Alabama, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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Revision as of 14:38, 5 September 2012 by MaryRKleinman (Talk | contribs)
FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1861 to 1865.

The collection consists of Confederate service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Alabama. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldiers as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records and National Archive Microfilm Publication M311. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously known as Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

National Archives and Records Administration. "Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama." Index supplied by Fold3.com.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, his rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, Union prison registers and rolls, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

The index to these records contains the following:

  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

How to Use the Record

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Use the locator information found in the index (such as roll number and the unit served in) to locate your ancestors in the service records. Compare the information in the records to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Keep in mind that even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

For example:

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
  • Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.

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Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XXVP-TVK: accessed 23 April 2012), Henry C Thomas, 1862; War Department, Washington D.C. Alabama, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., citing Index supplied by [Footnote.com or Ancestry.com], Orem, Utah.


 

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