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Archives generally collect and preserve original documents from organizations such as churches or governments. Libraries generally collect published sources such as books, maps, and microfilms. The following section describes the major archives and libraries of genealogical and historical records for Australia.
Many of these archives and libraries have a Web page on the Internet. From the Web page you can obtain up-to-date information on addresses, services, telephone numbers, fax numbers, e-mail addresses, and much more. A catalog of the repository’s holdings are listed on the Internet.
In Australia the major types of genealogical repositories are:
- National Library of Australia
- National and State Archives
- State and Territorial Libraries
- Church archives
- Family History Societies
- Australian Indigenous Family History
- Births, Marriages and Deaths
- Military/Service Records
- Other Australasian Resources
- Research Services
This section relates to Australian Archives and Libraries.
National and State Archives.
The National Archives of Australia holds the records of the Commonwealth government. State Archives hold the records of government for each state. Some Archive web sites include indexes to the material held in that archive eg. immigration, convict records, census, court records, hospitals, divorce, land, patents etc.
- National Archives of Australia
- Archives Office of Tasmania
- Northern Territory Archives Service
- Public Record Office - Victoria's Archives
- Queensland Government State Archives
- State Records - New South Wales
- State Records of South Australia
- State Records of Western Australia
Most records date back to the 1901 Federation of Australia, but some date back even earlier.
The following is an older general guide to the archives and libraries in Australia:
White, Olga, Anne-Marie Schwirtlich, and Jennifer Nash, comp. Our Heritage. O’Connor, Australian Capital Territory, Australia: Australian Society of Archivists, 1983. (Family History Library Call No. 994 J54w.)
Another guide to the collection:
Australian Archives. Relations in records: a Guide to Family History Sources in the Australian Archives. Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service, 1988. (Family History Library Call No. 994 A3r.)
If you plan to visit one of these repositories, check their website for information about their collection, hours, services, and fees.
Most archives have catalogs, inventories, or periodicals that describe their records and how to use them. If possible, study these guides before visiting an archive so that you can use your time there more effectively. Many of these guides are available at the Family History Library, at public or university libraries, or through interlibrary loan.
Catalogs, inventories, and periodicals available at the Family History Library are listed at AUSTRALIA - ARCHIVES AND LIBRARIES - INVENTORIES, REGISTERS, CATALOGS.
Additional listings are available by a Place Search (Locality) by entering an Australian State as part of Australia: "AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - ARCHIVES AND LIBRARIES - INVENTORIES, REGISTERS, CATALOGS"
The following guide to the National Library is available at the Family History Library:Burmester, C. A., comp. National Library of Australia guide to the collections. Canberra, Australia: National Library of Australia, 1974. (Family History Library Call No. 994 A5ca.) A Concise Guide to the State Archives of New South Wales.Numbers 1–30. Sydney, Australia: Archives Authority, 1971–. (Family History Library Call No. 994.4 A35gc.)
Guide to the State Archives of New South Wales. 'Number 13, Concise Guide to the State Archives of New South Wales'''. Sydney, Australia: The Authority, 1969. (Family History Library Call No. 994.4 A35g no. 13.)
Ancestors in archives: a guide to family history sources in the official records of South Australia. Adelaide, South Australia, Australia: Government of South Australia, 1991. (Family History Library Call Number 994.23 A37a.)
Watson, Lilian, and Neil Chick. The Archives office of Tasmania. Research Note Series Number 7. Tasmania: Genealogical Society of Tasmania, 1986. (Family History Library Call No. 994.6 D27w
Genealogical sources. Victoria, Australia: Public Record Office, 1984. (Family History Library Call No. 994.5/M1 D23g.)
State and Territory Libraries
State and Territory Libraries hold family history collections specialising in resources for their state and a selection of material relating to other areas of Australia and Overseas.
- ACT Heritage Library
- Northern Territory Library
- State Library of New South Wales - Family History Service
- State Library of Queensland - Family and Local Historians
- State Library of South Australia - Family History Service and Collection
- State Library of Tasmania - Family History Resources
- State Library of Victoria - Genealogists and Family Historians
- State Library of Western Australia - Family History Service
Contact information for other libraries in Australia may be found at the Australian Libraries Gateway.
The following book contains a listing of indexes that are available in Australian libraries:
Henty, Margaret, and Rachel Jakimow. Indexes in Australian libraries. Canberra, Australia: National Library of Australia, 1995. (Family History Library Call No. 994 A3h.)
Genuki is an important gateway that can link you to many network and bulletin board sites. It is a cooperative effort by many genealogical and historical societies to list databases, libraries, bulletin boards, and other resources for parishes and counties on the Internet.
FamilySearch.org is a good place to begin your research. Online access is available at the Family History Library and Family History Centers if you do not have a computer or computer online access at home. The New FamilySearch™,when available, has combined all of the previous data into a single file.
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