Argentina, National Census, 1895 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Title in the Language of the Records
Segundo Censo Nacional de la República Argentina, 1895
Collection Time Period
The second national census of the Argentine Republic was carried out in one day on Sunday, May 10, 1895, and was published in 1898.
The census is divided into sections. Each section is a volume. A volume contains legal-sized paper in landscape format. The second census of Argentina, performed in May 1895, was conducted in the entire country simultaneously by the Census Commission, under the supervision of the Ministerio del Interior. For the purposes of the census, the country was divided into large provinces or territories, which were further divided into departments or partitions (partidos), and finally into districts (distritos). In the city of Buenos Aires, the partitions were divided into wards (barrios), and each ward into a police section. These police sections include the number of the census subdivision and its corresponding block numbers and street names.
The 1895 census contains the following information for everyone living in the household at the time:
- Surname and name
- Place of birth
- Age at the time of the census (infants are shown in number of months old)
- Gender: males are identified with the letter “V” for varón (male) and females with the letter “M” for mujer (woman)
- Social status
- If a student
- If a real property owner
- How many children
- How many years of marriage (women only)
- Physical or mental health
- If disabled (by war or accident)
- If orphaned
The address is not listed, only the section or the street name; however, with the street name given on the first page of the census subdivision, it is possible to get the location of the property within the city. In the Capital Federal only the police section number and subdivision number is given. You can find the street name information by downloading a Spanish language pdf document entitled Secciones del Segundo Censo Nacional de 1895 de la Capital Federal- Parroquias de la epoca.
How to Use the Records
Patrons can get genealogical data, unavailable in other resources, for their ancestors living in Argentina in the year 1895.
A patron must first know at least the approximate area or locality where his or her ancestors lived in 1895 and must be able to read Spanish.
To find an entry in the Argentina 1895 Census, a person may search the microfilms in the collection at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. These microfilms can be ordered from any family history center throughout the world. A patron could also visit the national archives in Buenos Aires (Archivo General de la Nación), where the original records are housed. In the near future, these records will be available on the Internet at FamilySearch.org.
Find the proper register for the locality of the research at the Archivo General de la Nación in Buenos Aires or on a microfilm from the Family History Library’s collection. This collection can be accessed from any family history center.
After finding the book with the correct locality (departamento or partido), find the section with the smaller locality (pueblito, barrio, villa, colonia, and so on) within the book. Each smaller locality is separated by a title page.
Once the section with the smaller locality is found, analyze each page of the section in detail. The registers are not in alphabetical order but were recorded by address. Patrons need to be familiar with older Spanish writing styles to be able to read the names on the register.
Patrons may need to know some older writing styles to be able to read the information on the record. If the exact location of the property is not known, a patron may need to search the whole register if the book belongs to the region where the ancestors lived.
Extracting the Census Information
Tips to extract all the genealogical information from the census ledger:
- Transcribe the complete locality name, including province (provincia), department (departamento) or partition (partido), and district (distrito).
- Transcribe the genealogical information of columns A through H for each family in the census. The first name listed for a family is usually the head of the household. The rest of the family then follows. Any other people living in the house at the time would also be listed. Family members are listed by age in column C, which makes it possible to identify the parents and their children.
- Patrons could create a database of people who have the same family name as the individual they are looking for. These people could be related.
- People who lived on the same street or in the same section appear together in the census book.
The Census on the FamilySearch Index
Information from the census records have been indexed on the FamilySearch Web site.
This index will be available to the public shortly at www.familysearch.org
Steps to find this index:
- On the home page, click the Search tab.
- On the new page on the left column, click the word Census.
- On the Census Records screen, choose the census you want to search. Fill in the blanks with the information requested, and click Search.
The system will search for the information entered and will give you a list of names. Find the name of your ancestor, and click on that name to view the information extracted from the original census.
"The Census on Microfilm" The second census of Argentina was microfilmed on 35-mm films by the Genealogical Society of Utah between the years of 1968 and 1970. The microfilming took place at the Archivo General de la Nación in Buenos Aires. The microfilms are divided into items, and each item into exposures. Each exposure captures one page of the original record. The records for less populated areas were microfilmed on one or two rolls of film, while more populated areas have several rolls of film.
To search the microfilm collection of Argentina’s 1895 Census in the Family History Library Catalog, follow these steps:
- On FamilySearch Internet, click the Library tab.
- Click Family History Library Catalog
- Click Place Search
- Under Place-Name, enter the name of the partido for the federal district or the department for other provinces.
- In the Place Search Results, click which locality you are searching for.
- Under Place Detail, click "census".
- Under Topic Details, click the title 2º Censo Nacional or the one listed for the 1895 census.
- Under Title Details, review the description information, then click the tab named View Film Notes.
- Under Film Notes, review the information listed for each microfilm, then choose the one that pertains to your ancestor.
- Write down the corresponding microfilm number on a Record Log form or on a piece of paper.
- Order the microfilm from a Family History Center. All microfilms from the Family History Library’s collection can be requested for a minimal fee from any family history center in the world. To find the center closest to you, go to www.familysearch.org
For ordering microfilms at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, patrons should go to the Library Attendant Window on the International Floor. Microfilms may take up to three days to arrive at the library.
For ordering microfilms from the Internet by electronic correspondence, go to www.familysearch.org. Click on Library, in the left column click the link called Contact us or Send us an e-mail. In the Subject field of the form, enter Microfilm Request. In the Questions field write your request, and then send it.
The Census at the Archivo General de la Nación in Buenos Aires
Call (011-54-11) 4331-5531/33
Fax (011-54-11) 4334-0065
Located at Avenida Leandro N. Alem No. 246, C1003AAP Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal, Argentina.
Open 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. Call for holiday schedules.
The Archivo General de la Nación in Buenos Aires is organized into five departments:
- Biblioteca y Difusión
- Documentos Escritos
- Cine, Audio y Video
- Archivo Intermedio.
The census registers of 1869 and 1895 total 1,386 volumes. These records are divided into provinces, towns, and urban and rural populations. They are located on the fourth floor of the archive’s department, called Fondos Documentales, which is a section of Documentación de Soporte Papel.
Argentina’s Archivo General de la Nación can provide reference assistance to researchers and the general public. The archive’s personnel can assist patrons only in relation to the search of information or materials for their investigation.
Patrons may research the census books in person at the Archivo General de la Nación in Buenos Aires. The records are located in the Fondos Documentales department, which is on the fourth floor. If microfilms are available, the archive will not allow patrons to use the original census books. Patrons will need to leave their personal items in designated areas before entering the reading rooms. They may take with them only white sheets of paper, pencils, an eraser, and a portable PC. Upon entering the Archivo General de la Nación, patrons will need to fill out a registration form and show some identification, such as a passport for foreigners or an LE, LC, CI, or DNI for locals.
The following are available at the Archivo General de la Nación for a fee:
- Microfilms and negatives of originals
- Paper copies of originals
- Copies on videocassette
- Scans of photographs
To obtain any of these services, patrons will need to fill out a request form on site.
The second census of Argentina, performed in May 1895, was conducted in the entire country simultaneously by the Census Commission, under the supervision of the Ministerio del Interior. For the purposes of the census, the country was divided into large provinces or territories, which were further divided into departments or partitions (partidos), and finally into districts (distritos). In the city of Buenos Aires, the partitions were divided into wards (barrios), and each ward into a police section. These police sections include the number of the census subdivision and its corresponding block numbers and street names. The census covers most of the 5 million inhabitants of Argentina that existed at the time of the census.
Why the Record Was Created
The Argentina 1895 Census was done to obtain demographic and statistical data related to the country's development. Valuable data was gathered that gave insight into population growth, economic growth, immigration and internal migrations, occupations, health, literacy levels, property, and more.
The census is a good source of genealogical information that may not be obtainable elsewhere, particularly if civil or parish records are not available. The census is the second best source for genealogical information in Argentina, with civil and church records being the number one source. The census was taken by regular citizens assigned to areas. The person being questioned did not have to show legal evidence of the information given, so the information may contain some errors. A patron may gather the information available from census records, and then continue to search using civil or parish records. The census is generally in good condition.
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Argentina National Census, 1895. Archivo General de la Nación (National General Archive). Argentina national census 1895. Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires, Argentina. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt lake City, Utah.
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Citation Example for Records Found in This Collection
"Argentina National Census, 1895." database and digital images, FamilySearch r Gabriel Sanchez, age 36; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 720,478; Archivo General de la Nacion, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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