Asotin County, Washington

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Revision as of 14:45, 12 October 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Washington Gotoarrow.png Asotin County
View of Lewiston, Idaho and Clarkston, Asotin County, Washington


Guide to Asotin County, Washington genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records, since 1861, when the county was formed.

County QuickStart:




800px-Flag map of Washington.svg.png Washington
Online Records
Asotin County, Washington
Map
Map of Washington highlighting Asotin County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the U.S. highlighting Washington
Location of Washington in the U.S.
Facts
Founded October 27, 1883
County Seat Asotin
Courthouse
Address Asotin County Courthouse
PO Box 159
Asotin, WA 99402-0159
Phone: (509) 243–4181
Asotin County Website

Contents

County Overview


Parent County(s)

Asotin County, Washington was created 27 October 1883 from Garfield County[1]

County Seat: Asotin [2]. For Courthouse, see Archives, libraries, etc.

Neighboring Counties

Asotin County, Washington isurrounded by:Garfield | Whitman | Nez Perce County, Idaho | Wallowa County, Oregon

Asotin CountyGarfield CountyColumbia CountyWalla Walla CountyFranklin CountyAdams CountyGrant CountyLincoln CountySpokane CountyWhitman CountyBenewah CountyLatah CountyNez Perce CountyWallowa CountyUmatilla CountyAsotin County.JPG

Boundary Changes

Dates of Major County Records

Note: The dates you see below have not yet been adapted to Asotin County, Washington.

Beginning dates for major county records
Birth
Marriage
Death
Land
Probate
Court
1891*
1891*
1891*
1893
1885
1886
* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries
Notes

The name "Asotin" is from the Nez Perce language and means "place of eel" from the abundance of eels caught there.

Topics

Below are resources used for family history and genealogy, with dates, value of records, and how to access them for Asotin County, Washington. Internet links may contain names, images, or more information for the county.

Bible Records

Biography

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information. Tombstones, sextons (caretakers) records, and burial records each have slightly different information. See Washington Cemeteries.



Asotin County, Washington cemeteries from state and national resources
Online County-wide Name Searches
Published Grave
Transcripts
Lists of Cemeteries
(Several will also link to names)
FindAGrave (Add a name to the search) FamilySearch Library Click Cemeteries. Press space bar to select town FindAGrave
WA State Archives - Digital Collections Click any cemetery for search window, select county, enter name(s). WorldCat Interment.net
Billion Graves Switch to "Person Lookup" Washington Periodicals Washington State Digital Archives Put county name in Search box
Linkpendium
Billion Graves
USGenWeb Tombstone Project
Genealogy Trails
See Washington Cemeteries for details about these and other sites.

Census

Federal Census Contents
Names, ages, birthplaces 1850–1940
Birthplaces of parents 1880–1940
Relationships 1880–1940
Family and Neighbors All years
Immigration year 1900–1930
Citizenship 1910–1940

Censuses 1) Give names, ages, and more about the family; 2) Pinpoint the area to find other records; and 3) Provide clues for further research.



  • See Washington Census for online indexes and images of US federal censuses. of: 1856, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940.
  • See statewide printed indexes, including 1856.
  • Check county indexes when online indexes fail. Created by people who knew the families of the area, they are often more accurate and they may have added insights. See periodicals and local libraries or other record holders.
  • 1890 Veterans
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 1920
  • 1930
  • 1940

Church Records

The information church records provide depends upon the church practices and the record keepers. Records may include names, ages, and dates of events such as baptism, marriage, or burial. See Washington Church Records.

  • Church records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) for Asotin County, Washington are listed in the FamilySearch catalog. (Press space bar to select town.)

Court Records

Many of your ancestors may be found in court records as defendants, plaintiffs, witnesses, or jurors. Court records can establish family relationships and places of residence, occupations, and other family history information. See Washington Court Records for the various courts through the years.

For specialized court records, see Divorce  · Guardianship  · Land  · Naturalization  · Probate

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political or Religious Groups

American Indian
Japanese
  • World War II Files, 1942-1946. Public Welfare/Social Security Department, (Japanese Internment) Assistance Cases, Evacuee Referrals for Resettlement and Assistance, 1945-1946 from the Washington State Archives – Digital Archives.

Gazetteers

Genealogy

A FamilySearch Community Tree is available for this place.

Guardianship

Guardianship of orphans or adults unable to manage their own affairs were handled by the probate and the District courts. See Washington Court Records.

History

Local histories for Asotin County, Washington may include biographies, history of churches, schools, local government with names of officials, military information, and more. See Washington Local Histories.

History Timeline

Historical County Boundaries from Newberry Library[4]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Wilma, David. Asotin County -- Thumbnail History, HistoryLink.org, Essay 7643.

  • The Nez Perce Indians lived in Asotin County for many years before Lewis and Clark arrived in 1805.
  • 1805 - Lewis and Clark passed through the county on their expedition, both outbound to the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1834 - February - Captian Benjamin Bonneville led the next major expedition through Asotin County.
  • 1853 - March - 2 - U.S. President Millard Fillmore establishes Washington Territory.
  • 1854 - April - 25 - Washington Territorial Legislature creates Walla Walla County.
  • In the mid-1850s part of what would later become Asotin County (as well as part of adjoining Idaho) became an Indian reservation, resulting in the relocation of a fairly significant number of Native Americans to the future Asotin County.
  • 1861 - June - 10 - Whites made a few tentative settlements in Asotin County during the 1860s. The first settler, Sam Smith, arrived near the confluence of Alpowa Creek and the Snake River.
  • Severe winter of 1861/1862 devastates Eastern Washington settlers
  • 1863 - March - 4 - President Abraham Lincoln signs law separating new Idaho Territory from Washington.
  • 1875 - November - 11 - Washington Territorial Legislature creates Columbia County (out of Walla Walla).
  • 1881 - November - 29 - Washington Territorial Legislature creates Garfield County (out of Columbia County).
  • 1883 - October - 27 - Washington Territorial Legislature creates Asotin County (out of Garfield).
Local Histories

Land and Property

Land Records reveal
Yes or Maybe  Y  M
Seller (Grantor) Green check.png  
Seller's Spouse Green check.png  
Buyer (Grantee) Green check.png  
Heirs   Green check.png
Witnesses Green check.png  
Land Description and Dates Green check.png  
Tips -or- Land Contents

Land records (especially deeds) may give the name of a spouse, heirs, and witnesses, who may be relatives or in-laws.

County deeds, mortgages, and leases show transfers from person to person. See also Court Records for actions involving real estate. See Washington Land for government-to-person records.

  • County Recorder's Office: check deeds, file mining claims, get assistance in finding ownership of a particular property, and obtain copies of county plat maps. This office has county plat records dating back to 1878, prior records having been destroyed in a fire.

Maps

Waasotin.jpg
This map highlights the county within the state of Washington. The map soon will have inter-active links.

Migration

Military

Naturalization and Citizenship

Declarations of Intent before 1906 often include the nation of origin, his* foreign and "Americanized" names, residence, and date of arrival. See Washington Naturalization and Citizenship for more information.    (*Women were not naturalized until 1922 in the United States.)

Washington State Digital Archives has digitized various types of naturalization-related records, including declarations of intentions, delayed birth files, naturalization affidavits, notifications of application for admission to US citizenship, orders fixing naturalization terms, petitions and records, petitions, receipts for certificates of citizenship, record of final decrees of citizenship and record of petitions dockets. Depending on the county, records range from 1854-1988.

Newspapers

Finding More Washington Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Asotin County, Washington newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

Periodicals

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate records identify heirs of the decedents, give the (approximate) death dates, and provide specifics about property holdings. The records were kept by the county judge.

These include wills, inheritance records, dockets, and other documents regarding property and estates of individuals who have died. See also Court Records for civil actions involving estates. Also see Washington Probate Records.

Public Records

Taxation

Washington tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Washington Taxation.

Vital Records

The county auditors in Washington kept records of birth, marriage, and death. The county clerk has the divorce records - the earliest dates to the present.

See Washington Vital Records for details and history of the records. . See also How to order Washington Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for Washington Birth or Death Certificate and Marriage or Divorce Certificate Applications to mail.

Birth
  • Washington State Digital Archives has a database of Asotin County Birth Records. This database contains the names of people who were born in Asotin County from June 1891 – August 1913. The names were taken from the Asotin County Register of Births.
Marriage
Divorce

Divorce records give the names of the parties and may give the date and place of their marriage. See Washington Vital Records for excellent information.

Death
  • Washington Death Certificates 1907-1960 A free internet index to the 1907-1960 death certificates can be found at FamilySearch Record Search, no images are available. A transcribed death certificate may contain such information as name of the deceased, date and place of death, age, gender, birth date and birth place, mother’s maiden name and name of spouse, place of residence, occupation and certificate numbers.
Websites

Archives, Libraries, etc.

Courthouse

Asotin County Courthouse
PO Box 159
Asotin, WA 99402-0159
Phone: (509) 243–4181

County Auditor has birth and marriage records
from 1891 and death records 1891-1907.
County Clerk has divorce and probate records.
County Assessor has land records from 1891. [5]

FamilySearch Centers


Libraries

Local public libraries—even smaller ones—often have Unique Genealogical Collections that are not online for the area they serve. Many libraries in Washington have an area dedicated to local history and genealogy.


Asotin County Library, 417 Sycamore, Clarkston 99403 Phone: (509) 758-5454
Online Resources: (None seen Oct., 2013)
Unique Collections:
Heights Branch Library, 2036 4th Ave., Clarkston 99403 Phone: (509) 758-4601
Online Resources: Genealogy Bank
Unique Collections: Historical Newspaper Collections
Museums
Societies

Resources for Asotin County, Washington are available in libraries, archives, and other repositories at all levels: the town, the county, the state (including universities), and the nation.

Towns and Communities

See a list of towns and communities in Asotin County ] per Wikipedia.

References

  1. The Evolution of Washington Counties by Newton Carl Abbott, Fred E. Carver, 1979. Published by the Yakima Valley Genealogical Society and Klickitat County Genealogical Society.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. John H. Long, Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (Chicago: Newberry Library, 2006) online.
  4. John H. Long, Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (Chicago: Newberry Library, 2006) online.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Asotin County, Washington page 732, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.