Arkansas Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]  >  [[Arkansas_Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Arkansas_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 +
 
 +
{{Adoption ARGenWeb}} <br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Arkansas Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online Arkansas indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online Arkansas}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm Images  ====
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="90" | '''ARKANSAS:&nbsp;Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 31; 43. </ref><ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 32-42. </ref><ref>William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 103. </ref>
+
| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|646941|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|698885|title-id|disp=1870}}
 +
| {{FHL|745481|title-id|disp=1840}}
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Exact Date'''
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| {{FHL|1034468|title-id|disp=1930}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| {{FHL|647008|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
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| {{FHL|704521|title-id|disp=1860}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave Owners'''
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| {{FHL|745481|title-id|disp=1830}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortality'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricultural'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Industrial/ Manufact- urers'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defective'''
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| align="center" width="9%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr 1
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| {{FHL|534277|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
| align="center" | Public release in&nbsp;2012
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| {{FHL|670365|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
| align="center" | -  
+
| {{FHL|744470|title-id|disp=1850}}
| align="center" | -  
+
|  
| align="center" | -
+
|}
| align="center" | -
+
 
| align="center" | -
+
<br>
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
+
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1930''' Apr 1
+
| 1940 N/A
| align="center" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#arkansas 1910 T624]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-01.html#arkansas Soundex T1260]
| align="center" | -  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#arkansas 1870 M593]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
| align="center" | -  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840]
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1920''' Jan 1
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#arkansas 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#arkansas Soundex T1034]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#arkansas 1860 M653]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-07.html#arkansas 1920 T625]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-02.html#arkansas Soundex M1550]
| align="center" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#arkansas 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#arkansas Soundex T736]
| align="center" | -
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#arkansas 1850 M432]
| align="center" | -  
+
|  
| align="center" | -
+
|}
| align="center" | -
+
 
| align="center" | -
+
<br>
| align="center" | -
+
 
| align="center" | Exist
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 +
 
 +
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Arkansas, [[Arkansas Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1900''' Jun 1
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Arkansas'''</font>
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost'''  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost'''  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1880''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
| align="center" | '''Lost'''&nbsp;
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''  
| align="center" | '''Lost'''  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''  
| align="center" | '''Lost'''  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| '''1880'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | '''Lost'''&nbsp;
 
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
 
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| '''1870'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist except Little River County
+
| Mortality
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lost'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
|-
+
| align="left" | '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
 
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1840''' Jun 1
+
| '''1860'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| Slave owner
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1830''' Jun 1
+
| '''1860'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| Mortality
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
|-
+
| align="left" | '''1820 '''Aug 7
+
| align="center" | '''Lost'''&nbsp;
+
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Slave owner
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
 
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1810''' Aug 6
+
| '''1850'''  
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
==== Sources and Notes  ====
+
[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]'''Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Arkansas'''
  
{{reflist}}<br>
+
*'''1911''' Arkansas census of Confederate veterans {{FHL|46722|item|disp=FHL book 976.7 X2m, 3 vols.}} and {{FHL|46722|item|disp=FHL fiche 6019335}}
  
== Location  ==
+
*'''1850 - 1880 '''Arkansas mortality schedules, production of agriculture schedules and manufacturer's schedule {{FHL|620295|item|disp=FHL films 1549729-33}}.
  
'''1790-1800--'''No federal census records exist for Arkansas.
+
[[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]'''Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/arkansas.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']'''Microfilms for Arkansas'''
  
'''1810-1820--'''The 1810 and 1820 censuses for the area that became Arkansas were destroyed.
+
*1935 Census of Business
 +
*1820 - 1880 Census of Manufactures
  
'''United States Censuses 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1890--'''The 1890 census was destroyed.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Arkansas, [[Arkansas Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
== Historical Background ==
+
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
'''1803--'''The United States acquired the area that is now Arkansas with the Louisiana Purchase.  
+
Censuses were taken in Arkansas in different years than the federal censuses. These censuses may have different data compared to federal censuses. Check these censuses for more information on a family.  
  
'''1812--'''The Missouri Territory was established including Arkansas in its boundaries.
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
+
|+ '''Arkansas'''  
'''1813--'''Territorial legislature established Arkansas County.
+
|-
 
+
| '''1911''' Arkansas Confederate veterans: 44 counties survive.<ref name="Lain">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 19-20.</ref><ref>Bobbie J. McLane, and Capitola Glazner, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14413972 Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans]'' 3 v. ([S.l. : s.n.], 1977-1981)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m; Fiche 6019335], and Bobbie Jones McLane, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20306211 An Index to the Three Volumes, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans]'' (Hot Springs, Arkansas : Arkansas Ancestors, 1988)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m index].</ref>
'''1819--'''Arkansas became a separate territory.
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1865''' Washington County only.<ref name="Lain" />
'''1836--'''Arkansas became a state. '''1861--'''Arkansas seceded from the Union.
+
|-
 
+
| '''1829''' Sherriff's census missing counties: Hempstead, Izard, Lafayette, Phillips, Pope, Pulaski, and Sevier.<ref name="Lain" />
'''1868--'''Arkansas was readmitted to the Union.  
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1823''' Sherriff's census Arkansas county only.<ref name="Lain" />
== Indexes  ==
+
|-
 
+
| '''1798''' Post of Arkansas<ref name="AJ">Morris S. Arnold, and Dorothy Jones Core, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14756674 Arkansas Colonials: A Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas 1686-1804]'' (DeWitt, Ark.: DeWitt Pub., 1986.)[FHL Book 976.7 H2a].</ref>
'''1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1796''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
'''1840-1870--'''Statewide indexes are available for the 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses in book and microfiche format. '''Soundex--'''A Soundex (phonetic) index is available on microfilm for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses.  
+
|-
 
+
| '''1794''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
== Special Censuses  ==
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1793''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
==== Slave Holder Schedules  ====
+
|-
 
+
| '''1791''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.  
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1777''' Post and Arkansas Indian Nation.<ref name="AJ" />
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
+
|-
 
+
| '''1770''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1768''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules exist for the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses. The schedules for the years 1850 to 1880 are indexed in book and microfiche format. The indexes are available at the Family History Library. The schedules are at the Arkansas History Commissionand the University of Arkansas. These are online at [[Www.ancestry.com|www.ancestry.com]] for a fee.
+
|-
 
+
| '''1766''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
==== Sheriff's Censuses  ====
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1749''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
The Arkansas History Commission has sheriff's censuses for several counties in 1829 and Arkansas County in 1823 (1823 census is on Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=226222&disp=1823+census+for+Arkansas+County%2C+Arkan%20%20&columns=*,0,0 977363] item 2.) These are indexed in:
+
|-
 
+
| '''1726''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
*Ronald Vern Jackson, Arkansas Sheriff's Censuses: 1823 and 1829&nbsp;&nbsp; (Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1978)&nbsp;(Family History Library book&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=177902&disp=Arkansas+sheriff%27s+censuses%2C+1823+%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 976.7 X2s 1823, 1829].)&nbsp;Only the heads of households are listed in these censuses.
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1723''' Sotehouy.<ref name="AJ" />
== State Censuses and Territorial Censuses  ==
+
|}
 
+
'''1830--'''The federal census for the Territory of Arkansas is available and indexed for 1830. The Family History Library has transcriptions&nbsp;for Arkansas census records&nbsp;in the following years:
+
 
+
'''1723--'''Sotehouy (French name for Arkansas&nbsp;section of Louisiana Territory)
+
 
+
'''1726, 1749, 1766, 1768, 1770, 1777, 1791,1793, 1794, 1796, 1798--'''Arkansas  
+
 
+
'''1823--'''Arkansas County, transcription and original
+
 
+
'''1829--'''Transcriptions for Arkansas, Chicot, Clark, Conway, Crawford, Crittenden, Independence, Lawrence, Miller, St. Francis and Washington Counties. Lawrence County is the original record.  
+
 
+
'''1833--'''Scott County
+
 
+
'''1865--'''Washington County
+
 
+
'''1887--'''Jackson County: Newport
+
 
+
== Web Sites  ==
+
  
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
For a list of available and missing Arkansas censuses, [[Arkansas Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/AR/ http://www.census-online.com/links/AR/]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ar/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ar/census.html]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/arkansas.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/arkansas.htm]  
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
== Sources  ==
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
 +
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
 +
<div style="padding-left: 10px">
 
{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
 +
</div>
 +
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:Arkansas|Census]]
+
[[Category:Arkansas|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 22:09, 12 June 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Arkansas  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.
Adopt-a-wiki page
ARGenWeb.JPG This page adopted by:
ARGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
Adopt a page today

  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Arkansas indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Arkansas
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1850-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Arkansas
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1830-1840

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Arkansas
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link


Federal population schedules

Microfilm Images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex 1870 1840
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860 1830
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1260 1870 M593         1840
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1034 1860 M653 1830
1920 T625 and Soundex M1550 1880 T9 and Soundex T736 1850 M432


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Arkansas, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Arkansas

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History LibraryFederal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Arkansas

  • 1850 - 1880 Arkansas mortality schedules, production of agriculture schedules and manufacturer's schedule FHL films 1549729-33.

National ArchivesFederal Census Non-Population ScheduleMicrofilms for Arkansas

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 - 1880 Census of Manufactures

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Arkansas, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Censuses were taken in Arkansas in different years than the federal censuses. These censuses may have different data compared to federal censuses. Check these censuses for more information on a family.

Arkansas
1911 Arkansas Confederate veterans: 44 counties survive.[9][10]
1865 Washington County only.[9]
1829 Sherriff's census missing counties: Hempstead, Izard, Lafayette, Phillips, Pope, Pulaski, and Sevier.[9]
1823 Sherriff's census Arkansas county only.[9]
1798 Post of Arkansas[11]
1796 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1794 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1793 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1791 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1777 Post and Arkansas Indian Nation.[11]
1770 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1768 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1766 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1749 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1726 Post of Arkansas.[11]
1723 Sotehouy.[11]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Arkansas censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 19-20.
  10. Bobbie J. McLane, and Capitola Glazner, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans 3 v. ([S.l. : s.n.], 1977-1981)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m; Fiche 6019335], and Bobbie Jones McLane, An Index to the Three Volumes, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans (Hot Springs, Arkansas : Arkansas Ancestors, 1988)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m index].
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 Morris S. Arnold, and Dorothy Jones Core, Arkansas Colonials: A Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas 1686-1804 (DeWitt, Ark.: DeWitt Pub., 1986.)[FHL Book 976.7 H2a].