Accomack County, Virginia

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Accomack County'''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Accomack County'''  
  
'''Accomack County, Virginia''' genealogy and family history research page. Guide to '''Accomack County''' (established 1634) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.  
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Guide to '''Accomack County Virginia genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.  
  
 
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== County Courthouse  ==
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== Accomack County Virginia Courthouse  ==
  
[[Image:{{VAAccomackcourthouse}}]]   
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__INDEX__ [[Image:{{VAAccomackcourthouse}}]]   
  
 
[http://www.co.accomack.va.us/contactus.html '''Accomack County Courthouse''']<br>23316 Courthouse Avenue <br>Accomac, Virginia 23301 <br>Phone: (757) 787-5776  
 
[http://www.co.accomack.va.us/contactus.html '''Accomack County Courthouse''']<br>23316 Courthouse Avenue <br>Accomac, Virginia 23301 <br>Phone: (757) 787-5776  
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== Accomack County, Virginia History  ==
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== Accomack County Virginia History  ==
 
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Accomac Shire was established in the Virginia Colony by the House of Burgesses in 1634 under the direction of King Charles I. It was one of the original eight shires of Virginia. The shire's name comes from the Native American word Accawmack.  
 
Accomac Shire was established in the Virginia Colony by the House of Burgesses in 1634 under the direction of King Charles I. It was one of the original eight shires of Virginia. The shire's name comes from the Native American word Accawmack.  
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1634'''--Accomack county was created in 1634&nbsp;from [[Northampton County, Virginia|Northampton County]]. <br>'''County seat: '''Accomac <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''1634'''--Accomack county was created in 1634&nbsp;from [[Northampton County, Virginia|Northampton County]]. <br>'''County seat: '''Accomac <ref name="HBG"/>
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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== Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
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== Accomack County Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
  
 
[[Image:Vaaccomack.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Vaaccomack.jpg]]  
 
[[Image:Vaaccomack.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Vaaccomack.jpg]]  
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==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
  
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Accomack County families. To view a list, visit [[Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy|Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
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More than 275 genealogies have been published about Accomack County families. To view a list, visit [[Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy|Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy]].
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
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{{VAnews}}  
 
{{VAnews}}  
  
*Digitized images of the&nbsp;[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94060041/ Peninsula Enterprise] of Accomac, Virginia (1881-1965) are available online at the Library of Congress [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] project.  
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*'''1888-1905''' - Digitized images of the&nbsp;[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94060041/ Peninsula Enterprise] of Accomac, Virginia (1888-1905) are available online at the Library of Congress [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] project.  
 
*Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website.  
 
*Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website.  
 
*Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.<br>
 
*Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.<br>
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'''''Local Court'''''  
 
'''''Local Court'''''  
 
{{Vawill|1663-1800}}
 
  
 
&nbsp; 1729-1737 wills, inventories, appraisements, divisions (digital images) [http://www.virginiapioneers.net/counties/countyaccomack.html Virginia Pioneers] ($).  
 
&nbsp; 1729-1737 wills, inventories, appraisements, divisions (digital images) [http://www.virginiapioneers.net/counties/countyaccomack.html Virginia Pioneers] ($).  
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'''''District Court'''''  
 
'''''District Court'''''  
  
*Surname index to [http://www.petersrow.com/ Eastern Shore District Court Wills and Deeds 1800-1806], courtesy: [http://www.petersrow.com/ Petersrow Publishers].
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*Surname index to [http://www.petersrow.com/ Eastern Shore District Court Wills and Deeds 1800-1806] at [http://www.petersrow.com/ Petersrow Publishers].
  
 
'''''Guardian Bonds'''''  
 
'''''Guardian Bonds'''''  
  
*Surname index to [http://www.petersrow.com/ Accomack County Guardian Bonds 1819-1827], courtesy: [http://www.petersrow.com/ Petersrow Publishers].
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*Surname index to [http://www.petersrow.com/ Accomack County Guardian Bonds 1819-1827] at [http://www.petersrow.com/ Petersrow Publishers].
  
 
'''''London Courts'''''  
 
'''''London Courts'''''  
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Beth Fridley's birth abstracts are on Ancestry ($)<br>  
 
Beth Fridley's birth abstracts are on Ancestry ($)<br>  
  
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4331 1853-1865]  
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4331 1853-1865]  
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The [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] includes an index to Accomack County births from 1853 to 1896 (Batch {{IGI|C868466}}).<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf</ref>  
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The [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] includes an index to Accomack County births from 1853 to 1896 (Batch {{IGI|C868466}}).<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.</ref>  
  
 
===== Marriage  =====
 
===== Marriage  =====
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{{VAnewspapers}}  
 
{{VAnewspapers}}  
  
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church Records|Church Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
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{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church Records|Church Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}  
  
== Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
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== Accomack County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
  
 
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
 
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
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*[[Eastern Shore Virginia Family History Center]]
 
*[[Eastern Shore Virginia Family History Center]]
  
== Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
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== Accomack County Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
  
 
*[http://www.accomacroots.com/default.asp Accomac Roots] (Extensive African-American History in Accomac County Virginia)  
 
*[http://www.accomacroots.com/default.asp Accomac Roots] (Extensive African-American History in Accomac County Virginia)  
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*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Accomack|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Accomack|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
  
== References  ==
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== Accomack County Virginia Genealogy References  ==
  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
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{{Virginia|Virginia}} {{-}} </div>
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
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[[Category:Accomack_County,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Accomack_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 22:51, 19 July 2013

United States go to Virginia go to Accomack County

Guide to Accomack County Virginia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Virginia
Online Records


Accomack County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Accomack County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Accomack County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1634
County Seat Accomac
Courthouse

Contents

Accomack County Virginia Courthouse

Accomack County Courthouse, Accomac, Va.
 

Accomack County Courthouse
23316 Courthouse Avenue
Accomac, Virginia 23301
Phone: (757) 787-5776

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1784
Divorce Records from 1850
Probate and court and land recrods from 1663[1]


 

Beginning Dates for Accomack County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1774 1853 1800 1632 1632

Accomack County Virginia History

Accomac Shire was established in the Virginia Colony by the House of Burgesses in 1634 under the direction of King Charles I. It was one of the original eight shires of Virginia. The shire's name comes from the Native American word Accawmack.

In 1642, the named was changed to Northampton County by the British, to eliminate "heathen" names in the New World. ("shires" and "counties" were essentially the same in England). In 1663, Northampton County was split into two counties. The northern section assumed the original Accomac name, the southern retained Northampton.

In 1670, the Virginia Colony's Royal Governor William Berkeley abolished Accomac County, but the Virginia General Assembly re-created it in 1671. In 1940, the General Assembly officially added a "k" to the end of the county's name to arrive at its current spelling, which is Accomack County. (from Wikipedia)

Parent County

1634--Accomack county was created in 1634 from Northampton County.
County seat: Accomac [1]

Boundary Changes

Variant Spellings

  • Accomac County

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Towns:

  • Accomac
  • Belle Haven
  • Bloxom
  • Chincoteague
  • Hallwood
  • Keller
  • Melfa
  • Onancock
  • Onley
  • Painter
  • Parksley
  • Saxis
  • Tangier
  • Wachapreague

Communities:

  • Accohanoc
  • Accomac
  • Allentown
  • Assawoman
  • Atlantic
  • Bayside
  • Belinda
  • Belle Haven
  • Birch Town
  • Black Point Landing
  • Bloxom
  • Bobtown
  • Boston
  • Bullbegger
  • Cashville
  • Cats Bridge
  • Cedar View
  • Centerville
  • Chancetown
  • Chase Crossing
  • Chesconessex
  • Chiconessex
  • Chincoteague
  • Clam
  • Coal Kiln Crossing
  • Coocheyville
  • Craddockville
  • Crockett Town
  • Daugherty
  • Davis Wharf
  • Deep Creek
  • Deep Hole
  • East Point
  • Flag Pond Landing
  • Franklin City
  • Gargatha
  • Graysville
  • Greenbackville
  • Greenbush
  • Greta
  • Groton Town
  • Grotons
  • Guilford
  • Hackseneck
  • Hallwood
  • Harborton
  • High Woods
  • Hopeton
  • Hopkins
  • Horntown
  • Horsey
  • Johnson Corner
  • Jordan
  • Justisville
  • Keller
  • Lecato
  • Lee Mont
  • Little Hell
  • Locksville
  • Locust Mount
  • Locustville
  • Macedonia
  • Mappsburg
  • Mappsville
  • Matomkin
  • Mears Station
  • Mearsville
  • Melfa
  • Messongo
  • Metompkin
  • Middlesex
  • Miona
  • Modest Town
  • Mount Nebo
  • Mount Zion
  • Mutton Hunk
  • Nandua
  • Nash Corner
  • Nelsonia
  • New Church
  • Old Trower
  • Onancock
  • Onley
  • Painter
  • Parker Landing
  • Parksley
  • Pastoria
  • Pennyville
  • Persimmon Point
  • Piggen
  • Poulson
  • Pungoteague
  • Quinby
  • Red Hill
  • Rue
  • Sanford
  • Savage Town
  • Savageville
  • Saxis
  • Shad Landing
  • Shields
  • Sign Post
  • Sinnickson
  • Smithville
  • South Chesconessex
  • South Point
  • Tangier
  • Tasley
  • Temperanceville
  • The Oaks
  • Ticktown
  • Trower
  • Tunnels Mill
  • Wachapreague
  • Wattsville
  • Whitesville
  • Winterville
  • Wishart
  • Withams

Neighboring Counties

Accomack County Virginia Genealogy Resources

Vaaccomack.jpg

Research Guides

African American

From 1790 to 1860, Accomack County had one of the largest free black populations in the state (721 in 1790; 3418 in 1860).[2]

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

  • [Joynes] Joynes Family Bible Records, 1812-1891. Original records; microfilmed reproduction: FHL Film 850402 Item 2.
  • [Mapp] Mapp Family Bible Records, 1733-1918. Original records; microfilmed reproduction: FHL Film 850402 Item 2.
  • [Parker] Lewis, James F. "Bible of John R. Parker, Accomack County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1971):133-134. FHL Book 975.5 B2vg; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [Scott] Scott Family Bible Records, 1817-1825. Original records; microfilmed reproduction: FHL Film 850402 Item 2.
  • [Taylor] Edwards, Conley L. "Family Records from the Ledger of Edward Taylor, Accomack County, 1741-1780," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Jul-Sep. 1978):179-180. FHL Book 975.5 B2vg; digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Cemeteries

Many cemetery records are available online at Eastern Shore Stuff.

For a more detailed list, including addresses and external links, see Accomack County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Accomack County:[3]

  • Belle Haven Cemetery
  • Bloxom Cemetery
  • Edge Hill Cemetery
  • Fairlawn Cemetery
  • Greenwood Cemetery
  • Joynes Cemetery
  • Liberty Cemetery
  • Mechanics Cemetery
  • Mount Holly Cemetery
  • Onancock Cemetery
  • Redman Cemetery
  • Ridge Cemetery
  • Wessells Cemetery
  • Tyler, Lyon G. "Old Tombstones in Northampton and Accomac Counties, VA.," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Apr. 1895):256-262. Digital version at JSTOR - free.

Census

For tips on accessing Accomack County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 13,959
1800 15,693 12.4%
1810 15,743 0.3%
1820 15,966 1.4%
1830 16,656 4.3%
1840 17,096 2.6%
1850 17,890 4.6%
1860 18,586 3.9%
1870 20,409 9.8%
1880 24,408 19.6%
1890 27,277 11.8%
1900 32,570 19.4%
1910 36,650 12.5%
1920 34,795 −5.1%
1930 35,854 3.0%
1940 33,030 −7.9%
1950 33,832 2.4%
1960 30,635 −9.4%
1970 29,004 −5.3%
1980 31,268 7.8%
1990 31,703 1.4%
2000 38,305 20.8%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1790 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1800 - Exists, but it is not included in Ancestry, FamilySearch, or Heritage Quest Online databases. The original records are held at the Library of Virginia. Microfilm copy: FHL Collection. Abstracts were published in The Virginia Genealogist:

  • Ewald, Annie Laurie. "Accomack County, Virginia, 1800 Census," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1957):98-108; Vol. 1, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1957):157-162; Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1958):13-18; Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1958); Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1958):128-133; Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1958):153-166. FHL Book 975.5 B2vg; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [The census taker was exceptional in that he identified relationships and residences of inhabitants to distinguish between persons of the same name.]

1820 - Exists, but the National Archives microfilm copy of Accomack County, Virginia omits page 6. The missing names have been published in The Virginia Genealogist:

  • Petty, Gerald M. "Virginia 1820 Federal Census: Names Not on the Microfilm Copy," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 18, No. 2 (April-June 1974):136-139. FHL Book 975.5 B2vg; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
The list is also available online at the Shenandoah County GenWeb Project.

1850 Agriculture Census

  • Green, Linda L. Virginia 1850 Agriculture Census. 3+ vols. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Southern Cross Publications, 2004 and Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, 2006-2007. FHL Book 975.5 X2g 1850 v. 1. [Volume one includes Accomack County.]

1870

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Chingoteague (1786)[4]
  2. Matompkin (1785)[4]
  3. Mesongoes (1779)[4]
  4. Pungoteague (1790)[4] - Church minutes, 1833-1956, including lists of members, survive: FHL Film 984293 Item 3.

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Accomack County fell within the bounds of the Accomac Association.

Church of England

go to See also Accomac Parish
go to See also Accomack Parish
go to See also St. George's Parish

Methodist
Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

Court

Chancery Court

County Court

  • Curtis, George B. "The Colonial County Court, Social Forum and Legislative Precedent: Accomack County, Virginia, 1633-1639," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 85, No. 3 (Jul., 1977), pp. 274-288. FHL Book 975.5 B2v; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Houston, William Robert Montgomery and Jean M. Mihalyka. Colonial Residents of Virginia's Eastern Shore: Whose Ages Were Proved Before Court Officials of Accomack and Northampton Counties. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985. FHL Book 975.51 D2h. [Ages taken from court, land, and probate records.]
  • Wawrzyczek, Irmina. "The Women of Accomack versus Henry Smith: Gender, Legal Recourse, and the Social Order in Seventeenth-Century Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 105, No. 1 (Winter, 1997), pp. 5-26. FHL Book 975.5 B2v; digital version at JSTOR ($).

Eastern Shore District Court

Orphan's Court

DNA

DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Accomack County, Virginia residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

  • [Burton] Descendant of William Burton, b. c1630, d. 1695 Accomack County, Virginia. Y-DNA 67 Marker Test, FTDNA. Genetic signature available online (labelled B-7), courtesy: Burton Project, World Families Network.
  • [Calvert] Descendant of Christopher Calvert, b. c1600, d. Accomack County, Virginia. Y-DNA 67 Market Test, FTDNA (Kit 130958). Genetic signature available online, courtesy: Family Tree DNA. Website includes discussion of a DNA match to Christopher's descendant.
  • [Fletcher] Descendant of William Fletcher, b. c1650, d. c1710 Accomack County, Virginia. Y-DNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA. Genetic signature available online (labelled William Fletcher of Accomac County, Virginia/James Fletcher of Brunswick County, Virginia), courtesy: The Fletcher DNA Project.
  • [Merrill] Descendant of William Merrill, b. c1645, d. 1710 Somerset County, Maryland. Y-DNA 67 Market Test, FTDNA. Genetic signature available online, courtesy: Merrill Project, World Families Network. [Some of his descendants settled in Accomack County, according to: "Descendants of William Merrill' by David W. Merrell.]
  • [Pitts] Descendant of Andrew Pitts, b. c1674, d. c1715 Accomack/Northampton County, Virginia. Y-DNA 67 Marker Test, FTDNA (Kit 102508). Genetic signature available online (labelled P-40), courtesy: Pitts Project, World Families Network. [A DNA match has been found with a Pitts family from the county of Devon, England (compare Kit 142197, labelled P-51).]
  • [Polk] Descendant of Captain William Polk, b. c1744, d. 1805 Accomack County, Virginia. Y-DNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA (Kit 153609). Genetic signature available online (labelled P-59), courtesy: Polk Project, World Families Network.
  • [Savage] Descendant of Thomas Savage, b. c1594, d. 1620s or 1630s Virginia. Y-DNA 43 Marker Test, SMGF. Genetic signature available online (labelled S-22, see also "Savage History"), courtesy: Savage Project, World Families Network.
  • [Sneed] Descendant of Edward Sneed, 1836, Accomac Co., VA. Y-DNA 12 Market Test, FTDNA (Kit 91990). Genetic signature available online (labelled S-9), courtesy: Sneed Project, World Families Network.
  • [Townsend] Multiple descendants of John Townsend, b. c1640 of Accomack County, Virginia, d. 1698 Snow Hill, Somerset County, Maryland. Y-DNA 12 and 37 Marker Tests, FTDNA (Kits 5896, 13580, 22260, 35672, 37063). Genetic signatures available online (labelled "Snow Hill, Maryland"), courtesy: Townsend Project, World Families Network.

Genealogy

More than 275 genealogies have been published about Accomack County families. To view a list, visit Accomack County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

The Port of Accomack entry book (1783-1793) has been preserved. Clerks recorded the name of vessel and port of origination, name of master, type of cargo, and amount of duties, but not passengers: FHL Film 1902295 Item 2. Unfortunately, no official passenger lists survive for the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries.

Headright grants identify many Accomack County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[6] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Accawacke [Accomack], Nasswadax Creek, and Accomack County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • Wawrzyczek, Irmina. "The Women of Accomack versus Henry Smith: Gender, Legal Recourse, and the Social Order in Seventeenth-Century Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 105, No. 1 (Winter, 1997), pp. 5-26. FHL Book 975.5 B2v; digital version at JSTOR ($). [Some of the individuals involved in this case were imported servants.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Accomack County.[7]

Land and Property

Deeds

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991) 8 volumes. FHL Book 975.5 R2n; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Accomack County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]

Headrights

Processioner's Returns

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Book 975.5 M2bL. [Identifies some Accomack County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Book 975.5 M2c; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Accomack County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Book 975.5 M2bL. [Identifies some Accomack County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. FHL Book 975.5 H2bw 1965; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Accomack County, see p. 25.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Book 975.5 M2c, Fiche 6048997; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Accomack County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Accomack County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Accomack County supplied soldiers for the:

- 9th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • Nottingham, Stratton. Soldiers and Sailors of the Eastern Shore of Virginia in the Revolutionary War. Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1995. FHL Book 975.51 M2n.
  • "Rev. John Lyon Tried by a Court Martial in Accomack County, August 8, 1781," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct., 1922), pp. 285-288. Digital version at JSTOR - free.
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Accomack County on page 128.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Accomack County men served in the 2nd and 99th Regiments.[8]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL Book 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Accomack County, p. 58]
  • Heritage Trail Markers for The War of 1812:
  • •Chesconessex Creek at Accomack County
  • •Pungoteague Creek at Accomack County
  • •Tangier Island at Accomack County
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Accomack County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Accomack County, Virginia:

- 39th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Companies E, F, G, H, I, and L.[9]

Records and histories are available, including:

World War I
  • Barnes, Alton Brooks Parker. Young No More. [Onancock, Virginia]: P. Barnes, c1994. FHL Book 975.51 M2bp. [Gives a history of World War I from the viewpoint of men from Accomack and Northampton counties who fought in the war.]

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Accomack County, Virginia newspapers.

  • 1888-1905 - Digitized images of the Peninsula Enterprise of Accomac, Virginia (1888-1905) are available online at the Library of Congress Chronicling America project.
  • Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website.
  • Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

Philip Alexander Bruce's book Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century (Vol. II, 1896, p. 334 footnote 1) includes a list of early English merchants in Accomac(k) County.

Officials

  • Hansford, Thelma. Tax Lists York County 1782, 1783, 1784; Rent Roll York County 1704, Gloucester 1704, Warwick 1704; James City County Taxes 1768. [Va.?: T.I. Hansford?, 1950.] FHL Film 1728880 Item 1. [Includes Accomack County Officials 1699-1729.]

Petitions

  • Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books. [Accomac(k) County petitions are described on pp. 6-23.]

Probate Records

Local Court

  1729-1737 wills, inventories, appraisements, divisions (digital images) Virginia Pioneers ($).

District Court

Guardian Bonds

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Accawacke [Accomack], Nasswadax Creek, and Accomack County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

Original versions

The original Accomack County personal property tax lists are kept at the Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. and the Accomack County Courthouse, Accomac, Va. Microfilm copies: (years: 1782-1850) FHL Films 2024439-2024442.

Published versions

Vital Records

Indexes to Accomack County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth

The birth registers of Accomack County, Virginia (1853-1896) have been indexed multiple times. Petersrow Publishers offers a free surname search of published abstracts on their website. Ancestry's fee-based databases include abstracts.

Beth Fridley's birth abstracts are on Ancestry ($)

1853-1865 1874-1877 1882-1892
1866-1873 1878-1881 1893-1896

The International Genealogical Index includes an index to Accomack County births from 1853 to 1896 (Batch C868466).[10]

Marriage
Death
Vital Record Substitutes
  • Houston, William Robert Montgomery and Jean M. Mihalyka. Colonial Residents of Virginia's Eastern Shore: Whose Ages Were Proved Before Court Officials of Accomack and Northampton Counties. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985. FHL Book 975.51 D2h. [Ages taken from court, land, and probate records.]

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Accomack County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Accomack County Virginia Genealogy Websites

Accomack County Virginia Genealogy References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Accomack County, Virginia. Page 710 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 69. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Book 973 X2pcu.
  3. USGS Map, Trails.com
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 365. Digital version at Google Books.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  6. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  7. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  8. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 39. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  9. G.L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 20th and 39th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 105.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.