Alabama State Census, 1866 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Alabama State Census, 1866 .


Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records for 1866

The records are handwritten on preprinted forms. This census has strategic value because it was the first post-Civil War census taken in Alabama. In many of the counties information is given about former slaves and soldiers. It does not specify whether the soldiers were Union or Confederate. The same form was not used in every county so it may or may not list this information.


The State of Alabama conducted state censuses in the following years: 1818 (partial), 1820, (partial), 1821 (partial), 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, 1907.

These records cover individuals living in Alabama in 1866.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Alabama Department of Archives and History. Montgomery, Alabama. Alabama State Census, 1866. Alabama Department of Archives and History

Record Content

The census generally includes the following information:

  • Name of the head of household
  • Number of persons in each family
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Age
  • Sex
  • May list number of deceased or disabled soldiers in the family
  • May list former slaves

How to Use the Record

To search this collection using the index:

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To begin your search it is helpful to know a full name. If you do not have the full name, use the surname. If you know the county where your ancestor lived put the name in the residence box.

The information in this index can help you with the following:

  • Use the film number to request the microfilm to view at your local family history center.  Note names, county, and page number to locate your ancestor in the actual census.
  • Use the names and location to locate your ancestor in the 1860 and 1870 federal censuses of Alabama.
  • Use the residence to locate additional records such as church and land records.

Keep in Mind:

  • Remember, this is only an index. 
  • If the surname is unusual, you may want to compile the entries for every person of the same surname. 
  • There is also some variation in the information given from record to record. 
  • If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the names.

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Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.


 

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