American Indian Enrollment Records

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m
Line 1: Line 1:
Not all [[Indians_of_the_United_States_and_Their_Records|Native Americans]] have been or are members of a tribe. Some lived apart from the main body of their tribe or clan. Some inter-married with non-Indians and no longer associated with their tribe. And some became dis-associated with their tribe for a number of reasons.  
+
Not all [[Indians of the United States and Their Records|Native Americans]] have been or are members of a tribe. Some lived apart from the main body of their tribe or clan. Some inter-married with non-Indians and no longer associated with their tribe. And some became dis-associated with their tribe for a number of reasons.  
  
The federal government, for purposes of negotiating treaties with the various tribes, wanted to classify all Indians into a tribe, with leaders called chiefs. To do this, it became expedient to “enroll” individual Indians in tribal groups. The initial effort to enroll was carried out by the [[Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]. The following are examples of enrollment records, which sometimes are mistaken as census records:  
+
The federal government, for purposes of negotiating treaties with the various tribes, wanted to classify all Indians into a tribe, with leaders called chiefs. To do this, it became expedient to “enroll” individual Indians in tribal groups. The initial effort to enroll was carried out by the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]. The following are examples of enrollment records, which sometimes are mistaken as census records:  
  
* Dawes Commission  
+
*Dawes Commission  
* Guion Miller  
+
*Guion Miller
  
 
etc.  
 
etc.  
Line 10: Line 10:
 
When the Indian Reorganization Act was passed in 1934, tribal governments assumed the responsibility for enrolling tribal members and setting the conditions for such enrollment.  
 
When the Indian Reorganization Act was passed in 1934, tribal governments assumed the responsibility for enrolling tribal members and setting the conditions for such enrollment.  
  
[[Category:Indians_of_North_America]]
+
[[Category:Indians_of_the United States]]

Revision as of 00:06, 10 October 2008

Not all Native Americans have been or are members of a tribe. Some lived apart from the main body of their tribe or clan. Some inter-married with non-Indians and no longer associated with their tribe. And some became dis-associated with their tribe for a number of reasons.

The federal government, for purposes of negotiating treaties with the various tribes, wanted to classify all Indians into a tribe, with leaders called chiefs. To do this, it became expedient to “enroll” individual Indians in tribal groups. The initial effort to enroll was carried out by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The following are examples of enrollment records, which sometimes are mistaken as census records:

  • Dawes Commission
  • Guion Miller

etc.

When the Indian Reorganization Act was passed in 1934, tribal governments assumed the responsibility for enrolling tribal members and setting the conditions for such enrollment.