Australian Capital Territory, Australia

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== Early History of the Australian Capital Territory ==
 
== Early History of the Australian Capital Territory ==
  
  
 
Canberra, the capital city of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Australia, is Ngunnawal country. The Ngunnawal are the indigenous people of this region and its first inhabitants. The neighbouring people are the Gundungurra to the north, the Ngarigo to the south, the Yuin on the coast, and the Wiradjuri inland. It is a harsh climate and difficult country for hunter-gatherer people. To live here required great knowledge of the environment, skilful custodianship of it and close cooperation.
 
Canberra, the capital city of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Australia, is Ngunnawal country. The Ngunnawal are the indigenous people of this region and its first inhabitants. The neighbouring people are the Gundungurra to the north, the Ngarigo to the south, the Yuin on the coast, and the Wiradjuri inland. It is a harsh climate and difficult country for hunter-gatherer people. To live here required great knowledge of the environment, skilful custodianship of it and close cooperation.
 
  
 
== First European Settlement ==
 
== First European Settlement ==
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In the first day of January 1901, the colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania joined together in a new Commonwealth of Australia. Both before and after Federation, there was much public bickering about what and where a federal territory and Seat of Government should be. The Constitution said that the Parliament must choose a site at least one hundred miles (160km) from Sydney and that the Parliament would sit in Melbourne until a new parliament house was built in the new capital. You can read more details about the history and development of Canberra and the ACT at the National Capital website [http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=254&Itemid=248#5].
 
In the first day of January 1901, the colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania joined together in a new Commonwealth of Australia. Both before and after Federation, there was much public bickering about what and where a federal territory and Seat of Government should be. The Constitution said that the Parliament must choose a site at least one hundred miles (160km) from Sydney and that the Parliament would sit in Melbourne until a new parliament house was built in the new capital. You can read more details about the history and development of Canberra and the ACT at the National Capital website [http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=254&Itemid=248#5].
  
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== Getting started with Australian Capital Territory research  ==
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Numerous articles are available on FamilySearch Wiki to help you get started in family history. This portal will provide links to articles about general research topics.
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[[Principles of Family History Research|'''Principles of Family History Research''']]
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#[[Identify What You Know|Identify What You Know]]
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#[[Decide What You Want to Learn|Decide What You Want to Learn]]
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#[[Select Records to Search|Select Records to Search]]
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#[[Obtain and Search the Records|Obtain and Search the Records]]
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#[[Use the Information|Use the Information]]
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== Help Wanted  ==
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Interested in [[Edit and Contribute|editing or adding to the Wiki]]? The Australian Capital Territory page needs you! Here are some simple ways you can add information other researchers need!
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== Events  ==
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*National Family History Week July 31st to August 8th 2010
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== Things You Can Do  ==
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(Your text or images here, or use the table below:)
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(All text below this is included in a column on the left side of the screen.)
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| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''News'''
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* [[Australia, New South Wales Index to Bounty Immigrants|Bounty Immigrants 1828-1842 Index at Record Search soon]]
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more...
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| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Topics'''
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*[[Australian Capital Territory Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
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*[[Australia Census|Census]]
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*[[Australian Capital Territory Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
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*[[Australian Capital Territory Land and Property|Land and Property]]
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*[[Australian Capital Territory Newspapers|Newspapers]]
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| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Other'''
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*Australian Capital Territory makes its indexes to births, deaths and marriages available online.
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[[Category:Australian Capital Territory]]
  
 
== Canberra Cemeteries ==
 
== Canberra Cemeteries ==

Revision as of 00:36, 15 November 2009


Contents

Early History of the Australian Capital Territory

Canberra, the capital city of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Australia, is Ngunnawal country. The Ngunnawal are the indigenous people of this region and its first inhabitants. The neighbouring people are the Gundungurra to the north, the Ngarigo to the south, the Yuin on the coast, and the Wiradjuri inland. It is a harsh climate and difficult country for hunter-gatherer people. To live here required great knowledge of the environment, skilful custodianship of it and close cooperation.

First European Settlement

The first European settlement of the area, later known as the Limestone Plains (or ‘Manarro’, as it was called by local Aboriginal people), occurred when Joshua John Moore established a station at what is now Acton (site of the National Museum of Australia) in 1823. When he sought to purchase the land in December 1826, he referred to the location as ‘Canbery’, a name later used with various spellings for all the surrounding areas.

The local Aboriginal people were referred to by early white writers as the ‘Kamberra’, ‘Kghambury’, ‘Nganbra’ and ‘Gnabra’, all of which share some resemblance to ‘Canberra’ - the name of the capital announced at the Foundation Stone Ceremony by Lady Denman on 12 March 1913. There is little doubt that ‘Canberra’ is an anglicised version of the Aboriginal words, which is said to mean ‘meeting place’.


Siting and Naming of Canberra

In the first day of January 1901, the colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania joined together in a new Commonwealth of Australia. Both before and after Federation, there was much public bickering about what and where a federal territory and Seat of Government should be. The Constitution said that the Parliament must choose a site at least one hundred miles (160km) from Sydney and that the Parliament would sit in Melbourne until a new parliament house was built in the new capital. You can read more details about the history and development of Canberra and the ACT at the National Capital website [1].


Getting started with Australian Capital Territory research

Numerous articles are available on FamilySearch Wiki to help you get started in family history. This portal will provide links to articles about general research topics.

Principles of Family History Research

  1. Identify What You Know
  2. Decide What You Want to Learn
  3. Select Records to Search
  4. Obtain and Search the Records
  5. Use the Information

Help Wanted

Interested in editing or adding to the Wiki? The Australian Capital Territory page needs you! Here are some simple ways you can add information other researchers need!

Events

  • National Family History Week July 31st to August 8th 2010

Things You Can Do

(Your text or images here, or use the table below:)

  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)

(All text below this is included in a column on the left side of the screen.)

News

more...

Topics
Other
  • Australian Capital Territory makes its indexes to births, deaths and marriages available online.




Canberra Cemeteries

You can do an on-line search of burials at the Gungahlan, Hall, Tharwa and Woden cemeteries at the ACT cemeteries website.[2]