reorganized May 31,1862 as Company G 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
 
:::(Remarks on the rolls of the 9th Virginia Militia's Company A form February 28, 1862 show the names of twenty two men "transferred to Captain Johnson's Company on February 5, 1862.")  
 
:::(Remarks on the rolls of the 9th Virginia Militia's Company A form February 28, 1862 show the names of twenty two men "transferred to Captain Johnson's Company on February 5, 1862.")  
:::(Remark on the rolls of the 87th Virginia Militia's Company D show the names of twenty one men "transferred by order of General Magruder to Johnson's Voiunteer Company on February 5, 1862.)
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:::(Remark on the rolls of the 87th Virginia Militia's Company D show the names of twenty one men "transferred by order of General Magruder to Johnson's Voiunteer Company on February 5, 1862.)  
 
::Co. H  
 
::Co. H  
 
:::Enlisted February 4, 1862, for one year under Captain William W. Crosby  
 
:::Enlisted February 4, 1862, for one year under Captain William W. Crosby  
 
:::Reorganized May 19, 1862 as Company H Virginia Battalion  
 
:::Reorganized May 19, 1862 as Company H Virginia Battalion  
:::Captain: William S. Crosby, John S. Bowles.
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:::Captain: William S. Crosby, John S. Bowles.  
 
::Co. I  
 
::Co. I  
 
:::Enlisted February 4, 1862, under Captain F.H.Farrar  
 
:::Enlisted February 4, 1862, under Captain F.H.Farrar  
 
:::Evidently broken up during that May, by implementation of the "Conscription Act  
 
:::Evidently broken up during that May, by implementation of the "Conscription Act  
:::Members then reenlisting in other Companies: forty two man ended up in Company G of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
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:::Members then reenlisting in other Companies: forty two man ended up in Company G of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.  
 
::Co. K  
 
::Co. K  
 
:::Enlisted February 7, 1862, for one year under Captain James C. Hane.  
 
:::Enlisted February 7, 1862, for one year under Captain James C. Hane.  
 
:::Disbanded in May of 1862 due to the Conscription Act and assigned to Company A of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
 
:::Disbanded in May of 1862 due to the Conscription Act and assigned to Company A of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
The regiment was broken up about May 23, 1862, by operation of the Conscription Act. Companies A, B, D, E, G and H were reorganized and formed the 22nd Bn. Va. Inf. Companies C and F were reorganized and became independent artillery companies. Companies I and K were disbanded and the re-enlisted men were assigned to other companies, principally to Co G and A of the battalion of the infantry.<br>
 
  
===Source Material===
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The regiment was broken up about May 23, 1862, by operation of the Conscription Act. Companies A, B, D, E, G and H were reorganized and formed the 22nd Bn. Va. Inf. Companies C and F were reorganized and became independent artillery companies. Companies I and K were disbanded and the re-enlisted men were assigned to other companies, principally to Co G and A of the battalion of the infantry.<br>
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=== Records<br>  ===
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The muster roll of Company I is included in:
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*Muster Roll of Amelia County, Virginia, in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865. MSS. Amelia County Courthouse (Amelia, Va.). Copy: {{FHL|282001|item|disp=FHL Film 30474 Item 5}}.<br>
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=== Other Sources  ===
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*[[Beginning United States Civil War Research|Beginning United States Civil War Research]] gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865. <br>
 +
 
 +
*National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information. <br>
 +
 
 +
*[[Virginia in the Civil War|Virginia in the Civil War]] describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
 +
 
 +
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
 +
 
 +
*Sifakis, Stewart. ''Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia''. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book {{FHL|476605|title-id|disp=975 M2ss}}, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia. <br>
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*Wallace, Lee A. ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865''. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book {{FHL|498411|title-id|disp=975.5 M2vr, Volume 29}}.) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders. <br>
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=== References  ===
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<references />
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[[Category:Virginia_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Revision as of 22:26, 26 September 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png  Virginia Gotoarrow.png   Virginia Military Gotoarrow.png  Virginia in the Civil War Gotoarrow.png    Virginia 2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)

Contents

Brief History

The 2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery was organized in February, 1862. It was formed of ten companies for twelve months. Commander: Colonel Robert Tanaill [1]

Companies

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Co. A
Enlisted January 14, 1862, for one year
Reorganized May 23, 1862, subsequently becoming Company A of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry
Captains: Lawson M. Burfoot, Thomas E. Burfoot.
Co. B
"The Charlotte Chesterfield Artillery." - recruited from those counties
Enlisted on December 31,1861 for one year
Reorganized May 19, 1862, into Company B of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
Captain Armistead W. Baily.
Co. C
"The Southside Artillery." or "Chesterfield Artillery," from Chesterfield County
Organized January 7, 1862.
Enlisted for the war's duration on June 3, 1862, and became Captain John W Drewry's Company of Virginia Artillery.
Captains: Augustus H. Drewry, James B. Jones, John W. Drewry.
Co. D
Enlisted on January 20, 1862 for one year
Reorganized May 24, 1862 as Company D of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
Captains: James T. Alexander, William G. Jackson.
Co. E
Enlisted January 20, 1862 for one year under Captain Samuel F. MeGehee
Reorganized May 23, 1862 to become Company E 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
C0. F
"The Lynchburg Rebel Artillery" lynchburg County
Enlisted January 25, 1862 for one year under Captain Samuel W. Hawthorne
Reorganized June 5, 1862 to become Captain Corelius Tacitus Allen's Company F of the Virginia Artillery.
Co. G
Enlisted January 23, 1862, for one year under Captain James C. Johnson
Reorganized May 31,1862 as Company G 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
(Remarks on the rolls of the 9th Virginia Militia's Company A form February 28, 1862 show the names of twenty two men "transferred to Captain Johnson's Company on February 5, 1862.")
(Remark on the rolls of the 87th Virginia Militia's Company D show the names of twenty one men "transferred by order of General Magruder to Johnson's Voiunteer Company on February 5, 1862.)
Co. H
Enlisted February 4, 1862, for one year under Captain William W. Crosby
Reorganized May 19, 1862 as Company H Virginia Battalion
Captain: William S. Crosby, John S. Bowles.
Co. I
Enlisted February 4, 1862, under Captain F.H.Farrar
Evidently broken up during that May, by implementation of the "Conscription Act
Members then reenlisting in other Companies: forty two man ended up in Company G of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.
Co. K
Enlisted February 7, 1862, for one year under Captain James C. Hane.
Disbanded in May of 1862 due to the Conscription Act and assigned to Company A of the 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.

The regiment was broken up about May 23, 1862, by operation of the Conscription Act. Companies A, B, D, E, G and H were reorganized and formed the 22nd Bn. Va. Inf. Companies C and F were reorganized and became independent artillery companies. Companies I and K were disbanded and the re-enlisted men were assigned to other companies, principally to Co G and A of the battalion of the infantry.

Records

The muster roll of Company I is included in:

  • Muster Roll of Amelia County, Virginia, in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865. MSS. Amelia County Courthouse (Amelia, Va.). Copy: FHL Film 30474 Item 5.

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865.
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.
  • Wallace, Lee A. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book 975.5 M2vr, Volume 29.) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.

References

  1. http://www.ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/artillery/2nd_arty_regt.html Virginia 2nd,Virginia Artillery (Confederate)(accessed 25 November 2011).