5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles

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=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit. This regiment most likely transferred into another regiment or was combined with another regiment to create a new regiment, or is another name for an existing regiment. Looking at the service records of the soldiers may give clues to the different regiments they may have served in.  
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The 5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles was also known as Moore's Battalion of Rifles.&nbsp; It was also called the [[1st_Regiment,_South_Carolina_Rifles_(Orr's)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles]] under the leadership of James L. Orr.&nbsp; By May 1861, James L. Orr and his brother-in-law, Jehu Foster Marshall, were both trying to raise a regiments.&nbsp; Niether men could get enough soldiers to form a regiment so they combined their men and created the 5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles. The battalion was mustered into State service in July 1861.&nbsp; In April 1862 this military unit was reorgaized into the [[2nd_Regiment,_South_Carolina_Rifles|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Rifles]] (also called Moore's Rifles).<ref name="Seigler">Robert S. Seigler. ''South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States''. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 139-142. {{FHL|1639482|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2sr  v. 3}}. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.</ref>
  
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Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit.<ref name="Crute">Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).{{FHL|590033|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2crua}}. Information available at: National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System].</ref><br>
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=== Counties of Origin  ===
 
=== Counties of Origin  ===
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Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
 
Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
  
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:Company A - many men from [[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Military|Abbeville District (County),]] a few men from [[Laurens County, South Carolina#Military|Laurens District (County)]] and [[Newberry County, South Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County)]]
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:Company B - many men from [[Pickens County, South Carolina#Military|Pickens District (County]]).&nbsp;Part of Pickens District became&nbsp;[[Oconee_County,_South_Carolina|Oconee ]]County
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:Company C - many men from&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Pickens County, South Carolina#Military|Pickens District&nbsp;(County]]). Part of Pickens District became [[Oconee_County,_South_Carolina|Oconee ]]County
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:Company D - many men from [[Anderson County, South Carolina#Military|Anderson District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Pickens County, South Carolina#Military|Pickens District (County]])
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:Company E - many men from [[Pickens County, South Carolina#Military|Pickens District (County]])
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:Company F - many men from [[Anderson County, South Carolina#Military|Anderson District (County]]) and [[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Military|Abbeville District (County]]), a few from [[Laurens County, South Carolina#Military|Laurens District (County]])
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:Company G
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Information on companies and counties of origin is taken from Seigler's book.<ref name="Seigler" />
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=== Other Sources  ===
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*[[Beginning United States Civil War Research|Beginning United States Civil War Research]] gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).<br>
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*National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information. <br>
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*[[South Carolina in the Civil War|South Carolina in the Civil War]] describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
  
=== Other Source Material  ===
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*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
  
*[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book,&nbsp;''Units of the Confederate States Army'',&nbsp;as their&nbsp;main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, {{|590033|}}, [http://www.worldcat.org/title/units-of-the-confederate-states-army/oclc/18272222&referer=brief_results WorldCat].
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*''Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina''. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at [http://www.footnote.com Footnote.com] (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  
*[http://www.footnote.com Footnote.com] (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). There is no history listed for this regiment.
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*Seigler, Robert S. ''South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States''. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. {{FHL|1639482|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3}}. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other [http://www.worldcat.org/title/south-carolinas-military-organizations-during-the-war-between-the-states/oclc/184906117&referer=brief_results libraries].
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===

Revision as of 23:49, 9 November 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina in the Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 14th   Gotoarrow.png   5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles

Contents

Brief History

The 5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles was also known as Moore's Battalion of Rifles.  It was also called the 1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles under the leadership of James L. Orr.  By May 1861, James L. Orr and his brother-in-law, Jehu Foster Marshall, were both trying to raise a regiments.  Niether men could get enough soldiers to form a regiment so they combined their men and created the 5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles. The battalion was mustered into State service in July 1861.  In April 1862 this military unit was reorgaized into the 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (also called Moore's Rifles).[1]

Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit.[2]


Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Company A - many men from Abbeville District (County), a few men from Laurens District (County) and Newberry District (County)
Company B - many men from Pickens District (County). Part of Pickens District became Oconee County
Company C - many men from  Pickens District (County). Part of Pickens District became Oconee County
Company D - many men from Anderson District (County) and Pickens District (County)
Company E - many men from Pickens District (County)
Company F - many men from Anderson District (County) and Abbeville District (County), a few from Laurens District (County)
Company G

Information on companies and counties of origin is taken from Seigler's book.[1]

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 139-142. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  2. Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.