Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire Genealogy

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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Parishes]]  
 
[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Parishes]]  
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Guide to '''Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire family history and genealogy:''' parish register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.
  
 
[[Image:St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield.jpg|thumb|right]]  
 
[[Image:St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield.jpg|thumb|right]]  
  
== Chapelry History  ==
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<br>
  
Ashton in Makerfield St Thomas is a&nbsp;parish in the county of Lancashire, created by&nbsp;act of Parliament&nbsp;in 1840 from [[Winwick, Lancashire]] ancient parish.
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== Parish History  ==
  
Other places in the parish include: Haydock (a district chapel created in 1866).  
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ASHTON-IN-MAKERFIELD, or Ashton-le-Willows, is a township, in the union of Wigan, hundred of West Derby, S. division of the county of Lancaster, 5 miles (S.) from Wigan, and 7 miles (N. N. W.)from Warrington. The township was until lately, with Haydock, a chapelry in the parish of Winwick. By an act of parliament for the division of Winwick, passed in 1845, the Brynn-End and the Garswood-End were made a separate parish, called the rectory of Ashton; the Town-End was annexed to the adjoining township of Haydock, and the two places formed into another and '''distinct parish''', called the vicarage of St. Thomas (the Apostle) in Ashton. The '''Independents''', '''Quakers''', '''Unitarians''',and '''Roman Catholics''' have places of worship.<ref>Lewis, Samuel A., [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50765#s13  ''A Topographical Dictionary of England''] (1848). Date accessed: 27 August 2013.</ref>
  
Historically a part of Lancashire, Ashton-le-Willows (as it was once known) was anciently a township in the parish of Winwick and hundred of West Derby. With neighbouring Haydock, Ashton-in-Makerfield was a chapelry, but the two were split in 1845. The place has long been a centre for the manufacture of locks and hinges, but also sits on the Lancashire Coal Field, and so was a coal mining district.
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== Resources  ==
  
<br>
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==== Civil Registration  ====
  
The name Ashton derives from Old English and means the "farmstead where the ash-trees grow"; it is a common name and is found locally in Ashton-under-Lyne&nbsp; in Tameside and Ashton upon Mersey in Trafford. The town's name was recorded as Eston in 1212. Later, the suffix "in-Makerfield" was added, which relates the name of an old district of which Ashton was a part; Makerfield derives from the Celtic for a wall or ruin and the Old English word feld, meaning "open land".[<br>
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Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].
  
<br>
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Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths [[Lancashire BMD]]<br>  
  
St Thomas' Church of England parish church on Warrington Road has ancient origins although the present building is barely over 100 years old. The graveyard is the final resting place of many of the 189 victims of the Wood Pit explosion (at Haydock on Friday 7 June 1878), the worst coal-mining disaster in Lancashire at the time.
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==== Church records  ====
  
<br>
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===== Online Records&nbsp;  =====
  
ASHTON-IN-MAKERFIELD, or Ashton-le-Willows [parish of, and], a township, in the union of Wigan, hundred of West Derby, S. division of the county of Lancaster, 5 miles (S.) from Wigan, and 7 miles (N. N. W.) from Warrington. The township was until lately, with Haydock, a chapelry in the parish of Winwick; and consists of three parts, viz.: the Town-End, the BrynnEnd, and the Garswood-End, comprising together 6057 acres, and containing 5915 inhabitants. By an act of parliament for the division of Winwick, passed in 1845, the Brynn-End and the Garswood-End were made ''a separate parish'', called the rectory of Ashton; the Town-End was annexed to the adjoining township of Haydock, and the two places formed into another and distinct parish, called the vicarage of St. Thomas (the Apostle) in Ashton. The district forms part of the great coal-field of Lancashire; it is dry and healthy, the surface level, and the soil a heavy clay. One of the great lines of road from London to Edinburgh runs through the town of Ashton, and other facilities of communication are furnished by the Sankey canal, the Leeds and Liverpool canal, and the Liverpool and Manchester railway; the last being two miles distant, at Newton. The place has long been famous for the manufacture of locks and hinges; and employment is also afforded to the inhabitants in several cotton and other manufactories, and in the working of the contiguous extensive and valuable coal-mines. The lord of the manor, Sir John Gerard, Bart., holds a court leet every September. A fair is held on the 21st and 22nd of the same month. The rectory of Ashton is endowed with the tithes of the whole township, which have been commuted for £600; patron, the Earl of Derby: the next presentation, however, will be exercised by the present rector of Winwick, should a vacancy occur during his incumbency. The church, dedicated to the Trinity, is situated near Downall-Green, in Garswood-End; it was built in 1838, principally at the expense of the rector of Winwick, and is a cruciform edifice in the early English style: the cost was £2600. The rectory-house adjoins the church, as also does a handsome and commodious school-house: twelve acres of land surrounding the rectory have been purchased for glebe. The vicarage of St. Thomas is in the patronage of the Rector of Ashton; net income, £300, arising partly from 24 acres of glebe and the tithes of the township of Haydock: there is a glebe-house. The church stands in almost the centre of the town: it was rebuilt in 1715, was enlarged in 1784, and again in 1815, and has a campanile turret with a clock. A free grammar school, at Seneley Green, was founded in 1588 by Robert Byrchall, and is endowed with £50 per annum. The Independents, Quakers, Unitarians, and Roman Catholics have places of worship. Many curious fossils are found in the coal-mines.  
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There are online transcriptions available for Ashton in Makerfield St Thomas and its chapel of ease, Downall Green Holy Trinity (Garswood-End).  
  
From: ''[[A Topographical Dictionary of England]]'' by Samuel Lewis (1848), pp. 90-96. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50765 Date accessed: 25 June 2010.  
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{| width="305" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''AC''' = [http://search.ancestry.co.uk Ancestry.co.uk (£)]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''FMP''' = [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/sog/misc-series FindMyPast.co.uk (£)]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''FREG''' = [http://www.freereg.org.uk/cgi/Search.pl FreeReg]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''FS ''' = [http://familysearch.org FamilySearch.org]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''LBMD''' = [http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk LancashireBMD.org.uk]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''LOPC''' = [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/indexp.html Lancashire Online Parish Clerk]
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|}
  
== Resources  ==
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{| width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="4" | '''ASHTON&nbsp;IN&nbsp;MAKERFIELD ST&nbsp;THOMAS&nbsp;PARISH&nbsp;(1698) Indexes'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | '''Baptisms'''
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''Marriages'''
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| bgcolor="#ffcccc" | '''Burials'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''FS'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://familysearch.org '''1822-1837''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | None
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| bgcolor="#ffcccc" | None
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''LOPC'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Ashton-in-Makerfield/stthomas/index.html '''1698-1900''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Ashton-in-Makerfield/stthomas/index.html '''1700-1753; 1845-1909''']
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| bgcolor="#ffcccc" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Ashton-in-Makerfield/stthomas/index.html '''1746-1903''']
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="4" | '''DOWNALL&nbsp;GREEN HOLY&nbsp;TRINITY&nbsp;or GARSWOOD-END CHAPELRY&nbsp;(1838) Indexes'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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| bgcolor="#99ffcc" | '''Baptisms'''
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''Marriages'''
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| bgcolor="#ffcccc" | '''Burials'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''FS'''
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| bgcolor="#99ffcc" | None
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | None
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| bgcolor="#ffcccc" | None
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''LOPC'''
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| bgcolor="#99ffcc" | '''[http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Ashton-in-Makerfield/holytrinity/index.html 1838-1882]'''&nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | None
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| bgcolor="#ffcccc" | None
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|}
  
==== Civil Registration  ====
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<br>
  
Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].
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Other important considerations:  
  
Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths [[Lancashire BMD]]<br>
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The baptisms and marriages for Winwick Parish are online--to which St Thomas Ashton in&nbsp;Makerfield was annexed as a chapel of ease, until 1845,&nbsp;when it then&nbsp;became a separate parish by Act of Parliament. If you are searching for ancestry in Ashton in Makerfield prior to 1845, be certain to include a search in the Winwick Parish (and its chapelries')&nbsp;registers as well. Here is a breakdown of those years found online at [http://familysearch.org <font color="#800080">FamilySearch</font>]&nbsp;and at the Lancashire Online Parish Clerk (LOPC) for Winwick Parish:
  
==== Lancashire Online Parish Clerks  ====
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{| width="500" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="6" | '''WINIWICK&nbsp;PARISH&nbsp;(1563) Indexes'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | '''Baptisms'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffff" | '''Marriages'''
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | '''Burials'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''FamilySearch'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" |
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[http://www.familysearch.org/ '''<font color="#800080">1563-1620; 1733-1816</font>''']
  
An extremely useful resource for research in Lancashire Parishes http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/<br>
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| bgcolor="#66ffff" | [http://www.familysearch.org/ '''1700-1820''']
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | None
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Lancs OPC'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Winwick/stoswald/index.html '''1753-1941''']
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| bgcolor="#66ffff" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Winwick/stoswald/index.html '''1733-1843''']
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Winwick/stoswald/index.html '''1733-1837''']
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|}
  
==== Church records  ====
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Be sure to visit&nbsp;(and search) the&nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Winwick,_Lancashire Winwick Parish's]&nbsp;page to search all of it chapelries.
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<br>'''Original records'''
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While [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch] has microfilmed the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/search/library_catalog#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&fed=false&collectionId=&catSearchType=place&searchCriteria=&placeName=England,+Lancashire,+Ashton-in-Mackerfield&author_givenName=&author_surname=&subjectCountTotal=9&uri=http%3A//catalog-search-api%3A8080/www-catalogapi-webservice/search%3Fquery%3Dsubject_id%3A345490%26count%3D50&subjectId=345490 St Thomas Ashton in Makerfield Parish]&nbsp;registers, baptisms, marriages and burials from 1698-1900, these have not been completely transcribed and published online with the exception of the baptisms (see above).&nbsp;However, the Parish of Winwick which formerly was the mother or ancient parish until&nbsp;about 1845,&nbsp;''has'' been transcribed, indexed and published online on the&nbsp;web site.&nbsp;:
  
Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection
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&nbsp;
  
 
==== Census records  ====
 
==== Census records  ====
  
{{Expand section|any unique information, such as ''the census for X year was destroyed''}}
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{{British Census|306910}}  
  
http://www.1881pubs.com/ for details of public houses in the 1881 census <br>
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<br>  
  
 
==== Poor Law Unions  ====
 
==== Poor Law Unions  ====
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[[Wigan Poor Law Union]]  
 
[[Wigan Poor Law Union]]  
  
==== Probate records<br> ====
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==== Probate records<br> ====
  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Lancashire Probate Records|Lancashire Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Lancashire Probate Records|Lancashire Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
  
== Maps and Gazetteers<br> ==
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== Maps and Gazetteers<br> ==
  
Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>
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Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>  
  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
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== Web sites  ==
 
== Web sites  ==
  
Add any relevant sites that aren’t mentioned above.  
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{{expand section|any relevant sites that aren’t mentioned above.}}
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== References  ==
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{{Reflist}}
  
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{{Lancashire}}
  
 
[[Category:Lancashire]]
 
[[Category:Lancashire]]

Revision as of 20:53, 4 October 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Parishes

Guide to Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire family history and genealogy: parish register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield.jpg


Contents

Parish History

ASHTON-IN-MAKERFIELD, or Ashton-le-Willows, is a township, in the union of Wigan, hundred of West Derby, S. division of the county of Lancaster, 5 miles (S.) from Wigan, and 7 miles (N. N. W.)from Warrington. The township was until lately, with Haydock, a chapelry in the parish of Winwick. By an act of parliament for the division of Winwick, passed in 1845, the Brynn-End and the Garswood-End were made a separate parish, called the rectory of Ashton; the Town-End was annexed to the adjoining township of Haydock, and the two places formed into another and distinct parish, called the vicarage of St. Thomas (the Apostle) in Ashton. The Independents, Quakers, Unitarians,and Roman Catholics have places of worship.[1]

Resources

Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths Lancashire BMD

Church records

Online Records 

There are online transcriptions available for Ashton in Makerfield St Thomas and its chapel of ease, Downall Green Holy Trinity (Garswood-End).

AC = Ancestry.co.uk (£)
FMP = FindMyPast.co.uk (£)
FREG = FreeReg
FS = FamilySearch.org
LBMD = LancashireBMD.org.uk
LOPC = Lancashire Online Parish Clerk
ASHTON IN MAKERFIELD ST THOMAS PARISH (1698) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1822-1837 None None
LOPC 1698-1900 1700-1753; 1845-1909 1746-1903
DOWNALL GREEN HOLY TRINITY or GARSWOOD-END CHAPELRY (1838) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS None None None
LOPC 1838-1882  None None


Other important considerations:

The baptisms and marriages for Winwick Parish are online--to which St Thomas Ashton in Makerfield was annexed as a chapel of ease, until 1845, when it then became a separate parish by Act of Parliament. If you are searching for ancestry in Ashton in Makerfield prior to 1845, be certain to include a search in the Winwick Parish (and its chapelries') registers as well. Here is a breakdown of those years found online at FamilySearch and at the Lancashire Online Parish Clerk (LOPC) for Winwick Parish:

WINIWICK PARISH (1563) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FamilySearch

1563-1620; 1733-1816

1700-1820 None
Lancs OPC 1753-1941 1733-1843 1733-1837

Be sure to visit (and search) the Winwick Parish's page to search all of it chapelries.


Original records

While FamilySearch has microfilmed the St Thomas Ashton in Makerfield Parish registers, baptisms, marriages and burials from 1698-1900, these have not been completely transcribed and published online with the exception of the baptisms (see above). However, the Parish of Winwick which formerly was the mother or ancient parish until about 1845, has been transcribed, indexed and published online on the web site. :

 

Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 306910.



Poor Law Unions

Wigan Poor Law Union

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Lancashire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites

References

  1. Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848). Date accessed: 27 August 2013.