African American Resources for New York

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African American slavery was common in New York during the colonial period.  
 
African American slavery was common in New York during the colonial period.  
  
A law passed 29 March 1799 declared that "any child born of a slave after the 4th of July next shall be deemed to be born free." Owners discovered a loophole to keep these children enslaved by registering them in certain counties. Such lists have been located and published for the [[Castleton, New York#African_Americans|Town of Castleton]] (Richmond County), [[Kings (Brooklyn) County, New York#African_Americans|Kings County]], and [[New_York_(Manhattan)_County,_New_York#African_Americans|New York County]].<ref>Alice Eichholz and James M. Rose, "Slave Births in Castleton, Richmond County, New York," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record,'' Vol. 110, No. 4 (Oct. 1979):196. Digital version at [http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 110}}.</ref>  
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A law passed 29 March 1799 declared that "any child born of a slave after the 4th of July next shall be deemed to be born free." Owners discovered a loophole to keep these children enslaved by registering them in certain counties. Such lists have been located and published for the [[Castleton, New York#African_Americans|Town of Castleton]] (Richmond County), [[Kings (Brooklyn) County, New York#African_Americans|Kings County]], and [[New York (Manhattan) County, New York#African_Americans|New York County]].<ref>Alice Eichholz and James M. Rose, "Slave Births in Castleton, Richmond County, New York," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record,'' Vol. 110, No. 4 (Oct. 1979):196. Digital version at [http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 110}}.</ref>  
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Several lists of manumitted slaves have been discovered and published:
  
 
:*'''1700s-1810s''' - Eichholz, Alice and James M. Rose. "New York State Manumissions," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record,'' '''Masters' Surnames A-B:''' Vol. 108, No. 4 (Oct. 1977):221-225; '''Masters' Surnames C-D:''' Vol. 109, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):22-24; '''Masters' Surnames E-I:''' Vol. 109, No. 2 (Apr. 1978):71-74; '''Masters' Surnames J-N:''' Vol. 109, No. 3 (Jul. 1978):145-149; '''Masters' Surnames O-S:''' Vol. 109, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):229-233; '''Masters' Surnames T-Z:''' Vol. 110, No. 1 (Jan. 1979):39-42. Digital version at [http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 109-110}}.
 
:*'''1700s-1810s''' - Eichholz, Alice and James M. Rose. "New York State Manumissions," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record,'' '''Masters' Surnames A-B:''' Vol. 108, No. 4 (Oct. 1977):221-225; '''Masters' Surnames C-D:''' Vol. 109, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):22-24; '''Masters' Surnames E-I:''' Vol. 109, No. 2 (Apr. 1978):71-74; '''Masters' Surnames J-N:''' Vol. 109, No. 3 (Jul. 1978):145-149; '''Masters' Surnames O-S:''' Vol. 109, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):229-233; '''Masters' Surnames T-Z:''' Vol. 110, No. 1 (Jan. 1979):39-42. Digital version at [http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 109-110}}.
  
*''[http://books.google.com/books?id=gRkicMFDOsEC&pg=PA7 "A History of Negro Slavery in New York"]'' by Edgar J. Mcmanus.  
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*''[http://books.google.com/books?id=gRkicMFDOsEC&pg=PA7 "A History of Negro Slavery in New York"]'' by Edgar J. Mcmanus.
  
*''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/free-negro-in-new-york-city-in-the-era-before-the-civil-war/oclc/29638059 "The Free Negro in New York City in the Era before the Civil War"] ''by Rhoda Golden Freeman  
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*''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/free-negro-in-new-york-city-in-the-era-before-the-civil-war/oclc/29638059 "The Free Negro in New York City in the Era before the Civil War"] ''by Rhoda Golden Freeman
  
 
*''"[http://www.worldcat.org/title/voices-from-the-front-line-new-yorks-african-american-statesmen-of-the-underground-railroad-freedom-trail-and-the-united-states-colored-troops-organized-in-the-empire-state-1863-1865-roll-call-men-of-the-20th-usct-and-26th-usct-introductory-essay-and-research-guide/oclc/46767205&referer=brief_results Voices from the front line&nbsp;:] New York's African American statesmen of the Underground Railroad Freedom Trail&nbsp;: and the United States Colored Troops organized in the Empire State, 1863-1865&nbsp;: roll call, men of the 20th USCT and 26th USCT&nbsp;: introductory essay and research guide"'' by Harry Bradshaw.
 
*''"[http://www.worldcat.org/title/voices-from-the-front-line-new-yorks-african-american-statesmen-of-the-underground-railroad-freedom-trail-and-the-united-states-colored-troops-organized-in-the-empire-state-1863-1865-roll-call-men-of-the-20th-usct-and-26th-usct-introductory-essay-and-research-guide/oclc/46767205&referer=brief_results Voices from the front line&nbsp;:] New York's African American statesmen of the Underground Railroad Freedom Trail&nbsp;: and the United States Colored Troops organized in the Empire State, 1863-1865&nbsp;: roll call, men of the 20th USCT and 26th USCT&nbsp;: introductory essay and research guide"'' by Harry Bradshaw.

Revision as of 21:05, 1 March 2012

Contents

Archives and Libraries

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
515 Malcolm X Boulevard
New York, NY 10037-1801
(212) 491-2200

Estate Records

Estate papers, 1817 of Brush, Ichabod, d. 1809. Mentions James Williams. Queens Borough Public Library Long Island Division 89-11 Merrick Blvd., Jamaica, N.Y. 11432

Wilson and Jane Rantus papers, ca. 1830-1890  Largely bills submitted by individuals and the village and town government. Letters written to Wilson Rantus from Thomas Hamilton, pioneer black journalist, 1854-1861. Other items include insurance policies for private homes, and estate papers.

Genealogy

"Genealogical history of black families of Orange County, New York" by Robert W. Brennan

Military 

Revolutionary War

  • Patriots of Color. Free database at Archives.com. Includes details about 50 black New Yorkers in the Revolutionary War.[1]

Civil War

Railroad

Inventory of the Blacks in the Railroad Industry Collection, 1946-1954

Slavery

African American slavery was common in New York during the colonial period.

A law passed 29 March 1799 declared that "any child born of a slave after the 4th of July next shall be deemed to be born free." Owners discovered a loophole to keep these children enslaved by registering them in certain counties. Such lists have been located and published for the Town of Castleton (Richmond County), Kings County, and New York County.[2]

Several lists of manumitted slaves have been discovered and published:

  • 1700s-1810s - Eichholz, Alice and James M. Rose. "New York State Manumissions," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Masters' Surnames A-B: Vol. 108, No. 4 (Oct. 1977):221-225; Masters' Surnames C-D: Vol. 109, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):22-24; Masters' Surnames E-I: Vol. 109, No. 2 (Apr. 1978):71-74; Masters' Surnames J-N: Vol. 109, No. 3 (Jul. 1978):145-149; Masters' Surnames O-S: Vol. 109, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):229-233; Masters' Surnames T-Z: Vol. 110, No. 1 (Jan. 1979):39-42. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 109-110.
  • "Voices from the front line : New York's African American statesmen of the Underground Railroad Freedom Trail : and the United States Colored Troops organized in the Empire State, 1863-1865 : roll call, men of the 20th USCT and 26th USCT : introductory essay and research guide" by Harry Bradshaw.

Web Resources 

References

  1. Dick Eastman, "Archives.com to Publish the Patriots of Color Database," Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, 24 February 2012, http://blog.eogn.com/eastmans_online_genealogy/2012/02/archivescom-to-publish-the-patriots-of-color-database.html.
  2. Alice Eichholz and James M. Rose, "Slave Births in Castleton, Richmond County, New York," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 110, No. 4 (Oct. 1979):196. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 110.