4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserve

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=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit. This regiment most likely transferred into another regiment or was combined with another regiment to create a new regiment, or is another name for an existing regiment. Looking at the service records of the soldiers may give clues to the different regiments they may have served in.  
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In February 1864 a new law passed that stated all males between ages 17-50 were liable to serve within their state. Those that were 18-45 years old and already serving were to stay in their current military unit. Those men not serving, or under 18 and over 45, were required to either join an existing local defense unit or to form a new unit. Eight battalions were created and designated as the 1st- 8th Battalions, South Carolina Reserves. Later these units were referred to as the Battalions of Senior Reserves in order to separate them from the Regiments of Junior Reserves. By the summer of 1864, these units were organized and many of them serving in different areas. They were mustered into Confederate service on October 31, 1864. Some of the units disbanded before the end of the war and others were combined with other military units on April 9, 1865.<ref name="Seigler">Robert S. Seigler. ''South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States''. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 4, p 193-194, 200-202. {{FHL|1639482|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2sr  v. 4}}. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.</ref>
  
According to the "4th Battalion of State Troops-Senior Reserves" Internet site, this Battalion was organized in mid-1864.&nbsp; They surrenedered at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina on 26 April 1865.  
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The 4th Battalion, South Carolina was organized in the spring of 1864. They mustered in to state service on April 16, 1864 and then in to Confederate service on October 31, 1864. The 4th Battalion was not a part of the consolidation. They surrendered at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina on 26 April 1865.<ref name="Seigler" /><ref name="Corktree">*"[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Reserve_and_Miscellaneous_Units South Carolina Reserve and Miscellaneous Units in the War of the Rebellion]". Internet site, accessed 12/06/2010. Lists some of the Troop and Reserve units, a few companies, officers and some dates of service.</ref><ref name="Oocities">According to the Infantry Battalion Reserves Internet site
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*"[http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SC.htm 4th Battalion of State Troops-Senior Reserves]". Internet site, accessed 12/6/2010. (Note: Saints and Soldiers System lists several of the soldiers from this unit being with the 4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves.) Rosters and county of origin are from this Internet site.</ref>
  
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=== Companies in&nbsp;this Regiment with the Counties of Origin  ===
 
=== Companies in&nbsp;this Regiment with the Counties of Origin  ===
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Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
 
Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
  
Service records for soldiers found on the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Internet site (referred to in Sources) list these soldiers coming from this regiment.  
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Information about the companies and their counties of origin is taken from Seigler's<ref name="Seigler" /> book and from the Oocities<ref name="Oocities" /> website. Rosters from Oocities website.  
  
:*Company A - [[Newberry_County,_South_Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoA.htm Roster]  
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:*Company A - [[Newberry County, South Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County)]] (Frog Level now Prosperity area) - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoA.htm Roster]  
:*Company B - [[Abbeville_County,_South_Carolina#Military|Abbeville District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoB.htm Roster]  
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:*Company B - [[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Military|Abbeville District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoB.htm Roster]  
:*Company C - [[Newberry_County,_South_Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoC.htm Roster]  
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:*Company C - [[Newberry County, South Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoC.htm Roster]  
:*Company D - [[Laurens_County,_South_Carolina#Military|Laurens District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoD.htm Roster]  
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:*Company D - [[Laurens County, South Carolina#Military|Laurens District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoD.htm Roster]  
:*Company E - [[Laurens_County,_South_Carolina#Military|Laruens District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoE.htm Roster]  
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:*Company E - [[Laurens County, South Carolina#Military|Laruens District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoE.htm Roster]  
:*Company F - [[Abbeville_County,_South_Carolina#Military|Abbeville District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoF.htm Roster]  
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:*Company F - [[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Military|Abbeville District (County)]] - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoF.htm Roster]  
 
:*Company G - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoG.htm Roster] (one name only)  
 
:*Company G - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoG.htm Roster] (one name only)  
 
:*Company H - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoH.htm Roster]
 
:*Company H - [http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SCCoH.htm Roster]
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=== Source Material  ===
 
=== Source Material  ===
  
*[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book,&nbsp;''Units of the Confederate States Army'',&nbsp;as their&nbsp;main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, {{|590033|}}, [http://www.worldcat.org/title/units-of-the-confederate-states-army/oclc/18272222&referer=brief_results WorldCat].  
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*[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book,&nbsp;''Units of the Confederate States Army'',&nbsp;as their&nbsp;main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, {{FHL|590033|item}}, this book available through these libraries: [http://www.worldcat.org/title/units-of-the-confederate-states-army/oclc/18272222&referer=brief_results WorldCat]. Crute's book does not contain a history for this unit.
*"[http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SC.htm 4th Battalion of State Troops-Senior Reserves]". Internet site, accessed 12/6/2010. (Note: Saints and Soldiers System lists several of the soldiers from this unit being with the 4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves.) Rosters and county of orgin are from this Internet site.  
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*"[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Reserve_and_Miscellaneous_Units South Carolina Reserve and Miscellaneous Units in the War of the Rebellion]". Internet site, accessed 12/06/2010.&nbsp; Lists some of the Troop and Reserve units, a few companies, officers&nbsp;and some dates of service.  
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*''Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina''. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at [http://www.footnote.com Footnote.com] (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
*"[http://www.oocities.com/screbels_1864/ST0462.html 4th South Carolina State Troops- Jun 1862-Nov 1862]". Internet site, accessed 12/06/2010. This site suggests that soldiers came from Anderson District, Pickens District, and Abbeville District. It did not go into active service and was disbanded in November 1862. [This information may be referring to the [[4th Regiment, South Carolina State Troops|4th Regiment, South Carolina State Troops]].]
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*"[http://www.oocities.com/sc_seedcorn/Bn04SC.htm 4th Battalion of State Troops-Senior Reserves]". Internet site, accessed 12/6/2010. (Note: Sailors and Soldiers System lists several of the soldiers from this unit being with the 4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves.) Rosters and county of origin are from this Internet site.
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*"[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Reserve_and_Miscellaneous_Units South Carolina Reserve and Miscellaneous Units in the War of the Rebellion]". Internet site, accessed 12/06/2010. Lists some of the Troop and Reserve units, a few companies, officers and some dates of service.
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*Hewett, Janet B., ed. ''Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies''. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. {{FHL|750468|item|disp=FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65}}. Lists officers, companies, and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 5 Companies (A-E) listed.
 
*Hewett, Janet B., ed. ''Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies''. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. {{FHL|750468|item|disp=FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65}}. Lists officers, companies, and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 5 Companies (A-E) listed.
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*Seigler, Robert S. ''South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States''. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. {{FHL|1639482|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 4}}. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other [http://www.worldcat.org/title/south-carolinas-military-organizations-during-the-war-between-the-states/oclc/184906117&referer=brief_results libraries].
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=== References  ===
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<references />
  
 
[[Category:South_Carolina_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]
 
[[Category:South_Carolina_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Revision as of 22:36, 26 May 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina in the Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 4th   Gotoarrow.png   4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserve

Contents

Brief History

In February 1864 a new law passed that stated all males between ages 17-50 were liable to serve within their state. Those that were 18-45 years old and already serving were to stay in their current military unit. Those men not serving, or under 18 and over 45, were required to either join an existing local defense unit or to form a new unit. Eight battalions were created and designated as the 1st- 8th Battalions, South Carolina Reserves. Later these units were referred to as the Battalions of Senior Reserves in order to separate them from the Regiments of Junior Reserves. By the summer of 1864, these units were organized and many of them serving in different areas. They were mustered into Confederate service on October 31, 1864. Some of the units disbanded before the end of the war and others were combined with other military units on April 9, 1865.[1]

The 4th Battalion, South Carolina was organized in the spring of 1864. They mustered in to state service on April 16, 1864 and then in to Confederate service on October 31, 1864. The 4th Battalion was not a part of the consolidation. They surrendered at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina on 26 April 1865.[1][2][3]


Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Information about the companies and their counties of origin is taken from Seigler's[1] book and from the Oocities[3] website. Rosters from Oocities website.

Source Material

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, this book available through these libraries: WorldCat. Crute's book does not contain a history for this unit.
  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • "4th Battalion of State Troops-Senior Reserves". Internet site, accessed 12/6/2010. (Note: Sailors and Soldiers System lists several of the soldiers from this unit being with the 4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves.) Rosters and county of origin are from this Internet site.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 5 Companies (A-E) listed.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 4. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 4, p 193-194, 200-202. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 4. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  2. *"South Carolina Reserve and Miscellaneous Units in the War of the Rebellion". Internet site, accessed 12/06/2010. Lists some of the Troop and Reserve units, a few companies, officers and some dates of service.
  3. 3.0 3.1 According to the Infantry Battalion Reserves Internet site
    • "4th Battalion of State Troops-Senior Reserves". Internet site, accessed 12/6/2010. (Note: Saints and Soldiers System lists several of the soldiers from this unit being with the 4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves.) Rosters and county of origin are from this Internet site.