Alexandria, Virginia

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===== '''''French and Indian War'''''  =====
 
===== '''''French and Indian War'''''  =====
  
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=47143&disp=Virginia%27s+colonial+soldiers FHL]. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
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*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  
 
===== '''''War of 1812'''''  =====
 
===== '''''War of 1812'''''  =====
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==== Occupations  ====
 
==== Occupations  ====
  
*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=78198&disp=The+silversmiths+of+Virginia FHL]. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]
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*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]
  
 
==== Petitions  ====
 
==== Petitions  ====
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*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Alexandria County [Arlington County]," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).  
 
*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Alexandria County [Arlington County]," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).  
*Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=137581&disp=Newsletter+%28Virginia+Genealogical+Soci FHL]; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org/oldnewsl.htm Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
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*Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at {{FHL|137581|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.vgs.org/oldnewsl.htm Virginia Genealogical Society] website.
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
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[[Virginia Tax Lists|How can Virginia tax lists help me?]]  
 
[[Virginia Tax Lists|How can Virginia tax lists help me?]]  
  
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=622815&disp=The+1787+census+of+Virginia FHL]. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]  
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*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]  
 
*'''[1787-1800] '''Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/Alexandria.htm "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*'''[1787-1800] '''Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/Alexandria.htm "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*'''[1790, 1799] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1790, 1799] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1800] '''"Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).  
 
*'''[1800] '''"Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).  
*'''[1815] '''Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=692063&disp=1815+Directory+of+Virginia+landowners+%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]
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*'''[1815] '''Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at {{FHL|692063|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
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*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.  
 
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitydetails&subject=190226&subject_disp=Virginia%2C+Alexandria+%28Independent+City%29&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library Catalog]
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*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Alexandria+%28Independent+City%29|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==

Revision as of 07:23, 7 January 2011

United States  > Virginia > Alexandria (Independent City)

Contents

Courthouse

Alexandria County, Virginia Courthouse.JPG

History

  • First settlement established in 1695. Named for Capt. Philip Alexander. Alexandria was not incorporated until 1779.
  • In 1755, General Edward Braddock organized his fatal expediation against Fort Duquesne (near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) at Carlyle House.
  • April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the Provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New York met to determine concerted action against the French in America.
  • 1791, Alexandria was included in an area chosen by George Washington to become the District of Columbia. Alexandria along with Arlington County were retroceded back to Virginia in 1846.
  • City of Alexandria was re-chartered in 1852.
  • 1828-1836, Alexandria was home to the Franklin and Armfield slave market.
  • During the Civil War, the slave pen owned by Price, Birch & Co. became a jail under Union occupation.
  • Alexandria was occupied by the Federal troops at the start of the Civil War and remained occupied until the end of the war.
  • 1863 (when West Virginia was divided from Virginia) until end of the Civil War, Alexandria was the seat of the Restored Government of Virginia.
  • 1870, the City of Alexandria became independent of Alexandria County. The rest of Alexandria County became Arlington County in 1920, ending years of confusion.

Parent County

1847--Alexandria was created 13 March 1847 from Fairfax County. [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Arlandria . Del Rey . Hume. The Landmark . Mount Ida . North Ridge . Old Town . Saint Elmo . Seminary Hill . Seminary West . Town of Potomac (1930) . The Berg . West End . West of Quaker

Neighboring Counties

Arlington | Fairfax | District of Columbia

Resources

African Americans

Cemeteries

For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Alexandria, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Alexandria:[2]

  • Alexandria National Cemetery
  • Ivy Hill Cemetery
  • Saint Mary's Cemetery
  • Shuters Hill Cemetery

Census

1799

  • "Alexandria, Virginia, Second Ward, 1799 Census," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul-Sep. 1960):117-124; Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1960):163-170. Available at New England Ancestors ($). [Often includes head of households' occupations and names and occupations of boarders.]

1800

  • "Alexandria, Virginia, Fourth Ward, 1800 Census," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):51-59. Available at New England Ancestors ($).

1890 Union Veterans

Church

  • The Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book (1732-1785) and the proceedings of the Overseers of the Poor (1787-1802). Digitized images available online at Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Minutes.

Court

Chancery Court

  • Indexed images of Alexandria, Virginia Chancery Records 1859-1925 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.[3]

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America, 1777-1811" The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200. [Overseas contacts of the residents of Alexandria with the following surnames: Hamilton, Taylor.]
  • Edwards, Conley L. "Abstracts of Reports of Aliens, Alexandria County, 1801-1832," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):112-116; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):172-176. Available at New England Ancestors ($).

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Alexandria.[4]

Land

Local Histories

Maps

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Alexandria militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Alexandria County, pp. 59-60]

Newspapers

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Alexandria silversmiths.]

Petitions

  • Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Alexandria petitions (1778-1861) are described on pp. 61-87.]

Probate

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Alexandria County [Arlington County]," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):126-129. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Ray, Suzanne Smith. *"Genealogical Research in the Records of Alexandria City and Arlington County," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1984):1. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Alexandria is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787-1800] Heinegg, Paul. "Alexandria City Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1800," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1790, 1799] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Alexandria, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Alexandria, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1960):17-26. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Alexandria is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

 

Websites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  3. "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability," Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).
  4. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. FHL Collection 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).