Australia Military Records

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Military records identify individuals who either served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor served in the military may be found in family records, biographies, census, probate records, civil registration, and church records.
+
''[[Australia|Australia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Australia Military Records|Military Records]]''
  
Military records may include:
+
Military records identify individuals who either served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor served in the military may be found in family records, biographies, census, probate records, civil registration, and church records.
  
** Muster rolls
+
Military records may include:
** Personnel files
+
** Regimental account books
+
** Letters of deportment
+
** Lists of officers
+
** Pay vouchers or records
+
** Pension records
+
** Records of leave
+
** Naval records
+
** Descriptive rolls
+
  
=== Army ===
+
*Muster rolls
 +
*Personnel files
 +
*Regimental account books
 +
*Letters of deportment
 +
*Lists of officers
 +
*Pay vouchers or records
 +
*Pension records
 +
*Records of leave
 +
*Naval records
 +
*Descriptive rolls
  
The history of the army in Australia can be divided into three main groups:
+
=== Army  ===
  
** Imperial forces
+
The history of the army in Australia can be divided into three main groups:
** Local colonial forces
+
** Commonwealth military forces
+
  
=== Imperial Forces (1788–1870) ===
+
*Imperial forces
 +
*Local colonial forces
 +
*Commonwealth military forces
 +
*AIF Project - Australian Anzacs in the Great War - 1914-1918
  
The marines, under the direction of the Admiralty Board, were the first military presence in Australia. They arrived with the first fleet and were assigned to guard the convicts. In 1790 the marines were replaced by the first army regiment. The British maintained army regiments in Australia from that time until 1870. The following source lists army regiments that were and are stationed in Australia:
+
=== Imperial Forces (1788–1870)  ===
  
Defense. ''The Australian Encyclopaedia''. Third Edition. (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: The Grolier Society of Australia) Volume 2, (1977): 230. (Family History Library Call Number [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*,180,0&callno=994+A5a 994 A5a].)
+
The marines, under the direction of the Admiralty Board, were the first military presence in Australia. They arrived with the first fleet and were assigned to guard the convicts. In 1790 the marines were replaced by the first army regiment. The British maintained army regiments in Australia from that time until 1870. The following source lists army regiments that were and are stationed in Australia:  
  
=== Local Colonial Forces (1854–1901) ===
+
Defense. ''The Australian Encyclopaedia''. Third Edition. (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: The Grolier Society of Australia) Volume 2, (1977): 230. (Family History Library Call Number 994 A5a.)  
  
By 1842 Great Britain was pressing the colonies to develop and support their own defense force. By 1870 the last of the British troops had left Australia. In order to keep a strong military force, some colonies, including New South Wales and Victoria, offered land to those who had served at least five years in the military. The colonies soon realized they needed to coordinate their defense activities. As a result, in 1877 a British commissioner of defense came to the colonies and helped organize an army.
+
=== Local Colonial Forces (1854–1901)  ===
  
=== Commonwealth Military Forces (1901–Present) ===
+
By 1842 Great Britain was pressing the colonies to develop and support their own defense force. By 1870 the last of the British troops had left Australia. In order to keep a strong military force, some colonies, including New South Wales and Victoria, offered land to those who had served at least five years in the military. The colonies soon realized they needed to coordinate their defense activities. As a result, in 1877 a British commissioner of defense came to the colonies and helped organize an army.
  
In 1901 the Australian government took responsibility for the defense of for the whole country.
+
=== Commonwealth Military Forces (1901–Present)  ===
  
=== Navy ===
+
In 1901 the Australian government took responsibility for the defense of for the whole country.
  
The organization of the navy is divided into three groups:
+
'''The Australian War Memorial''' Website Biographical Records has available listings by several categories of military service: http://www.awm.gov.au/database/biographical.asp
  
** The British era, 1788–1887
+
The "'''Debt of Honour Register'''" is the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's database listing the 1.7 million men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars and the 23,000 cemeteries, memorials and other locations worldwide where they are commemorated. The register can also be searched for details of the 67,000 Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action in the Second World War : http://www.cwgc.org/debt_of_honour.asp?menuid=14
** Auxiliary squadrons and subsidies, 1887–1909    <br />
+
** Australian squadron, 1909–
+
  
The British navy first arrived in Australia as a part of the first fleet. The first regular warship was stationed at Sydney in 1821, and the navy continued to be in Australia from that point on. In 1855 Australia’s first warship was built. Although Australia had organized its own navy by 1869, it was still under the protection of the British navy. In 1901 the Australian government took over jurisdiction of the navy.
+
'''Graves and memorials of Australians in the Boer War 1899-1902''' are maintained by The Heraldry and Genealogy Society of Canberra Inc. The site now has a searchable database of information for South African Graves and Australian Boer War memorials:[http://www.hagsoc.org.au/sagraves/abwmdb/abwm-search.php]
  
'''The Australian War Memorial''' Website Biographical Records has available listings by several categories of military service: http://www.awm.gov.au/database/biographical.asp
+
===== [http://www.aif.adfa.edu.au:8080/index.html AIF Project - Australian Anzacs in the Great War - 1914-1918]<br> =====
  
The "'''Debt of Honour Register'''" is the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's database listing the 1.7 million men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars and the 23,000 cemeteries, memorials and other locations worldwide where they are commemorated. The register can also be searched for details of the 67,000 Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action in the Second World War : http://www.cwgc.org/debt_of_honour.asp?menuid=14
+
The AIF project is a database that has many records of the 330,000 men and women who served overseas in (first) Australian Imperial force in the years 1914-1918.<br>
  
'''Graves and memorials of Australians in the Boer War 1899-1902''' are maintained by The Heraldry and Genealogy Society of Canberra Inc. The site now has a searchable database of information for South African Graves and Australian Boer War memorials:[http://www.hagsoc.org.au/sagraves/abwmdb/abwm-search.php  http://www.hagsoc.org.au/sagraves/abwmdb/abwm-search.php]
+
[http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/explore/defence/service-records/army-wwi.aspx '''World War I Service Records''']<br>Records of Australian servicemen and women who served in World War&nbsp;I are preserved in the National Archives. Click on the link above<br>
  
'''World War I Service Records'''<br />Records of Australian servicemen and women who served in World War I are preserved in the National Archives. Go to:<br />http://www.naa.gov.au/the_collection/defence/conflicts/ww1/ww1.html
+
'''World War II service records''' - Also held in the National Archives above.<br>The Archives cares for the service records of Australians who served during World War II (1939–45). <br>'''[http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/ World War II Nominal Roll]<br>'''
  
'''World War II service records'''<br />The Archives cares for the service records of Australians who served during World War II (1939–45). Go to:<br />[http://www.naa.gov.au/the_collection/defence/conflicts/ww2/ww2.html#orderdigitalcopy http://www.naa.gov.au/the_collection/defence/conflicts/ww2/ww2.html#orderdigitalcopy<br />]
+
You may search for service record details by specifying [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/name.asp#searchtabs name], [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/service_number.asp#searchtabs service number], [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/honour.asp#searchtabs honours], [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/place.asp#searchtabs place] (of birth, of enlistment, or residential locality at enlistment). Once you find an individual service record you can print a certificate of service, if you wish.<br>http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/name.asp#searchtabs
  
'''World War II Nominal Roll<br />'''
+
[http://www.koreanroll.gov.au/search.aspx '''Korean War Nominal Roll''']<br>The Nominal Roll of Australian Veterans of the Korean War honours and commemorates the men and women who served in the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force in Korea, or in the waters adjacent to Korea, during the conflict and after the ceasefire, between 27 June 1950 and 19 April 1956.<br>
  
You may search for service record details by specifying [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/name.asp#searchtabs name], [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/service_number.asp#searchtabs service number], [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/honour.asp#searchtabs honours], [http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/place.asp#searchtabs place] (of birth, of enlistment, or residential locality at enlistment). Once you find an individual service record you can print a certificate of service, if you wish.<br />http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/name.asp#searchtabs
+
'''[http://www.vietnamroll.gov.au/veteransearch.aspx VietNam Nominal Roll]<br>'''
  
'''Korean War Nominal Roll'''<br />The Nominal Roll of Australian Veterans of the Korean War honours and commemorates the men and women who served in the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force in Korea, or in the waters adjacent to Korea, during the conflict and after the ceasefire, between 27 June 1950 and 19 April 1956. Go To: http://www.koreanroll.gov.au/search.aspx
+
The Nominal Roll of Vietnam Veterans honours and commemorates the men and women who served in the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force in Vietnam, or in the waters adjacent to Vietnam, during the conflict between 23 May 1962 and 29 April 1975.The roll contains information from the Service records of more than 60 000 military members who served during the Vietnam War. You can seek information on these members using the Search function.'''<br>'''
  
'''VietNam Nominal Roll<br />'''
+
[http://www.hq1atf.org/index.htm Headquarters: 1st Australian Task Force South Vietnam 1966-1972]
  
The Nominal Roll of Vietnam Veterans honours and commemorates the men and women who served in the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force in Vietnam, or in the waters adjacent to Vietnam, during the conflict between 23 May 1962 and 29 April 1975.The roll contains information from the Service records of more than 60 000 military members who served during the Vietnam War. You can seek information on these members using the Search function.<br />http://www.vietnamroll.gov.au/veteransearch.aspx'''<br />'''
+
'''[http://members.pcug.org.au/~croe/ozb/oz_boer.cgi?setup_file=oz_boer.setup Australians in the Boer War]<br>'''
  
'''Australians in the Boer War<br />'''http://members.pcug.org.au/~croe/ozb/oz_boer.cgi?setup_file=oz_boer.setup
+
[http://freepages.history.rootsweb.com/~garter1/ '''Australian Redcoat Settlers''']<br>This Site is dedicated to the Officers, men and families of British Regiments who settled in Australia, including soldiers that served in Australia and settled in New Zealand.<br>[http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/name.asp#searchtabs]
  
'''Australian Redcoat Settlers'''<br />This Site is dedicated to the Officers, men and families of British Regiments who settled in Australia, including soldiers that served in Australia and settled in New Zealand.<br />http://freepages.history.rootsweb.com/~garter1/
+
For more details on the history of the army and the navy in Australia, read volume two, pages 215–244, of the Australian Encyclopedia mentioned earlier.  
  
[http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/name.asp#searchtabs  ]
+
The following book can supply further information on tracing your military ancestors:  
  
For more details on the history of the army and the navy in Australia, read volume two, pages 215–244, of the Australian Encyclopedia mentioned earlier.
+
Montague, R. H. ''How to trace your military ancestors''''''. Sydney, N.S.W., Australia: Hale &amp; Iremonger, 1989. (Family History Library Call Number 994 M27m.)'''
  
The following book can supply further information on tracing your military ancestors:
+
'''Navy'''
  
Montague, R. H. ''How to trace your military ancestors''. Sydney, N.S.W., Australia: Hale &amp; Iremonger, 1989. (Family History Library Call Number [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=502562&disp=How+to+trace+your+military+ancestors+in+&columns=*,180,0 994 M27m].)
+
'''The organization of the navy is divided into three groups:'''
  
=== '''Availability of Records ''' ===
+
'''* The British era, 1788–1887<br>* Auxiliary squadrons and subsidies, 1887–1909<br>* Australian squadron, 1909–'''  
  
The records of regiments that served in Australia are available at some archives and genealogical societies in Australia. British military records are held at the Public Record Office listed below. Some records are also available on microfilm through the Family History Library.
+
'''The British navy first arrived in Australia as a part of the first fleet. The first regular warship was stationed at Sydney in 1821, and the navy continued to be in Australia from that point on. In 1855 Australia’s first warship was built. Although Australia had organized its own navy by 1869, it was still under the protection of the British navy. In 1901 the Australian government took over jurisdiction of the navy. '''<br>
  
'''Public Record Office'''<br />Ruskin Avenue<br />Kew<br />Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU<br />ENGLAND <br />Internet: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/default.htm
+
=== '''Availability of Records''' ===
  
Military records in Australia can be found in the following repository:
+
The records of regiments that served in Australia are available at some archives and genealogical societies in Australia. British military records are held at the Public Record Office listed below. Some records are also available on microfilm through the Family History Library.
  
'''Australian War Memoria'''l<br />G.P.O. Box 345<br />Canberra<br />Australian Capital Territory 2601<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.awm.gov.au/
+
'''Public Record Office'''<br>Ruskin Avenue<br>Kew<br>Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU<br>ENGLAND <br>Internet: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/default.htm
  
The Australian War Memorial holds a large collection of military records. The memorial has a research center, but the staff does not offer a research service. They will provide a list of other people who do research at their center. The following is a guide to the center’s records:
+
Military records in Australia can be found in the following repository:  
  
Bradley, Joyce, et al. ''Roll call! a guide to genealogical sources in the Australian War Memorial''. Canberra, Australia: Australian War Memorial, 1986. (Family History Library Call Number [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=502185&disp=Roll+call!&columns=*,180,0 994 M23r]).
+
'''Australian War Memoria'''l<br>G.P.O. Box 345<br>Canberra<br>Australian Capital Territory 2601<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet: http://www.awm.gov.au/
  
Other national offices that have records are:
+
The Australian War Memorial holds a large collection of military records. The memorial has a research center, but the staff does not offer a research service. They will provide a list of other people who do research at their center. The following is a guide to the center’s records:  
  
'''Naval Records'''<br />Directorate of Sailors’ Postings<br />D-2-26<br />Department of Defence (Navy Office)<br />Russell Offices<br />Canberra<br />Australian Capital Territory 2600<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/2004/oawg_journal2004/6_reference/04_ref_servicedetails.html
+
Bradley, Joyce, et al. ''Roll call! a guide to genealogical sources in the Australian War Memorial''. Canberra, Australia: Australian War Memorial, 1986. (Family History Library Call Number [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=502185&disp=Roll+call!&columns=*,180,0 994 M23r]).  
  
'''War Graves'''<br />The Office of Australian War Graves<br />Department of Veterans’ Affairs<br />P.O. Box 21<br />Woden<br />Australian Capital Territory 2606<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.dva.gov.au/commem/oawg/general.htm
+
Other national offices that have records are:  
  
'''Military Historical Society'''<br />Federal Secretary<br />Military Historical Society of Australia<br />P.O. Box 30<br />Garran<br />Australian Capital Territory 2605<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.mhsa.org.au/FedCouncil_biog/Alexander_biog.htm
+
'''Naval Records'''<br>Directorate of Sailors’ Postings<br>D-2-26<br>Department of Defence (Navy Office)<br>Russell Offices<br>Canberra<br>Australian Capital Territory 2600<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet: http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/2004/oawg_journal2004/6_reference/04_ref_servicedetails.html
  
'''RAAF records'''<br />Australian Archives National Office<br />P.O. Box 34<br />Dickson<br />Australia Capital Territory 2602<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.naa.gov.au/fsheets/FS97.html
+
'''War Graves'''<br>The Office of Australian War Graves<br>Department of Veterans’ Affairs<br>P.O. Box 21<br>Woden<br>Australian Capital Territory 2606<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet: http://www.dva.gov.au/commem/oawg/general.htm
  
'''Pension Entitlements'''<br />Veterans’ Affairs Network<br />G.P.O. Box 802<br />Canberra<br />Australian Capital Territory 2601<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.naa.gov.au/publications/fact_sheets/fs63.html
+
'''Military Historical Society'''<br>Federal Secretary<br>Military Historical Society of Australia<br>P.O. Box 30<br>Garran<br>Australian Capital Territory 2605<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet: http://www.mhsa.org.au/FedCouncil_biog/Alexander_biog.htm
  
Most state archives will have some military records. For a listing of the archives and their addresses, see the "'''[[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]'''" article of this wiki. Check their holdings to determine exactly what the state archives have. Two states have military history societies that can help you. The addresses of these societies are:
+
'''RAAF records'''<br>Australian Archives National Office<br>P.O. Box 34<br>Dickson<br>Australia Capital Territory 2602<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet: http://www.naa.gov.au/fsheets/FS97.html
  
'''New South Wales'''<br />New South Wales Military Historical Society<br />112 Irvine Crescent<br />Ryde<br />New South Wales 2112<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.mhsa.org.au/
+
'''Pension Entitlements'''<br>Veterans’ Affairs Network<br>G.P.O. Box 802<br>Canberra<br>Australian Capital Territory 2601<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet:  
  
'''South Australia'''<br />South Australian Maritime Museum<br />126 Lipsom Street<br />Port Adelaide<br />South Australia 5015<br />AUSTRALIA <br />Internet: http://www.history.sa.gov.au/maritime/maritime.htm
+
Most state archives will have some military records. For a listing of the archives and their addresses, see the "'''[[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]'''" article of this wiki. Check their holdings to determine exactly what the state archives have. Two states have military history societies that can help you. The addresses of these societies are:
  
The Family History Library has some Australian military records. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
'''New South Wales'''<br>New South Wales Military Historical Society<br>112 Irvine Crescent<br>Ryde<br>New South Wales 2112<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet: http://www.mhsa.org.au/
  
[http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=360054&subject_disp=Australia+-+Military+records&columns=*,180,0 AUSTRALIA - MILITARY RECORDS]
+
'''South Australia'''<br>South Australian Maritime Museum<br>126 Lipsom Street<br>Port Adelaide<br>South Australia 5015<br>AUSTRALIA <br>Internet: http://www.history.sa.gov.au/maritime/maritime.htm
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - MILITARY RECORDS
+
The Family History Library has some Australian military records. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
  
The following are some examples of military records:
+
[[Australia_Military_Records|AUSTRALIA - MILITARY RECORDS]]
  
''Military records: marriages, baptisms and births of military units in New South Wales, ca. 1850–1942''. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983. (Family History Library Microfilm [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=135781&disp=Military+records&columns=*,180,0 1368199].)
+
AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - MILITARY RECORDS
  
''Alphabetical lists of deserters from ships, 1852–1952 (South Australia)''. not published, [199-?]. (Family History Library Microfiche [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=686222&disp=Alphabetical+lists+of+deserters+from+shi&columns=*,180,0 6344807]–6344808.)
+
The following are some examples of military records:  
  
Australian Army. ''Southern Tasmania Volunteer Artillery. Register of volunteers, 1879–1903, Southern Tasmanian Volunteer Artillery''. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. (Family History Library Microfilm  [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*,180,0&titleno=202999&disp=Register+of+volunteers,+1879-1903++ 919514]–919516.)
+
''Military records: marriages, baptisms and births of military units in New South Wales, ca. 1850–1942''''''. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983. (Family History Library Microfilm 1368199.)'''
  
Great Britain. War Office. ''Muster rolls and pay lists of New South Wales Regiment, 1799–1823''. Canberra, Australia: Filmed by the National Library of Australia, [1908–?]. (Family History Library Microfilm [http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=500969&disp=Muster+rolls+and+pay+lists+of+the+New+So&columns=*,180,0 1483372]–1483547.)
+
''Alphabetical lists of deserters from ships, 1852–1952 (South Australia)''''''. not published, [199-?]. (Family History Library Microfiche 6344807–6344808.)'''
 +
 
 +
Australian Army. ''Southern Tasmania Volunteer Artillery. Register of volunteers, 1879–1903, Southern Tasmanian Volunteer Artillery''''''. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. (Family History Library Microfilm&nbsp; 919514–919516.)'''
 +
 
 +
Great Britain. War Office. ''Muster rolls and pay lists of New South Wales Regiment, 1799–1823''''''. Canberra, Australia: Filmed by the National Library of Australia, [1908–?]. (Family History Library Microfilm 1483372–1483547.)'''
 +
 
 +
<br> <br>
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Australia|Military]] [[Category:Military_records|Australia]]

Revision as of 21:32, 26 September 2012

Australia Gotoarrow.png Military Records

Military records identify individuals who either served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor served in the military may be found in family records, biographies, census, probate records, civil registration, and church records.

Military records may include:

  • Muster rolls
  • Personnel files
  • Regimental account books
  • Letters of deportment
  • Lists of officers
  • Pay vouchers or records
  • Pension records
  • Records of leave
  • Naval records
  • Descriptive rolls

Contents

Army

The history of the army in Australia can be divided into three main groups:

  • Imperial forces
  • Local colonial forces
  • Commonwealth military forces
  • AIF Project - Australian Anzacs in the Great War - 1914-1918

Imperial Forces (1788–1870)

The marines, under the direction of the Admiralty Board, were the first military presence in Australia. They arrived with the first fleet and were assigned to guard the convicts. In 1790 the marines were replaced by the first army regiment. The British maintained army regiments in Australia from that time until 1870. The following source lists army regiments that were and are stationed in Australia:

Defense. The Australian Encyclopaedia. Third Edition. (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: The Grolier Society of Australia) Volume 2, (1977): 230. (Family History Library Call Number 994 A5a.)

Local Colonial Forces (1854–1901)

By 1842 Great Britain was pressing the colonies to develop and support their own defense force. By 1870 the last of the British troops had left Australia. In order to keep a strong military force, some colonies, including New South Wales and Victoria, offered land to those who had served at least five years in the military. The colonies soon realized they needed to coordinate their defense activities. As a result, in 1877 a British commissioner of defense came to the colonies and helped organize an army.

Commonwealth Military Forces (1901–Present)

In 1901 the Australian government took responsibility for the defense of for the whole country.

The Australian War Memorial Website Biographical Records has available listings by several categories of military service: http://www.awm.gov.au/database/biographical.asp

The "Debt of Honour Register" is the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's database listing the 1.7 million men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars and the 23,000 cemeteries, memorials and other locations worldwide where they are commemorated. The register can also be searched for details of the 67,000 Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action in the Second World War : http://www.cwgc.org/debt_of_honour.asp?menuid=14

Graves and memorials of Australians in the Boer War 1899-1902 are maintained by The Heraldry and Genealogy Society of Canberra Inc. The site now has a searchable database of information for South African Graves and Australian Boer War memorials:[1]

AIF Project - Australian Anzacs in the Great War - 1914-1918

The AIF project is a database that has many records of the 330,000 men and women who served overseas in (first) Australian Imperial force in the years 1914-1918.

World War I Service Records
Records of Australian servicemen and women who served in World War I are preserved in the National Archives. Click on the link above

World War II service records - Also held in the National Archives above.
The Archives cares for the service records of Australians who served during World War II (1939–45).
World War II Nominal Roll

You may search for service record details by specifying name, service number, honours, place (of birth, of enlistment, or residential locality at enlistment). Once you find an individual service record you can print a certificate of service, if you wish.
http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/script/name.asp#searchtabs

Korean War Nominal Roll
The Nominal Roll of Australian Veterans of the Korean War honours and commemorates the men and women who served in the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force in Korea, or in the waters adjacent to Korea, during the conflict and after the ceasefire, between 27 June 1950 and 19 April 1956.

VietNam Nominal Roll

The Nominal Roll of Vietnam Veterans honours and commemorates the men and women who served in the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force in Vietnam, or in the waters adjacent to Vietnam, during the conflict between 23 May 1962 and 29 April 1975.The roll contains information from the Service records of more than 60 000 military members who served during the Vietnam War. You can seek information on these members using the Search function.

Headquarters: 1st Australian Task Force South Vietnam 1966-1972

Australians in the Boer War

Australian Redcoat Settlers
This Site is dedicated to the Officers, men and families of British Regiments who settled in Australia, including soldiers that served in Australia and settled in New Zealand.
[2]

For more details on the history of the army and the navy in Australia, read volume two, pages 215–244, of the Australian Encyclopedia mentioned earlier.

The following book can supply further information on tracing your military ancestors:

Montague, R. H. How to trace your military ancestors'. Sydney, N.S.W., Australia: Hale & Iremonger, 1989. (Family History Library Call Number 994 M27m.)

Navy

The organization of the navy is divided into three groups:

* The British era, 1788–1887
* Auxiliary squadrons and subsidies, 1887–1909
* Australian squadron, 1909–

The British navy first arrived in Australia as a part of the first fleet. The first regular warship was stationed at Sydney in 1821, and the navy continued to be in Australia from that point on. In 1855 Australia’s first warship was built. Although Australia had organized its own navy by 1869, it was still under the protection of the British navy. In 1901 the Australian government took over jurisdiction of the navy.

Availability of Records

The records of regiments that served in Australia are available at some archives and genealogical societies in Australia. British military records are held at the Public Record Office listed below. Some records are also available on microfilm through the Family History Library.

Public Record Office
Ruskin Avenue
Kew
Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU
ENGLAND
Internet: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/default.htm

Military records in Australia can be found in the following repository:

Australian War Memorial
G.P.O. Box 345
Canberra
Australian Capital Territory 2601
AUSTRALIA
Internet: http://www.awm.gov.au/

The Australian War Memorial holds a large collection of military records. The memorial has a research center, but the staff does not offer a research service. They will provide a list of other people who do research at their center. The following is a guide to the center’s records:

Bradley, Joyce, et al. Roll call! a guide to genealogical sources in the Australian War Memorial. Canberra, Australia: Australian War Memorial, 1986. (Family History Library Call Number 994 M23r).

Other national offices that have records are:

Naval Records
Directorate of Sailors’ Postings
D-2-26
Department of Defence (Navy Office)
Russell Offices
Canberra
Australian Capital Territory 2600
AUSTRALIA
Internet: http://www.dva.gov.au/media/publicat/2004/oawg_journal2004/6_reference/04_ref_servicedetails.html

War Graves
The Office of Australian War Graves
Department of Veterans’ Affairs
P.O. Box 21
Woden
Australian Capital Territory 2606
AUSTRALIA
Internet: http://www.dva.gov.au/commem/oawg/general.htm

Military Historical Society
Federal Secretary
Military Historical Society of Australia
P.O. Box 30
Garran
Australian Capital Territory 2605
AUSTRALIA
Internet: http://www.mhsa.org.au/FedCouncil_biog/Alexander_biog.htm

RAAF records
Australian Archives National Office
P.O. Box 34
Dickson
Australia Capital Territory 2602
AUSTRALIA
Internet: http://www.naa.gov.au/fsheets/FS97.html

Pension Entitlements
Veterans’ Affairs Network
G.P.O. Box 802
Canberra
Australian Capital Territory 2601
AUSTRALIA
Internet:

Most state archives will have some military records. For a listing of the archives and their addresses, see the "Archives and Libraries" article of this wiki. Check their holdings to determine exactly what the state archives have. Two states have military history societies that can help you. The addresses of these societies are:

New South Wales
New South Wales Military Historical Society
112 Irvine Crescent
Ryde
New South Wales 2112
AUSTRALIA
Internet: http://www.mhsa.org.au/

South Australia
South Australian Maritime Museum
126 Lipsom Street
Port Adelaide
South Australia 5015
AUSTRALIA
Internet: http://www.history.sa.gov.au/maritime/maritime.htm

The Family History Library has some Australian military records. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

AUSTRALIA - MILITARY RECORDS

AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - MILITARY RECORDS

The following are some examples of military records:

Military records: marriages, baptisms and births of military units in New South Wales, ca. 1850–1942'. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983. (Family History Library Microfilm 1368199.)

Alphabetical lists of deserters from ships, 1852–1952 (South Australia)'. not published, [199-?]. (Family History Library Microfiche 6344807–6344808.)

Australian Army. Southern Tasmania Volunteer Artillery. Register of volunteers, 1879–1903, Southern Tasmanian Volunteer Artillery'. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. (Family History Library Microfilm  919514–919516.)

Great Britain. War Office. Muster rolls and pay lists of New South Wales Regiment, 1799–1823'. Canberra, Australia: Filmed by the National Library of Australia, [1908–?]. (Family History Library Microfilm 1483372–1483547.)