Alabama State Census, 1866 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

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== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
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To begin your search it is helpful to know a full name. If you do not have the full name, use the surname. Put the names in the boxes on the initial search page and search the collection. Look at the list of entries created by your search. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. An approximate birth date can help you narrow your list of possible matches.  
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
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==== Using the Information  ====
  
For example:  
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The information in this index can help you with the following:  
  
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
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*Use the names, county, and page number to locate your ancestor in the actual census.
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
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*Use the names and location to locate your ancestor in the 1850 and 1860 federal censuses of Alabama.
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
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*Use the residence to locate additional records such as church and land records.  
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
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*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
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Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
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==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
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*Remember, this is only an index.
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
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*If the surname is unusual, you may want to compile the entries for every person of the same surname.
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
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*There is also some variation in the information given from record to record.  
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
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*If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the names.
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
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For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].
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== Record History  ==
 
== Record History  ==
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== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
*[http://cvrlsarchives.org/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=423 Chattahoochee Valley Libraries]
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*[http://cvrlsarchives.org/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=423 Chattahoochee Valley Libraries]  
 
*[http://columbuspublic-genealogy.blogspot.com/2006/03/1820-1855-1860-mortality-1866-alabama.html Columbus Public Library]  
 
*[http://columbuspublic-genealogy.blogspot.com/2006/03/1820-1855-1860-mortality-1866-alabama.html Columbus Public Library]  
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/alabama/ Alabama Genealogy]
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/alabama/ Alabama Genealogy]  
 
*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/al-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy]
 
*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/al-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy]
  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
 
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection  ====
 
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection  ====
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== Citation for This Collection  ==
 
== Citation for This Collection  ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
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The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.  
  
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Alabama State Census, 1866 (10-0763),” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery. FHL microfilm, 8 reels, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->  
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Alabama State Census, 1866 (10-0763),” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery. FHL microfilm, 8 reels, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->  
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
  
 
[[Category:Alabama|Census]]
 
[[Category:Alabama|Census]]

Revision as of 01:19, 9 December 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Collection Time Period

These records cover individuals living in Alabama in 1866.

Record Description

The records are handwritten on preprinted forms. This census has strategic value because it was the first post-Civil War census taken in Alabama. In many of the counties information is given about former slaves and soldiers. It does not specify whether the soldiers were Union or Confederate. The same form was not used in every county so it may or may not list this information.

Record Content

The census generally includes the following information:

  • Name of the head of household
  • Number of persons in each family
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Age
  • Sex
  • May list number of deceased or disabled soldiers in the family
  • May list former slaves

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know a full name. If you do not have the full name, use the surname. Put the names in the boxes on the initial search page and search the collection. Look at the list of entries created by your search. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. An approximate birth date can help you narrow your list of possible matches.

Using the Information

The information in this index can help you with the following:

  • Use the names, county, and page number to locate your ancestor in the actual census.
  • Use the names and location to locate your ancestor in the 1850 and 1860 federal censuses of Alabama.
  • Use the residence to locate additional records such as church and land records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Remember, this is only an index.
  • If the surname is unusual, you may want to compile the entries for every person of the same surname.
  • There is also some variation in the information given from record to record.
  • If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the names.

Record History

The State of Alabama conducted state censuses in the following years: 1818 (partial), 1820, (partial), 1821 (partial), 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, 1907.

Why the Record Was Created

The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.

Record Reliability

The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Alabama Censuses, Existing and Lost

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection

  • United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
  • Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

“Alabama State Census, 1866 (10-0763),” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery. FHL microfilm, 8 reels, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.

Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.