ABBREVIATION TABLE FOR MEYERSEdit This Page

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Family History PATRON CLASS HANDOUT
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#REDIRECT [[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs]]
 
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Library '''ABBREVIATION TABLE FOR MEYERS'''
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'''ORTS UND VERKEHRSLEXIKON'''
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+
 
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= Ref 943 E5mo  =
+
 
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'''HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE'''
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<br>From the time of Charlemagne (Karl der Grosse) 800 A.D. 10 1806, there was an entity known as the ‘Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation,’ ruled by an emperor and the nobility. From 1701 on, a large chunk of this empire was known as the Kingdom of Prussia. When Napoleon Bonaparte began his conquest, the whole empire began to break up. The last ruling family of the “Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation,” the Hapsburgs, retreated into the Eastern Areas, and reorganized the Germanic areas into a new empire, which they ruled. This became known as the Austrian Empire.
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<br>Beginning in 1820, Custom Unions began to be established in the Western Areas of the old empire. In the 1860’s the Prussian ministerial president serving under King Wilhelm of Prussia, made a deal with rulers of those Germanic areas Prussia hadn’t been able to conquer such as the Kingdom of Baden, Bavaria, Württemberg, the Duchy of Mecklenburg, and so forth. If they agreed to join with and organize into a new German Empire, they would have some power and authority in the new regime. By January 1871, agreements were reached, and the 2<sup>nd</sup> German Empire was established. King Wilhelm of Prussia became emperor (Kaiser) and Otto von Bismark became the chancellor.
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<br>All rulers of these various Germanic Kingdoms, Provinces, Principalities, Duchies, Grand Duchies and Free Cities now reported to the “national government” in the form of Emperor Wilhelm. The boundaries of each entity were clarified, and they all became “states” in the new empire.
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<br>'''''Meyers Orts-und Verkehrs-Lexikon'' represents these boundaries as they were between 1871 and 1918.'''
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<br>'''ABBREVIATION TABLE AND GLOSSARY'''
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<br>Localities in Germany are arranged in the Family History Library Catalog (FHLC) according to the boundaries of the 1871 German Empire. For cataloging purposes the gazetteer ''Meyers Orts-und Verkehrs-Lexikon ''<nowiki>(FHL call no.: book – Ref 943. E5mo; film- 0,496,640 [Localities A-K]; and fiche – 6,000,001-6,000,029) is used. </nowiki>This is an excellent gazetteer, indicating which of the localities have parishes and which have civil registration offices. The entries of the different localities have many abbreviations. The following list is basically an abbreviation table with a few common words, which will be helpful in using the gazetteer. This list should be allowed some freedom due to interpretation and considering the time frame that these terms were used. Some words have different meanings now or are no longer used.
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<br>Those abbreviations or words preceded by … indicate that it can also be used as the end or beginning of a combined word.
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<br>'''ABBREVIATION TABLE'''
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<br>
+
 
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{| width="75%" border="1"
+
|-
+
| <center>'''Abbreviation'''</center>
+
| <center>'''German'''</center>
+
| <center>'''English'''</center>
+
<br>
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
|-
+
| A
+
| Amt (Amtsbezirk)
+
| Government office, official district
+
|-
+
| Ab.(e.)
+
| Abbau(e) order Ausbau(e)
+
| Surface mine (the “e“ denotes plural)
+
|-
+
| Abt.
+
| Abteilung
+
| Department
+
|-
+
| a/d
+
| An der, auf der
+
| At the, on the, like “Cologne on the Rhine”
+
|-
+
| Ag., …ag.
+
| Agentur, …agentur
+
| Agency, …agency (as part of a word)
+
|-
+
| AG
+
| Amtsgericht
+
| Lower court, county court
+
|-
+
| AH
+
| Amtshauptmannschaft
+
| Government district
+
|-
+
| AK
+
| Armeekorps
+
| Army corps
+
|-
+
| AktGes.
+
| Aktiengesellschaft
+
| Corporation (an “Aktie”=a share of stock)
+
|-
+
| ä.L.
+
| Ältere Linie
+
| Older line
+
|-
+
| AllGut
+
| Allodialgut
+
| Allodial estate
+
|-
+
| Altfath.
+
| Altkatholisch
+
| Old Catholic
+
|-
+
| Altluth.
+
| Altlutherisch
+
| Old Lutheran
+
|-
+
| Andere
+
| Andere
+
| Other, different
+
|-
+
| Andersgläubige
+
| Andersgläubige
+
| Different faith
+
|-
+
| Anh.
+
| Anhalt
+
| Former duchy
+
|-
+
| Ansdl.
+
| Ansiedlung
+
| Settlement
+
|-
+
| Anst., …anst.
+
| Anstalt, …anstalt
+
| Institute, institution (also as part of a word)
+
|-
+
| Arb.
+
| Arbeiter
+
| Laborer, worker
+
|-
+
| Art.
+
| Artillerie
+
| Artillery
+
|-
+
| Ausg.
+
| Ausgedinge
+
| Life estate
+
|-
+
| Ausg.
+
| Ausgaben
+
| Expenditures
+
|-
+
| B.
+
| Bezirk
+
| District or area
+
|-
+
| BA.
+
| Bezirksamt
+
| District office
+
|-
+
| Bad
+
| Bad
+
| Spa, mineral waters
+
|-
+
| Badanst.
+
| Badeanstalt
+
| Swimming baths, spa
+
|-
+
| Banken
+
| Banken
+
| Financial institution
+
|-
+
| Baptistenk.
+
| Baptistenkirche
+
| Baptist church
+
|-
+
| Bat.
+
| Bataillon
+
| Batallion (military)
+
|-
+
| Batt.
+
| Batterie
+
| Battery
+
|-
+
| Bay.
+
| Bayern
+
| Bavaria
+
|-
+
| Bei
+
| Bei
+
| By, near
+
|-
+
| Berufsgenossenschaften
+
| Berufsgenossenschaften
+
| Business institution
+
|-
+
| Bestehend aus
+
| Bestehend aus
+
| Consists of
+
|-
+
| Bgu, …bgb.
+
| Bergbau, …bergbau
+
| Mine, mining, also with other word … salt, coal, etc.
+
|-
+
| Bgrem.
+
| Bezirksgremium
+
| District council
+
|-
+
| Bgw.
+
| Bergwerk
+
| Mine
+
|-
+
| Bhf.
+
| Bahnhof
+
| Railroad station
+
|-
+
| Bibl.
+
| Bibliothek
+
| Library
+
|-
+
| Bildungsanstalten
+
| Bildungsanstalten
+
| Library
+
|-
+
| Binnenschiffahrt
+
| Binnenschiffahrt
+
| Inland navigation
+
|-
+
| Bk.
+
| Bank
+
| Bank (financial institution)
+
|-
+
| Brdo.
+
| Bezirkskommando
+
| District command (military)
+
|-
+
| Blechw.
+
| Blechwerk
+
| Mealworks (tin, sheet metal)
+
|-
+
| B. Loth.
+
| Bezirk Lothringen
+
| District of Lothringen
+
|-
+
| Bn., …bn.
+
| Bahn, …bahn
+
| Railroad (train)
+
|-
+
| B. Oels.
+
| Bezirk Oberelsaß
+
| District of upper Alsace
+
|-
+
| Böttchherei
+
| Böttcherei
+
| Cooperage (place where barrels are made)
+
|-
+
| \Brandbg.
+
| Brandenburg
+
| Former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Brau.
+
| Brauerei
+
| Brewery
+
|-
+
| Braunschw.
+
| Braunschweig
+
| Former duchy
+
|-
+
| …bre.
+
| …brüche
+
| Quarries, pits
+
|-
+
| Brenn.
+
| Brennerei
+
| Distillery
+
|-
+
| Brgm.
+
| Bürgermeister (ei)
+
| Burgermaste, mayor – (office of the mayor-mayoralty)
+
|-
+
| Brig.
+
| Brigade
+
| Brigade
+
|-
+
| Bsch.
+
| Bauerschaft
+
| Homestead
+
|-
+
| BschTeil.
+
| BauernschaftTeil
+
| Part of rural farming community.
+
|-
+
| Buchdrucker
+
| Buchdrucker
+
| Printer
+
|-
+
| Buchhandel
+
| Buchhandel
+
| Book selling.
+
|-
+
| B. Uels.
+
| Bezirk Unterelsaß
+
| District of lower Alsace.
+
|-
+
| Bürstenw.
+
| Bürstenwerk
+
| Brush factory.
+
|-
+
| Bz.
+
| Beziehungsweise
+
| Or, respective, respectively
+
|-
+
| Chauseeh.
+
| Chaußeehaus
+
| Toll house
+
|-
+
| Chemik.
+
| Chemalkien
+
| chemicals
+
|-
+
| D
+
| Dampfer-oder Motorbootverbindung
+
| Steamer or motor boat connection
+
|-
+
| SD
+
| “in der Saison, Sommer
+
| Same as above, only during the summer season
+
|-
+
| D., Dr.
+
| Dorf, Dörfer
+
| Village, villages
+
|-
+
| Das.
+
| Daselbst
+
| There, at the previously mentioned place, in said place.
+
|-
+
| Dazu
+
| Dazu
+
| Including, in addition
+
|-
+
| Deutsch ref.
+
| Deutsch reformierte
+
| German Reformed religion
+
|-
+
| Dir. (…dir.)
+
| Direktion (…direktion)
+
| Management, head office, office of the director
+
|-
+
| Dochten
+
| Dochten
+
| Candle wicks
+
|-
+
| Dom.
+
| Domäne, dominium, domanial
+
| State-owned estate
+
|-
+
| DomU.
+
| Domäneamt
+
| Estate office in Mecklenburg
+
|-
+
| Drl.
+
| Darlehen
+
| loan
+
|-
+
| dsgl.
+
| Desgleichen
+
| The same or pertaining to the immediately preceding
+
|-
+
| ...dt.
+
| …Distrikt
+
| …district
+
|-
+
| DTeil
+
| DorfTeil
+
| Portion of a village (dorf)
+
|-
+
| Dungmitteln
+
| Dungmitteln
+
| Fertilizers
+
<br>
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
|-
+
| E
+
| Eisenbahnstation oder Haltestelle
+
| Railroad station or stop –
+
|-
+
| E
+
| - mit Personen-und Güterverkehr
+
| - with passenger and goods traffic
+
|-
+
| E
+
| Eisenbahnstation oder Haltestelle – mit Personen, und Güterverkehr mit Bahntelegraph
+
| Railroad station or stop – with passenger and goods traffic, and telegraph
+
|-
+
| EGt
+
| - mit Bahntelegraph
+
| - with telegraph
+
|-
+
| EGt
+
| - nur mit Güterbeförderung
+
| - only with transportation of goods-freight services only
+
|-
+
| EPs
+
| - nur mit Personenverkehr
+
| - only with passenger traffic
+
|-
+
| E†
+
| - mit Eisenbahnauskunftsstelle
+
| - with railroad information desk
+
|-
+
| E.
+
| Einwohner(s)
+
| Inhabitant(s)
+
|-
+
| Ein.
+
| Einöde
+
| Wilderness, lonely spot
+
|-
+
| Einn., einn.
+
| Einnahme oder einnehmerei
+
| Clerk’s (usually tax) office, revenue office
+
|-
+
| Eis.
+
| Eisenbahn
+
| Train
+
|-
+
| Eisenhdl.
+
| Eisenhandel
+
| Iron trade
+
|-
+
| Elktr.
+
| Ort hat Elektrizitätsquelle
+
| Place has electric power source
+
|-
+
| Elktrw.
+
| Elektrizitätswerk
+
| Power plant
+
|-
+
| Els.
+
| Elsaß
+
| Alsace
+
|-
+
| Emaillierw.
+
| Emaillierwerks
+
| Enamel works
+
|-
+
| Erziehanst.
+
| Erziehungsanstalt
+
| Reform school
+
|-
+
| Esk.
+
| Eskadron
+
| Squadron
+
|-
+
| Etabl.
+
| Etablissement
+
| Establishment
+
|-
+
| Ev., Ev.
+
| Evangelisch, Evangelische
+
| Evangelical, Protestant (in Germany usually Lutheran)
+
|-
+
| Ev. Pfk.
+
| Evangelisch pfarrkirche
+
| Protestant parish church
+
|-
+
| F
+
| Fernsprecher
+
| Telephone
+
|-
+
| F
+
| Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Telephone and telegraph
+
|-
+
| Fabrikort
+
| Fabrikort
+
| Factory location
+
|-
+
| Fahrrädern
+
| Fahrrädern
+
| bicycles
+
|-
+
| Färb.
+
| Färberei
+
| Dye works
+
<br>
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
|-
+
| Fbr., fbr.
+
| Fabrik, fabrikation
+
| Factory, manufacturing plant
+
|-
+
| FG
+
| Forstgutsbezirk
+
| Forest land district
+
|-
+
| Fil.
+
| Filiale
+
| Branch
+
|-
+
| Fl.
+
| Flecken
+
| Country-town
+
|-
+
| Fläche, …fläche
+
| Fläche, ...fläche
+
| Area, …surface, …expanse (of underground)
+
|-
+
| Först.
+
| Försterei
+
| Forest ranger station (residence)
+
|-
+
| Försth.
+
| Försthaus
+
| Forester’s house
+
|-
+
| fr.
+
| Früher
+
| Formerly
+
|-
+
| Franz. =ref.
+
| Französisch reformierte
+
| French Reformed religion (Protestant)
+
|-
+
| Freigut
+
| Freigut
+
| Duty-free goods
+
|-
+
| Frht.
+
| Freiheit
+
| Market-town (country-town)
+
|-
+
| Fürstt.
+
| Fürstentum
+
| Principality
+
|-
+
| G.
+
| Gericht
+
| Court
+
|-
+
| G.
+
| Gusbezirk
+
| Land district
+
|-
+
| Garn.
+
| Garnison
+
| Garrison
+
|-
+
| Garn.
+
| Garnmärkte
+
| Thread, yarn, twine market
+
|-
+
| GarnPfk
+
| Garnison Pfarrkirche
+
| Garrison parish (military)
+
|-
+
| Gärtnerei
+
| Gärtnerei
+
| Nursery (horticultural)
+
|-
+
| Gasw.
+
| Gaswerk
+
| Gas works
+
|-
+
| GB.
+
| Gerichtsbezirk
+
| Court district
+
|-
+
| Gef.
+
| Gefängnis
+
| Jail
+
|-
+
| geh.
+
| Gehörig
+
| Belonging (to)
+
|-
+
| Gem.
+
| Gemeinde
+
| Community (village)
+
|-
+
| Gen.
+
| General…
+
| General
+
|-
+
| Gen.
+
| General
+
| General (military)
+
|-
+
| Genoss.
+
| Genossenschaft
+
| Cooperative
+
|-
+
| Gerb.
+
| Gerberei
+
| Tannery
+
|-
+
| Ges.
+
| Gesellschaft
+
| Society, club, company
+
|-
+
| Gesandtschaften
+
| Gesandtschaften
+
| Embassies, legations
+
|-
+
| Getreidehdl.
+
| Getreidehandel
+
| Grain exchange
+
|-
+
| Gew., gew.
+
| Gewerbe, gewerblich(e)
+
| Trade, business, industry, industrial
+
|-
+
| Gieß
+
| Gießerei
+
| foundry
+
|-
+
| Gipsw.
+
| Gipswerk
+
| Gypsum factory
+
|-
+
| Glas.
+
| Glasswerks
+
| Glassworks
+
|-
+
| glchn.
+
| Gleichnamig
+
| By the same name
+
|-
+
| Gr…
+
| Groß
+
| Great (part of place name)
+
|-
+
| Grafschaft
+
| Grafschaft
+
| Earldom (ruled by a coun) (administrative-county)
+
|-
+
| Granitbr
+
| Granitbtrechen
+
| Granite quarry
+
|-
+
| greich. Kap.
+
| greichisch Kapelle
+
| Green chapel (architecture also)
+
|-
+
| Grube
+
| Grube
+
| Mine
+
|-
+
| Gsth.
+
| Gast-, Wirtshaus, Krug
+
| Inn, pub, tavern, overnight lodging
+
|-
+
| GTg.
+
| Gerichtstag
+
| Jurisdictional area of a court
+
|-
+
| Gut
+
| Gut
+
| Estate, farmstead
+
|-
+
| Gutsb.
+
| Gutsbezirk
+
| Manorial district
+
|-
+
| Gutsteil
+
| Gutsteil
+
| Part of a farmstead
+
|-
+
| Gymn.
+
| Gymnasium
+
| Academically oriented high school
+
|-
+
| H., Hr.
+
| Haus, Häuser
+
| House, houses
+
|-
+
| …h
+
| …haus, …heim
+
| (as part of a word) – house, - home
+
|-
+
| ha.
+
| Hektar
+
| Hectare, 2,471 acres
+
|-
+
| Haltestelle
+
| Haltestelle
+
| Bus or train stop
+
|-
+
| Handel
+
| Handel
+
| Commerce, trade, merchandising
+
|-
+
| Hann.
+
| Hannover
+
| Hanover, former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Hdl.
+
| Handel(s)
+
| Commerce, also business establishment
+
|-
+
| Heilanst.
+
| Heilanstalt
+
| Nursing home, sanitorium
+
|-
+
| Heilst.
+
| Heilstätte
+
| sanitorium
+
|-
+
| heßt jetzt
+
| heßt jetzt
+
| Now called . . .
+
|-
+
| Herrsch.
+
| Herrschaft
+
| Manor, estate, domain
+
|-
+
| Hessen
+
| Hessen
+
| Hesse, a grand duchy
+
|-
+
| Hessen-N.
+
| Hessen-Nassau
+
| Former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Hf.
+
| Hafen
+
| Harbor, port
+
|-
+
| Hofbehörden
+
| Hofbehörden
+
| Farm court, rural court
+
|-
+
| Hosp.
+
| Hospital
+
| Hospital
+
|-
+
| Hof (Höfe)
+
| Hof (Höfe)
+
| Estate, manor, farm (estates, manors, farms)
+
|-
+
| Hohlengrube
+
| Hohlengrube
+
| Hollow mine
+
|-
+
| Holzhdl.
+
| Holzhandel
+
| Timber trade
+
|-
+
| Holzmehl
+
| Holzmehl
+
| sawdust
+
|-
+
| Hpt…
+
| Haupt…
+
| Main
+
|-
+
| HptSt.
+
| Haupt Stadt
+
| Capital city
+
|-
+
| Hr.
+
| Häuser
+
| houses
+
|-
+
| Hrgr.(n)
+
| Häusergruppe (n)
+
| Group of houses
+
|-
+
| Hüttenw.
+
| Hüttenwerk
+
| Foundry
+
|-
+
| hzl.
+
| Herzoglich
+
| Of the duke (pertaining to the duke’s possession)
+
|-
+
| Hzt. (...hzt.)
+
| Herzogtum (…herzogtum)
+
| Duchy
+
|-
+
| i/d
+
| Im/der
+
| In the
+
|-
+
| Im
+
| Im
+
| In the
+
|-
+
| Imk.
+
| Inkerei
+
| beekeeping
+
|-
+
| Ind.
+
| Industrie
+
| Industry
+
|-
+
| Inf.
+
| Infanterie
+
| Infantry
+
|-
+
| Insp.
+
| Inspektion
+
| inspection
+
|-
+
| Inst.
+
| Institut
+
| Institute
+
|-
+
| Int. (...int.)
+
| Intendantur (…intendantur)
+
| Office of the stewart or superintendent (commissariat)
+
|-
+
| J.
+
| Juden, Israelitisch, Israeliten
+
| Jews, Israelitic, Israelites
+
|-
+
| Jagdh.
+
| Jagdhaus
+
| Hunting lodge
+
|-
+
| i. L.
+
| Jüngere Linie
+
| Younger line
+
|-
+
| K.
+
| Kirche
+
| Church
+
|-
+
| …k.
+
| …kasse oder, …kirche
+
| Bank, collecting agency, also –church
+
|-
+
| Kalksteinbr.
+
| Kalksteinbruch
+
| Limestone quarry
+
|-
+
| Kalkw.
+
| Kalkwerk
+
| Lime works
+
|-
+
| Kam.
+
| Kammer
+
| Chamber (like Chamber of Commerce)
+
|-
+
| Kanal
+
| Kanal
+
| canal
+
|-
+
| Kanzleilehngut
+
| Kanzleilehngut
+
| Freehold farm office
+
|-
+
| Kap.
+
| Kapelle
+
| Chapel
+
|-
+
| Kat.
+
| Kataster
+
| Land register
+
|-
+
| kath., Kath.
+
| Katholisch, Katholiken
+
| Catholic
+
|-
+
| Kath=apostol.K..
+
| Katholisch apostolisch kirche
+
| Catholic Apostolic church
+
|-
+
| Kath. Pfk.
+
| Katholische Pfarrkirche
+
| Catholic parish shurch
+
|-
+
| Kav.
+
| Kavallerie
+
| Cavalry
+
|-
+
| Kdo.
+
| Kommando
+
| Command (post)
+
|-
+
| kgl.
+
| Königlich
+
| Royal
+
|-
+
| …khlbgb.
+
| …kohlenbergbau
+
| Coal mine
+
|-
+
| Kirchdorf
+
| Kirchdorf
+
| Village with a church
+
|-
+
| Kirchweiler
+
| Kirchweiler
+
| Hamlet with a church
+
|-
+
| Kl…
+
| Klein…
+
| Little, small (part of place names)
+
|-
+
| Klbn.
+
| Kleinbahn
+
| Narrow-gauge railway
+
|-
+
| Kleineisenzeug
+
| Kleineisenzeug
+
| Small iron tools
+
|-
+
| Kloster
+
| Kloster
+
| Convent, monastery, abbey
+
|-
+
| km
+
| Kilometer
+
| 1,000 meters=3,280.8 ft. or 5/8 mile
+
|-
+
| Knöpfen
+
| Knöpfen
+
| Buttons
+
|-
+
| Kol.
+
| Kolonie
+
| Colony (usually of small houses)
+
|-
+
| Koln.
+
| Kolonien
+
| colonies
+
|-
+
| Kom.
+
| Kommandantur
+
| Office and/or residence of commandant
+
|-
+
| Komm.
+
| Kommission
+
| Commission
+
|-
+
| Konservatorium für musik
+
| Konservatorium für Musik
+
| Conservatory for Music
+
|-
+
| Konsulate
+
| Konsulate
+
| Consulate
+
|-
+
| Kommärkte
+
| Kornmärkte
+
| Seed market
+
|-
+
| Kr.
+
| Kreis
+
| District
+
|-
+
| Krammärkte
+
| Krammärkte
+
| Small wares market
+
|-
+
| Krankenh.
+
| Krankenhaus
+
| Hospital
+
|-
+
| KredVer.
+
| Kredit-und (od.) Vorschußverein
+
| Loan association
+
|-
+
| Kr.H
+
| Kreishauptmannschaft
+
| Government district (term used mainly in Sachsen)
+
|-
+
| KrSpk
+
| Kreissparkasse
+
| County savings bank
+
|-
+
| KrSt.
+
| Kreisstadt
+
| Capital of Kreis
+
|-
+
| Ksp.
+
| Kirschspiel
+
| Parish
+
|-
+
| Kt.
+
| Kanton
+
| County (state)
+
|-
+
| Kthptst.
+
| Kantonhuaptmannschaft
+
| District office
+
|-
+
| l.
+
| Links
+
| Left (as opposed to right) to the left of
+
|-
+
| L.
+
| Land(es)
+
| Land, belonging to land
+
|-
+
| L.
+
| Land
+
| State (like Baden or Lippe)
+
|-
+
| Lateinschl.
+
| Lateinschule
+
| Grammar school
+
|-
+
| LB.
+
| Landbezirk
+
| Rural district
+
|-
+
| l/d
+
| Link/der
+
| Left
+
|-
+
| Ldepl.
+
| Ladeplatz
+
| Loading place or dock
+
|-
+
| Ldkr.
+
| Landkreis
+
| Administrative district
+
|-
+
| Lederhdl.
+
| Lederhandel
+
| Leather trade
+
|-
+
| Lehngut, Lehnsgut
+
| Lehnsgut
+
| Estate of feudal lord, fief
+
|-
+
| Lehrersem.
+
| Lehrerseminar
+
| Teacher training college
+
|-
+
| LG.
+
| Landgericht
+
| Court (next higher court after Amtsger.)
+
|-
+
| LGem.
+
| Landgemeinde
+
| Rural community
+
|-
+
| LHerr(en)Sch.
+
| Landherr(en)schaft
+
| Possessions of the sovereign
+
|-
+
| LKr.
+
| Landkreis
+
| District
+
|-
+
| Loth.
+
| Lothringen
+
| Lorrain (Alsace-Lorraine)
+
|-
+
| LrA.
+
| Landratsamt
+
| Office of the landrat or county commissioner
+
|-
+
| Luftkurort
+
| Luftkurort
+
| Health resort
+
|-
+
| Lw., lw.
+
| Landwirtschaft, …liche
+
| Farm, farming operation
+
|-
+
| Lyzeum
+
| Lyzeum
+
| Girl’s high school
+
|-
+
| m
+
| Meter über dem Meer
+
| Meters above sea level
+
|-
+
| Mädchensch.
+
| Mädchenschule
+
| Girl’s school
+
|-
+
| Mag.
+
| Magazin
+
| Storage room, warehouse
+
|-
+
| Mälzerei
+
| Mälzerei
+
| Male house
+
|-
+
| Markt
+
| Markt
+
| market
+
|-
+
| Masch.
+
| Maschine(n)
+
| Machine(s)
+
|-
+
| Mdg.
+
| Mündung
+
| Mouth, estuary
+
|-
+
| Meckl.-Schw.
+
| Mecklenburg-Schwerin
+
| Former grand duchy
+
|-
+
| Meckl.-Str.
+
| Mecklenburg-Strelitz
+
| Former grand duchy
+
|-
+
| Mettalw.
+
| Metallwaren
+
| hardware
+
|-
+
| Mil.
+
| Militär
+
| military
+
|-
+
| mit
+
| mit
+
| with
+
|-
+
| Mktfl.
+
| Marktflecken
+
| Small market-town
+
|-
+
| Mkt.Gk.
+
| Marktgerechtigkeit
+
| Market jurisdiction
+
|-
+
| Ml. (…ml.)
+
| Mühle (…mühle)
+
| Mill (or –mill as part of a word)
+
|-
+
| Möblen
+
| Möblen
+
| Furniture
+
|-
+
| Molk.
+
| Molkerei
+
| Dairy
+
|-
+
| Motoren
+
| Motoren
+
| Motors, engines
+
|-
+
| Müllerei
+
| Müllerei
+
| Miller’s union
+
|-
+
| N. (n.)
+
| Norden (nördlich), neben
+
| North, to the north, next to
+
|-
+
| n.
+
| Neben
+
| Next to
+
|-
+
| …n.
+
| …nebenstelle
+
| Branch
+
|-
+
| nach
+
| nach
+
| to
+
|-
+
| nahe
+
| nahe
+
| near
+
|-
+
| Nd…
+
| Nieder…
+
| Lower (as in Lower Saxony)
+
|-
+
| Neum.
+
| Neumark
+
| Eastern part of the province of Brandenburg
+
|-
+
| Nieder
+
| Nieder
+
| Lower (in elevation)
+
|-
+
| NO. (nö)
+
| Nordosten (nordöstlich
+
| Northeast (northeasterly)
+
|-
+
| NW. (nw.)
+
| Nordwestern (nordwestlich)
+
| Northwest (northwesterly)
+
|-
+
| NZA.
+
| Nebenzollamt
+
| Branch custom office
+
|-
+
| O…
+
| Ober…
+
| Upper (as in Upper Silesia)
+
|-
+
| O.
+
| Ortschaft
+
| Inhabited place
+
|-
+
| O. (ö.)
+
| Osten (östlich)
+
| East, easterly
+
|-
+
| OA.
+
| Oberamt
+
| Next higher authority after the Amt or (government) office, districts in Württemberg
+
|-
+
| Ober
+
| Ober
+
| Upper (as in elevation)
+
|-
+
| Obstbau
+
| Obstbau
+
| Fruit growing
+
|-
+
| OFörst.
+
| Oberförsterei
+
| Forest service administration office, head forester’s office
+
|-
+
| Öl
+
| Öl
+
| oil
+
|-
+
| Oldenb.
+
| Oldenburg
+
| Former grand-duchy
+
|-
+
| OLG.
+
| Oberlandesgericht
+
| (in Prussia) highest court in Province
+
|-
+
| OPDir.
+
| Oberpostdirektion
+
| Higher postal authority
+
|-
+
| Ortsch.
+
| Ortschaft
+
| (inhabited) place
+
|-
+
| Ortsteil
+
| Ortsteil
+
| Part of a place
+
|-
+
| Ost
+
| Ost
+
| East
+
|-
+
| Ostpr.
+
| Ostpreußen
+
| East Prussia, Prussian province
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Postanstalt
+
| Post office
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post und Fernsprecher
+
| Post office with telephone
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post und Telegraph
+
| Post office with telegraph
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Post office with telephone and telegraph
+
|-
+
| Pachthof
+
| Pachthof
+
| Small leasehold farm
+
|-
+
| Papierw.
+
| Papierwerk
+
| Paper mill
+
|-
+
| PDir.
+
| Postdirektion
+
| District postal authorities
+
|-
+
| Pf…
+
| Pfarr…
+
| Parish- (coupled with another word)
+
|-
+
| Pf.
+
| Pfarrei
+
| Parish
+
|-
+
| Pferdehdl.
+
| Pferdehandel
+
| Horse trade
+
|-
+
| Pfk.
+
| Pfarrkirche
+
| Parish church
+
|-
+
| Pomm.
+
| Pommern
+
| Pomerania
+
|-
+
| Porzellanwerk
+
| Porzellanwerk
+
| Porcelain, china factory
+
|-
+
| Pr., pr.
+
| Preußen (Preußisch), preußisch
+
| Prussia (German Confederation), Prussian
+
|-
+
| Präs.
+
| Präsidium
+
| Presidium, governing council
+
|-
+
| Prov.
+
| Provinz …(ial)
+
| Province (provincial)(state in Prussia)
+
|-
+
| Puderw.
+
| Puderwerks
+
| Powder works
+
|-
+
| Pumpen
+
| Pumpen
+
| Pumps
+
|-
+
| Putzwolle
+
| Putzwolle
+
| Wire or steel wool
+
|-
+
| Pw.
+
| Personenpostwagen oder autoverkehr
+
| Stage-coach or automobile traffic
+
|-
+
| Pz. (…dt.)
+
| Polizei (distrikt)
+
| Police (district)
+
|-
+
| r.
+
| Rechts
+
| Right
+
|-
+
| R.
+
| Regierung(s)
+
| Government(al)
+
|-
+
| Raiffbk.
+
| Raiffeisenbank
+
| Rural loan institution named after Raiffeisen, the founder
+
|-
+
| Rangierbhf.
+
| Rangierbahnhof
+
| Railroad switch yard
+
|-
+
| RB.
+
| Regierungsbezirk
+
| Administrative district (term used mainly in Bavaria and Prussia)
+
|-
+
| Rbkn.
+
| Reichsbanknebenstelle
+
| Branch office of the national bank.
+
|-
+
| Rbistl
+
| Reichsbankstelle
+
| Office of the national bank
+
|-
+
| r/d
+
| rechts/der
+
| to the right of . .
+
|-
+
| Realsch.
+
| Realschule
+
| Secondary school (high school)
+
|-
+
| Ref.
+
| Reformierte
+
| Reformed (church), Calvanist
+
|-
+
| Reg.
+
| Regiment
+
| Regiment (military)
+
|-
+
| ResidenzSt
+
| ResidenzSt
+
| Capital city
+
|-
+
| Rg.
+
| Rittergut
+
| Landed estate
+
|-
+
| Rheinl.
+
| Rheinland, -provinz
+
| Thineland, Rhine province, Prussian province.
+
|-
+
| Ritt.
+
| Ritterschaft(s)
+
| Knighthood, knightly
+
|-
+
| RittA.
+
| Ritteramt
+
| Estate office
+
|-
+
| Ruß.
+
| Russland
+
| Russia
+
|-
+
| S., St., Skt.
+
| Sankt
+
| Saint (St.) in connection with place names, churches and foundations
+
|-
+
| s. (a.)
+
| siehe (auch)
+
| See or look for (also) meaning look under a second reference
+
|-
+
| S. (s.)
+
| Süden (südlich)
+
| South (southern)
+
|-
+
| Sa.
+
| Sachsen(Staat)
+
| Saxony, (state)
+
|-
+
| Sa.-A.
+
| Sachsen-Altenburg
+
| Saxony-Altenburg
+
|-
+
| Sa.-C.-G.
+
| Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha
+
| Saxony-Coburg-Gotha former duchy
+
|-
+
| Sägew.
+
| Sägewerk
+
| Sawmill
+
|-
+
| Saline
+
| Saline
+
| Sale works
+
|-
+
| Sa.-M.
+
| Sachsen-Meiningen
+
| Saxony-Meiningen former duchy
+
|-
+
| Sa.-W.-E
+
| Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach
+
| Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach former duchy
+
|-
+
| Sanat.
+
| Sanatorium
+
| Sanitarium
+
|-
+
| s. auch
+
| siehe auch
+
| See also
+
|-
+
| Sch.,…sch.
+
| Schule, …schule
+
| School, -school
+
|-
+
| Schacht
+
| Schacht
+
| Shaft
+
|-
+
| Schäferei
+
| Schäferei
+
| Sheep farming
+
|-
+
| Schaumb.-L.
+
| Schaumburg-Lippe
+
| Former principality
+
|-
+
| Schiff.
+
| Schiffahrt(s)
+
| Naval, maritime
+
|-
+
| Schiffsbaukunde
+
| Schiffsbaukunde
+
| Shipbuilding
+
|-
+
| Schiffsverkehr
+
| Schiffsverkehr
+
| Shipping traffic
+
|-
+
| Schl.
+
| Schleuse
+
| Sluice (lock)
+
|-
+
| Schlachth.
+
| Schlachthaus
+
| Slaughterhouse
+
|-
+
| Schles.
+
| Schlesien
+
| Silesia
+
|-
+
| Schlesw.-Holst.
+
| Schleswig-Holstein
+
| Schleswig-Holstein; former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Schloß
+
| Schloß
+
| Knight’s castle
+
|-
+
| Schuhm.
+
| Schuhmacherei
+
| Shoemaking
+
|-
+
| Schwarzb.-Rud.
+
| Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
+
| Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, former principality
+
|-
+
| Schwarzb.-Sond.
+
| Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
+
| Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, former principality
+
|-
+
| SchwG.
+
| Schwurgericht
+
| Court with a jury
+
|-
+
| S.d./*
+
| siehe dieses
+
| See this/see this
+
|-
+
| SD.
+
| Dampfer in der saison
+
| Steamship or motorboat service – seasonal only
+
|-
+
| Seit
+
| Seit
+
| since
+
|-
+
| Sem.
+
| Seminar
+
| Seminary (not always religious)
+
|-
+
| Sennh.
+
| Sennhütte
+
| Dairy hut, Alpine
+
|-
+
| Sig.
+
| Sammlung
+
| Collection
+
|-
+
| SO (sö.)
+
| Südosten (südöstlich
+
| Southeast, southeastern (- easterly)
+
|-
+
| Sonstige
+
| Sonstige
+
| Other, miscellaneous
+
|-
+
| soviel wie
+
| Soviel wie
+
| Same as
+
|-
+
| Soz.
+
| Sozietät
+
| Society, (usually commercial) corporation
+
|-
+
| SpDrl.
+
| Spar- u. Darlehnskassenverein
+
| Savings and loan union (non-profit)
+
|-
+
| Spinn.
+
| Spinnerei
+
| Spinning factory
+
|-
+
| Spital
+
| Spital
+
| hospital
+
|-
+
| Spk.
+
| Sparkasse
+
| Savings bank
+
|-
+
| St.
+
| Stadt (städtisch
+
| City (municipality)
+
|-
+
| Stahw.
+
| Stahlwerk
+
| Steelworks
+
|-
+
| Standort
+
| Standort
+
| Garrison (military)
+
|-
+
| Stadtgut
+
| Stadtgut
+
| City owned farm
+
|-
+
| Stat.
+
| Station
+
| Station
+
|-
+
| StdA.
+
| Standesamt
+
| Civil registrar’s office
+
|-
+
| Stifte
+
| Stifte
+
| Monastery, convent, abbey
+
|-
+
| StKr.
+
| Stadtkreis
+
| Area included in municipal administration district, as opposed to rural or county government which would be “Landkreis”
+
|-
+
| StPlan
+
| Stadt Plan
+
| City map
+
|-
+
| Strbn. (…verz.)
+
| Straßenbahn (…verzeichnis)
+
| Tramway (…register)
+
|-
+
| Strickw.
+
| Strickwerk
+
| Rope works
+
|-
+
| StTeil
+
| Stadtteil
+
| Part of a city, ward
+
|-
+
| St.Verz.
+
| Strassen Verzeichnis
+
| Street index
+
|-
+
| Süd
+
| Süd
+
| south
+
|-
+
| Sv.
+
| Servisklasse
+
| Inhabitants receiving government subsidy to pay for the cost of housing (since 1906), tax category for housing
+
|-
+
| svw.
+
| Sovielwie
+
| As much as
+
|-
+
| SW. (sw.)
+
| Südwesten, (südwestlich)
+
| Southwest, southwesterly
+
|-
+
| Syn.
+
| Synagoge
+
| Synagogue
+
|-
+
| T
+
| Post telegraph
+
| Telegraph office, in Germany under postal administrationm, post and telegraph office
+
|-
+
| E
+
| Eisenbahntelegraph auf der station
+
| Railway telegraph at the station
+
|-
+
| F
+
| Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Telephone and telegraph
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Post office and telegraph
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post und Telegraph
+
| Post office and telegraph
+
|-
+
| Technikum
+
| Technikum
+
| College of technology
+
|-
+
| Thür.
+
| Thüringen
+
| Thuringia
+
|-
+
| Thur. Wald.
+
| Thüringen Wald
+
| Thuringia Forest
+
|-
+
| u…
+
| Und
+
| And
+
|-
+
| u…
+
| Unter…
+
| Under, but here pertaining to terrain or territory, like Unterfranken = Lower Franconia, as opposed to Oberfranken = Upper Franconia (part of place name)
+
|-
+
| Ust
+
| Unmittelbare Stadt
+
| Vicinity of a city or town, immediate area of city
+
|-
+
| Und
+
| Und
+
| And
+
|-
+
| Unw.d.
+
| Unweit der
+
| Not far from the
+
|-
+
| Unweit
+
| Unweit
+
| Not far from, close to
+
|-
+
| usw.
+
| Und so weiter
+
| And so forth
+
|-
+
| v.
+
| Von
+
| Of, from
+
|-
+
| Ver. (e)
+
| Verein(e)
+
| Organization, club, society, union (“e” denotes plural)
+
|-
+
| Verkehrsanstalten
+
| Verkehrsanstalten
+
| Transportation
+
|-
+
| Vers.
+
| Versicherung
+
| Insurance
+
|-
+
| Verw.
+
| Verwaltung
+
| Administration, government
+
|-
+
| VerwA.
+
| Verwaltungsamt
+
| Administrative office
+
|-
+
| Veihhdl.
+
| Veihhandel
+
| Livestock trade
+
|-
+
| Viehmärkt
+
| Viehmärkt
+
| Livestock market
+
|-
+
| Von
+
| Von
+
| From, of
+
|-
+
| Vw.
+
<br>
+
 
+
| Vorwerk
+
| Residence and/or farm of the administrator of a landed estate on an outlying tract of land
+
|-
+
| …w.
+
| …waren
+
| Goods, products
+
|-
+
| …w
+
| ...waren in Verbindung mit Fbr.
+
| Goods or merchandise in connection with Fbr. (see there)
+
|-
+
| …w. (we.)
+
| ...werk (werke)
+
| - works (such as water works)
+
|-
+
| W. (w.) West
+
| Westen, westlich
+
| West, westerly
+
|-
+
| Waisenh.
+
| Waisenhaus
+
| Orphanage
+
|-
+
| Wasserw.
+
| Wasserwerk
+
| Waterworks
+
|-
+
| Weberei
+
| Weberei
+
| Weaving mill
+
|-
+
| Weinhdl.
+
| Weinhandlung
+
| Wine shop, tavern
+
|-
+
| Westf.
+
| Westfalen
+
| Westphalia
+
|-
+
| Westpr.
+
| Westpreußen
+
| West Prussia
+
|-
+
| Wlr.
+
| Weiler
+
| Hamlet
+
|-
+
| Wohlsahrtsanstalten
+
| Wohlsahrtsanstalten
+
| Welfare institutions
+
|-
+
| Wp.
+
| Wohnplatz
+
| Residence
+
|-
+
| Wst. (...wst.)
+
| Werkstätte (…werkstätte)
+
| Shop (such as blacksmith shop)
+
|-
+
| Württ.
+
| Württemberg
+
| Former kingdom
+
|-
+
| Z.
+
| Zoll
+
| Custom, duty
+
|-
+
| ZA.
+
| Zollamt
+
| Customs office
+
|-
+
| Zechenh.
+
| Zechenhaus
+
| tavern
+
|-
+
| Zementw.
+
| Zementwerks
+
| Cement works
+
|-
+
| Zgl.
+
| Ziegelei
+
| Brick works, tile works
+
|-
+
| Zh.
+
| Zollhaus
+
| Custom house
+
|-
+
| Zigarrenfbr.
+
| Zigarrenfabrik
+
| Cigar factory
+
|-
+
| Zinkhütten
+
| Zinkhütten
+
| Zinc furnace
+
|-
+
| Zions. K.
+
| Zionist Kirche
+
| Zionist church
+
|-
+
| Zk.
+
| Zinken
+
| Outlying farm (hamlet)
+
|-
+
| Zollhaus
+
| Zollhaus
+
| Tollhouse, custom house
+
|-
+
| Zuckerw.
+
| Zuckerwerk
+
| Sugar works
+
|-
+
| Zum
+
| Zum = zu dem
+
| To the
+
|-
+
| zw.
+
| Zwischen
+
| Between
+
|-
+
| <nowiki>[……]</nowiki>
+
| Verkehrsanstalt nur zu gewisser Zeit tätig
+
| Station (railway, bus, etc.) operating only at certain times
+
|-
+
| <nowiki>*……..</nowiki>
+
| Siehe dieses
+
| See this
+
<br>
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
|-
+
| <nowiki>[ ]</nowiki>
+
| If the letters E D T are between brackets it means that the service is seasonal.
+
| R = Rail, D = steamship or motorboat, T = postal telegraph
+
<br>
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
|-
+
| ~
+
| Hyphenated words may be continued in the normal position at the beginning of the next line, or at the end of the line above or below the beginning of the word.
+
|
+
|}
+
 
+
Words having the ending …erei; …isch; …ungs are abbreviated with a period (.) (thus these endings will have to be added to make the word). Example: Fischerei = Fisch.; Wendisch =Wend. The words ending in …lich are abbreviated after the “l” by a period. Example: nördlich = nrdl.
+
 
+
<br>Population figures after place names, if printed in italics indicate that the census figures of 1905 were used, rather than the 1910 figures, used otherwise throughout the book.
+
 
+
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Latest revision as of 18:41, 13 July 2009

  1. REDIRECT Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs

 

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  • This page was last modified on 13 July 2009, at 18:41.
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