Alabama, County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Alabama County Marriages, 1809-1950 .
The collection consists of an index and images of marriage records created by Alabama counties for the years 1809 to 1950. The records are arranged by county, volume and date. Currently this collection is partially indexed; additional records will be added as they are completed. Be aware that some images in this collection are restricted.
For a list of film numbers currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
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You can help by placing comments about the coverage table in the discussion page of this article.
The Coverage Table shows the places and time periods covered in the indexed records in this collection. Most of the records in the collection are from the time periods listed in the table; however, the collection may have a few records from before or after the time period.
|Place (County)||Years Covered in Index|
|Baldwin||1810, 1812, 1814-1825, 1827-1836, 1841, 1845-1936, 1958|
|Barbour||1807-1809, 1816-1818, 1823-1826, 1828-1829, 1832-1834, 1836, 1838-1941, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1954, 1959, 1971, 1985, 1988, 1995|
|Bibb||1803, 1805, 1810, 1812-1945, 1950-1953, 1957, 1959-1960, 1963-1965, 1968, 1970-1973, 1977, 1979-1981, 1988, 1992-1995, 1997|
|Bullock||1835, 1857, 1860, 1867-1893, 1899, 1916, 1929-1959, 1968-1969, 1973, 1981-1982, 1987|
|Chilton||1822, 1831, 1869-1883, 1888, 1890-1938, 1942-1945, 1956-1957, 1997|
|Cleburne||1834, 1837, 1867-1893, 1898, 1926, 1936-1954, 1960|
|Cullman||1844-1845, 1918, 1928-1951, 1987|
|Dallas||1818-1826, 1829-1832, 1835-1895, 1902-1930, 1938, 1965|
|Jefferson||1829, 1836, 1848, 1921, 1927-1951, 1968|
|Madison||1818-1831, 1853-1885, 1890-1895, 1919-1951, 1957, 1980, 1985|
|Mobile||1802, 1806, 1809, 1812-1828, 1833-1834, 1840-1842, 1844, 1849, 1852-1856, 1858-1930, 1934, 1936-1943, 1946-1951, 1953-1957, 1964-1968, 1970, 1972, 1981|
|Morgan||1821-1952, 1962, 1987, 1991|
|Perry||1803, 1814-1815, 1818-1931, 1935, 1943, 1945, 1948, 1973-1974, 1987, 2010|
|Pike||1805, 1830-1859, 1885, 1888-1894, 1896-1910|
|St. Clair||1833-1835, 1898-1938, 1945, 1963, 1982|
Additional Coverage Tables
For additional coverage tables for this collection, see the wiki article Alabama County Marriages Coverage Table (FamilySearch Historical Records).
Early marriage records may include the following:
- Name of the groom
- Name of the bride, often including the maiden name of the bride
- Date of the marriage
- Event place
Later marriage records may also include the following:
- Names of the parents or guardians of the bride and groom
- Birthplaces of the bride and groom
- Residences of the bride and groom
- Age and races of the bride and groom
- Marital status of the bride and groom
How to Use the Records
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- The name of the person at the time of marriage
- The approximate marriage date
- The marriage place
- The name of the intended spouse
Search the Collection
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. Be sure and click on the image to see the original document.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
- Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
- Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
- Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
- Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.
- Use the parents’ birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
- Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
- Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.
- There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
Unable to Find Your Ancestor?
- Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
- Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
- Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
General Information About These Records
The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page. Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.
Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property.
The marriage date, place, residence of the bride and groom, and occupations are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age or birthplace, is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to email@example.com. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
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Contributions to This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Alabama, County Marriages, 1809-1950
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- "Alabama, County Marriages, 1809-1950." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.
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