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Alleghany County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Alleghany County (established 1822) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

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Online Records

Alleghany County, Virginia
Boundary map of Alleghany County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Alleghany County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded January 5, 1822
County Seat Covington


County Courthouse

Alleghany County, Virginia Courthouse

Allegheny County Courthouse
P.O.Box 670
266 West Main Street
Covington, VA 24426-0670
Phone 540-965-1730

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1845
Divorce, Probate, Court and land recrord from 1822[1]

Beginning Dates for Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1822 1853 1830 1822 1822

Alleghany County, Virginia History

Allegheny Mountain Range, Spruce Knob

The county was named after the Alleghany Mountains.[2]

Parent County

1822--Allegany County was created 5 January 1822 from Bath, Botetourt and Monroe Counties. Monroe County is now in West Virginia.
County seat: Covington [3]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy Resources


Research Guides

African Americans

  • Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1871
  • Boyd-Bragg, Dorothy A. "A Register of Free Negroes & Mulattoes in Alleghany County, Virginia, 1855-1856," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 49, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 2005):307-312. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Alleghany County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Alleghany County:[4]

  • Alleghany Memorial Park
  • Carter Cemetery
  • Central Church Cemetery
  • Crown Hill Cemetery
  • Helmintoller Cemetery
  • Hoke Cemetery
  • Hooks Cemetery
  • Humphries Cemetery
  • Lewis Tunnel Cemetery
  • Mallow Cemetery
  • Mount Carmel Cemetery
  • Mountain View Cemetery
  • Oakland Cemetery
  • Rose Hill Cemetery
  • Simmons Cemetery
  • Smith Cemetery
  • Walton Memorial Cemetery


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 2,816
1840 2,749 −2.4%
1850 3,515 27.9%
1860 6,765 92.5%
1870 3,674 −45.7%
1880 5,586 52.0%
1890 9,283 66.2%
1900 16,330 75.9%
1910 14,173 −13.2%
1920 15,332 8.2%
1930 20,188 31.7%
1940 22,688 12.4%
1950 23,139 2.0%
1960 12,128 −47.6%
1970 12,461 2.7%
1980 14,333 15.0%
1990 13,176 −8.1%
2000 12,926 −1.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
To access census records online, see Virginia Census.
  • Douthat, James L. 1840 Alleghany County, Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website.
  • Perkins, Louise M. 1860 Alleghany County, Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website.
1890 Union Veterans

Church Records



Several genealogies have been published about Alleghany County families. To view a list, visit Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy.


Local Histories



Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Allegany County on page 133.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Alleghany County, p. 60.]
Civil War

Civil War service men from Alleghany County served in various regiments. Within a regiment, companies were often comprised of men who lived in a smaller geographical area within the county parameters. Listed below are regiments with whom men from Alleghany County served. Because Confederate units often reorganized, this list might not be complete.

The following Regiments are mentioned in A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia, by Oren Frederic Morton FHL book 975.581 H2m

- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia, only lists the names of five men who were from Alleghany County.
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company I (Riverton Invincibles).[5]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company K (Valley Regulators).[6]
- 22nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (1st Kanawha Regiment). Company G (Rocky Point Grays).[7]
- 27th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate) . Company A Light Infantry (Alleghany Roughs), Company B (Virginia Hibernians), and Company C (Alleghany Rifles).[8]
- 59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G1 (Alleghany Rifles).[9]
- 60th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (3rd Regiment, Wise Legion) (Confederate). Company D (The Allegheny Rifles).[10]

However, A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia,  also lists additional names of Alleghany Companies such as the Alleghany Rough Artillery (Capt. John C. Carpenter's Co.) , Alleghany Light Infantry (Co. A, 27th Regiment) afterwards called Alleghany Artillery, Alleghany Reserves (Co. C, 10th Battalion, Virginia Reserves), Alleghany Rifles (Co. C, 27th Regiment)

Civil War Sources



The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.



  • Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books. [Alleghany County petitions (1820-1861) are described on pp. 87-95.]

Probate Records


How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1774] Tithables, 1774, Alleghany Highlands Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Apr. 1998).

Vital Records

  • 1853-1896 - Fridley, Beth. Alleghany County, Virginia Births, 1853-96 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999. Available at Ancestry ($).

Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy deaths are included in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, 1853-1896, sponsored by The Virginia Genealogical Society, available online - free.

Vital Record Substitutes

Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy Websites

Alleghany County Virginia Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alleghany County, Virginia. Page 710 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia Contributors, "Allegheny Mountains," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 13 January 2012.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. USGS Map,
  5. Terrence V. Murphy, 10th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 55.
  6. Oren Frederic Morton, A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia (Dayton, Va.: J.K. Ruebush Co., 1923). FHL Book 975.581 H2m.
  7. Terry D. Lowry, 22nd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 44.
  8. Lowell Reidenbaugh, 27th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 90.
  9. G.L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 59th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 107.
  10. J.L. Scott, 60th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 130.
  11. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at


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