Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki

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| building address = [http://www.arcocircuitclerk.com/ Arkansas County Courthouse]<br>101 Court Square<br>DeWitt, AR 72042<br>Phone: 870.946.4349 <br>
 
| building address = [http://www.arcocircuitclerk.com/ Arkansas County Courthouse]<br>101 Court Square<br>DeWitt, AR 72042<br>Phone: 870.946.4349 <br>
| adoption_sign = Adoption ARGenWeb
 
 
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==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
{{AR History Intro}}
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{{AR History Intro}}  
  
====History Timeline====
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==== History Timeline ====
  
Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=745]
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Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History &amp; Culture [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=745]  
  
* Arkansas was home to Native Americans long before Europeans arrived
+
*Arkansas was home to Native Americans long before Europeans arrived  
* 1541 - The first encounters between Europeans and Indians living in what is now Arkansas.
+
*1541 - The first encounters between Europeans and Indians living in what is now Arkansas.  
*1541-1543 - Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto traveled the Mississippi River .
+
*1541-1543 - Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto traveled the Mississippi River .  
*1686 - Henri de Tonti established Arkansas Post at the Quapaw village of Osotouy. It was the first semipermanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and the first step in a long struggle between France, Spain, and England over the interior of North America.
+
*1686 - Henri de Tonti established Arkansas Post at the Quapaw village of Osotouy. It was the first semipermanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and the first step in a long struggle between France, Spain, and England over the interior of North America.  
*1813 - December 13 - Arkansas County was created and comprised about two-thirds of what is now Arkansas and part of eastern Oklahoma. More than half the state’s counties were formed from this original county.
+
*1813 - December 13 - Arkansas County was created and comprised about two-thirds of what is now Arkansas and part of eastern Oklahoma. More than half the state’s counties were formed from this original county.  
*1824 - the dwindling remnant of Quapaw Indians at last yielded their lands for $4,000 and an annuity of $1,000 a year for the next eleven years. Thus, a good deal of what is now fine cotton land changed hands at a figure estimated at one dollar per 1,000 acres.
+
*1824 - the dwindling remnant of Quapaw Indians at last yielded their lands for $4,000 and an annuity of $1,000 a year for the next eleven years. Thus, a good deal of what is now fine cotton land changed hands at a figure estimated at one dollar per 1,000 acres.  
*1862 - June 17 - Civil War naval and land battle that disabled the Union USS Mound City was located at St. Charles.
+
*1862 - June 17 - Civil War naval and land battle that disabled the Union USS Mound City was located at St. Charles.  
* After the war, towns and villages sprang up across the prairie. The people who settled here were largely of German origin, including some who came directly from Prussia, some who came by way of Illinois, and some whose ancestors had lived in Russia..
+
*After the war, towns and villages sprang up across the prairie. The people who settled here were largely of German origin, including some who came directly from Prussia, some who came by way of Illinois, and some whose ancestors had lived in Russia..
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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Civil War service men from Arkansas County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Arkansas County.  
 
Civil War service men from Arkansas County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Arkansas County.  
:- [[1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]], Company H and Company K
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 +
:- [[1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]], Company H and Company K  
 
:- [[1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)]]  
 
:- [[1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)]]  
 
:- [[5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]  
 
:- [[5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]  
:- [[6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) |6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) ]], Company E
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:- [[6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) ]], Company E  
:- [[6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]]
+
:- [[6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]]  
:- [[8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
+
:- [[8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]  
:- [[13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]]
+
:- [[13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]]  
:- [[18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]], Companies E and F
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:- [[18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry&nbsp;(Confederate)]], Companies E and F  
:- [[26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]], Company I
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:- [[26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry&nbsp;(Confederate)]], Company I
  
 
====== Civil War Battle  ======
 
====== Civil War Battle  ======
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==== Probate Records  ====
 
==== Probate Records  ====
  
{{AR Probate Intro}}
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{{AR Probate Intro}}  
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecords%2Fwaypoint%2FM99B-VL7%3A356064249%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1819-1924] Part of: ''County Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecords%2Fwaypoint%2FM99B-VL7%3A356064249%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1819-1924] Part of: ''County Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)  
 
**Includes Administration accounts 1826-1839 and 1863; Administration executor and guardian dockets 1867-1902; Dockets 1849-1880; Guardian bonds and letters 1876-1911; Probate records 1819-1906; Wills, miscellaneous probate records 1888-1924.
 
**Includes Administration accounts 1826-1839 and 1863; Administration executor and guardian dockets 1867-1902; Dockets 1849-1880; Guardian bonds and letters 1876-1911; Probate records 1819-1906; Wills, miscellaneous probate records 1888-1924.
  

Revision as of 16:12, 30 January 2014

This article is about a county in eastern Arkansas. For other uses, see Arkansas (disambiguation).

United States Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Arkansas County

Guide to Arkansas County Arkansas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Arkansas State with State Seal.png Arkansas
Online Records


Arkansas County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Arkansas County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded December 31, 1813
County Seat [[De Witt, Arkansas|De Witt]]
Courthouse
Address Arkansas County Courthouse
101 Court Square
DeWitt, AR 72042
Phone: 870.946.4349

Contents

County Courthouse

Arkansas County Courthouse
101 Court Square
DeWitt, AR 72042
Phone: 870.946.4349

County Clerk has probate records from 1809
and marriage records from 1838; Clerk Circuit
Court has land records, divorce and court records
from 1803 and military discharge records from 1917.[1]

Beginning years for Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy government records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate
1914* 1839 1914* 1819 1808 1809
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

History

Parent County

1813--Arkansas County was created 31 December 1813. County seat: DeWitt. [3] Its existence predates the state of Akansas which was admitted to the union in 1836. Arkansas County was created from New Madrid County, Missouri Territory. Arkansas County was part of the Missouri Territory from 1813 to 1819 and part of the Arkansas Territory from 1819 to 1836.

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Arkansas County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Ararkansas.jpg

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records

Cemeteries

Census

1810 and 1820 are missing.

Church Records

Court

Genealogy

Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

See also Towns and Townships to find records listed at the town level in the FamilySearch Catalog.

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture [1]

  • Arkansas was home to Native Americans long before Europeans arrived
  • 1541 - The first encounters between Europeans and Indians living in what is now Arkansas.
  • 1541-1543 - Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto traveled the Mississippi River .
  • 1686 - Henri de Tonti established Arkansas Post at the Quapaw village of Osotouy. It was the first semipermanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and the first step in a long struggle between France, Spain, and England over the interior of North America.
  • 1813 - December 13 - Arkansas County was created and comprised about two-thirds of what is now Arkansas and part of eastern Oklahoma. More than half the state’s counties were formed from this original county.
  • 1824 - the dwindling remnant of Quapaw Indians at last yielded their lands for $4,000 and an annuity of $1,000 a year for the next eleven years. Thus, a good deal of what is now fine cotton land changed hands at a figure estimated at one dollar per 1,000 acres.
  • 1862 - June 17 - Civil War naval and land battle that disabled the Union USS Mound City was located at St. Charles.
  • After the war, towns and villages sprang up across the prairie. The people who settled here were largely of German origin, including some who came directly from Prussia, some who came by way of Illinois, and some whose ancestors had lived in Russia..

Maps

Military

Civil War

Civil War service men from Arkansas County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Arkansas County.

- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company H and Company K
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)
- 5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) , Company E
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies E and F
- 26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company I
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Arkansas County:

Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.

Naturalization

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Arkansas Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites. Includes newspapers for Arkansas County.

Occupations

Probate Records

  • Probate Records 1819-1924 Part of: County Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Administration accounts 1826-1839 and 1863; Administration executor and guardian dockets 1867-1902; Dockets 1849-1880; Guardian bonds and letters 1876-1911; Probate records 1819-1906; Wills, miscellaneous probate records 1888-1924.

Taxation

Vital Records

Birth
Marriage
Death
Vital Record Substitutes
Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August, 2012)
  5. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 26 April 2012).
  6. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf.
  7. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.