7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)Edit This Page

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina in the Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 14th   Gotoarrow.png   7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)

Brief History

The 7th Infantry Battalion (also called Nelson's and Enfield Rifles) was organized in February 22, 1862,with five companies, A to E. Companies F and G were formed Mary 27, 1862, of men transferred from other companies of the battalion. Company H, which had been organized July 14, 1862 was an independent infantry company of Partisan Rangers, was assigned October 14, 1862. On April 26, 1865, it surrendered.

Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit.

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

  • Company A (also known as Washington Mounted Artillery) - Kershaw, Chesterfield, Lancaster Districts
  • Company B (also known as Lyles' Rifles) - Fairfield District
  • Company C (McCulloch Rifles) - Richland District
  • Company D (also known as Kershaw Grays) - Kershaw District
  • Company E - Kershaw, Sumter, Richland, Clarendon, Barnwell, Edgefield, Fairfield, Colleton, Lexington, Chesterfield, Orangeburg Districts.
  • Company F - Chesterfield and Lancaster Districts
  • Company G - Kersahw, Fairafield, Richland, Lancaster, Chesterfield, Chester Districts.
  • Company H - Edgefield, Fairfield, Chester, Richland, Abbeville, Greeneville, and Newberry Districts

Source Material

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, {{|590033|}}, WorldCat.
  • Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls).
  • Historical Sketch-7th SC Battalion, by James A. Gabel.  Internet site, accessed 12/14/2010. This history lists the nicknames for the Companies and the counties of orgin.
  • South Carolina Infantry Battalions - Seventh Battalion of Enfield Rifles (Nelson's or Rion's Battalion). South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/16/2010. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
  • Dickert, Augustus D. History of Kershaw's Brigade. Newberry: Elbert H Aull Company, 1899. This book as a complete roll of Companies, biographical sketches, and other information. Google Books. Family History Library book 975.7 M2d 1976, FHL Collection and FHL Collection,fiche 6082618 (7 fiche).


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