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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Arizona Gotoarrow.png Military Records

Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. For Arizona the following sources are also very helpful:

Contents

Forts and Camps

Military forts and camps were established by the  military authorized by the federal govenment, built to house and maintain the military who were to assist in maintianing the peace by enforcing treaties and providing protection to settlers. (See Arizona - Native Americans)

Fort Apache -- Textual records of this fort, 1870-1920, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Barrett -- Textual records of this fort, 1862, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Bear Springs

Fort Bonito

Fort Bowie -- begun in 1862 as a post for the U.S. Army in its battles against the Chiricahua Apaches, led by Cochise and Geronimo. One of its major functions was to protect the spring at Apache Pass. The fort was abandoned in 1894. It is currently a National Historic Site. Textual records of this fort, 1862-1894, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Breckinridge 1860 - was first called Fort Arivaypa, but soon changed to Fort Breckinridge.  It was later called Fort Stanford.Then in the Civil War it was called Fort Grant.

Fort Buchanan 1856

Camp Calabasas

Fort Crittenden

Fort Defiance 1851 (Fort Camby) -- (For additional history of this fort, see its history online.)

Camp Douglas or Camp Harry J. Jones 

Camp Emmet Crawford (1886)

Fort Fauntleroy -- Original name of Fort Lyon. Also known as Fort Wingate.

Fort Goodwin

Fort Grant -- Textual records of this fort, 1869-1905, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Camp Hualapai

Fort Huachuca -- built in 1877 to counter the attacks upon settlers by the Chiricahua Apaches, led by Geronimo (1877-1886). It was a forward post during the Pancho Villa Expedition in 1916-1917. It was the home for the Buffalo Soldiers for twenty years. The fort remains in service as a post of the U.S. Army. (For additional history of this fort, see the Fort Huachuca Historical Museum site and its National Parks site.) Textual records of this fort, 1878-1913, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Lowell -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Lyon - Also Fort Fauntleroy and Fort Wingate.

Fort McDowel -- in California

Fort Mason

Fort Mojave 1859 -- Textual records of this fort, 1859-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). Letters sent from Fort Mojave, 1859-1880, have been microfilmed on 2 rolls and are part of National Archives Microcopy T838.

Camp Newell - also known as Camp Naco.

Post of San Carlos -- Textual records of this fort, 1874-1900, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Thomas -- Textual records of this fort, 1876-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Camp Tucson - Renamed to Camp Lowell

Fort Verde -- Textual records of this fort, 1866-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). These records have been microfilmed on 11 rolls and are part of National Archives Microcopy M1076.
Available through the Family History Library Film 169552 (first film of 11)

Fort Wallen

Whipple Barracks -- Textual records of this fort, 1863-1898, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Wingate -- in New Mexico

Fort Yuma -- in California

References

Forts of the West, Military Forts and Presidios and Post Commonly Called Forts West of the Mississippi River to 1898. by Robert W. Frazer. Norman University of Oklahoma Press C. 1972 Library of Congress Number 65-24196

Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Batttles and Skirmishes, 1850-1890. by Gregory F. Michno.  Mountain Press Publishing Co. Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7

Civil War (1861 to 1865)

Arizona and New Mexico Territories 1863

See Arizona in the Civil War for information about Arizona Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Arizona regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Indian Wars (1798-1914)

Soldiers who served at military posts can be located by searching Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914. These enlistment registers are available at the Family History Library (beginning with Family History Library film 350307). These include data on the soldier's name, physical description, age, occupation, and birthplace.

Two indexes are available for pension records: Old War Pension Index (1815-1926) and Index to Indian Wars (1892-1926). Both of these indexes are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives. These indexes are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS.

  • A history of military forts is Ray Brandes, Frontier Military Posts of Arizona. Globe, Arizona: Dale S. King, 1960. (Family History Library book 979.1 M2b). There is a map of army installations, 1849-1886, on Family History Library fiche 6017659.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Arizona, see:

  • United States. Selective Service System. Arizona, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with 1473300.)

To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board. Most counties had only one board; large cities had several.

Additional Military Records

Additional military records are at the Department of Libraries, Archives and Public Records.

The Arizona Rangers

Web Sites

References

Arizona Research Outline

NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.

 

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