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Contents

Brief History

The 3rd Infantry Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was also known as the 3rd Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers.  It began it's organization in the first part of 1861 and mustered into state serve in March 1861.  Further enlistment was at Camp Johnson north of Columbia, South Carolina, in April, 1861 and it was then mustered into Confederate service. In May 1862, the 3rd Infantry was involved in the reorganization of units.  This unit did not have any major changes. About April 9, 1865 the 3rd Regiment South Carolina Infantry was consolidated with the 8th Regiment South Carolina Infantry, the 3rd Battalion South Carolina Infantry and part of Blanchard's South Carolina Reserves to form the new 3rd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry. This regiment surrendered with the Army of Tennessee on April 26, 1865 near Greensboro, North Carolina and the unit was paroled on May 2, 1865.[1][2][3] This Regiment was part of Kershaw's Brigade [4].

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

The 2nd rosters list contain only a couple of names.  All  companies rondezvouse April 17, 1861 and are received paroles May 2nd and 3rd 1965.

  • Company A - (also known as The State Guards, State Guards Rifle Company, the Laurens Guards and the Garlington Rifles) many men from Laurens District  (Laurens County), a few men from Anderson, Spartanburg and Greenville Districts (Counties) - Roster 
  • Company B - (Also known as the Williams Guard(s)) - many men from Newberry District ( Newberry County), a few from Spartanburg and Laurens Districts (Counties) - RosterRoster 
  • Company C - (Also known as the Frog Level and the Pickens Guards, and Yahoo) - Newberry District (Frog Level, noe Prosperity area) ( Newberry County), a few men from Lexington, Laurens and Edgefield Disricts (Counties) - Roster 
  • Company D - (Also know as the Cross Anchors or the Cross Anchor Volunteers)  Many men from Union District (Western area) (Union County) and Spartanburg District (Sourthern area) (Spartanburg County) - Roster
  • Company E (also known as the Quitman Rifles and the Auitman Guard, the Quitman Riflemen and the Quitmans)  Many men from Newberry District (Newberry County), a few men from Laurens and Lexington Districts (Counties) - RosterRoster 
  • Company F - (also known as the Wadsworth Volunteers and the Wadsworth Guards)  Many men from Newberry District (Newberry County) and Laurens District (Laurens County), a few men also from Freenville and Abbeville Districts (Counties) - RosterRoster
  • Company G - (Also known as Laurens Briars, The Briers ( or Briars)) - Laurens District (Laurens County), a few men from Spartanburg District (County) - Roster
  • Company H - (Also known as Brooks Guards, the Brooks Palmetto Guards, the Dutch, and the Dutch Fork Boys) - Lexington District (Dutch Fork area) (Lexington County )- Roster, Roster 
  • Company I - (also know as the Musgrove Volunteers, the Musgrove Guards, the Clinton Company and the Clinton DIvers)  Many men from Laurens District (Clinton area) ( Laurens County)- Roster
  • Company K - (also known as the Blackstock Volunteers and the Blackstock Company) Many men from Spartanburg District ( Spartanburg County)  and Union District (Union County) - Roster
  • Wee Nee Riflemen - (Williamsburg County)
  • Captain J.N. Brown Company ( also known as the Helena Guard) - Newberry District (County)
  • Captain W.J.M. Jones Company (also known as the Company Raiborn or Rabun) - Laurens Distraict (County)
  • Captain Oliver H. Moss (existed for a very brief time)

Company names, nicknames and counties of origin taken from Seigler's[2] and Wyckoff's[5] books and from
County listings from: Mac Wyckoff. A History of the Third South Carolina Infantry, 1861-1865 (Sergeant Kirkland's Museum and Historical Society, Inc., Fredericksburg, Virginia, c1995), 330 p. Includes rosters. Book found at FHL 975.7 M2wm and Other Libraries.

Other Sources

  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • "South Carolina Civil War Rosters". Access Genealogy Internet site, accessed 12/17/2010. Lists the company officers and gives the rosters for each company. 
  • "South Carolina 3rd Infantry Regiment Volunteers". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/01/2010.  Lists a brief Regiment History and the rosters for the Companies B, E, F, and H.
  • "Third South Carolina Infantry". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson's Internet site, accessed 12/02/2010. This website lists the counties and nicknames of the companies. It also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in.
  • The Stoddard Family Letters.  Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. Letters concerning the 14th South Carolina Regiment (also the 3rd & 24th Infantry Regiments).
  • Everson, Guy R. and Edward H. Simpson, Jr., editors. Far, Far from home: The Waretime Letters of Dick and Tally Simpson, 3rd South Carolina Volunteers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.  Google Books.
  • Buzhardt, Beaufort Simpson.  Beaufort Simpson Buzhardt, 1838-1862.  (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990).  Includes a description of activities of the 3rd South Carolina Infantry Regiment (Confederate) in the following battles or localities: 1st Manassas, Va.; Seven Pines, Va.; Mechanicsville, Va.; Savage Station, Va.  Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Fiche 6082629
  • Davis, Sam B.  A History of the 3rd South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Battalion (James Battalion): 1861-1865   (Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Pub. Co., c2009), 549 pages. Book found at FHL 975.7 M2ds and Other Libraries.
  • Dickert, D. Augustus. History of Kershaw's Brigade : With Complete Roll of Companies, Biographical Sketches, Incidents, Anecdotes, etc.  (Dayton, Ohio : Morningside Bookshop, 1976), 583 pages. Rosters for the 3rdSouth Carolina Volunteer Regimental companies are found on pages 551-557. Digital copies at Google Books and Internet Archives. Book found at FHL 975.7 M2d 1976 and Other Libraries.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 10 Companies (A-I, K) listed.
  • Salley, Alexander Samuel. South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service, Vol 2   (The State Co., Columbia, SC 1930)  This volume covers the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th infantry regiments. Digital copy at Internet Archives. Book at Other Libraries
  • Salley, A. S. Tentative Roster of the Third Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, Confederate States Provisional Army (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), 129 pages. Digital copies at Google Books andInternet Archives. Book at Other Libraries.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.
  • Wyckoff, Mac. A History of the Third South Carolina Infantry, 1861-1865 (Sergeant Kirkland's Museum and Historical Society, Inc., Fredericksburg, Virginia, c1995), 330 p. Includes rosters. Book found at FHL 975.7 M2wm and Other Libraries.

Reference

  1. Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed December 2010).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 77-95.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  3. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, microfilm publication M267. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958). These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription ($) website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  4. Kershaw's Brigade, (accessed 7 Apr 2011).
  5. Mac Wyckoff. A History of the Third South Carolina Infantry, 1861-1865 (Sergeant Kirkland's Museum and Historical Society, Inc., Fredericksburg, Virginia, c1995), 330 p. Includes rosters. Book found at FHL 975.7 M2wm and Other Libraries.

 

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