Alabama State Census, 1866 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{FamilySearch Collection
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{{FamilySearch_Collection|CID=CID1915987 |title=Alabama State Census, 1866
|CID=CID
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|location=United States}}<br>  
|title=Alabama State Census, 1866
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|location=United States
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|scheduled=}}<br>
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== Collection Time Period  ==
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<br>
  
These records cover individuals living in Alabama in 1866.
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== Record Description  ==
  
== Record Description  ==
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This Collection will include records for 1866<br>
  
 
The records are handwritten on preprinted forms. This census has strategic value because it was the first post-Civil War census taken in Alabama. In many of the counties information is given about former slaves and soldiers. It does not specify whether the soldiers were Union or Confederate. The same form was not used in every county so it may or may not list this information.  
 
The records are handwritten on preprinted forms. This census has strategic value because it was the first post-Civil War census taken in Alabama. In many of the counties information is given about former slaves and soldiers. It does not specify whether the soldiers were Union or Confederate. The same form was not used in every county so it may or may not list this information.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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<br>The State of Alabama conducted state censuses in the following years: 1818 (partial), 1820, (partial), 1821 (partial), 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, 1907.
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These records cover individuals living in Alabama in 1866.
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
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{{Collection citation
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| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Alabama Department of Archives and History. Montgomery, Alabama. Alabama State Census, 1866. Alabama Department of Archives and History <!--bibdescend-->}}
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== Record Content  ==
  
 
The census generally includes the following information:  
 
The census generally includes the following information:  
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== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
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'''To search this collection using the index:'''
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
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Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
  
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
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To begin your search it is helpful to know a full name. If you do not have the full name, use the surname. If you know the county where your ancestor lived put the name in the residence box.  
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
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*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
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*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
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*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
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Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:  
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'''The information in this index can help you with the following:'''
  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
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*Use the film number to request the microfilm to view at your local [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]].&nbsp; Note names, county, and page number to locate your ancestor in the actual census.  
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
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*Use the names and location to locate your ancestor in the 1860 and 1870 federal censuses of Alabama.  
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
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*Use the residence to locate additional records such as church and land records.
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
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*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
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For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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'''Keep in Mind:'''
  
== Record History  ==
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*Remember, this is only an index.&nbsp;
 
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*If the surname is unusual, you may want to compile the entries for every person of the same surname.&nbsp;
The State of Alabama conducted state censuses in the following years: 1818 (partial), 1820, (partial), 1821 (partial), 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, 1907.
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*There is also some variation in the information given from record to record.&nbsp;
 
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*If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the names.
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
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The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.  
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=== Record Reliability  ===
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The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
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== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
[http://cvrlsarchives.org/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=423 Chattahoochee Valley Libraries ]<br>
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*[http://cvrlsarchives.org/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=423 Chattahoochee Valley Libraries]  
 
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*[http://columbuspublic-genealogy.blogspot.com/2006/03/1820-1855-1860-mortality-1866-alabama.html Columbus Public Library]  
[http://columbuspublic-genealogy.blogspot.com/2006/03/1820-1855-1860-mortality-1866-alabama.html Columbus Public Library]  
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/alabama/ Alabama Genealogy]  
 
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*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/al-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy]
[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/alabama/ Alabama Genealogy]<br>
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[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/al-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy] <br>
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[Alabama Censuses Existing and Lost|Alabama Censuses, Existing and Lost]]  
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*[[Alabama|Alabama]]
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*[[Alabama Census|Alabama Census]]
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*[[Alabama Censuses Existing and Lost|Alabama Censuses, Existing and Lost]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
 
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Alabama State Census, 1866 (10-0763),” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery. FHL microfilm, 8 reels, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
 
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
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==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
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*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
 
[[Category:Alabama|Census]]
 
[[Category:Alabama|Census]]

Revision as of 21:16, 17 October 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Alabama State Census, 1866 .


Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records for 1866

The records are handwritten on preprinted forms. This census has strategic value because it was the first post-Civil War census taken in Alabama. In many of the counties information is given about former slaves and soldiers. It does not specify whether the soldiers were Union or Confederate. The same form was not used in every county so it may or may not list this information.


The State of Alabama conducted state censuses in the following years: 1818 (partial), 1820, (partial), 1821 (partial), 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, 1907.

These records cover individuals living in Alabama in 1866.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Alabama Department of Archives and History. Montgomery, Alabama. Alabama State Census, 1866. Alabama Department of Archives and History

Record Content

The census generally includes the following information:

  • Name of the head of household
  • Number of persons in each family
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Age
  • Sex
  • May list number of deceased or disabled soldiers in the family
  • May list former slaves

How to Use the Record

To search this collection using the index:

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To begin your search it is helpful to know a full name. If you do not have the full name, use the surname. If you know the county where your ancestor lived put the name in the residence box.

The information in this index can help you with the following:

  • Use the film number to request the microfilm to view at your local family history center.  Note names, county, and page number to locate your ancestor in the actual census.
  • Use the names and location to locate your ancestor in the 1860 and 1870 federal censuses of Alabama.
  • Use the residence to locate additional records such as church and land records.

Keep in Mind:

  • Remember, this is only an index. 
  • If the surname is unusual, you may want to compile the entries for every person of the same surname. 
  • There is also some variation in the information given from record to record. 
  • If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the names.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.