Ampthill, Bedfordshire

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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Bedfordshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Parishes In Bedfordshire|Bedfordshire Parishes]]
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== Parish History  ==
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'''Gazetteer Description of Ampthill Parish, in [[Bedfordshire]], [[England]]'''  
 
'''Gazetteer Description of Ampthill Parish, in [[Bedfordshire]], [[England]]'''  
  
AMPTHILL, a small town, a park, a parish, a subdistrict, and a district, in Beds. The town stands on a pleasant spot, overlooked by hills, 2½ miles SE of the Ampthill or Marston station of the Northwestern railway, and 7 S by W of Bedford. It is neat and regular; and has a head post office,‡ a banking office, two chief inns, an old moot-hall, a new market house, a parish church, three chapels for Independents, Wesleyan Methodists, and Quakers, a national school, a workhouse, and two alms houses. The parish church consists of nave, aisles, and chancel; is in the later English style, with a tower at the west end; and contains a mural monument to the me mory of Governor Nicholl, who fell in the sea-fight off Solebay in 1672. The town is a seat of petty sessions, and a polling-place. Most of its inhabitants are agricultural; but some are employed in an extensive brewery, and many are employed in straw-platting and bonnet sewing. A weekly market is held on Thursday; and fairs on 4 May and 30 Nov. Ampthill Park adjoins the town on the NW, and is united to Houghton Park on the NE. It was the seat of the late Lord Holland; and is now occupied by Lord Wensleydale. A castle was built on it, in the time of Henry VI., by Sir John Cornwall, afterwards Lord Fanhope; and was the residence of Catherine of Arragon, during the process instituted against her by Henry VIII. A cross, in commemoration of this event, was erected in 1770 by the Earl of Ossory, then proprietor of the estate, and bears an inscription from the pen of Horace Walpole. The present mansion stands on lower ground than the site of the ancient castle, yet commands an extensive view of the vale of Bedford, and is a magnificent edifice, built by Lord Ashburnham, and containing some valu able paintings and a museum. The estate was consti tuted by Henry VIII. a royal domain, under the name of the Honour of Ampthill. The park is spacious, well diversified with picturesque scenes, and much studded with venerable oaks. Houghton Park contains the pear tree under which Sir Philip Sidney is said to have written part of his "Arcadia," and remains of the house built by "Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother." A beautiful grove of lime-trees, called the Alameda, was planted by Lord Holland for the recreation of the townspeople. The parish of Ampthill comprises 1,928 acres. Real property, £8,651. Pop., 2,144. Houses, 438. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ely. Value, £280.* Patron, the Lord Chancellor.-The subdistrict com prises 9 parishes, and part of another. Acres, 19,118. Pop., 9,076. Houses, 1,897.-The district comprehends the subdistrict of Cranfield, containing the parishes of Cranfield, Lidlington, and Marston-Moretainc; the subdistrict of Shillington, containing the parishes of Shillington, Upper Gravenhurst, Lower Gravenhurst, Higham-Gobion, Clophill, and part of Flitton; and the subdistrict of Ampthill, containing the parishes of Ampthill, Houghton-Conquest, Hawnes, Manlden, Pul loxhill, Westoning, Flitwick, Steppingley, Millbrook and part of Flitton. Acres, 41,551. Poor-rates in 1866, £10,281. Pop. in 1861, 16,970. Houses, 3,519. Mar riages in 1866, 159; births, 6 46,-of which 47 were illegi timate; deaths, 370,-of which 160 were at ages under 5 years, and 8 at ages above 85 years. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60,1,293; births, 5,742; deaths, 3,565. The places of worship in 1851 were 20 of the Church of England, with 6,308 sittings; 1 of Independents, with 290 s.; 6 of Baptists, with 1,052 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 220 s.; 13 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 2,360 s.; 3 of Primitive Methodists, with 309 s.; and 3 undefined, with 672 s. The schools in 1851 were 18 public day schools, with 1,209 scholars; 19 private day schools, with 423 s.; 36 Sunday schools, with 3,657 s.; and 3 evening schools for adults, with 91 s.  
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AMPTHILL, a small town, a park, a '''parish''', a subdistrict, and a district, in Bedfordshire. The town is 7 miles S by W of Bedford. It has a head post office, a parish church, three chapels for '''Independents''', '''Wesleyan''' '''Methodists''', and '''Quakers'''. <ref>[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/entry_page.jsp?text_id=885000fckLRfckLRJohn Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)]</ref>
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== Resources  ==
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==== Civil Registration  ====
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Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The [[England Civil Registration|civil registration]] article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].
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Civil Registration District: Woburn
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==== Church records  ====
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To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use [http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.  
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*Original parish registers exist at the [[Bedfordshire County Record Office]] from 1538 - 1992
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*Parish records have been extracted and exist on the IGI from 1538 - 1885 - [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbers/CountyBedford.htm#PageTitle Click to access the Bedfordshire page on Hugh Wallis and query the IGI]
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*The Society of Genealogists has parish registers from 1538 - 1909
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===== Non-Conformist Churches  =====
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See for instance: <ref>http://www.edintone.com/nonconformist_denominations/a-virtual-nonconformist-library/</ref>
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==== Census records  ====
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a.&nbsp; {{British Census|241191}}
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==== Probate records  ====
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Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Bedfordshire Probate Records|Bedfordshire Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
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==== Poor Law Unions  ====
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Contributor: Add information about the pertinent poor law unions in the area.  
  
''John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)''
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== Maps and Gazetteers  ==
  
== Parish Records ==
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Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>
  
*Original parish registers exist at the [[Bedfordshire County Record Office|Bedfordshire County Record Office]] from 1604 - 1995
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*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
*Parish records have been extracted and exist on the IGI from 1602 - 1895 - [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbers/CountyBedford.htm#PageTitle Click to access the Bedfordshire page on Hugh Wallis and query the IGI]  
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
*The Society of Genealogists has parish registers from 1602 - 1908
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*Pallots Marriage Index has records for this parish from 1790 - 1812
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*The National Archive has non conformist records from 1815 - 1837
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== Civil Registration District ==
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== Web sites ==
  
Ampthill
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== References  ==
  
== Poor Law Union  ==
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<references />
  
== Probate Jurisdiction  ==
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{{reflist}}<br>
  
== Websites for Ampthill Parish  ==
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See [http://genuki.org.uk/big/eng/BDF/Arlesey/index.html Arlesey's page] on GENUKI.org.uk.
  
 
[[Category:Bedfordshire]]
 
[[Category:Bedfordshire]]

Revision as of 22:04, 15 February 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Bedfordshire Gotoarrow.png Bedfordshire Parishes

Contents

Parish History

Gazetteer Description of Ampthill Parish, in Bedfordshire, England

AMPTHILL, a small town, a park, a parish, a subdistrict, and a district, in Bedfordshire. The town is 7 miles S by W of Bedford. It has a head post office, a parish church, three chapels for Independents, Wesleyan Methodists, and Quakers. [1]

Resources

Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Civil Registration District: Woburn

Church records

To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use England Jurisdictions 1851. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.

Non-Conformist Churches

See for instance: [2]

Census records

a. 

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 241191.

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Bedfordshire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Poor Law Unions

Contributor: Add information about the pertinent poor law unions in the area.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites

References

  1. Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)
  2. http://www.edintone.com/nonconformist_denominations/a-virtual-nonconformist-library/



See Arlesey's page on GENUKI.org.uk.