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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Mississippi Gotoarrow.png Mississippi Military Gotoarrow.png Mississippi in the Civil War Gotoarrow.png 44th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry


Brief History

44th Infantry Regiment was organized from the 1st (Blythe's) Mississippi Infantry Battalion, which was formed late in 1861. In June, 1863, the unit was designated the 44th Regiment. Some of its members were recruited in Calhoun, De Soto, and Amite counties. The unit was active at Shiloh and Munfordville, then was assigned to J.P. Anderson's, Tucker's, and Sharp's Brigade, Army of Tennessee. It served with the army of Murfreesboro, fought with Hood in Tennessee, and saw action in North Carolina. This regiment lost 4 killed and 40 wounded at Munfordville, ahd 4 killed, 31 wounded, and 17 missing at Murfreesboro, and thirty percent of the 272 engaged at Chickamauga were disabled. For a time it was consolidated with the 10th Regiment and in December, 1863, totalled 476 men and 308 arms. Only a remnant surrendered in April, 1865. Its commanding officers were Colonels A.K. Blythe and Jacob H. Sharp, Lieutenant Colonels R.G. Kelsey and James Moore, and Major John C. Thompson.[1]

Regiment Companies with the County of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Co. A - University Greys - many men from Lafayette County

Co. B - Coahoma Invincibles - Coahoma County

Co. C - Prairie Rifles - Chickasaw County

Co. D - Neshoba Rifles - Neshoba County

Co. E - Prairie Guards - Lowndes County

Co. F - Van Dorn Reserve - Noxubee County

Co. G - Noxubee Rifles -

Co. H - Lamar Rifles - Lafayette  County

Co. I. - Carroll Rifles - Carroll County

Co. K - Chickasaw Guards - Chickasaw County

Information from Military Annals of Mississippi: Military Organizations which Entered the Service of the Confederate States of America from the state of Mississippi: by John C. Rietti, Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Company Publishers, 1976, p 144, FHL book 976,2 M2r. includes rosters

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Mississippi in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Mississippi in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Mississippi, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.


  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 11 January 2011)


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