Australia Court Records

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Court records contain information about individuals who were involved in a number of matters, including those mentioned below. Details about Australian convicts are often found in court records. Most court records provide names of individuals who served as defendants, plaintiffs, jurors, or witnesses. They may also provide such information as the individual’s residence, occupation, physical description, and family.
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''[[Australia|Australia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Australia Court Records|Court Records]]''
  
The court system included the following.  
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Court records contain information about individuals who were involved in a number of matters, including those mentioned below. Details about Australian convicts are often found in court records. Most court records provide names of individuals who served as defendants, plaintiffs, jurors, or witnesses. They may also provide such information as the individual’s residence, occupation, physical description, and family.  
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== Courts  ==
  
 
=== District magistrates’ court  ===
 
=== District magistrates’ court  ===
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Handled cases of petty crimes, such as theft, breaches of peace, and drunkenness.  
 
Handled cases of petty crimes, such as theft, breaches of peace, and drunkenness.  
  
Quarter Session courts
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=== Quarter Session courts ===
  
 
Handled also handled cases of petty crimes.  
 
Handled also handled cases of petty crimes.  
  
<br>'''Supreme courts''' handled divorces, bankruptcies, insolvencies, and naturalizations. Some of the functions of the supreme courts were later transferred to the federal courts. The federal courts were established in 1911 and tried the most serious and indictable offenses, such as murder and manslaughter.
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=== Supreme courts ===
  
'''Coroner’s courts''' investigated unusual deaths. Records dealing with these matters included the deceased’s name, age, and place of death. Newspapers often reported the dealings of the coroner’s courts, which may provide additional information such as the names of the descendant’s spouse and children and reports of witnesses.  
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Handled divorces, bankruptcies, insolvencies, and naturalizations. Some of the functions of the supreme courts were later transferred to the federal courts. The federal courts were established in 1911 and tried the most serious and indictable offenses, such as murder and manslaughter.  
  
Each state published a government or police gazette. These gazettes included information about individuals who appeared before the courts and individuals who were employed by the government or who held public offices (school teachers, constables, or postmasters). The gazettes also gave details about land grants and transfers, leases, mining claims, runaway convicts, and individuals who were granted various licenses.
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=== Coroner’s courts ===
  
Court records in Australia can be found in national archives, state archives, and other local repositories and libraries. For further information, see the "[[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]"article of this wiki.  
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investigated unusual deaths. Records dealing with these matters included the deceased’s name, age, and place of death. Newspapers often reported the dealings of the coroner’s courts, which may provide additional information such as the names of the descendant’s spouse and children and reports of witnesses.  
  
There are some published name indexes to existing court records. The Family History Library has many of these indexes. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
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== Police Gazette  ==
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
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Each state published a government or police gazette. These gazettes included information about individuals who appeared before the courts and individuals who were employed by the government or who held public offices (school teachers, constables, or postmasters). The gazettes also gave details about land grants and transfers, leases, mining claims, runaway convicts, and individuals who were granted various licenses.
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
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== Locating Court Records  ==
  
Many Australian archives have published guides to their court record holdings. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
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Court records can be found in national archives, state archives, and other local repositories and libraries. For further information about these archives, see the [[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]] article. State archives have published guides to their court record holdings. To find online guides, go to Google&nbsp;and type&nbsp;the name of the state followed by the word&nbsp;Archives.
 
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AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS - INVENTORIES, REGISTERS, CATALOGS
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The Family History Library has some microfilm copies of Australian court records and gazettes. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
 
The Family History Library has some microfilm copies of Australian court records and gazettes. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
  
[http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=477045&subject_disp=Australia+-+Court+records&columns=*,180,0 AUSTRALIA - COURT RECORDS]  
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*[http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=477045&subject_disp=Australia+-+Court+records&columns=*,180,0 AUSTRALIA - COURT RECORDS]  
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*AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS
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*AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS
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Some published name indexes exist. The Family History Library has some of these indexes. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS  
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*AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
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*AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS
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{{Template:Pros-AU}}
  
 
[[Category:Australia]]
 
[[Category:Australia]]

Revision as of 21:25, 26 September 2012

Australia Gotoarrow.png Court Records

Court records contain information about individuals who were involved in a number of matters, including those mentioned below. Details about Australian convicts are often found in court records. Most court records provide names of individuals who served as defendants, plaintiffs, jurors, or witnesses. They may also provide such information as the individual’s residence, occupation, physical description, and family.

Contents

Courts

District magistrates’ court

Handled cases of petty crimes, such as theft, breaches of peace, and drunkenness.

Quarter Session courts

Handled also handled cases of petty crimes.

Supreme courts

Handled divorces, bankruptcies, insolvencies, and naturalizations. Some of the functions of the supreme courts were later transferred to the federal courts. The federal courts were established in 1911 and tried the most serious and indictable offenses, such as murder and manslaughter.

Coroner’s courts

investigated unusual deaths. Records dealing with these matters included the deceased’s name, age, and place of death. Newspapers often reported the dealings of the coroner’s courts, which may provide additional information such as the names of the descendant’s spouse and children and reports of witnesses.

Police Gazette

Each state published a government or police gazette. These gazettes included information about individuals who appeared before the courts and individuals who were employed by the government or who held public offices (school teachers, constables, or postmasters). The gazettes also gave details about land grants and transfers, leases, mining claims, runaway convicts, and individuals who were granted various licenses.

Locating Court Records

Court records can be found in national archives, state archives, and other local repositories and libraries. For further information about these archives, see the Archives and Libraries article. State archives have published guides to their court record holdings. To find online guides, go to Google and type the name of the state followed by the word Archives.

The Family History Library has some microfilm copies of Australian court records and gazettes. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

Some published name indexes exist. The Family History Library has some of these indexes. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

  • AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
  • AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES