Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

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== History ==
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|BIA]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Area Offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Area Offices]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Agencies_of_the_Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|Agencies]]''
  
In the United States, the office which created and maintained the largest amount of records of the American Indians was the field office of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] (BIA), known as the Office of Indian Affairs until 1947, called the agency. Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the United States are administrative offices supervising the relationship between and among American Indians and others. Usually an agency operated on a reservation and was responsible for only that reservation. Occasionally, an agency had responsibility for several groups of Native Americans.
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== History  ==
  
Some field offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs did not achieve the level of agency, but operated as a sub-agency, reporting to an agency, a school, or a superintendency of the BIA or sometimes as an independent office reporting to a superintendency or to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.  
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In the United States, the office which created and maintained the largest amount of records of the American Indians was the field office of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] (BIA), known as the Office of Indian Affairs until 1947, called the agency. Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the United States are administrative offices supervising the relationship between and among American Indians and others. Usually an [[Agencies_of_the_Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|agency ]]operated on a reservation and was responsible for only that reservation. Occasionally, an agency had responsibility for several groups of Native Americans.
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Some field offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs did not achieve the level of agency, but operated as a sub-agency, reporting to an agency, a school, or a [[Superintendencies - Bureau of Indian Affairs|superintendency]] of the BIA or sometimes as an independent office reporting to a superintendency or to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.
  
 
== Records  ==
 
== Records  ==
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*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]  
 
*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]  
 
*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]  
 
*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]  
*[[American_Indian_Correspondence_and_Reports|Correspondence]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]  
*[[American_Indian_Health_Records|Health records ]]  
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*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
*[[American_Indian_Correspondence_and_Reports|Reports ]]  
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
 
*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]  
 
*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]  
 
*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
 
*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
  
For a description of the various records, their content, and their availability, link to the pages for each type of record. Each individual agency also has a page describing its history and the location of their records. An alphabetical list of the agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs can be found below. They are also linked under the topic "American Indians" for each state. Pages for individual sub-agencies are listed alphabetically under the category of "American Indian Subagencies" and are linked under the topic of "American Indians" for each state where they existed.<br>
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For a description of the various records, their content, and their availability, link to the pages for each type of record. Each individual agency also has a page describing its history and the location of their records. An alphabetical list of the agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs can be found below. They are also linked under the topic "American Indians" for each state. Pages for individual sub-agencies are listed alphabetically under the category of "[[Subagencies_of_the_Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|American Indian Subagencies]]" and are linked under the topic of "American Indians" for each state where they existed.<br>
  
 
== Alphabetical Listing of American Indian Agencies and Subagencies in the United States  ==
 
== Alphabetical Listing of American Indian Agencies and Subagencies in the United States  ==
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998. Family History&nbsp;Library film {{FHL|822938|title-id|disp=970.1 A3a }}<br>  
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*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998. Family History&nbsp;Library film {{FHL|822938|title-id|disp=970.1 A3a }}<br>
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. Family History Library book {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=970.1 H551g }}; film {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=6125461}} <br>  
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*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. Family History Library book {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=970.1 H551g }}; film {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=6125461}} <br>
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. Family history Library book {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=970.1 H551o }}<br>  
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*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. Family history Library book {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=970.1 H551o }}<br>
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105. Family History Library US/CAN Film {{FHL|479822|title-id|disp=1695747}}  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105. Family History Library US/CAN Film {{FHL|479822|title-id|disp=1695747}}  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services.&lt;/nowiki&gt;
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services.&lt;/nowiki&gt;
  
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<br>{{American Indian}}
  
{{American Indian}}
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[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]] [[Category:American_Indian_Subagencies]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
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[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]] [[Category:American_Indian_Subagencies|American Indian Subagencies]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indians_of_North_America]]
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Revision as of 00:30, 17 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png BIA Gotoarrow.png Area Offices Gotoarrow.png Agencies

Contents

History

In the United States, the office which created and maintained the largest amount of records of the American Indians was the field office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), known as the Office of Indian Affairs until 1947, called the agency. Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the United States are administrative offices supervising the relationship between and among American Indians and others. Usually an agency operated on a reservation and was responsible for only that reservation. Occasionally, an agency had responsibility for several groups of Native Americans.

Some field offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs did not achieve the level of agency, but operated as a sub-agency, reporting to an agency, a school, or a superintendency of the BIA or sometimes as an independent office reporting to a superintendency or to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.

Records

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

For a description of the various records, their content, and their availability, link to the pages for each type of record. Each individual agency also has a page describing its history and the location of their records. An alphabetical list of the agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs can be found below. They are also linked under the topic "American Indians" for each state. Pages for individual sub-agencies are listed alphabetically under the category of "American Indian Subagencies" and are linked under the topic of "American Indians" for each state where they existed.

Alphabetical Listing of American Indian Agencies and Subagencies in the United States

BIA Agencies, A-C
BIA Agencies, D-H
BIA Agencies, I-M
BIA Agencies, N-O
BIA Agencies, P-R
BIA Agencies, S
BIA Agencies, T-Z

References

  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998. Family History Library film 970.1 A3a
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. Family History Library book 970.1 H551g; film 6125461
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. Family history Library book 970.1 H551o
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105. Family History Library US/CAN Film 1695747
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services.</nowiki>