African American Migration

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=== Migration to Canada ===
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Back to [[African American Research]]
  
===== American Revolution =====
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=== Migration to Canada  ===
  
===== Underground Railroad =====
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===== American Revolution  =====
  
Harriett Tubman was a woman of remarkable skill, determination, and dedication. She was a "conductor" for the Underground Railroad where she assisted runaway slaves to find freedom not only in the northern U.S. but all the way to Canada. There was a notable community in Nova Scotia. Some of the newly free slaves would intermingle with Canadian Indians, as they often did in the U.S. Don't ignore Canada when looking for your African American ancestors! Check out this site about [http://www.harriettubman.com/index.html Harriet Tubman ]
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American slaves migrated to Canada in search of freedom after the American Revolution See [http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/students/curriculum/m15/activity4.php Africans in Canada]  
  
=== Migration to Liberia ===
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===== Underground Railroad  =====
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*Harriett Tubman was a woman of remarkable skill, determination, and dedication. She was a "conductor" for the Underground Railroad where she assisted runaway slaves to find freedom not only in the northern U.S. but all the way to Canada. There was a notable community in Nova Scotia. Some of the newly free slaves would intermingle with Canadian Indians, as they often did in the U.S. Don't ignore Canada when looking for your African American ancestors! Check out this site about [http://www.harriettubman.com/index.html Harriet Tubman ]
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    For more, see [https://www.facebook.com/pages/Canada-First-Nations-Genealogy-Research-Community/296714040355341 Canada First Nations Genealogy Research Community]
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*See routes to freedom taken by runaway slaves:  [http://www.mhso.ca/ggp/Exhibits/Many_Rivers/undergroundrail.htm Many Rivers to Cross, the African Canadian Experience]
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=== Migration to Liberia ===
  
 
*[http://www.examiner.com/african-american-genealogy-in-national/recommended-website-african-americans-to-liberia-1820-1904 Recommended Website: 'African-Americans to Liberia, 1820-1904,'] by Michael Hait, African American Genealogy Examiner
 
*[http://www.examiner.com/african-american-genealogy-in-national/recommended-website-african-americans-to-liberia-1820-1904 Recommended Website: 'African-Americans to Liberia, 1820-1904,'] by Michael Hait, African American Genealogy Examiner
Migration within the United States ===
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=== Migration within the United States ===
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'''Slave Populations before the Civil War'''  
 
'''Slave Populations before the Civil War'''  
  
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*8% lived in deep South
 
*8% lived in deep South
  
[[Category:African_Americans]]
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[[Category:African_Americans|Migration]]

Revision as of 23:27, 9 October 2012

Back to African American Research

Contents

Migration to Canada

American Revolution

American slaves migrated to Canada in search of freedom after the American Revolution See Africans in Canada

Underground Railroad
  • Harriett Tubman was a woman of remarkable skill, determination, and dedication. She was a "conductor" for the Underground Railroad where she assisted runaway slaves to find freedom not only in the northern U.S. but all the way to Canada. There was a notable community in Nova Scotia. Some of the newly free slaves would intermingle with Canadian Indians, as they often did in the U.S. Don't ignore Canada when looking for your African American ancestors! Check out this site about Harriet Tubman 

    For more, see Canada First Nations Genealogy Research Community

Migration to Liberia

Migration within the United States

Slave Populations before the Civil War

By 1790, nearly all Africans to be imported to the United States had already arrived. They lived in primarily four states.

  • Virginia—293,000
  • South Carolina—107,000
  • Maryland—103,000
  • North Carolina—101,000
  • No other state had more than 30,000 enslaved people.

Between 1820 and 1860, huge increases in slave population occurred across the South. Slave populations in 1860 are listed below:

  • Virginia—491,000
  • Georgia—462,000
  • Mississippi—437,000
  • Alabama—435,000
  • South Carolina—402,000
  • Louisiana—332,000
  • North Carolina—331,000
  • Tennessee—275,000
  • Kentucky—225,000
  • Texas—183,000
  • Missouri—115,000
  • Arkansas—111,000

Migration after the Civil War
Between 1790 and 1900, 90% of African Americans lived in the South.
By 1960, 50% of African Americans lived in the South.

  • 100,000 African Americans moved to Kansas in late 1870s, early 1880s
  • 500,000 African Americans left the south during WWI (1916-1919)

           o 90,000 to Pennsylvania

           o 73,000 to Illinois
           o 43,000 to Michigan

  • 1 million African Americans left the South in the 1920s
  • 5 million African Americans left the South between 1940-1960
  • During 1970s, African Americans started returning to the South, especially to larger, urban cities.
  • By 1990, 84% of African Americans lived in urban areas.
  • See Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915-1940by Spencer Crew.

Enslaved in the North
By 1800, approximately 37,000 northern blacks were still reported in bondage. By 1830, most northern states had required freeing of slaves although 3,600 people remained in bondage, mostly in New Jersey.

Free Blacks
In 1860, there were 488,000 free blacks or about 10% of total African Americans in the U.S.

  • 46% of free blacks (226,000) lived in North and West
  • 46% lived in upper South (KY, MD, MO, TN, VA, NC, DC)
  • 8% lived in deep South