Alexandria, Virginia

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{{stub}}''[[United States|United States ]] > [[Virginia|Virginia]] > Alexandria (Independent City)''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Alexandria,_Virginia|Alexandria]]''  
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{{Infobox settlement
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| name                    = Alexandria, Virginia
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| settlement_type        = Independent City
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| image_map              =
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| map_caption            = Location in [[Virginia]]
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| established_title      = Founded
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| established_date        = 1847
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| website                = [http://www.alexandriava.gov/ www.alexandriava.gov/]
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| footnotes              =
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}}
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=  =
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{{Tip|For additional records, see [[Fairfax County, Virginia]].}}
  
 
== Courthouse  ==
 
== Courthouse  ==
  
== History  ==
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[[Image:Alexandria County, Virginia Courthouse.JPG|thumb|right|200px]]
  
*First settlement established in 1695. Named for Capt. Philip Alexander. Alexandria was not incorporated until 1779.<br>
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== History  ==
*In 1755, General Edward Braddock organized his fatal expediation against Fort Duquesne (near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) at Carlyle House.<br>
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
*April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the Provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New York met to determine concerted action against the French in America.<br>
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[[Image:Vaalexandria.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
*1791, Alexandria was included in an area chosen by George Washington to become the District of Columbia. Alexandria along with Arlington County were retroceded back to Virginia in 1846.<br>
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*First settlement established in 1695. Named for Capt. Philip Alexander. Alexandria was not incorporated until 1779.<br>  
*City of Alexandria was re-chartered in 1852.<br>
+
*In 1755, General Edward Braddock organized his fatal expediation against Fort Duquesne (near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) at Carlyle House.<br>  
*1828-1836, Alexandria was home to the Franklin and Armfield slave market.<br>
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*April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the Provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New York met to determine concerted action against the French in America.<br>  
*During the Civil War, the slave pen owned by Price, Birch &amp; Co. became a jail under Union occupation.<br>
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*1791, Alexandria was included in an area chosen by George Washington to become the District of Columbia. Alexandria along with Arlington County were retroceded back to Virginia in 1846.<br>  
*Alexandria was occupied by the Federal troops at the start of the Civil War and remained occupied until the end of the war.<br>
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*City of Alexandria was re-chartered in 1852.<br>  
*1863 (when West Virginia was divided from Virginia) until end of the Civil War, Alexandria was the seat of the Restored Government of Virginia.<br>
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*1828-1836, Alexandria was home to the Franklin and Armfield slave market.<br>  
 +
*During the Civil War, the slave pen owned by Price, Birch &amp; Co. became a jail under Union occupation.<br>  
 +
*Alexandria was occupied by the Federal troops at the start of the Civil War and remained occupied until the end of the war.<br>  
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*1863 (when West Virginia was divided from Virginia) until end of the Civil War, Alexandria was the seat of the Restored Government of Virginia.<br>  
 
*1870, the City of Alexandria became independent of Alexandria County. The rest of Alexandria County became Arlington County in 1920, ending years of confusion.
 
*1870, the City of Alexandria became independent of Alexandria County. The rest of Alexandria County became Arlington County in 1920, ending years of confusion.
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1847--'''Alexandria was created 13 March 1847 from Fairfax County. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''1847--'''Alexandria was created 13 March 1847 from [[Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]]. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
 
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
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==== Record Loss  ====
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== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
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==== Research Guides  ====
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*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Alexandria County [Arlington County]," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
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*Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at {{FHL|137581|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org/oldnewsl.htm Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
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==== African Americans  ====
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*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/Alexandria.htm "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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{{RAOGKcemetery}}
  
 
For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see ''[[Alexandria, Virginia Cemeteries]]''.  
 
For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see ''[[Alexandria, Virginia Cemeteries]]''.  
  
The following is a list of cemeteries in Alexandria:<ref>[http://www.topozone.com/states/Virginia.asp?county=Alexandria+%28city%29&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;feature=Cemetery USGS Map], Topozone.com</ref>  
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The following is a list of cemeteries in Alexandria:<ref>[http://www.topozone.com/states/Virginia.asp?county=Alexandria+%28city%29&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;feature=Cemetery USGS Map], Topozone.com</ref>  
  
 
*Alexandria National Cemetery  
 
*Alexandria National Cemetery  
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==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
  
*"Alexandria, Virginia, Second Ward, 1799 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul-Sep. 1960):117-124; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):163-170. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($). [Often includes head of households' occupations and names and occupations of boarders.]  
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===== 1799  =====
*"Alexandria, Virginia, Fourth Ward, 1800 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):51-59. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).
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*"Alexandria, Virginia, Second Ward, 1799 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul-Sep. 1960):117-124; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):163-170. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($). [Often includes head of households' occupations and names and occupations of boarders.]
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===== 1800  =====
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*"Alexandria, Virginia, Fourth Ward, 1800 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):51-59. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
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===== 1890 Union Veterans  =====
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*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
  
 
==== Church  ====
 
==== Church  ====
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*The Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book (1732-1785) and the proceedings of the Overseers of the Poor (1787-1802). Digitized images available online at [http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Minutes].
  
 
==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
  
'''''Chancery Court'''''
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===== Chancery Court =====
  
 
*Indexed images of Alexandria, Virginia Chancery Records 1859-1925 are available online through [http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index]. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.<ref>[http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/chancery/available/ "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability,"] Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).</ref>
 
*Indexed images of Alexandria, Virginia Chancery Records 1859-1925 are available online through [http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index]. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.<ref>[http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/chancery/available/ "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability,"] Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).</ref>
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==== Genealogy  ====
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*'''[Page]''' Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. ''Page Family Records in Virginia Counties''. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. {{FHL|308367|item|disp=FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2}} [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2 Part 1]
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*'''[Page]''' Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. ''The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850)''. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. {{FHL|1060643|item|disp=FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2}} [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2]
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
  
 
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" ''The Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of the residents of Alexandria with the following surnames: Hamilton, Taylor.]  
 
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" ''The Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of the residents of Alexandria with the following surnames: Hamilton, Taylor.]  
*Edwards, Conley L. "Abstracts of Reports of Aliens, Alexandria County, 1801-1832," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):112-116; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):172-176. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).
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*Edwards, Conley L. "Abstracts of Reports of Aliens, Alexandria County, 1801-1832," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):112-116; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):172-176. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
  
==== Land  ====
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During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Alexandria.<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812.]'' Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item}} 973 W4s; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>
  
==== Local Histories ====
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==== Military ====
  
==== Maps ====
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===== French and Indian War =====
  
==== Military  ====
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*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  
'''''French and Indian War'''''
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===== War of 1812  =====
  
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=47143&disp=Virginia%27s+colonial+soldiers FHL]. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
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*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Alexandria County, pp. 59-60]
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===== Civil War  =====
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Since Alexandria was created in 1847, the Civil War records for that area will be in the city of Alexandria. During the Civil War men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area.
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
Indexed images of the&nbsp;[http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm/ Virginia Gazette] (1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg]&nbsp;website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
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===== Indexes  =====
  
==== Probate  ====
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[http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/library/newsindex/ Fairfax County Historical Newspaper Index] (1785-2000 nonconsecutive) index only - Free; includes:<br>
  
==== Research Guides  ====
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*''Alexandria Gazette'' (1785-1788; July 25, 1854-December 31, 1855; and May 3, 1860-January 20, 1865)<br>
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*''Arlington County Record'' (1932-1933)<br>
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*''Fairfax City Times'' (1961-1968)<br>
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*''Fairfax County Independent'' (1929-1932)<br>
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*''Fairfax Herald'' (1886-1973)<br>
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*''Fairfax News'' (1872-1875)<br>
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*''Fairfax News - Herndon Observer'' (1925-1943)<br>
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*''The Local News'' (1861-1862)<br>
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*''The Rambler, Washington Star'' (1912-1928)<br>
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*''Reston Times'' (1965-1973; 1975-January 6, 1977; 1978; 1980-1983; 1985; and 2000)
  
*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Alexandria County [Arlington County]," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).
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*'''1784-1915''' - ''Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, 1784-1915''. Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
  
==== Taxation ====
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===== Scanned Newspapers =====
  
At first glance, researchers might conclude that Virginia tax lists contain very little family history data, though one soon learns that valuable genealogical conclusions can be drawn from these records, nicknamed "annual censuses," such as: relationships, approximate years of birth, socio-economic status, identification of neighbors, the ability to distinguish between persons of the same name,&nbsp;evidence of land inheritance, years of migration, and years of death.  
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Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
  
Virginia began enumerating residents' payments of personal property and land taxes in 1782. These two types of taxation were recorded in separate registers. Personal property tax lists include more names than land tax lists, because they caught more of the population. The Family History Library has an excellent microfilm collection of personal property tax lists from 1782 (or the year the county was organized) well into the late nineteenth century for most counties, but only scattered land tax lists. Microfilm collections at [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/ The Library of Virginia]&nbsp;include land tax lists for all counties and independent cities for the years 1782 through 1978, as well as personal property tax lists for the years 1782 through 1930 (and every fifth year thereafter). Taxes were not collected in 1808.&nbsp;  
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*'''1784-1789''' - ''Virginia Journal'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1792-1800''' - ''Columbian Mirror'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1797-1802''' - ''Alexandria Times'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1800-1808''' - ''Alexandria Advertiser'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1802''' - ''Columbian Advertiser'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1802-1807''' - ''Alexandria Expositor'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1808-1876''' - ''Alexandria Gazette'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1811-1825''' - ''Alexandria Herald'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1876''' - ''People's Advocate'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1916-1946''' - [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/obits/obits.html Obituary Index to the Alexandria Gazette, 1916-1946] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
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*'''1927-1928''' - Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," ''Alexandria Gazette''. 1927-1928 is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
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*'''2002-present''' - ''Springfield Connection'' (Springfield, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).  
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*'''2002-present''' - ''Reston Connection'' (Reston, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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==== Occupations  ====
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*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]
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==== Petitions  ====
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*Eckenrode, H.J. ''Virginia State Library:&nbsp;A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford''. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908.&nbsp;Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=9VUVAAAAYAAJ Google Books] (full-view). [Alexandria petitions (1778-1861) are described on pp. 61-87.]
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==== Probate  ====
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==== Taxation  ====
  
Some tax records are available online or in print, though published abstracts often omit useful details found only in the original sources. Statewide indexes can help genealogists identify specific counties where surnames occurred in the past, providing starting points for research.<ref>"Using Personal Property Tax Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia," Library of Virginia, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn3_persprop.htm.</ref><ref>"Using Land Tax Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia," Library of Virginia, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn1_landtax.pdf.</ref>
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[[Virginia Tax Lists|How can Virginia tax lists help me?]]
  
*Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=622815&disp=The+1787+census+of+Virginia FHL]. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]
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*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]  
*Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
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*'''[1787-1800] '''Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/Alexandria.htm "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
*"Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).  
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*'''[1790, 1799] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
*Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=692063&disp=1815+Directory+of+Virginia+landowners+%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]
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*'''[1800] '''"Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).  
 +
*'''[1815] '''Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at {{FHL|692063|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
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{{RAOGKlibrary}}
  
 
*[http://oha.alexandriava.gov/bhrc/ Alexandria Black History Museum], Alexandria, Virginia
 
*[http://oha.alexandriava.gov/bhrc/ Alexandria Black History Museum], Alexandria, Virginia
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== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
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*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Alexandria+%28Independent+City%29|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitydetails&subject=190226&subject_disp=Virginia%2C+Alexandria+%28Independent+City%29&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library Catalog]
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
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{{Virginia|Virginia}}
  
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{{Virginia-stub}}
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</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Alexandria,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Alexandria,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 00:44, 31 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Virginia Gotoarrow.png Fairfax County Gotoarrow.png Alexandria

Alexandria, Virginia
—  Independent City  —
Founded 1847
Website www.alexandriava.gov/

Contents

Courthouse

Alexandria County, Virginia Courthouse.JPG

History

Vaalexandria.jpg
  • First settlement established in 1695. Named for Capt. Philip Alexander. Alexandria was not incorporated until 1779.
  • In 1755, General Edward Braddock organized his fatal expediation against Fort Duquesne (near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) at Carlyle House.
  • April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the Provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New York met to determine concerted action against the French in America.
  • 1791, Alexandria was included in an area chosen by George Washington to become the District of Columbia. Alexandria along with Arlington County were retroceded back to Virginia in 1846.
  • City of Alexandria was re-chartered in 1852.
  • 1828-1836, Alexandria was home to the Franklin and Armfield slave market.
  • During the Civil War, the slave pen owned by Price, Birch & Co. became a jail under Union occupation.
  • Alexandria was occupied by the Federal troops at the start of the Civil War and remained occupied until the end of the war.
  • 1863 (when West Virginia was divided from Virginia) until end of the Civil War, Alexandria was the seat of the Restored Government of Virginia.
  • 1870, the City of Alexandria became independent of Alexandria County. The rest of Alexandria County became Arlington County in 1920, ending years of confusion.

Parent County

1847--Alexandria was created 13 March 1847 from Fairfax County. [1]

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Arlandria . Del Rey . Hume. The Landmark . Mount Ida . North Ridge . Old Town . Saint Elmo . Seminary Hill . Seminary West . Town of Potomac (1930) . The Berg . West End . West of Quaker

Neighboring Counties

Arlington | Fairfax | District of Columbia

Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Alexandria County [Arlington County]," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

African Americans

Cemeteries

For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Alexandria, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Alexandria:[2]

  • Alexandria National Cemetery
  • Ivy Hill Cemetery
  • Saint Mary's Cemetery
  • Shuters Hill Cemetery

Census

1799
  • "Alexandria, Virginia, Second Ward, 1799 Census," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul-Sep. 1960):117-124; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):163-170. Available at New England Ancestors ($). [Often includes head of households' occupations and names and occupations of boarders.]
1800
  • "Alexandria, Virginia, Fourth Ward, 1800 Census," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):51-59. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
1890 Union Veterans

Church

  • The Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book (1732-1785) and the proceedings of the Overseers of the Poor (1787-1802). Digitized images available online at Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Minutes.

Court

Chancery Court
  • Indexed images of Alexandria, Virginia Chancery Records 1859-1925 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.[3]

Genealogy

  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. Page Family Records in Virginia Counties. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2 [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2 Part 1]
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850). 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2 [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2]

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of the residents of Alexandria with the following surnames: Hamilton, Taylor.]
  • Edwards, Conley L. "Abstracts of Reports of Aliens, Alexandria County, 1801-1832," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):112-116; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):172-176. Available at New England Ancestors ($).

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Alexandria.[4]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Alexandria County, pp. 59-60]
Civil War

Since Alexandria was created in 1847, the Civil War records for that area will be in the city of Alexandria. During the Civil War men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area.

Newspapers

Indexes

Fairfax County Historical Newspaper Index (1785-2000 nonconsecutive) index only - Free; includes:

  • Alexandria Gazette (1785-1788; July 25, 1854-December 31, 1855; and May 3, 1860-January 20, 1865)
  • Arlington County Record (1932-1933)
  • Fairfax City Times (1961-1968)
  • Fairfax County Independent (1929-1932)
  • Fairfax Herald (1886-1973)
  • Fairfax News (1872-1875)
  • Fairfax News - Herndon Observer (1925-1943)
  • The Local News (1861-1862)
  • The Rambler, Washington Star (1912-1928)
  • Reston Times (1965-1973; 1975-January 6, 1977; 1978; 1980-1983; 1985; and 2000)
  • 1784-1915 - Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, 1784-1915. Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
Scanned Newspapers

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]

Petitions

  • Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Alexandria petitions (1778-1861) are described on pp. 61-87.]

Probate

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787-1800] Heinegg, Paul. "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1790, 1799] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

 

Websites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  3. "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability," Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).
  4. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. FHL Collection 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).