3rd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry and Infantry) (Confederate)Edit This Page

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*Subcommands of the 3rd Regiment were:  
 
*Subcommands of the 3rd Regiment were:  
 
*:Company A - An infantry company - Captain George Downs' Company.  
 
*:Company A - An infantry company - Captain George Downs' Company.  
*::This company was organized as the "Moccasin Rangers" on July 15, 1861, in Calhoun County. Most of the rangers were from Calhoun County.  
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*::This company was organized as the "Moccasin Rangers" on July 15, 1861, in Calhoun County. Most of the rangers were from [[Calhoun County, West Virginia|Calhoun County, West Virginia]].  
 
*::It became Ranger Company No. 1 and joined the Virginia State Line some time after July 2, 1862.  
 
*::It became Ranger Company No. 1 and joined the Virginia State Line some time after July 2, 1862.  
 
*::Most members were later assigned to Company A, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
 
*::Most members were later assigned to Company A, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
Line 25: Line 25:
 
*:Company B - Captain John S. Spriggs' Company.  
 
*:Company B - Captain John S. Spriggs' Company.  
 
*::This company served as State Ranger Company No. 2 before affiliation with the Virginia State Line. Later it apparently became Company B, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
 
*::This company served as State Ranger Company No. 2 before affiliation with the Virginia State Line. Later it apparently became Company B, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
*::Members lived in Gilmer, Webster, Braxton, and Jackson counties.  
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*::Members lived in [[Gilmer County, West Virginia|Gilmer County, West Virginia]]; [[Webster County, West Virginia|Webster County, West Virginia]]; [[Braxton County, West Virginia|Braxton County, West Virginia]], and [[Jackson County, West Virginia|Jackson County, West Virginia]].  
 
*::Officers for this company were: Captain John S. Spriggs, 1st Lieutenant Samuel Ginens, 2nd Lieutenant Robert Morton, and 2nd Lieutenant John J. Williams.  
 
*::Officers for this company were: Captain John S. Spriggs, 1st Lieutenant Samuel Ginens, 2nd Lieutenant Robert Morton, and 2nd Lieutenant John J. Williams.  
 
*:Company C - Captain John Righter's Company.  
 
*:Company C - Captain John Righter's Company.  
 
*::This company was Company No. 4, Virginia State Rangers prior to its affiliation with the Virginia State Line.  
 
*::This company was Company No. 4, Virginia State Rangers prior to its affiliation with the Virginia State Line.  
*::It subsequently became Company D, 19th Virginia Cavalry. Righter's men were from Harrison, Jackson, Ritchie, and Taylor counties.  
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*::It subsequently became Company D, 19th Virginia Cavalry. Righter's men were from [[Harrison County, West Virginia|Harrison County, West Virginia]]; [[Jackson County, West Virginia|Jackson County, West Virginia]]; [[Ritchie County, West Virginia|Ritchie County, West Virginia]], and [[Taylor County, West Virginia|Taylor County, West Virginia]].  
 
*::Officers for this unit were: Captain John Righter, 1st Lieutenant Ezekiel Martin, and 2nd Lieutenant John Anderson.  
 
*::Officers for this unit were: Captain John Righter, 1st Lieutenant Ezekiel Martin, and 2nd Lieutenant John Anderson.  
 
*:Company D - A cavalry company - Captain Joseph R. Kessler's Company.  
 
*:Company D - A cavalry company - Captain Joseph R. Kessler's Company.  
 
*::This company enlisted on August 17, 1862, in Roane County, and its officers were commissioned on the same date.  
 
*::This company enlisted on August 17, 1862, in Roane County, and its officers were commissioned on the same date.  
 
*::Most men enlisted in Confederate service on March 15, 1863, and were assigned as Company C, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
 
*::Most men enlisted in Confederate service on March 15, 1863, and were assigned as Company C, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
*::These men were from Calhoun, Jackson, Pocahontas, Preston and Wirt counties.  
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*::These men were from [[Calhoun County, West Virginia|Calhoun County, West Virginia]]; [[Jackson County, West Virginia|Jackson County, West Virginia]]; [[Pocahontas County, West Virginia|Pocahontas County, West Virginia]]; [[Preston County, West Virginia|Preston County, West Virginia]], and [[Wirt County, West Virginia|Wirt County, West Virginia]].  
 
*::Leaders for this unit were: Captain Joseph R. Kessler, 1st Lieutenant J. C. Keister, and 2nd Lieutenant J. W. Reeder.  
 
*::Leaders for this unit were: Captain Joseph R. Kessler, 1st Lieutenant J. C. Keister, and 2nd Lieutenant J. W. Reeder.  
 
*:Company E - An infantry company - Captain George Duskey's Company.  
 
*:Company E - An infantry company - Captain George Duskey's Company.  
 
*::Company officers were commissioned on September 18, 1862.  
 
*::Company officers were commissioned on September 18, 1862.  
 
*::Several members enlisted on September 2, 1862, at Millpoint, Pocahontas County, and most later served in Company E, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
 
*::Several members enlisted on September 2, 1862, at Millpoint, Pocahontas County, and most later served in Company E, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
*::This company's home territory was Gilmer County, in what is now West Virginia.  
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*::This company's home territory was [[Gilmer County, West Virginia|Gilmer County, West Virginia]].  
 
*::Officers for this company were: Captain George Duskey, 1st Lieutenant James W. Ball, and 2nd Lieutenant C. W. Minter.  
 
*::Officers for this company were: Captain George Duskey, 1st Lieutenant James W. Ball, and 2nd Lieutenant C. W. Minter.  
 
*:Company F - A cavalry company - Captain Henry D. Ruffner's Company.  
 
*:Company F - A cavalry company - Captain Henry D. Ruffner's Company.  
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*:Company G - Captain William O'Brien's Company.  
 
*:Company G - Captain William O'Brien's Company.  
 
*::Most of this company later served in Company H, 19th Virginia Cavalry after the State Line disbanded.  
 
*::Most of this company later served in Company H, 19th Virginia Cavalry after the State Line disbanded.  
*::Several members of the unit were from Roane County in what is now West Virginia. *::Officers for this company were: Captain William O'Brien, 1st Lieutenant Henry G. Sampson, and 2nd Lieutenant Marrcellus J. West.  
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*::Several members of the unit were from [[Roane County, West Virginia|Roane County, West Virginia]].  
 +
*::Officers for this company were: Captain William O'Brien, 1st Lieutenant Henry G. Sampson, and 2nd Lieutenant Marrcellus J. West.  
 
*:Company H - Captain Matthew B. Perrin's Company.  
 
*:Company H - Captain Matthew B. Perrin's Company.  
 
*::This company's home territory is not known but probably was in what is now West Virginia.  
 
*::This company's home territory is not known but probably was in what is now West Virginia.  
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*:Company I - Captain Edward Norris' Company.  
 
*:Company I - Captain Edward Norris' Company.  
 
*::Members of this company subsequently served in Company K, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
 
*::Members of this company subsequently served in Company K, 19th Virginia Cavalry.  
*::It was recruited from Lewis and Webster counties.  
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*::It was recruited from [[Lewis County, West Virginia|Lewis County, West Virginia]] and [[Webster County, West Virginia|Webster County, West Virginia]].  
 
*::Officers for this company were: Captain Edward Norris and 1st Lieutenant William Norris.  
 
*::Officers for this company were: Captain Edward Norris and 1st Lieutenant William Norris.  
 
*[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/3rd_cav_inf_state_line.html Rosters]
 
*[http://ranger95.com/civil_war/virginia/cavalry/3rd_cav_inf_state_line.html Rosters]
  
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=== Other Sources  ===
 
=== Other Sources  ===

Latest revision as of 20:33, 22 December 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png  Virginia Gotoarrow.png   Virginia Military Gotoarrow.png  Virginia in the Civil War Gotoarrow.png   3rd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry)

Contents

Brief History

The 3rd Regiment, Virginia State Line was organized in 1862 and was composed of cavalry and infantry. On April 11, 1863, most of the men enlisted in Colonel William L. Jackson's 19th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry.[1]

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

  • Officers of the 3rd Virginia State Line were:
    John Nicholas Clarkson, Colonel
    Thomas Belt Swann, Lieutenant Colonel
    Peachy Gilmer Breckinridge, Major
    Alexander Clendinen, Surgeon
    Floyd Rocke, Assistant Quartermaster
    Runnels Davis, Adjutant
    William Leigh Barksdale, Captain, Assistant Surgeon
  • Subcommands of the 3rd Regiment were:
    Company A - An infantry company - Captain George Downs' Company.
    This company was organized as the "Moccasin Rangers" on July 15, 1861, in Calhoun County. Most of the rangers were from Calhoun County, West Virginia.
    It became Ranger Company No. 1 and joined the Virginia State Line some time after July 2, 1862.
    Most members were later assigned to Company A, 19th Virginia Cavalry.
    Officers for this company were: Captain George Downs, 1st Lieutenant John Henchin, and 2nd Lieutenant Lewis Logue.
    Company B - Captain John S. Spriggs' Company.
    This company served as State Ranger Company No. 2 before affiliation with the Virginia State Line. Later it apparently became Company B, 19th Virginia Cavalry.
    Members lived in Gilmer County, West Virginia; Webster County, West Virginia; Braxton County, West Virginia, and Jackson County, West Virginia.
    Officers for this company were: Captain John S. Spriggs, 1st Lieutenant Samuel Ginens, 2nd Lieutenant Robert Morton, and 2nd Lieutenant John J. Williams.
    Company C - Captain John Righter's Company.
    This company was Company No. 4, Virginia State Rangers prior to its affiliation with the Virginia State Line.
    It subsequently became Company D, 19th Virginia Cavalry. Righter's men were from Harrison County, West Virginia; Jackson County, West Virginia; Ritchie County, West Virginia, and Taylor County, West Virginia.
    Officers for this unit were: Captain John Righter, 1st Lieutenant Ezekiel Martin, and 2nd Lieutenant John Anderson.
    Company D - A cavalry company - Captain Joseph R. Kessler's Company.
    This company enlisted on August 17, 1862, in Roane County, and its officers were commissioned on the same date.
    Most men enlisted in Confederate service on March 15, 1863, and were assigned as Company C, 19th Virginia Cavalry.
    These men were from Calhoun County, West Virginia; Jackson County, West Virginia; Pocahontas County, West Virginia; Preston County, West Virginia, and Wirt County, West Virginia.
    Leaders for this unit were: Captain Joseph R. Kessler, 1st Lieutenant J. C. Keister, and 2nd Lieutenant J. W. Reeder.
    Company E - An infantry company - Captain George Duskey's Company.
    Company officers were commissioned on September 18, 1862.
    Several members enlisted on September 2, 1862, at Millpoint, Pocahontas County, and most later served in Company E, 19th Virginia Cavalry.
    This company's home territory was Gilmer County, West Virginia.
    Officers for this company were: Captain George Duskey, 1st Lieutenant James W. Ball, and 2nd Lieutenant C. W. Minter.
    Company F - A cavalry company - Captain Henry D. Ruffner's Company.
    Officers were commissioned on November 1, 1862.
    Ruffner had served in Company H, 22nd Virginia Infantry and later served as captain of Company G, 19th Virginia Cavalry, and as commander of the 46th Battalion Virginia Cavalry. Some, if not most, of his company may have gone with him to that organization.
    Officers were: Captain Henry D. Ruffner, 1st Lieutenant John Holmes, and 2nd Lieutenant William H. Justice.
    Company G - Captain William O'Brien's Company.
    Most of this company later served in Company H, 19th Virginia Cavalry after the State Line disbanded.
    Several members of the unit were from Roane County, West Virginia.
    Officers for this company were: Captain William O'Brien, 1st Lieutenant Henry G. Sampson, and 2nd Lieutenant Marrcellus J. West.
    Company H - Captain Matthew B. Perrin's Company.
    This company's home territory is not known but probably was in what is now West Virginia.
    Officers for this company were Captain Matthew B. Perrin, 1st Lieutenant Jeremiah B. Howell, and 2nd Lieutenant Jasper W. Johnson.
    Company I - Captain Edward Norris' Company.
    Members of this company subsequently served in Company K, 19th Virginia Cavalry.
    It was recruited from Lewis County, West Virginia and Webster County, West Virginia.
    Officers for this company were: Captain Edward Norris and 1st Lieutenant William Norris.
  • Rosters


Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865.
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.
  • Wallace, Lee A. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book 975.5 M2vr, Volume 29.) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.

References

  1. Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes. assessed Dec 2,2011

 

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  • This page was last modified on 22 December 2011, at 20:33.
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