American Indian Factory RecordsEdit This Page
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An official early policy of the federal government was to trade with the Native Americans. A system of factories (government-owned trading posts) was established and maintained, with the hope that such a system would create harmony with the tribes and make them more dependent upon government supplied goods, and thereby more subject to its control.
Some twenty factories existed from 1795 to 1822 in the South and the newly opened Old Northwest Territory. The government trader, or factor, was to provide quality goods at a fair price, usually only slightly above cost, to the Indians. Goods included tools, clothing, tobacco, utensils, and sometimes weapons and ammunition. These were traded for animal skins and fur.
The factory system was abolished by the federal government in 1822, following the War of 1812 and the financial Panic of 1819.
Factories or Trading Posts
List of factories and their years of operation in the order of their establishment. Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag
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