Alexandria, Virginia

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{{stub}}''[[United States|United States ]] > [[Virginia|Virginia]] > Alexandria (Independent City)''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Alexandria,_Virginia|Alexandria]]''  
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{{Infobox settlement
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| name                    = Alexandria, Virginia
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| settlement_type        = Independent City
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| image_map              =
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| map_caption            = Location in [[Virginia]]
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| established_title      = Founded
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| established_date        = 1847
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| website                = [http://www.alexandriava.gov/ www.alexandriava.gov/]
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| footnotes              =
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}}
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=  =
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{{Tip|For additional records, see [[Fairfax County, Virginia]].}}
  
 
== Courthouse  ==
 
== Courthouse  ==
  
[[Image:Alexandria_County,_Virginia_Courthouse.JPG|thumb|right|400px]]
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[[Image:Alexandria County, Virginia Courthouse.JPG|thumb|right|200px]]  
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
 
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
*First settlement established in 1695. Named for Capt. Philip Alexander. Alexandria was not incorporated until 1779.<br>
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[[Image:Vaalexandria.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
*In 1755, General Edward Braddock organized his fatal expediation against Fort Duquesne (near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) at Carlyle House.<br>
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*First settlement established in 1695. Named for Capt. Philip Alexander. Alexandria was not incorporated until 1779.<br>  
*April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the Provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New York met to determine concerted action against the French in America.<br>
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*In 1755, General Edward Braddock organized his fatal expediation against Fort Duquesne (near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) at Carlyle House.<br>  
*1791, Alexandria was included in an area chosen by George Washington to become the District of Columbia. Alexandria along with Arlington County were retroceded back to Virginia in 1846.<br>
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*April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the Provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New York met to determine concerted action against the French in America.<br>  
*City of Alexandria was re-chartered in 1852.<br>
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*1791, Alexandria was included in an area chosen by George Washington to become the District of Columbia. Alexandria along with Arlington County were retroceded back to Virginia in 1846.<br>  
*1828-1836, Alexandria was home to the Franklin and Armfield slave market.<br>
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*City of Alexandria was re-chartered in 1852.<br>  
*During the Civil War, the slave pen owned by Price, Birch &amp; Co. became a jail under Union occupation.<br>
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*1828-1836, Alexandria was home to the Franklin and Armfield slave market.<br>  
*Alexandria was occupied by the Federal troops at the start of the Civil War and remained occupied until the end of the war.<br>
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*During the Civil War, the slave pen owned by Price, Birch &amp; Co. became a jail under Union occupation.<br>  
*1863 (when West Virginia was divided from Virginia) until end of the Civil War, Alexandria was the seat of the Restored Government of Virginia.<br>
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*Alexandria was occupied by the Federal troops at the start of the Civil War and remained occupied until the end of the war.<br>  
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*1863 (when West Virginia was divided from Virginia) until end of the Civil War, Alexandria was the seat of the Restored Government of Virginia.<br>  
 
*1870, the City of Alexandria became independent of Alexandria County. The rest of Alexandria County became Arlington County in 1920, ending years of confusion.
 
*1870, the City of Alexandria became independent of Alexandria County. The rest of Alexandria County became Arlington County in 1920, ending years of confusion.
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1847--'''Alexandria was created 13 March 1847 from Fairfax County. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''1847--'''Alexandria was created 13 March 1847 from [[Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]]. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
 
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
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==== Record Loss  ====
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== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
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==== Research Guides  ====
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*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Alexandria County [Arlington County]," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
 +
*Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at {{FHL|137581|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org/oldnewsl.htm Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
  
 
==== African Americans  ====
 
==== African Americans  ====
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==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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{{RAOGKcemetery}}
  
 
For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see ''[[Alexandria, Virginia Cemeteries]]''.  
 
For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see ''[[Alexandria, Virginia Cemeteries]]''.  
  
The following is a list of cemeteries in Alexandria:<ref>[http://www.topozone.com/states/Virginia.asp?county=Alexandria+%28city%29&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;feature=Cemetery USGS Map], Topozone.com</ref>  
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The following is a list of cemeteries in Alexandria:<ref>[http://www.topozone.com/states/Virginia.asp?county=Alexandria+%28city%29&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;feature=Cemetery USGS Map], Topozone.com</ref>  
  
 
*Alexandria National Cemetery  
 
*Alexandria National Cemetery  
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==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
  
'''''1799'''''
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===== 1799 =====
  
*"Alexandria, Virginia, Second Ward, 1799 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul-Sep. 1960):117-124; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):163-170. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($). [Often includes head of households' occupations and names and occupations of boarders.]
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*"Alexandria, Virginia, Second Ward, 1799 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul-Sep. 1960):117-124; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):163-170. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($). [Often includes head of households' occupations and names and occupations of boarders.]
  
'''''1800'''''
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===== 1800 =====
  
*"Alexandria, Virginia, Fourth Ward, 1800 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):51-59. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).
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*"Alexandria, Virginia, Fourth Ward, 1800 Census," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):51-59. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
  
'''''1890 Union Veterans'''''
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===== 1890 Union Veterans =====
  
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
  
 
==== Church  ====
 
==== Church  ====
*The Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book (1732-1785) and the proceedings of the Overseers of the Poor (1787-1802). Digitized images available online at [http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Minutes].
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*The Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book (1732-1785) and the proceedings of the Overseers of the Poor (1787-1802). Digitized images available online at [http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Minutes].
  
 
==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
  
'''''Chancery Court'''''
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===== Chancery Court =====
  
 
*Indexed images of Alexandria, Virginia Chancery Records 1859-1925 are available online through [http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index]. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.<ref>[http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/chancery/available/ "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability,"] Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).</ref>
 
*Indexed images of Alexandria, Virginia Chancery Records 1859-1925 are available online through [http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index]. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.<ref>[http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/chancery/available/ "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability,"] Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).</ref>
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==== Genealogy  ====
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*'''[Page]''' Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. ''Page Family Records in Virginia Counties''. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. {{FHL|308367|item|disp=FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2}} [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2 Part 1]
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*'''[Page]''' Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. ''The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850)''. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. {{FHL|1060643|item|disp=FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2}} [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2]
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
  
 
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" ''The Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of the residents of Alexandria with the following surnames: Hamilton, Taylor.]  
 
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" ''The Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of the residents of Alexandria with the following surnames: Hamilton, Taylor.]  
*Edwards, Conley L. "Abstracts of Reports of Aliens, Alexandria County, 1801-1832," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):112-116; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):172-176. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).
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*Edwards, Conley L. "Abstracts of Reports of Aliens, Alexandria County, 1801-1832," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):112-116; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):172-176. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).
  
==== Land  ====
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During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Alexandria.<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812.]'' Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item}} 973 W4s; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>
  
==== Local Histories ====
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==== Military ====
  
==== Maps ====
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===== French and Indian War =====
  
==== Military  ====
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*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  
'''''French and Indian War'''''
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===== War of 1812  =====
  
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=47143&disp=Virginia%27s+colonial+soldiers FHL]. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
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*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Alexandria County, pp. 59-60]
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===== Civil War  =====
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Since Alexandria was created in 1847, the Civil War records for that area will be in the city of Alexandria. During the Civil War men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area.
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
Indexed images of the&nbsp;[http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm/ Virginia Gazette] (1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg]&nbsp;website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
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===== Indexes  =====
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[http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/library/newsindex/ Fairfax County Historical Newspaper Index] (1785-2000 nonconsecutive) index only - Free; includes:<br>
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*''Alexandria Gazette'' (1785-1788; July 25, 1854-December 31, 1855; and May 3, 1860-January 20, 1865)<br>
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*''Arlington County Record'' (1932-1933)<br>
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*''Fairfax City Times'' (1961-1968)<br>
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*''Fairfax County Independent'' (1929-1932)<br>
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*''Fairfax Herald'' (1886-1973)<br>
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*''Fairfax News'' (1872-1875)<br>
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*''Fairfax News - Herndon Observer'' (1925-1943)<br>
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*''The Local News'' (1861-1862)<br>
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*''The Rambler, Washington Star'' (1912-1928)<br>
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*''Reston Times'' (1965-1973; 1975-January 6, 1977; 1978; 1980-1983; 1985; and 2000)
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*'''1784-1915''' - ''Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, 1784-1915''. Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
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===== Scanned Newspapers  =====
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Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
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*'''1784-1789''' - ''Virginia Journal'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1792-1800''' - ''Columbian Mirror'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1797-1802''' - ''Alexandria Times'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1800-1808''' - ''Alexandria Advertiser'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1802''' - ''Columbian Advertiser'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1802-1807''' - ''Alexandria Expositor'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1808-1876''' - ''Alexandria Gazette'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1811-1825''' - ''Alexandria Herald'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1876''' - ''People's Advocate'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''1916-1946''' - [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/obits/obits.html Obituary Index to the Alexandria Gazette, 1916-1946] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
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*'''1927-1928''' - Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," ''Alexandria Gazette''. 1927-1928 is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
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*'''2002-present''' - ''Springfield Connection'' (Springfield, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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*'''2002-present''' - ''Reston Connection'' (Reston, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
  
 
==== Occupations  ====
 
==== Occupations  ====
  
*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=78198&disp=The+silversmiths+of+Virginia FHL]. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]
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*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]
  
 
==== Petitions  ====
 
==== Petitions  ====
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==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
 
*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Alexandria County [Arlington County]," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).
 
*Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=137581&disp=Newsletter+%28Virginia+Genealogical+Soci FHL]; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org/oldnewsl.htm Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
 
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
  
[[Virginia_Tax_Lists|How can Virginia tax lists help me?]]
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[[Virginia Tax Lists|How can Virginia tax lists help me?]]  
  
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=622815&disp=The+1787+census+of+Virginia FHL]. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]  
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*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]  
 
*'''[1787-1800] '''Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/Alexandria.htm "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*'''[1787-1800] '''Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/Alexandria.htm "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*'''[1790, 1799] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1790, 1799] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
*'''[1800] '''"Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).  
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*'''[1800] '''"Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).  
*'''[1815] '''Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=692063&disp=1815+Directory+of+Virginia+landowners+%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]
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*'''[1815] '''Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at {{FHL|692063|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 +
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{{RAOGKlibrary}}
  
 
*[http://oha.alexandriava.gov/bhrc/ Alexandria Black History Museum], Alexandria, Virginia
 
*[http://oha.alexandriava.gov/bhrc/ Alexandria Black History Museum], Alexandria, Virginia
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== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
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*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Alexandria+%28Independent+City%29|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitydetails&subject=190226&subject_disp=Virginia%2C+Alexandria+%28Independent+City%29&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library Catalog]
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
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{{Virginia|Virginia}}
  
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{{Virginia-stub}}
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</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Alexandria,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Alexandria,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 00:44, 31 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Virginia Gotoarrow.png Fairfax County Gotoarrow.png Alexandria

Alexandria, Virginia
—  Independent City  —
Founded 1847
Website www.alexandriava.gov/

Contents

Courthouse

Alexandria County, Virginia Courthouse.JPG

History

Vaalexandria.jpg
  • First settlement established in 1695. Named for Capt. Philip Alexander. Alexandria was not incorporated until 1779.
  • In 1755, General Edward Braddock organized his fatal expediation against Fort Duquesne (near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) at Carlyle House.
  • April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the Provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New York met to determine concerted action against the French in America.
  • 1791, Alexandria was included in an area chosen by George Washington to become the District of Columbia. Alexandria along with Arlington County were retroceded back to Virginia in 1846.
  • City of Alexandria was re-chartered in 1852.
  • 1828-1836, Alexandria was home to the Franklin and Armfield slave market.
  • During the Civil War, the slave pen owned by Price, Birch & Co. became a jail under Union occupation.
  • Alexandria was occupied by the Federal troops at the start of the Civil War and remained occupied until the end of the war.
  • 1863 (when West Virginia was divided from Virginia) until end of the Civil War, Alexandria was the seat of the Restored Government of Virginia.
  • 1870, the City of Alexandria became independent of Alexandria County. The rest of Alexandria County became Arlington County in 1920, ending years of confusion.

Parent County

1847--Alexandria was created 13 March 1847 from Fairfax County. [1]

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Arlandria . Del Rey . Hume. The Landmark . Mount Ida . North Ridge . Old Town . Saint Elmo . Seminary Hill . Seminary West . Town of Potomac (1930) . The Berg . West End . West of Quaker

Neighboring Counties

Arlington | Fairfax | District of Columbia

Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Alexandria County [Arlington County]," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

African Americans

Cemeteries

For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Alexandria, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Alexandria:[2]

  • Alexandria National Cemetery
  • Ivy Hill Cemetery
  • Saint Mary's Cemetery
  • Shuters Hill Cemetery

Census

1799
  • "Alexandria, Virginia, Second Ward, 1799 Census," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul-Sep. 1960):117-124; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):163-170. Available at New England Ancestors ($). [Often includes head of households' occupations and names and occupations of boarders.]
1800
  • "Alexandria, Virginia, Fourth Ward, 1800 Census," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):51-59. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
1890 Union Veterans

Church

  • The Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book (1732-1785) and the proceedings of the Overseers of the Poor (1787-1802). Digitized images available online at Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Minutes.

Court

Chancery Court
  • Indexed images of Alexandria, Virginia Chancery Records 1859-1925 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.[3]

Genealogy

  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. Page Family Records in Virginia Counties. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2 [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2 Part 1]
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850). 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2 [Alexandria appears in Vol. 2]

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of the residents of Alexandria with the following surnames: Hamilton, Taylor.]
  • Edwards, Conley L. "Abstracts of Reports of Aliens, Alexandria County, 1801-1832," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):112-116; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):172-176. Available at New England Ancestors ($).

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Alexandria.[4]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Alexandria County, pp. 59-60]
Civil War

Since Alexandria was created in 1847, the Civil War records for that area will be in the city of Alexandria. During the Civil War men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their area.

Newspapers

Indexes

Fairfax County Historical Newspaper Index (1785-2000 nonconsecutive) index only - Free; includes:

  • Alexandria Gazette (1785-1788; July 25, 1854-December 31, 1855; and May 3, 1860-January 20, 1865)
  • Arlington County Record (1932-1933)
  • Fairfax City Times (1961-1968)
  • Fairfax County Independent (1929-1932)
  • Fairfax Herald (1886-1973)
  • Fairfax News (1872-1875)
  • Fairfax News - Herndon Observer (1925-1943)
  • The Local News (1861-1862)
  • The Rambler, Washington Star (1912-1928)
  • Reston Times (1965-1973; 1975-January 6, 1977; 1978; 1980-1983; 1985; and 2000)
  • 1784-1915 - Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, 1784-1915. Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
Scanned Newspapers

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]

Petitions

  • Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Alexandria petitions (1778-1861) are described on pp. 61-87.]

Probate

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787-1800] Heinegg, Paul. "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1790, 1799] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

 

Websites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  3. "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability," Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).
  4. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. FHL Collection 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).