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Establishment and former town name(s) 
16 February 1713: Established as the district of Alford from part of Great Barrington and certain common lands. (Province Laws, Vol. V, p. 236)
23 August 1775: Made a town, by general act under which districts became towns.
Archiac name: Podunke, Podunkville, Shawanon Purchase
Section/Villages within the town: Alford Center, East Alford, West Alford
Boundary Changes 
11 February 1779: Part of Great Barrington annexed.
6 February 1790: Bounds between Alford and Egremont
18 February 1819: Part of Great Barrington
17 March 1847: Part of West Stockbridge annexed.
Church History and Records
- Albany Post Road from New York City to Albany, New York 1669
- Alford and Egremont (MA) Turnpike 1812
- Ancram (NY) Turnpike 1805, also sometimes called the Catskill Road, from Salisbury, Connecticut to Catskill, New York
- Catskill Road 1750s from Springfield, Massachusetts to Catskill, New York    
- Catskill Turnpike (aka Susquehannah Turnpike ) from Catskill, NY to Unadilla, NY; route travelled by Europeans by 1792; toll booths opened by 1804.   
- Columbia (NY) Turnpike 1799
- Great Barrington and Aford (MA) Turnpike 1812
- Greenwood Road 1799 from Hartford, Connecticut to Albany, New York
- Hampden and Berkshire (MA) Turnpike 1826
- Hillsdale and Chatham Turnpike 1805 from Alford, Massachusetts to Albany, New York
- Housatonic River (MA) Turnpike 1809
- Massachusetts 10th Turnpike 1800
- Massachusetts 12th Turnpike 1812
- Rensselaer and Columbia (NY) Turnpike 1799
- Hudson River, an ancient pathway
Military History and Records
Civil War, 1861-1865
- Vital Records of Alford Massachusetts to the Year 1850 Google Books
Societies, Libraries and Museums
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Historical data relating to counties, cities, and towns in Massachusetts (Boston, Massachusetts : New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1997), [FHL book 974.4 H2h 1997].
- ↑ Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. WorldCat entry; FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).
- ↑ Frederic J. Wood, The Turnpikes of New England and the Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland (Boston: Marshall Jones, 1919), map between 56 and 57, and 168. Internet Archive version online.
- ↑ Isaac Huntting, History of the Little Nine Partners of North East Precinct and Pine Plains, New York, Dutchess County (Amenia, NY: Chas. Walsh, 1897), 99-101. Google Book edition.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 List of turnpikes in New York in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 6 November 2014).
- ↑ Ancram Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Ancram Turnpike went from Springield, MA to Catskill, NY; and was called the Catskill Road.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Almira E Morgan, The Catskill Turnpike: A Wilderness Path (Ithaca, N.Y.: DeWitt Historical Society of Thompkins County, 1971), 5. Online digital copy.
- ↑ Catskill Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Catskill Turnpike went west from Catskill, NY to Bath, NY; the east part was called the Susquehanna Turnpike.
- ↑ Huntting, 97-99.
- ↑ Anastassia Zinke, The Susquehanna Turnpike and America's Frontier History in Catskill Mountain Foundation (accessed 1 November 2014).
- ↑ Joan Odess, The Susquehanna Turnpike (pdf accessed 1 November 2014).
- ↑ Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 186-88.
- ↑ Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 348-49.
- ↑ Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 203-205.
- ↑ Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 166-67.
- ↑ Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 76-78.
- ↑ Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 79-80.
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