Arkansas Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]  >  [[Arkansas_Census|Census]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]  >  [[Arkansas_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Existing and lost censuses  ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Arkansas censuses, [[Arkansas Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
+
<br>
  
== Location  ==
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Arkansas Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1790-1800--'''No federal census records exist for Arkansas.
+
|}
  
'''1810-1820--'''The 1810 and 1820 censuses for the area that became Arkansas were destroyed.
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=== Online Arkansas indexes and images  ===
  
'''United States Censuses 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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{{Census Online Arkansas}}
  
'''1890--'''The 1890 census was destroyed.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
== Historical Background ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''1803--'''The United States acquired the area that is now Arkansas with the Louisiana Purchase.
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*
  
'''1812--'''The Missouri Territory was established including Arkansas in its boundaries.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1813--'''Territorial legislature established Arkansas County.
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Arkansas, [[Arkansas Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''1819--'''Arkansas became a separate territory.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1836--'''Arkansas became a state. '''1861--'''Arkansas seceded from the Union.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
'''1868--'''Arkansas was readmitted to the Union.
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The following indexes to non-population schedules are often available online:
  
== Indexes  ==
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*1890 Veterans <br>
 +
*1880 Mortality <br>
 +
*1870 Mortality <br>
 +
*1860 Slave owners <br>
 +
*1860 Mortality <br>
  
'''1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
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'''1850'''  
  
'''1840-1870--'''Statewide indexes are available for the 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses in book and microfiche format. '''Soundex--'''A Soundex (phonetic) index is available on microfilm for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses.
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'''Slave owners'''  
  
== Special Censuses  ==
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*FamilySearch Record Search, "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850" at http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable (accessed 11 February 2010).
  
==== Slave Holder Schedules  ====
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'''Mortality'''
  
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.  
+
*FamilySearch Record Search, "United States Census (Mortality Schedule), 1850" at http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420441;p=collectionDetails (accessed 11 February 2010).
  
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
+
*1840 Manufacturers
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules exist for the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses. The schedules for the years 1850 to 1880 are indexed in book and microfiche format. The indexes are available at the Family History Library. The schedules are at the Arkansas History Commissionand the University of Arkansas. These are online at [[Www.ancestry.com|www.ancestry.com]] for a fee.
+
*
  
==== Sheriff's Censuses ====
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
The Arkansas History Commission has sheriff's censuses for several counties in 1829 and Arkansas County in 1823 (1823 census is on Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=226222&disp=1823+census+for+Arkansas+County%2C+Arkan%20%20&columns=*,0,0 977363] item 2.) These are indexed in:
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Arkansas, [[Arkansas Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
*Ronald Vern Jackson, Arkansas Sheriff's Censuses: 1823 and 1829&nbsp;&nbsp; (Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1978)&nbsp;(Family History Library book&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=177902&disp=Arkansas+sheriff%27s+censuses%2C+1823+%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 976.7 X2s 1823, 1829].)&nbsp;Only the heads of households are listed in these censuses.
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=== State, Territorial, and Colonial Censuses ===
  
== State Censuses and Territorial Censuses  ==
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
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|+ '''Arkansas'''
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|-
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| '''1911''' Arkansas Confederate veterans: 44 counties survive.<ref name="Lain">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[FHL book 973 X2Lai], 19-20.</ref><ref>Bobbie J. McLane, and Capitola Glazner, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14413972 Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans]'' 3 v. ([S.l. : s.n.], 1977-1981)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m; Fiche 6019335], and Bobbie Jones McLane, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20306211 An Index to the Three Volumes, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans]'' (Hot Springs, Arkansas : Arkansas Ancestors, 1988)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m index].</ref>
 +
|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1865''' Washington County only.<ref name="Lain" />
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|-
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| '''1829''' Sherriff's census missing counties: Hempstead, Izard, Lafayette, Phillips, Pope, Pulaski, and Sevier.<ref name="Lain" />
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1823''' Sherriff's census Arkansas county only.<ref name="Lain" />
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|-
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| '''1798''' Post of Arkansas<ref name="AJ">Morris S. Arnold, and Dorothy Jones Core, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14756674 Arkansas Colonials: A Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas 1686-1804]'' (DeWitt, Ark.: DeWitt Pub., 1986.)[FHL Book 976.7 H2a].</ref>
 +
|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1796''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| '''1794''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1793''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| '''1791''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1777''' Post and Arkansas Indian Nation.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| '''1770''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1768''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| '''1766''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1749''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| '''1726''' Post of Arkansas.<ref name="AJ" />
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1723''' Sotehouy.<ref name="AJ" />
 +
|}
  
'''1830--'''The federal census for the Territory of Arkansas is available and indexed for 1830. The Family History Library has transcriptions&nbsp;for Arkansas census records&nbsp;in the following years:
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
'''1723--'''Sotehouy (French name for Arkansas&nbsp;section of Louisiana Territory)
+
For a list of available and missing Arkansas censuses, [[Arkansas Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
'''1726, 1749, 1766, 1768, 1770, 1777, 1791,1793, 1794, 1796, 1798--'''Arkansas
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
'''1823--'''Arkansas County, transcription and original
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
'''1829--'''Transcriptions for Arkansas, Chicot, Clark, Conway, Crawford, Crittenden, Independence, Lawrence, Miller, St. Francis and Washington Counties. Lawrence County is the original record.
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
'''1833--'''Scott County
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
'''1865--'''Washington County
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
'''1887--'''Jackson County: Newport
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
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{{reflist}}
  
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.
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{{Place|Arkansas}} {{stub}}  
 
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Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/AR/ http://www.census-online.com/links/AR/]
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Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ar/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ar/census.html]
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Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/arkansas.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/arkansas.htm]
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== Sources  ==
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{{reflist}}  
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[[Category:Arkansas|Census]]
 
[[Category:Arkansas|Census]]

Revision as of 18:06, 11 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Arkansas  >  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Arkansas indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Arkansas
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1850-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Arkansas
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1830-1840

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Arkansas
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Arkansas, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

The following indexes to non-population schedules are often available online:

  • 1890 Veterans
  • 1880 Mortality
  • 1870 Mortality
  • 1860 Slave owners
  • 1860 Mortality

1850

Slave owners

Mortality

  • 1840 Manufacturers

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Arkansas, click here.

State, Territorial, and Colonial Censuses

Arkansas
1911 Arkansas Confederate veterans: 44 counties survive.[8][9]
1865 Washington County only.[8]
1829 Sherriff's census missing counties: Hempstead, Izard, Lafayette, Phillips, Pope, Pulaski, and Sevier.[8]
1823 Sherriff's census Arkansas county only.[8]
1798 Post of Arkansas[10]
1796 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1794 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1793 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1791 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1777 Post and Arkansas Indian Nation.[10]
1770 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1768 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1766 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1749 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1726 Post of Arkansas.[10]
1723 Sotehouy.[10]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Arkansas censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[FHL book 973 X2Lai], 19-20.
  9. Bobbie J. McLane, and Capitola Glazner, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans 3 v. ([S.l. : s.n.], 1977-1981)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m; Fiche 6019335], and Bobbie Jones McLane, An Index to the Three Volumes, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans (Hot Springs, Arkansas : Arkansas Ancestors, 1988)[FHL Book 976.7 X2m index].
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 Morris S. Arnold, and Dorothy Jones Core, Arkansas Colonials: A Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas 1686-1804 (DeWitt, Ark.: DeWitt Pub., 1986.)[FHL Book 976.7 H2a].