African American Vital Records

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Vital records are the cornerstones of genealogy research. The events of birth, marriage and death function as anchors in the lives of ancestors. Determining the events of a person's life between birth and death helps to tell the story of that person and, in part, the story of the America in which that person lived or traveled during the course of their lifespan. For example, a young person dying in the Civil War tells a tale of that era or a Depression Era marriage in Arizona may illuminate the life of an Illinois farm family who had relocated.
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[African American Research|African American Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[African_American_Vital_Records|Vital Records]]''
  
Even though these events are so important to genealogical and historical research, they can often be difficult to track down. For the most part, three different institutions take a vested interest in tracking vital records: religious organizations, governments and families. When these traditional institutions fail to collect or maintain the information, it can be difficult to recover the documents.
+
'''''African American Vital Records for 2009 back to 1900  '''(State, County and church records)'' 
  
Among the three groups, hints to the vital records in question can often be gleaned from at least one of the sources. If a county courthouse burned in Virginia during the Civil War, maybe the local church survived. If there was no church in the area, perhaps a family member recorded events in a journal or Bible.
+
''Vital record information in the 1900 Census , ...........''
  
Between the colonial settlement and the 20th century, one major problem recurred over time between the East Coast and the western states. On a rolling basis, there were no governments or churches to record the information, as people were often settling in advance of those institutions. If there were territorial governments in place, they were often not obligating local authorities to track the births, deaths or marriages of area residents. This being the case, the first step is to determine in what state or territory your ancestors lived. For example, someone living in Virginia in 1780 may have truly been located in what is now Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania or Maryland. Likewise, someone listed as living in the Indiana Territory may have been in Detroit. As these governmental units developed and solidified their boundaries, the county lines were still evolving. County-level histories and Web sites can help to determine the exact boundaries encircling the family being researched.
+
Vital records are the cornerstones of genealogy research. The events of birth, marriage and death function as anchors in the lives of ancestors. Determining the events of a person's life between birth and death helps to tell the story of that person and, in part, the story of the America in which that person lived or traveled during the course of their lifespan. For example, a young person dying in the Civil War tells a tale of that era or a Depression Era marriage in Arizona may illuminate the life of an Illinois farm family who had relocated.  
  
At times there will be no other option but to look for vital information in unexpected places. Marriage records have been found placed amongst land records. A court case may prove a person living at a given time. The will of a distant relative may provide the information needed or at least prove a relationship. Tax records may indicate the age of an individual.
+
Even though these events are so important to genealogical and historical research, they can often be difficult to track down. For the most part, three different institutions take a vested interest in tracking vital records: religious organizations, governments and families. When these traditional institutions fail to collect or maintain the information, it can be difficult to recover the documents.  
  
Use vital records of births, deaths, and marriages to learn about an ancestor's birth, death, or marriage in a given town, county, or state.
+
Among the three groups, hints to the vital records in question can often be gleaned from at least one of the sources. If a county courthouse burned in Virginia during the Civil War, maybe the local church survived. If there was no church in the area, perhaps a family member recorded events in a journal or Bible.  
  
== Searching Vital Records ==
+
'''Vital records 1900 back to 1870''' (county and church records)
  
Before searching vital records you must know:
+
Census.....
  
* The ancestor's name at the time of birth, marriage, or death
+
Between the colonial settlement and the 20th century, one major problem recurred over time between the East Coast and the western states. On a rolling basis, there were no governments or churches to record the information, as people were often settling in advance of those institutions. If there were territorial governments in place, they were often not obligating local authorities to track the births, deaths or marriages of area residents. This being the case, the first step is to determine in what state or territory your ancestors lived. For example, someone living in Virginia in 1780 may have truly been located in what is now Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania or Maryland. Likewise, someone listed as living in the Indiana Territory may have been in Detroit. As these governmental units developed and solidified their boundaries, the county lines were still evolving. County-level histories and Web sites can help to determine the exact boundaries encircling the family being researched.
* The state (and possibly the city or county) where the event occurred
+
* Approximate year of the event
+
  
To obtain vital record guidance online, go to [http://www.vitalrec.com/ www.vitalrec.com]. Search for:
+
At times there will be no other option but to look for vital information in unexpected places. Marriage records have been found placed amongst land records. A court case may prove a person living at a given time. The will of a distant relative may provide the information needed or at least prove a relationship. Tax records may indicate the age of an individual.  
  
* Phone numbers and addresses of state and county archives that keep vital records.
+
Use vital records of births, deaths, and marriages to learn about an ancestor's birth, death, or marriage in a given town, county, or state.
* Places where you can find birth, death, and marriage records for a given year (town, county, or state)
+
* Fees charged by record offices
+
  
== Birth Records ==
+
'''Pre 1870 Slave vs Free''' (county, slave holder, church and state )
  
Use birth records to learn an ancestor's full birth date and place, and the parents' names.
+
{{FHL|968863|title-id|disp=African American genealogy, 1850-1880}}&nbsp;: cities, towns, counties, states, deaths, causes of death, place of birth &amp; death<br>
  
=== Content ===
+
System requirements: Win 3.1 &amp; Win 95, Win98. <br>If you are using a computer in the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, you may use this database by clicking [[Run:D:/Program Files/VBasic/lock.exe?001340 1|here]]. "Birth and death information extracted from federal census records. Records names, ages, causes of death and location of death. Cities , town, counties are shown." - [http://www.gencd.com/ www.gencd.com]
  
Birth records may contain:
+
Includes information from the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. <br>
  
* Full name of the infant
+
== Searching Vital Records  ==
* Birth date and place (town, county, and state)
+
* Parents' names (including mother's maiden name)
+
* Home address
+
* Father's occupation
+
  
Birth records may not be as available as death records as they were not required until the early 1900s.
+
Before searching vital records you must know:
  
== Marriage Records ==
+
*The ancestor's name at the time of birth, marriage, or death
 +
*The state (and possibly the city or county) where the event occurred
 +
*Approximate year of the event
  
Use marriage records to learn an ancestor's:
+
To obtain vital record guidance online, go to [http://www.vitalrec.com/ www.vitalrec.com]. Search for:  
  
* Full marriage date and place
+
*Phone numbers and addresses of state and county archives that keep vital records.
* Full names of bride, groom, and parents, including maiden names
+
*Places where you can find birth, death, and marriage records for a given year (town, county, or state)
* Possible county of residence at the time of the marriage
+
*Fees charged by record offices
* Whether bride or groom were previously married, widowed, or divorced
+
  
Look for a marriage record near the time when and place where the first child was born.
+
== Birth Records  ==
  
== Death Records ==
+
Use birth records to learn an ancestor's full birth date and place, and the parents' names.
  
Use death records to learn an ancestor's:
+
=== Content  ===
  
* Full death date and place (town, county, state)
+
Birth records may contain:  
* Birth date and place (town, county, and state)
+
* Parents' full names (including mother's maiden name) (Note: Check the name of the informant; the information is&nbsp;not always accurate.)
+
* Home address at time of death
+
* Age at death
+
* Occupation
+
* Marrital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
+
* Spouse's full name (if married)
+
* Name of funeral home or cemetery
+
* name of the informant and relationship between the informant and the deceased
+
  
Look for a death record before a birth or marriage record. It is more likely to be available and can provide clues for locating the other documentation.
+
*Full name of the infant
 +
*Birth date and place (town, county, and state)
 +
*Parents' names (including mother's maiden name)
 +
*Home address
 +
*Father's occupation
  
== Social Security Death Index (SSDI) ==
+
Birth records may not be as available as death records as they were not required until the early 1900s.
  
The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) can be used to find birth and death information for 63 million U.S. residents who have died since 1936. Most records are for deaths after 1962. The Social Security application lists full birth dates and parents' names.
+
== Marriage Records  ==
  
=== Content ===
+
Use marriage records to learn an ancestor's:
  
The SSDI may list an ancestor's:
+
*Full marriage date and place
 +
*Full names of bride, groom, and parents, including maiden names
 +
*Possible county of residence at the time of the marriage
 +
*Whether bride or groom were previously married, widowed, or divorced
  
* Name at the time of application
+
Look for a marriage record near the time when and place where the first child was born.  
* Full birth date
+
* Social Security number
+
* State of residence when the Social Security number was issued
+
* Death month and year
+
* Place (city, county, and state) where the last benefit was sent (This may or may not be the place of death.)
+
  
=== Searching the SSDI ===
+
== Death Records  ==
  
Before searching the SSDI you must know the ancestor's name and an approximate death year (1936 or later).
+
Use death records to learn an ancestor's:
  
The SSDI is online&nbsp;by going to: http://stevemorse.org/ssdi/ssdi.html&nbsp;or http://ssdi.rootsweb.com/.&nbsp;The SSDI&nbsp;is also available at the Family History Library on CD-ROM No. 9 pt. 110 discs 1 and 2.
+
*Full death date and place (town, county, state)
 +
*Birth date and place (town, county, and state)
 +
*Parents' full names (including mother's maiden name) (Note: Check the name of the informant; the information is not always accurate.)
 +
*Home address at time of death
 +
*Age at death
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
 +
*Spouse's full name (if married)
 +
*Name of funeral home or cemetery
 +
*name of the informant and relationship between the informant and the deceased
  
=== Social Security Applications ===
+
Look for a death record before a birth or marriage record. It is more likely to be available and can provide clues for locating the other documentation.
  
Use the Social Security application to:
+
== Social Security Death Index (SSDI)  ==
  
* Find the full name of an ancestor at time of birth and at time of application
+
The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) can be used to find birth and death information for 63 million U.S. residents who have died since 1936. Most records are for deaths after 1962. The Social Security application lists full birth dates and parents' names.  
* Find an ancestor's birth date and place (city, county, state)
+
* Learn an ancestor's parents' names, including the mother's maiden name
+
* Trace where yur ancestor lived, i.e., mailing address at time of application
+
* Employer's name and mailing address
+
* Find information on people who do not appear in other types of records
+
  
The following form is used to order a copy of the Social Security Application. The address of the agency where the request should be mailed is included, along with the cost of the copy.
+
=== Content  ===
  
[[Image:Social Security Application Form.jpg|Social Security Application Form]]
+
The SSDI may list an ancestor's:  
  
=== Tips ===
+
*Name at the time of application
 +
*Full birth date
 +
*Social Security number
 +
*State of residence when the Social Security number was issued
 +
*Death month and year
 +
*Place (city, county, and state) where the last benefit was sent (This may or may not be the place of death.)
  
* Search first for the ancestor's death record, then marriage record, then birth record. Later records are more common, more easily found, and contain more information.
+
=== Searching the SSDI  ===
* Because most vital records were kept by the county, search county records first. Then search for town and state records if they exist. For records in New England, search town records first.
+
* If there are two forms of a record (such as marriage bonds and marriage certificates), search both. Some forms have more informaiton than others.
+
* When ordering vital records, ask for a photocopy of the original record. This will usually have more information than a certified copy.
+
* Write down the names of any witnesses or informants on the record. These are usually relatives or friends.
+
* If you cannot find your African American ancestor in the records on the first try, do one or more of the following:
+
* Look in separate "colored" registers or in the back of "white" registers.
+
* Look in "white" registers, where African Americans with light skin may be listed.
+
* If your ancestor is not in the index to a record, look in the record anyway. African Americans may not be listed in the index.
+
* If you cannot find a name, ignore the surname because some African Americans changed their surnames. Search again, focugin on given names, ages, and relationships. For example. Ben and Sarah Bishop are listed in the 1870 census as Ben and Sarah mcDaniel and in the 1880 census as Ben and Sarah Hoody.
+
* Look for other places where your ancestor may have moved. Interview relatives and study maps to see where the family might have gone.
+
* Be diligent. You may have to search many kinds of records to find your ancestors.
+
  
=== WEB SITES ===
+
Before searching the SSDI you must know the ancestor's name and an approximate death year (1936 or later).
  
Cyndi's List: Taxes: [http://www.cyndislist.com/taxes.htm www.cyndislist.com/taxes.htm]
+
The SSDI is online by going to: [http://stevemorse.org/ssdi/ssdi.html Searching the Social Security Death Index (SSDI) in One Step]; or [http://ssdi.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ Social Security Death Index (SSDI)]. The SSDI is [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1856363 online] and also available at the Family History Library on CD-ROM No. 9 pt. 110 discs 1 and 2.
  
Genealogical Research in the Maine State Archives: http://www.maine.gov/sos/arc/genealogy/
+
=== Social Security Applications  ===
  
Illinois Statewide Vital Records: http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/databases.html
+
Use the Social Security application to:  
  
Native Genealogy, People of the Three Fires: http://www.rootsweb.com/~minatam/
+
*Find the full name of an ancestor at time of birth and at time of application
 +
*Find an ancestor's birth date and place (city, county, state)
 +
*Learn an ancestor's parents' names, including the mother's maiden name
 +
*Trace where your ancestor lived, i.e., mailing address at time of application
 +
*Employer's name and mailing address
 +
*Find information on people who do not appear in other types of records
  
Ohio Historical Society State Archives, Online Death Index, 1913-1937: http://www.ohiohistory.org/resource/statearc/
+
The following form is used to order a copy of the Social Security Application. The address of the agency where the request should be mailed is included, along with the cost of the copy.  
  
U.S. Vital Records By State: http://www.cyndislist.com/births.htm#States
+
[[Image:Social Security Application Form.jpg|thumb]]
  
Unraveling the 1850 and 1860 Slave Schedules: http://www.webarchaeology.com/html/slavschd.htm
+
=== Tips  ===
  
Washington Secretary of State, Digital Archives: http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/default.aspx
+
*Search first for the ancestor's death record, then marriage record, then birth record. Later records are more common, more easily found, and contain more information.
 +
*Because most vital records were kept by the county, search county records first. Then search for town and state records if they exist. For records in New England, search town records first.
 +
*If there are two forms of a record (such as marriage bonds and marriage certificates), search both. Some forms have more information than others.
 +
*When ordering vital records, ask for a photocopy of the original record. This will usually have more information than a certified copy.
 +
*Write down the names of any witnesses or informants on the record. These are usually relatives or friends.
 +
*If you cannot find your African American ancestor in the records on the first try, do one or more of the following:  
 +
*Look in separate "colored" registers or in the back of "white" registers.  
 +
*Look in "white" registers, where African Americans with light skin may be listed.  
 +
*If your ancestor is not in the index to a record, look in the record anyway. African Americans may not be listed in the index.
 +
*If you cannot find a name, ignore the surname because some African Americans changed their surnames. Search again, focusing on given names, ages, and relationships. For example. Ben and Sarah Bishop are listed in the 1870 census as Ben and Sarah mcDaniel and in the 1880 census as Ben and Sarah Hoody.
 +
*Look for other places where your ancestor may have moved. Interview relatives and study maps to see where the family might have gone.
 +
*Be diligent. You may have to search many kinds of records to find your ancestors.
  
Washtenaw County Clerk/Register's Office. Search and Order Records: http://secure.ewashtenaw.org/ecommerce/vitalrecord/vrHome.do
+
=== External Links  ===
  
West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Vital Research Records Search Selection: http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_select.aspx
+
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/taxes.htm Cyndi's List: Taxes]
 +
*[http://www.maine.gov/sos/arc/genealogy/ Genealogical Research in the Maine State Archives]
 +
*[http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/databases.html Illinois Statewide Vital Records]
 +
*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~minatam/ Native Genealogy, People of the Three Fires]
 +
*[http://www.ohiohistory.org/resource/statearc/ Ohio Historical Society State Archives, Online Death Index, 1913-1937]
 +
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/births.htm#States U.S. Vital Records By State]
 +
*[http://www.webarchaeology.com/html/slavschd.htm Unraveling the 1850 and 1860 Slave Schedules]
 +
*[http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/default.aspx Washington Secretary of State, Digital Archives]
 +
*[http://secure.ewashtenaw.org/ecommerce/vitalrecord/vrHome.do Washtenaw County Clerk/Register's Office. Search and Order Records]
 +
*[http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_select.aspx West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Vital Research Records Search Selection]
 +
*[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/vitalrecords/ Wisconsin Historical Society, Pre-1907 Vital Records]
  
Wisconsin Historical Society, Pre-1907 Vital Records: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/vitalrecords/
+
{{African American|African American}}
  
[[Category:United States of America]]
+
[[Category:African_Americans|Vital]]

Revision as of 04:09, 23 December 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png African American Research Gotoarrow.png Vital Records

African American Vital Records for 2009 back to 1900  (State, County and church records) 

Vital record information in the 1900 Census , ...........

Vital records are the cornerstones of genealogy research. The events of birth, marriage and death function as anchors in the lives of ancestors. Determining the events of a person's life between birth and death helps to tell the story of that person and, in part, the story of the America in which that person lived or traveled during the course of their lifespan. For example, a young person dying in the Civil War tells a tale of that era or a Depression Era marriage in Arizona may illuminate the life of an Illinois farm family who had relocated.

Even though these events are so important to genealogical and historical research, they can often be difficult to track down. For the most part, three different institutions take a vested interest in tracking vital records: religious organizations, governments and families. When these traditional institutions fail to collect or maintain the information, it can be difficult to recover the documents.

Among the three groups, hints to the vital records in question can often be gleaned from at least one of the sources. If a county courthouse burned in Virginia during the Civil War, maybe the local church survived. If there was no church in the area, perhaps a family member recorded events in a journal or Bible.

Vital records 1900 back to 1870 (county and church records)

Census.....

Between the colonial settlement and the 20th century, one major problem recurred over time between the East Coast and the western states. On a rolling basis, there were no governments or churches to record the information, as people were often settling in advance of those institutions. If there were territorial governments in place, they were often not obligating local authorities to track the births, deaths or marriages of area residents. This being the case, the first step is to determine in what state or territory your ancestors lived. For example, someone living in Virginia in 1780 may have truly been located in what is now Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania or Maryland. Likewise, someone listed as living in the Indiana Territory may have been in Detroit. As these governmental units developed and solidified their boundaries, the county lines were still evolving. County-level histories and Web sites can help to determine the exact boundaries encircling the family being researched.

At times there will be no other option but to look for vital information in unexpected places. Marriage records have been found placed amongst land records. A court case may prove a person living at a given time. The will of a distant relative may provide the information needed or at least prove a relationship. Tax records may indicate the age of an individual.

Use vital records of births, deaths, and marriages to learn about an ancestor's birth, death, or marriage in a given town, county, or state.

Pre 1870 Slave vs Free (county, slave holder, church and state )

African American genealogy, 1850-1880 : cities, towns, counties, states, deaths, causes of death, place of birth & death

System requirements: Win 3.1 & Win 95, Win98.
If you are using a computer in the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, you may use this database by clicking here. "Birth and death information extracted from federal census records. Records names, ages, causes of death and location of death. Cities , town, counties are shown." - www.gencd.com

Includes information from the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming.

Contents

Searching Vital Records

Before searching vital records you must know:

  • The ancestor's name at the time of birth, marriage, or death
  • The state (and possibly the city or county) where the event occurred
  • Approximate year of the event

To obtain vital record guidance online, go to www.vitalrec.com. Search for:

  • Phone numbers and addresses of state and county archives that keep vital records.
  • Places where you can find birth, death, and marriage records for a given year (town, county, or state)
  • Fees charged by record offices

Birth Records

Use birth records to learn an ancestor's full birth date and place, and the parents' names.

Content

Birth records may contain:

  • Full name of the infant
  • Birth date and place (town, county, and state)
  • Parents' names (including mother's maiden name)
  • Home address
  • Father's occupation

Birth records may not be as available as death records as they were not required until the early 1900s.

Marriage Records

Use marriage records to learn an ancestor's:

  • Full marriage date and place
  • Full names of bride, groom, and parents, including maiden names
  • Possible county of residence at the time of the marriage
  • Whether bride or groom were previously married, widowed, or divorced

Look for a marriage record near the time when and place where the first child was born.

Death Records

Use death records to learn an ancestor's:

  • Full death date and place (town, county, state)
  • Birth date and place (town, county, and state)
  • Parents' full names (including mother's maiden name) (Note: Check the name of the informant; the information is not always accurate.)
  • Home address at time of death
  • Age at death
  • Occupation
  • Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
  • Spouse's full name (if married)
  • Name of funeral home or cemetery
  • name of the informant and relationship between the informant and the deceased

Look for a death record before a birth or marriage record. It is more likely to be available and can provide clues for locating the other documentation.

Social Security Death Index (SSDI)

The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) can be used to find birth and death information for 63 million U.S. residents who have died since 1936. Most records are for deaths after 1962. The Social Security application lists full birth dates and parents' names.

Content

The SSDI may list an ancestor's:

  • Name at the time of application
  • Full birth date
  • Social Security number
  • State of residence when the Social Security number was issued
  • Death month and year
  • Place (city, county, and state) where the last benefit was sent (This may or may not be the place of death.)

Searching the SSDI

Before searching the SSDI you must know the ancestor's name and an approximate death year (1936 or later).

The SSDI is online by going to: Searching the Social Security Death Index (SSDI) in One Step; or Social Security Death Index (SSDI). The SSDI is online and also available at the Family History Library on CD-ROM No. 9 pt. 110 discs 1 and 2.

Social Security Applications

Use the Social Security application to:

  • Find the full name of an ancestor at time of birth and at time of application
  • Find an ancestor's birth date and place (city, county, state)
  • Learn an ancestor's parents' names, including the mother's maiden name
  • Trace where your ancestor lived, i.e., mailing address at time of application
  • Employer's name and mailing address
  • Find information on people who do not appear in other types of records

The following form is used to order a copy of the Social Security Application. The address of the agency where the request should be mailed is included, along with the cost of the copy.

Social Security Application Form.jpg

Tips

  • Search first for the ancestor's death record, then marriage record, then birth record. Later records are more common, more easily found, and contain more information.
  • Because most vital records were kept by the county, search county records first. Then search for town and state records if they exist. For records in New England, search town records first.
  • If there are two forms of a record (such as marriage bonds and marriage certificates), search both. Some forms have more information than others.
  • When ordering vital records, ask for a photocopy of the original record. This will usually have more information than a certified copy.
  • Write down the names of any witnesses or informants on the record. These are usually relatives or friends.
  • If you cannot find your African American ancestor in the records on the first try, do one or more of the following:
  • Look in separate "colored" registers or in the back of "white" registers.
  • Look in "white" registers, where African Americans with light skin may be listed.
  • If your ancestor is not in the index to a record, look in the record anyway. African Americans may not be listed in the index.
  • If you cannot find a name, ignore the surname because some African Americans changed their surnames. Search again, focusing on given names, ages, and relationships. For example. Ben and Sarah Bishop are listed in the 1870 census as Ben and Sarah mcDaniel and in the 1880 census as Ben and Sarah Hoody.
  • Look for other places where your ancestor may have moved. Interview relatives and study maps to see where the family might have gone.
  • Be diligent. You may have to search many kinds of records to find your ancestors.

External Links