7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry

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''[[United States of America|United States]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[South Carolina Military Records|South Carolina Military]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[South Carolina in the Civil War]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry''  
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''[[United States of America|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina Military Records|South Carolina Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina in the Civil War|South Carolina in the Civil War]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 14th]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry''  
  
 
=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
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The 7th Regiment South Carolina Cavalry was organized during the period of March 18, 1864 through May 1864 by consolidating five independent cavalry companies: two companies of Tucker's Squadron, one company of Boykin's Squadron of Mounted Riflemen, and the 2nd Company of Trenholm's Squadron (two companies). Also involved in the organization was the cavalry battalion of the Holcombe Legion which contained 5 companies (another source says that two companies of Rutledge's Squadron of Mounted Rifles was also involved). Within the next few months there was some disorganization going on with some of the companies leaving and then returning to this regiment. &nbsp; The regiment surrendered on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House with 22 officers and 398 enlisted men.<ref name="Seigler">Robert S. Seigler. ''South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States''. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 4, p 115-124. {{FHL|1639482|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2sr  v. 4}}. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in.  Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.</ref><ref name="Corktree">[http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Cavalry_Units_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion 7th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment], (accessed 11 Apr 2011).</ref>
  
 
=== Companies in&nbsp;this Regiment with the Counties of Origin  ===
 
=== Companies in&nbsp;this Regiment with the Counties of Origin  ===
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Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
 
Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
  
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Information about the companies, their nicknames and counties of origin is taken from Seigler's<ref name="Seigler" /> book and Batson's<ref name="Batson">"[http://batsonsm.tripod.com/b/cav7r.html South Carolina Cavalry - Seventh South Carolina Cavalry Regiment]". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/16/2010. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.</ref> website. Most roster (which are only partial rosters) are taken from Eastern Digital Resources.<ref name="EDR">"[http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/unit78.htm 7th Cavalry Regiment]". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/14/2010. Lists a Regiment History and gives the Company Rosters.</ref>  
  
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:*Company A -&nbsp;(also known as Marion's Men of Winyah, Tucker's Cavalry, Captain John H. Tucker's Squadron) - many men from [[Georgetown County, South Carolina#Military|Georgetown&nbsp;District (County), Williamsburg District (County)]], and [[Darlington County, South Carolina#Military|Darlington District (County]]) a few men from [[Charleston County, South Carolina#Military|Charleston District (County)]] and [[Horry County, South Carolina#Military|Horry District (County)]] - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcava.htm Roster]
  
=== Source Material  ===
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:*Company -&nbsp;B (also known as Trenholm's Squadron and Rutledge Mounted Riflemen (Company A), and Captain William L. Trenholm's Squadron) - Southern Coast area, many men from [[Colleton County, South Carolina#Military|Colleton,District (County]]) and&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Military|Beaufort District (County)]] - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavb.htm Roster]
  
[[Category:South_Carolina_-_Military]]
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:*Company - C (also known as Holcombe Legion Mounted- Company D, the McKissick Rangers) - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union&nbsp;District (County]]), [[York County, South Carolina#Military|York District (County]]), [[Newberry County, South Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Chester County, South Carolina#Military|Chester Districts (County]]); a few men from [[Spartanburg County, South Carolina#Military|Spartanburg District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Greenville County, South Carolina#Military|Greenville District (County]]) - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavc.htm Roster]
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:*Company -&nbsp;D (also known as Holcombe Legion Mounted- Company B, the Congaree Mounted Guards or Riflemen or Cavaliers) - many men from [[Richland County, South Carolina#Military|Richland District (County]]), [[Fairfield County, South Carolina#Military|Fairfield District (County]]), [[Sumter County, South Carolina#Military|Sumter District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Lexington County, South Carolina#Military|Lexington District (County]]); a few men from [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union District (County]]), [[York County, South Carolina#Military|York District (County]]), [[Chester County, South Carolina#Military|Chester District (County)]]&nbsp;and [[Newberry County, South Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County]]) - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavd.htm Roster]
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:*Company -&nbsp;E (also known as Holcombe Legion Mounted- Company C and the Newberry Rangers) - many men from [[Edgefield County, South Carolina#Military|Edgefield&nbsp;District (County]]), [[Newberry County, South Carolina#Military|Newberry District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Laurens County, South Carolina#Military|Laurens District (County]]); a few men from [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union District (County]])- [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcave.htm Roster]
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:*Company -&nbsp;F (also known as Marion's Men of Winyah- Company B, Captain John H. Tucker's Squaron) <span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1292526770171_829" />- many men from [[Georgetown County, South Carolina#Military|Georgetown&nbsp;District (County]]), [[Williamsburg County, South Carolina#Military|Williamsburg District (County]]) and [[Horry County, South Carolina#Military|Horry District (County]]),&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Sumter County, South Carolina#Military|Sumter District (County]]), [[Marion County, South Carolina#Military|Marion District (County),]] [[Spartanburg County, South Carolina#Military|Spartanburg District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Marlboro County, South Carolina#Military|Marlboro District (County]]) - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavf.htm Roster]
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:*Company -&nbsp;G (also known as Trenholm's Squadron and Rutledge Mounted Riflemen- Company B) - many men from Anderson District (County), [[Greenville County, South Carolina#Military|Greenville District (County]]), [[Pickens County, South Carolina#Military|Pickens District (County]]); a few men from [[Fairfield County, South Carolina#Military|Fairfield District (County]]), [[Clarendon County, South Carolina#Military|Clarendon District (County]]), [[Colleton County, South Carolina#Military|Colleton District (County]]), [[Charleston County, South Carolina#Military|Charleston District (County]]) and [[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Military|Abbeville District (County]]). Another source says from the&nbsp; Southern&nbsp;Coast area, [[Colleton County, South Carolina#Military|Colleton, District (County]]),&nbsp;[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Military|Beaufort&nbsp;District (County]])&nbsp;- [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavg.htm Roster]
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:*Company - H (also known as Kirkwood's Rangers or Cavalry and Holcombe Legion Mounted- Company E, Camden Rangers,) - many men from [[Kershaw County, South Carolina#Military|Kershaw&nbsp;District (County)]],&nbsp;Camden area and [[Chesterfield County, South Carolina#Military|Chesterfield District (County]]); a few men from [[Darlington County, South Carolina#Military|Darlington District (County]]), [[Charleston County, South Carolina#Military|Charleston District (County),&nbsp;]]&nbsp;[[Fairfield County, South Carolina#Military|Fairfield District (County]]), [[Sumter County, South Carolina#Military|Sumter&nbsp;District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Richland County, South Carolina#Military|Richland District (County)]] - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavh.htm Roster]
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:*Company- I (also known as Holcombe Legion Mounted- Company A and Claremont Cavalry or Troop) - many men from [[Sumter County, South Carolina#Military|Sumter District (County]])&nbsp;and [[Clarendon County, South Carolina#Military|Clarendon District (County]]); a few men from [[Chesterfield County, South Carolina#Military|Chesterfield District (County]]) - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavi.htm Roster], [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~scsumter/7thcav.html Roste<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1292527320812_324" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1292527320812_999" />r]&nbsp;
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:*Company -&nbsp;K (also known as the Wateree Mounted Rifles, Boykin's Mounted Squadron of Rifles, Boykin's Rangers) - many men from [[Kershaw County, South Carolina#Military|Kershaw District (County]]); Camden area; &nbsp;a few men from [[Richland County, South Carolina#Military|Richland District (County]]), [[Greenville County, South Carolina#Military|Greenville, District (County]]),&nbsp;[[Marion County, South Carolina#Military|Marion District ( County)]], [[Clarendon County, South Carolina#Military|Clarendon District (County]]), [[Sumter County, South Carolina#Military|Sumter District (County]]) and [[Horry County, South Carolina#Military|Horry District (County]]) - [http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavk.htm Roster]
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:*[http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/rosters/7thcavfi.htm Field and Staff]
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The [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database] lists 1,503 men on its roster for this unit. [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers.htm?submitted=1&SDunitCode=CSC0007RC Roster].
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=== Other Source Material  ===
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*[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, ''Units of the Confederate States Army'' as their main source for the regiment history.{{FHL|590033|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2crua}}, [http://www.worldcat.org/title/units-of-the-confederate-states-army/oclc/18272222&referer=brief_results WorldCat].
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*''Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina''. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at [http://www.footnote.com Footnote.com] (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
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*"[http://www.researchonline.net/sccw/unit78.htm 7th Cavalry Regiment]". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/14/2010.&nbsp; Lists a&nbsp;Regiment History and gives the Company Rosters.
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*"[http://batsonsm.tripod.com/b/cav7r.html South Carolina Cavalry - Seventh South Carolina Cavalry Regiment]". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/16/2010. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
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*"[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~scsumter/7thcav.html The Claremont Cavalry]". Old Sumter District, SCGenWeb and Palmetto State Roots Web Sites, accessed 12/16/2010.&nbsp; Gives a history of Company I's involvement with the Civil War and a roster.
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*Boykin, Edward M. ''The Falling Flag&nbsp;: Evacuation of Richmond, Retreat and Surrender at Appomattox ''(Bethesda, Maryland&nbsp;: University Publications of America, c1990), 67 pages. Includes a description of activities of the 7th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment. Digital copies at [http://books.google.com/books?id=yx6uCH6iasoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=The+falling+flag+:+evacuation+of+Richmond,+retreat+and+surrender+at+Appomattox&hl=en&ei=5-STTeL-IefUiAK46KCBCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Google] and [http://www.archive.org/details/fallingflagevac00boygoog Internet Archives.] Book at [http://www.worldcat.org/title/falling-flag-evacuation-of-richmond-retreat-and-surrender-at-appomattox/oclc/698272&referer=brief_results WorldCat].
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*Daly, Louise Porter Haskell. ''Alexander Cheves Haskell; the portrait of a man ('' Norwood, Mass., Priv. Print. at the Plimpton Press, 1934), 224 pages. Book at {{FHL|1852510|item|disp=FHL 921.73 H273}} and [http://www.worldcat.org/title/alexander-cheves-haskell-the-portrait-of-a-man/oclc/3473870&referer=brief_results Other Libraries.]
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*Hewett, Janet B., ed. ''Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies''. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. {{FHL|750468|item|disp=FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65}}. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 10 Companies (A-I, K) listed. Available at these libraries: [http://www.worldcat.org/title/supplement-to-the-official-records-of-the-union-and-confederate-armies/oclc/39379883&referer=brief_results Worldcat].
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*Ramsey, Marc. ''7th South Carolina Cavalry : to the defense of Richmond.'' (Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Pub. Co., c2011), {{FHL|1952991|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2rm}}
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*Seigler, Robert S. ''South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States''. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. {{FHL|1639482|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 4}}. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other [http://www.worldcat.org/title/south-carolinas-military-organizations-during-the-war-between-the-states/oclc/184906117&referer=brief_results libraries].
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=== References  ===
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<references />
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[[Category:South_Carolina_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Revision as of 20:48, 15 May 2014

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina in the Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 14th   Gotoarrow.png   7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry

Contents

Brief History

The 7th Regiment South Carolina Cavalry was organized during the period of March 18, 1864 through May 1864 by consolidating five independent cavalry companies: two companies of Tucker's Squadron, one company of Boykin's Squadron of Mounted Riflemen, and the 2nd Company of Trenholm's Squadron (two companies). Also involved in the organization was the cavalry battalion of the Holcombe Legion which contained 5 companies (another source says that two companies of Rutledge's Squadron of Mounted Rifles was also involved). Within the next few months there was some disorganization going on with some of the companies leaving and then returning to this regiment.   The regiment surrendered on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House with 22 officers and 398 enlisted men.[1][2]

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Information about the companies, their nicknames and counties of origin is taken from Seigler's[1] book and Batson's[3] website. Most roster (which are only partial rosters) are taken from Eastern Digital Resources.[4]

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 1,503 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Other Source Material

  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • "7th Cavalry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/14/2010.  Lists a Regiment History and gives the Company Rosters.
  • "South Carolina Cavalry - Seventh South Carolina Cavalry Regiment". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/16/2010. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
  • "The Claremont Cavalry". Old Sumter District, SCGenWeb and Palmetto State Roots Web Sites, accessed 12/16/2010.  Gives a history of Company I's involvement with the Civil War and a roster.
  • Boykin, Edward M. The Falling Flag : Evacuation of Richmond, Retreat and Surrender at Appomattox (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), 67 pages. Includes a description of activities of the 7th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment. Digital copies at Google and Internet Archives. Book at WorldCat.
  • Daly, Louise Porter Haskell. Alexander Cheves Haskell; the portrait of a man ( Norwood, Mass., Priv. Print. at the Plimpton Press, 1934), 224 pages. Book at FHL 921.73 H273 and Other Libraries.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 10 Companies (A-I, K) listed. Available at these libraries: Worldcat.
  • Ramsey, Marc. 7th South Carolina Cavalry : to the defense of Richmond. (Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Pub. Co., c2011), FHL book 975.7 M2rm
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 4. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 4, p 115-124. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 4. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  2. 7th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment, (accessed 11 Apr 2011).
  3. "South Carolina Cavalry - Seventh South Carolina Cavalry Regiment". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/16/2010. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
  4. "7th Cavalry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/14/2010. Lists a Regiment History and gives the Company Rosters.