B genealogical glossary terms

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m
m
Line 549: Line 549:
 
*A Portuguese word for baptisms.
 
*A Portuguese word for baptisms.
  
batisseur  
+
===== batisseur =====
 +
*French word for "builder."
  
    French word for "builder."
+
===== batizar  =====
 +
*Portuguese word for "to baptize."
  
batizar
+
===== batsmaður  =====
 +
*Icelandic word for "boatman."
  
    Portuguese word for "to baptize."
+
===== battesimale  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptismal."
  
batsmaður
+
===== battesimo  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptism."
  
    Icelandic word for "boatman."
+
===== battezzare  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptize."
  
battesimale
+
===== battezzarono  =====
 +
*Italian word for "they baptized."
  
    Italian word for "baptismal."
+
===== battezzato, -a  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptized."
  
battesimo
+
===== battezzo  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptized."
  
    Italian word for "baptism."
+
===== Bauer =====
 
+
*German word for "farmer, peasant."  
battezzare
+
 
+
    Italian word for "baptize."
+
 
+
battezzarono
+
 
+
    Italian word for "they baptized."
+
 
+
battezzato, -a
+
 
+
    Italian word for "baptized."
+
 
+
battezzo
+
 
+
    Italian word for "baptized."
+
 
+
Bauer  
+
 
+
    German word for "farmer, peasant."  
+
  
 
===== Bauptismos  =====
 
===== Bauptismos  =====
Line 597: Line 587:
 
*A Spanish term for baptism. Also used in the Philippines.
 
*A Spanish term for baptism. Also used in the Philippines.
  
bautizar  
+
===== bautizar =====
 +
*Spanish word for "to baptize."
  
    Spanish word for "to baptize."
+
===== Bayern  =====
 +
*German word for "Bavaria."
  
Bayern
+
===== baía  =====
 +
*Portuguese word for "bay."
  
    German word for "Bavaria."
+
===== Computer bulletin board system (BBS)  =====
 +
*A computer service that allows people to enter information that other people can then read or download. Users can also post questions for others to answer, answer questions posted by others, or read questions and answers already on the service. Many bulletin boards focus on a particular topic. Also called a computer message board or computer news group.
  
baía
+
===== Band, German (Bd.) =====
 
+
*German word for "volume."
    Portuguese word for "bay."
+
 
+
Computer bulletin board system (BBS)
+
 
+
    A computer service that allows people to enter information that other people can then read or download. Users can also post questions for others to answer, answer questions posted by others, or read questions and answers already on the service. Many bulletin boards focus on a particular topic. Also called a computer message board or computer news group.
+
 
+
Band, German (Bd.)  
+
 
+
    German word for "volume."
+
  
 
===== BCG  =====
 
===== BCG  =====
Line 621: Line 606:
 
*Board for Certification of Genealogists.
 
*Board for Certification of Genealogists.
  
bd.  
+
===== bd. =====
 +
*Danish word for "volume."
  
    Danish word for "volume."
+
===== be  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "pray, request."
  
be
+
===== Beamter  =====
 +
*German word for "official, registrar."
  
    Norwegian word for "pray, request."
+
===== Beat  =====
 +
*The area of land that a census taker covers.
  
Beamter
+
===== beatus  =====
 +
*Latin word for "blessed, deceased."
  
    German word for "official, registrar."
+
===== beau-fils  =====
 +
*French word for "son-in-law, stepson."
  
Beat
+
===== beau-frère  =====
 +
*French word for "brother-in-law, stepbrother."
  
    The area of land that a census taker covers.
+
===== beau-père  =====
 +
*French word for "father-in-law, stepfather."
  
beatus
+
===== beboer  =====
 +
*Danish and Norwegian word for "occupant, resident."
  
    Latin word for "blessed, deceased."
+
===== bebé  =====
 +
*Spanish word for "baby."
  
beau-fils
+
===== beccaio  =====
 +
*Italian word for "butcher."
  
    French word for "son-in-law, stepson."
+
===== beccamorti  =====
 +
*Italian word for "grave digger."
  
beau-frère
+
===== becchino  =====
 +
*Italian word for "grave digger."
  
    French word for "brother-in-law, stepbrother."
+
===== Beck(er)  =====
 +
*German word for "baker."
  
beau-père
+
===== becsületes  =====
 +
*Hungarian word for "honest."
  
    French word for "father-in-law, stepfather."
+
===== beda  =====
 +
*Polish word for "they will."
  
beboer
+
===== bede  =====
 +
*Danish word for "pray."
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "occupant, resident."
+
===== bededag  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "prayer day."
  
bebé
+
===== bedelaar  =====
 +
*Afrikaans and Dutch word for "beggar."
  
    Spanish word for "baby."
+
===== bedendmaking  =====
 +
*Afrikaans word for "declaration."
  
beccaio
+
===== bedrag =====
 
+
*Afrikaans and Dutch word for "fee, amount (of money)."
    Italian word for "butcher."
+
 
+
beccamorti
+
 
+
    Italian word for "grave digger."
+
 
+
becchino
+
 
+
    Italian word for "grave digger."
+
 
+
Beck(er)
+
 
+
    German word for "baker."
+
 
+
becsületes
+
 
+
    Hungarian word for "honest."
+
 
+
beda
+
 
+
    Polish word for "they will."
+
 
+
bede
+
 
+
    Danish word for "pray."
+
 
+
bededag
+
 
+
    Norwegian word for "prayer day."
+
 
+
bedelaar
+
 
+
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "beggar."
+
 
+
bedendmaking
+
 
+
    Afrikaans word for "declaration."
+
 
+
bedrag  
+
 
+
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "fee, amount (of money)."
+
 
+
bedrijf
+
 
+
    Dutch word for "trade, business, concern."
+
 
+
bedrive hor
+
 
+
    Norwegian word for "commit adultery."
+
 
+
bedryf
+
 
+
    Afrikaans word for "occupation, trade."
+
 
+
bedstefar
+
 
+
    Danish word for "grandfather."
+
 
+
bedstemor
+
 
+
    Danish word for "grandmother."
+
 
+
bedzie
+
 
+
    Polish word for "he/she/it will."
+
 
+
beerdigt
+
 
+
    German word for "buried."
+
  
Beerdigung
+
===== bedrijf  =====
 +
*Dutch word for "trade, business, concern."
  
    German word for "burial, interment."
+
===== bedrive hor  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "commit adultery."
  
befandtes
+
===== bedryf  =====
 +
*Afrikaans word for "occupation, trade."
  
    Danish word for "is found."
+
===== bedstefar  =====
 +
*Danish word for "grandfather."
  
befolkning, Danish  
+
===== bedstemor  =====
 +
*Danish word for "grandmother."
  
    Danish word for "population, inhabitants."
+
===== bedzie  =====
 +
*Polish word for "he/she/it will."
  
befolkning, Norwegian
+
===== beerdigt  =====
 +
*German word for "buried."
  
    Norwegian word for "population, people."
+
===== Beerdigung  =====
 +
*German word for "burial, interment."
  
befolkning, Swedish
+
===== befandtes  =====
 +
*Danish word for "is found."
  
    Swedish word for "population."
+
===== befolkning, Danish  =====
 +
*Danish word for "population, inhabitants."
  
begge
+
===== befolkning, Norwegian  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "population, people."
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "both."
+
===== befolkning, Swedish  =====
 +
*Swedish word for "population."
  
begivenhet
+
===== begge  =====
 +
*Danish and Norwegian word for "both."
  
    Norwegian word for "event, occurrence."
+
===== begivenhet  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "event, occurrence."
  
 
beglaubigt  
 
beglaubigt  
Line 2,052: Line 2,002:
 
     Danish and Norwegian word for "residence, house."
 
     Danish and Norwegian word for "residence, house."
  
boltos
+
boltos  
  
 
     Hungarian word for "shopkeeper."
 
     Hungarian word for "shopkeeper."
  
bom (oa)
+
bom (oa)  
  
 
     Portuguese word for "good."
 
     Portuguese word for "good."
  
bon (bonne)
+
bon (bonne)  
  
 
     French word for "good."
 
     French word for "good."
  
bona
+
bona  
  
 
     Latin word for "possessions."
 
     Latin word for "possessions."
Line 2,104: Line 2,054:
 
*A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties.
 
*A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties.
  
bonde
+
bonde  
  
 
     Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "farmer."
 
     Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "farmer."
Line 2,112: Line 2,062:
 
*An individual or institution that signs a bond to guarantee that if the bond holder does not meet the obligations, that individual or institution will. Also called a surety.
 
*An individual or institution that signs a bond to guarantee that if the bond holder does not meet the obligations, that individual or institution will. Also called a surety.
  
bonne
+
bonne  
  
 
     French word for "maid, female servant."
 
     French word for "maid, female servant."
  
bonus
+
bonus  
  
 
     Latin word for "good."
 
     Latin word for "good."
Line 2,136: Line 2,086:
 
*An article that summarizes a book and evaluates the quality of the book’s information and writing.
 
*An article that summarizes a book and evaluates the quality of the book’s information and writing.
  
Boom
+
Boom  
  
 
     Sudden population growth (large numbers of people moving in) caused by economic opportunites. When land was opened to homesteading, land rushes or land booms occured. The discovery of oil caused oil booms; the discovery of minerals caused mining booms.
 
     Sudden population growth (large numbers of people moving in) caused by economic opportunites. When land was opened to homesteading, land rushes or land booms occured. The discovery of oil caused oil booms; the discovery of minerals caused mining booms.
  
boot
+
boot  
  
 
     Afrikaans word for "boat, barge, ship."
 
     Afrikaans word for "boat, barge, ship."
  
Bootsmann
+
Bootsmann  
  
 
     German word for "bargeman, boatman."
 
     German word for "bargeman, boatman."
  
bopel
+
bopel  
  
 
     Norwegian word for "residence, domicile."
 
     Norwegian word for "residence, domicile."
  
bopæl
+
bopæl  
  
 
     Danish word for "residence, home, domicile."
 
     Danish word for "residence, home, domicile."
  
borbély
+
borbély  
  
 
     Hungarian word for "barber."
 
     Hungarian word for "barber."
  
bordarius
+
bordarius  
  
 
     Latin word for "cottager, tenant, border."
 
     Latin word for "cottager, tenant, border."
Line 2,184: Line 2,134:
 
*Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
 
*Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
  
Border crossings
+
Border crossings  
  
 
     The act of going across a political boundary from one country to another.
 
     The act of going across a political boundary from one country to another.
Line 2,190: Line 2,140:
 
     The place where people go from one country to another.
 
     The place where people go from one country to another.
  
borg
+
borg  
  
 
     Swedish word for "castle,fortress."
 
     Swedish word for "castle,fortress."
  
borg
+
borg  
  
 
     Icelandic word for "city."
 
     Icelandic word for "city."
  
borgare
+
borgare  
  
 
     Swedish word for "citizen, burgher."
 
     Swedish word for "citizen, burgher."
  
borgari
+
borgari  
  
 
     Icelandic word for "citizen."
 
     Icelandic word for "citizen."
  
borger
+
borger  
  
 
     Danish and Norwegian word for "citizen."
 
     Danish and Norwegian word for "citizen."
  
borgermester
+
borgermester  
  
 
     Norwegian word for "mayor."
 
     Norwegian word for "mayor."
  
borgerskab
+
borgerskab  
  
 
     Danish word for "citizenship."
 
     Danish word for "citizenship."
  
 
+
<br>
  
 
===== Borgerskabprotokoller, Denmark  =====
 
===== Borgerskabprotokoller, Denmark  =====
Line 2,224: Line 2,174:
 
*A Danish word for citizenship book. It lists the people who received the rights to citizenship extended by a city. Citizenship rights included the right to engage in business in the city, protection under the law, and permission to live in the city without being expelled. The book includes the names of the people granted citizenship and their age, social and economic status, occupation and training, and sometimes birthplace and names of relatives. Until the twentieth century, only males of the middle or upper class, usually merchants and tradesmen, were granted citizenship.
 
*A Danish word for citizenship book. It lists the people who received the rights to citizenship extended by a city. Citizenship rights included the right to engage in business in the city, protection under the law, and permission to live in the city without being expelled. The book includes the names of the people granted citizenship and their age, social and economic status, occupation and training, and sometimes birthplace and names of relatives. Until the twentieth century, only males of the middle or upper class, usually merchants and tradesmen, were granted citizenship.
  
borgerskap
+
borgerskap  
  
 
     Norwegian word for "citizenship."
 
     Norwegian word for "citizenship."
  
borghese
+
borghese  
  
 
     Italian word for "burgher, citizen."
 
     Italian word for "burgher, citizen."
  
borgmester
+
borgmester  
  
 
     Danish word for "mayor."
 
     Danish word for "mayor."
  
borgmästare
+
borgmästare  
  
 
     Swedish word for "mayor."
 
     Swedish word for "mayor."
  
 
+
<br>
  
 
===== Born In (the) Covenant  =====
 
===== Born In (the) Covenant  =====
Line 2,254: Line 2,204:
 
*A self-governing town or city that sends a representative to Parliament.
 
*A self-governing town or city that sends a representative to Parliament.
  
Borough, New York City
+
Borough, New York City  
  
 
     One of the five administrative divisions of New York City: Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Richmond (Staten Island).
 
     One of the five administrative divisions of New York City: Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Richmond (Staten Island).
Line 2,262: Line 2,212:
 
*A city or town in Scotland. In current usage, the term borough refers only to towns with a charter. Also spelled burgh.
 
*A city or town in Scotland. In current usage, the term borough refers only to towns with a charter. Also spelled burgh.
  
borta
+
borta  
  
 
     Swedish word for "absent."
 
     Swedish word for "absent."
  
bortgift
+
bortgift  
  
 
     Swedish word for "married elsewhere."
 
     Swedish word for "married elsewhere."
  
borussia
+
borussia  
  
 
     Latin word for "Prussia."
 
     Latin word for "Prussia."
  
bos
+
bos  
  
 
     Dutch word for "woods, forest (new version of the word)."
 
     Dutch word for "woods, forest (new version of the word)."
  
bosbaas
+
bosbaas  
  
 
     Dutch word for "forester."
 
     Dutch word for "forester."
  
bosbouer
+
bosbouer  
  
 
     Afrikaans word for "forester, warden."
 
     Afrikaans word for "forester, warden."
  
bosch
+
bosch  
  
 
     Dutch word for "woods, forest (old version of the word)."
 
     Dutch word for "woods, forest (old version of the word)."
  
bosque
+
bosque  
  
 
     Portuguese word for "grove, forest, woods."
 
     Portuguese word for "grove, forest, woods."
  
bostad
+
bostad  
  
 
     Swedish word for "domicile."
 
     Swedish word for "domicile."
  
boswachter
+
boswachter  
  
 
     Dutch word for "forester."
 
     Dutch word for "forester."
  
boswagter
+
boswagter  
  
 
     Afrikaans word for "forester."
 
     Afrikaans word for "forester."
  
bot
+
bot  
  
 
     Norwegian word for "fine, penalty."
 
     Norwegian word for "fine, penalty."
  
bottaio
+
bottaio  
  
 
     Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
 
     Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
  
bottegaio
+
bottegaio  
  
 
     Italian word for "shopkeeper."
 
     Italian word for "shopkeeper."
  
boucher
+
boucher  
  
 
     French word for "butcher."
 
     French word for "butcher."
  
boulanger
+
boulanger  
  
 
     French word for "baker."
 
     French word for "baker."
  
 
+
<br>
  
 
===== Boundary  =====
 
===== Boundary  =====
Line 2,340: Line 2,290:
 
*A formal, written request for a piece of federal land in return for past military service.
 
*A formal, written request for a piece of federal land in return for past military service.
  
boupptekning
+
boupptekning  
  
 
     Swedish word for "estate inventory, probate."
 
     Swedish word for "estate inventory, probate."
  
bourgeois
+
bourgeois  
  
 
     French word for "citizen, member of the middle class."
 
     French word for "citizen, member of the middle class."
  
bourguignon
+
bourguignon  
  
 
     French word for "Burgundian."
 
     French word for "Burgundian."
  
bouvier
+
bouvier  
  
 
     French word for "herdsman, cowherd."
 
     French word for "herdsman, cowherd."
  
bovaro
+
bovaro  
  
 
     Italian word for "cattle driver."
 
     Italian word for "cattle driver."
  
boven
+
boven  
  
 
     Dutch word for "above, over, upstairs."
 
     Dutch word for "above, over, upstairs."
  
 
+
<br>
  
 
===== Bowman Collection  =====
 
===== Bowman Collection  =====
Line 2,374: Line 2,324:
 
*A printed book used to record membership records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1920 and 1941. Each page of the book had four to six boxes, and each box contained the complete membership information for an individual. The records are available at the Family History Library™ and Family History Centers™.
 
*A printed book used to record membership records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1920 and 1941. Each page of the book had four to six boxes, and each box contained the complete membership information for an individual. The records are available at the Family History Library™ and Family History Centers™.
  
boznica
+
boznica  
  
 
     Polish word for "synagogue."
 
     Polish word for "synagogue."
  
Bozy
+
Bozy  
  
 
     Polish word for "the Lord's."
 
     Polish word for "the Lord's."
  
braaf
+
braaf  
  
 
     Dutch word for "honest, worthy, good."
 
     Dutch word for "honest, worthy, good."
  
bracciale
+
bracciale  
  
 
     Italian word for "laborer."
 
     Italian word for "laborer."
  
bracciante
+
bracciante  
  
 
     Italian word for "farm laborer."
 
     Italian word for "farm laborer."
  
Brachmonat
+
Brachmonat  
  
 
     German word for "June."
 
     German word for "June."
  
bracia
+
bracia  
  
 
     Polish word for "brothers."
 
     Polish word for "brothers."
  
brak
+
brak  
  
 
     Polish word for "lack of, is missing."
 
     Polish word for "lack of, is missing."
Line 2,418: Line 2,368:
 
*A local division of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is similar to a ward but usually does not have enough membership or enough priesthood leadership to support all the programs of the Church.
 
*A local division of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is similar to a ward but usually does not have enough membership or enough priesthood leadership to support all the programs of the Church.
  
branco (a)
+
branco (a)  
  
 
     Portuguese word for "white."
 
     Portuguese word for "white."
  
brann
+
brann  
  
 
     Norwegian word for "fire."
 
     Norwegian word for "fire."
  
brasiator
+
brasiator  
  
 
     Latin word for "brewer."
 
     Latin word for "brewer."
  
brasseur
+
brasseur  
  
 
     French word for "brewer."
 
     French word for "brewer."
  
brassier
+
brassier  
  
 
     French word for "farmworker, laborer (old word)."
 
     French word for "farmworker, laborer (old word)."
  
brat
+
brat  
  
 
     Polish word for "brother."
 
     Polish word for "brother."
  
bratanek
+
bratanek  
  
 
     Polish word for "nephew."
 
     Polish word for "nephew."
  
bratanica
+
bratanica  
  
 
     Polish word for "niece."
 
     Polish word for "niece."
  
bratowa
+
bratowa  
  
 
     Polish word for "sister-in-law."
 
     Polish word for "sister-in-law."
  
bratr
+
bratr  
  
 
     Czech word for "brother."
 
     Czech word for "brother."
  
bratranec
+
bratranec  
  
 
     Czech word for "cousin (male)."
 
     Czech word for "cousin (male)."
  
Brauer
+
Brauer  
  
 
     German word for "brewer."
 
     German word for "brewer."
  
 
+
<br>
  
 
===== Brief description, Family History Library Catalog™ on compact disc  =====
 
===== Brief description, Family History Library Catalog™ on compact disc  =====

Revision as of 16:43, 31 July 2009


B

baba
  • Afrikaans word for "baby."
babbo
  • Italian word for "father."
babina
  • Czech word for "grandmother."
babka
  • Polish word for "grandmother."
bacallarius
  • Latin word for "bachelor."
backe
  • Swedish word for "hill."
Background information
  • Information about the land, people, history, government, and other characteristics of an area. Background information helps to focus research in the most appropriate types of records for a given area and time period.
backstugusittare
  • Swedish word for "one who owned a small cottage, dugout dweller."
Bad
  • German word for "spa, resort."
bad(plaats)
  • Dutch word for "resort, spa, bath."
badatel
  • Czech word for "researcher."
Badeort
  • German word for "spa, health resort."
bagare
  • Swedish word for "baker."
bagbygning
  • Danish word for "a building behind the main building."
bager
  • Danish word for "baker."
Baggage list
  • A list of the luggage and other personal belongings of the crew and passengers on a ship or train.
baillivus
  • Latin word for "bailiff."
baixo (a)
  • Portuguese word for "low."
bajo (a)
  • Spanish word for "low."
bakalarz
  • Polish word for "teacher, bachelor."
bakari
  • Icelandic word for "baker."
bakbygning
  • Norwegian word for "back building (additional residence behind the main building)."
baker, Dutch
  • Dutch word for "dry nurse."
baker, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "baker."
bakke
  • Norwegian word for "hill."
bakker
  • Afrikaans and Dutch word for "baker."
bakom
  • Swedish word for "behind."
bal
  • Hungarian word for "left (direction)."
The Henry R. Baldwin Genealogical Records, Ohio (Baldwin collection)
  • A collection of church, military, cemetery, court, and family information about people from eastern Ohio from 1867 to 1913.
baltycki
  • Polish word for "Baltic."
bambina illegittima
  • Italian word for "illegitimate girl."
bambini
  • Italian word for "children."
bambino illegittimo
  • Italian word for "illegitimate boy."
bambino, -a
  • Italian word for "child, baby."
ban (le)
  • French word for "the territory."
banchiere
  • Italian word for "banker."
band, Danish
  • Danish word for "volume."
Band, German (Bd.)
  • German word for "volume."
bandi di matrimonio
  • Italian word for "marriage banns, notices."
Bankruptcy
  • The state of being unable to pay one's debts. To formally declare bankruptcy is to seek relief from creditors through a court action. An individual, government, business, or other organization can declare bankruptcy.
bannlyse
  • Norwegian word for "excommunicate."
bannorum, liber
  • Latin word for "register of marriage banns, announcements."
Banns
  • A public announcement made by a couple to their local church congregation that they planned to marry. The couple may also have posted a written notice on the church.
bannum
  • Latin word for "bann, marriage proclamation."
bans
  • French word for "marriage banns, announcement(s)."
baptisatus
  • Latin word for "baptized."
===== Baptêmes =====
  • French word for baptisms.
Baptism certificate
  • A certificate stating the date and place an individual was baptized into a church.
Baptism for the dead, Latter-day Saint
  • A priesthood ordinance performed in temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Church members are baptized by proxy in behalf of people who have died.
Baptism, general
  • An initiation into a Christian church, usually performed by sprinkling the individual with water or immersing the individual in water.
Baptism, Latter-day Saint
  • The introductory ordinance into The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Church practices baptism by immersion for the remission of sins. The ordinance symbolizes the individual's rebirth as a disciple of Jesus Christ.
baptisma
  • Latin word for "baptism." Necessitate baptismo means "(being) an emergency baptism."
Baptismal date
  • The day an individual is baptized.
Baptismal records
  • Records created when an individual participates in the rite or ordinance of baptism to become a member of a church.
baptismatis
  • Latin word for "of baptism."
baptismo
  • Portuguese word for "baptism."
baptismus
  • Latin word for "baptism."
baptist
  • Norwegian and Swedish word for "Baptist."
Baptist Church
  • A group of Protestant churches that was founded by John Smythe during the early 1600s while he was a refugee in Amsterdam. The Baptists oppose infant baptism and baptize only adults who have accepted Jesus Christ as their Savior. Baptist churches are governed by local congregations and often organized into separate conventions or associations, such as the Baptist World Alliance and the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland. The Southern Baptist Convention is the largest Baptist organization in the world with 37,000 churches in the United States and its territories. It was organized in 1845 and has offices in Nashville, Tennessee.
Baptist, German
  • German word for "Baptist."
baptista
  • Hungarian word for "Baptist."
Baptiste
  • French word for "Baptist."
baptisé
  • French word for "baptized."
baptisé sous condition
  • French word for "conditionally baptized."
baptizar
  • Portuguese word for "to baptize."
baptizatorum, liber
  • Latin word for "register of baptisms."
baptizatus est
  • Latin word for "he was baptized, has been baptized."
baptizavi
  • Latin word for "I baptized, have baptized."
baptême d'urgence
  • French word for "emergency baptism."
Baptêmes
  • The French word for baptisms.
bar
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "carried."
bar barnet
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "carried or held the child (at baptism font)."
bara
  • Swedish word for "only."
barbiere
  • Italian word for "barber."
Barbour Collection
  • Abstracts of town, church, and other original records from the earliest period of Connecticut's history to the 1850s. The collection is indexed, but the index is incomplete and contains errors.
barca, fabbricatore di
  • Italian word for "boat maker."
barcaiolo
  • Italian word for "boatman."
Barcino
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian, African, and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
barco, Portuguese
  • Portuguese word for "boat."
barco, Spanish
  • Spanish word for "ship."
bare
  • Norwegian word for "only."
barilaio
  • Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
barista
  • Italian word for "bartender."
barkahósti
  • Icelandic word for "croup."
barn
  • Icelandic word for "child."
barn
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "child."
barn, Swedish
  • Swedish word for "child(ren)."
barna
  • Icelandic word for "make pregnant."
barna, Hungarian
  • Hungarian word for "brown."
barna, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "children."
Barnardo, Thomas John
  • The founder of a large philanthropic organization in Great Britain during the 1860s. This organization founded 90 homes for destitute children and founded many schools with unlimited admittance policies, which were rare at the time. The organization also helped send children (orphans and others) from Britain to Canada. These children were often called "Barnardo's children." The boys were sent as farm laborers and the girls as "mother's helpers."
Barnocino
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian, African, and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
barnbarn
  • Swedish word for "grandchild(ren)."
barnbok
  • Swedish word for "preconfirmation roll (in Finland)."
barndom
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "childhood."
barnebarn
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "grandchild."
barnedåb, Danish
  • Danish word for "child's baptism."
barnedåp, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "child baptism."
barnefader
  • Danish word for "child's father."
barnefar
  • Norwegian word for "child's father."
barnlaus
  • Icelandic word for "childless."
barnlös
  • Swedish word for "childless."
barnløs
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "childless."
barnmorska
  • Swedish word for "midwife."
Barnocino
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian, African, and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
barnsbörd, barnsäng
  • Swedish word for "childbirth."
barnsæng
  • Icelandic word for "childbed."
baro
  • Latin word for "baron."
Baron
  • The lowest title in the British and French peerage. A baron's wife or a woman who inherits or is granted the title is called a baroness. The title of baron was introduced to Great Britain in 1066 after the Normans took power. The king bestowed land and the title of baron to some of his men for their service. These men could give this land and the title to their oldest sons. Eventually the barons became divided into greater and lesser barons, depending on how much land they held. The greater barons eventually became earls and dukes. Lesser barons became the retainers. Currently, the title of baron is given by the British monarch for distinguished service or distinction in arts or letters. Barons may no longer give the title to their heirs. In other European countries, a baron may have various ranks. In Latin America, the baron (barón) was below the viscount (vizconde) and above a lord (señor).
Baron, Scotland
  • A baron was the noble owner of a feudal barony, which was a dignity and jurisdiction created over an area of land.  He could charter towns on his estate with the explicit permission of the Crown and he had civil and criminal jurisdictional powers.
Baron
  • German word for "baron."
Barón
  • The Spanish word for baron, a title of nobility ranking below a viscount (vizconde) and above a lord (señor).
barone
  • Italian word for "baron."
Baronet, Britain
  • The highest title in the British gentry, ranking below a baron and above a knight. The title of baronet was created in 1611 by King James I, who sold this title in return for much-needed money. Now the title of baronet is granted by the British monarch to anyone he or she wishes to honor. The title may be passed on to heirs, but a baronet does not have a seat in the House of Lords.
Barony, Ireland
  • A land division within a county in Ireland. Baronies were originally held by Irish chieftains, who obtained or leased it from the kings of the provinces. Eventually baronies came to be used only for financial and administrative reasons.
Barony, Scotland
  • A freehold estate created by direct grant with charter from the Crown, which carried with it both civil and criminal jurisdiction.
barrio
  • Spanish word for "city ward."
barsel
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "birth."
barselfeber
  • Norwegian word for "childbed fever."
barselseng
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "birthing bed."
E. E. Barton Collection of Northern Kentucky Families (Barton collection)
  • A collection of biographies, guardian bonds, appraisements, marriages, and church records for the residents of Kentucky in Pendleton County and neighboring counties.
barát
  • Hungarian word for "friend."
barão
  • Portuguese word for "baron."
Barón
  • The Spanish word for baron, a title of nobility ranking below a viscount (vizconde) and above a lord (señor).

bas

   French word for "low, lower."

Base born

   A child born out of wedlock. In the British Isles, similar terms are illegitimate, bastard, natural born, and unlawful.


Basic Search Strategies
  • The section of a research outline that describes a general process for conducting family history research.

basso

   Italian word for "low."

Bastard

   A child born out of wedlock. In the British Isles, similar terms are illegitimate, base born, natural born, and unlawful.

bastardo, -a

   Italian word for "illegitimate child."


Bastardy bond
  • A document guaranteeing that the father of an illegitimate child would take financial responsibility for the child. This document relieved the parish from that responsibility. Also called a bond of indemnification.
Batch number
  • A number used in the International Genealogical Index® and Scottish Church Records to find the original source of the information in an entry.
Batch number, Index to the Old Parochial Registers of Scotland
  • A number given in the Index to the Old Parochial Registers of Scotland that helps identify which microfilm contains the original parish record. The Batch Number Index identifies which batch numbers are tied to which films of original records.
Bates Collection of Genealogical Data
  • An 88-volume collection of information about Rhode Island families collected by Louise Prosser Bates. It contains abstracts of deeds, land grants, probate records, genealogies, town records, and cemetery records. It is at the Rhode Island Historical Society and on microfilm at the Family History Library™.
Batismos
  • A Portuguese word for baptisms.
batisseur
  • French word for "builder."
batizar
  • Portuguese word for "to baptize."
batsmaður
  • Icelandic word for "boatman."
battesimale
  • Italian word for "baptismal."
battesimo
  • Italian word for "baptism."
battezzare
  • Italian word for "baptize."
battezzarono
  • Italian word for "they baptized."
battezzato, -a
  • Italian word for "baptized."
battezzo
  • Italian word for "baptized."
Bauer
  • German word for "farmer, peasant."
Bauptismos
  • A Spanish word for baptisms.
Bautismo
  • A Spanish term for baptism. Also used in the Philippines.
bautizar
  • Spanish word for "to baptize."
Bayern
  • German word for "Bavaria."
baía
  • Portuguese word for "bay."
Computer bulletin board system (BBS)
  • A computer service that allows people to enter information that other people can then read or download. Users can also post questions for others to answer, answer questions posted by others, or read questions and answers already on the service. Many bulletin boards focus on a particular topic. Also called a computer message board or computer news group.
Band, German (Bd.)
  • German word for "volume."
BCG
  • Board for Certification of Genealogists.
bd.
  • Danish word for "volume."
be
  • Norwegian word for "pray, request."
Beamter
  • German word for "official, registrar."
Beat
  • The area of land that a census taker covers.
beatus
  • Latin word for "blessed, deceased."
beau-fils
  • French word for "son-in-law, stepson."
beau-frère
  • French word for "brother-in-law, stepbrother."
beau-père
  • French word for "father-in-law, stepfather."
beboer
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "occupant, resident."
bebé
  • Spanish word for "baby."
beccaio
  • Italian word for "butcher."
beccamorti
  • Italian word for "grave digger."
becchino
  • Italian word for "grave digger."
Beck(er)
  • German word for "baker."
becsületes
  • Hungarian word for "honest."
beda
  • Polish word for "they will."
bede
  • Danish word for "pray."
bededag
  • Norwegian word for "prayer day."
bedelaar
  • Afrikaans and Dutch word for "beggar."
bedendmaking
  • Afrikaans word for "declaration."
bedrag
  • Afrikaans and Dutch word for "fee, amount (of money)."
bedrijf
  • Dutch word for "trade, business, concern."
bedrive hor
  • Norwegian word for "commit adultery."
bedryf
  • Afrikaans word for "occupation, trade."
bedstefar
  • Danish word for "grandfather."
bedstemor
  • Danish word for "grandmother."
bedzie
  • Polish word for "he/she/it will."
beerdigt
  • German word for "buried."
Beerdigung
  • German word for "burial, interment."
befandtes
  • Danish word for "is found."
befolkning, Danish
  • Danish word for "population, inhabitants."
befolkning, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "population, people."
befolkning, Swedish
  • Swedish word for "population."
begge
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "both."
begivenhet
  • Norwegian word for "event, occurrence."

beglaubigt

   German word for "certified, attested."

begraaf

   Dutch word for "burial".

begraafplaas

   Afrikaans word for "cemetery."

begraafplaats

   Dutch word for "cemetery."

begraben

   German word for "buried."
Begräbnisse
  • The German word for burials.

begrafenis

   Dutch word for "funeral."

begrafn

   Icelandic word for "buried."

begrafnis

   Afrikaans word for "burial, funeral."

begrava

   Swedish word for "to bury."


Begravede
  • A Norwegian and Danish word for burials.

begravelse, Danish

   Danish word for "burial."

begravelse, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "funeral, burial."

begraven

   Dutch word for "to bury."

begravet

   Danish and Norwegian word for "buried."
Begravna
  • The Swedish word for burials.

begravning

   Swedish word for "burial."

begravningsplats

   Swedish word for "cemetery."

begrawe

   Afrikaans word for "to bury."

Begräbnisse

   The German word for burials.

begått H(errens) H(eliga) Nattvard

   Swedish word for "taken the Lord's Holy Communion."

behandle

   Norwegian word for "handle, treat, manage."

behoeftig

   Afrikaans word for "indigent, needy."

behoeftigden

   Dutch word for "needy, indigent."

behoort

   Afrikaans word for "belongs."

behoren

   Dutch word for "to belong to."

Beichte

   German word for "confession."

beide

   Afrikaans, Dutch and German word for "both."

Beilage

   German word for "supplement."

beiningamaður

   Icelandic word for "beggar."

bejaard

   Dutch word for "aged."

bejaarde

   Afrikaans word for "aged."

bejelent

   Hungarian word for "declares, reports."

Bekannte(r)

   German word for "acquaintance."

Bekehrung

   German word for "conversion."

bekende

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "acquaintance."

belasting, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "tax."

belasting, Dutch

   Dutch word for "taxation."

belastingheffer

   Afrikaans word for "tax collector."

Belege

   German word for "proof, documentation."

Belg(isch)

   Dutch word for "Belgian."

Belge

   French word for "Belgian."

Belgie

   Afrikaans word for "Belgium."

Belgies

   Afrikaans word for "Belgian."

België

   Dutch word for "Belgium."

belle-fille

   French word for "daughter-in-law, stepdaughter."

belle-mère

   French word for "mother-in-law, stepmother."

belle-soeur

   French word for "sister-in-law, stepsister."

belül

   Hungarian word for "inside."

bem

   Portuguese word for "good, well."

bemerking

   Dutch word for "remarks."

bemerkning

   Norwegian word for "remark."

Bemerkungen

   German word for "remarks."

bemærkning

   Danish word for "remark."

ben, Danish

   Danish word for "leg, bone, limb."

ben, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "leg, bone."

benadering

   Dutch word for "approximation."

benché

   Italian word for "although."

bendición

   Spanish word for "blessing."

bene

   Latin word for "well."


Beneficiary, insurance
  • An individual who receives the proceeds or benefits from an insurance policy.
Beneficiary, probate
  • An individual who receives property or money from a deceased individual’s estate.

benekte

   Norwegian word for "deny."

benestante

   Italian word for "wealthy person."

beni immobili

   Italian word for "real property, real estate."

beni stabili

   Italian word for "real property, real estate."
Benjamin Lake Noyes Collection
  • A collection of genealogies and correspondence concerning many Maine families, especially those who settled at Deer Isle in Hancock County.

benämd

   Swedish word for "called."

benåde

   Norwegian word for "pardon."

berg

   German and Swedish word for "hill, mountain."

berg, Dutch

   Dutch word for "mountain."

bergarius

   Latin word for "shepherd."

berger

   French word for "shepherd."

Bergmann

   German word for "miner."

bergslag

   Swedish word for "mining district."

bergsman

   Swedish word for "miner."

berklaveiki

   Icelandic word for "tuberculosis."

berní ruly

   Czech word for "tax lists."

beroep, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "occupation."

beroep, Dutch

   Dutch word for "trade, occupation."

beroerte

   Afrikaans word for "apoplexy, stroke."

Beruf

   German word for "occupation, profession."

beruset

   Norwegian word for "drunk."

Beschreibung

   German word for "description."

beschrijving

   Dutch word for "description."

besetning

   Norwegian word for "livestock, crew."

besidder

   Danish word for "owner.:

Besitzer

   German word for "possessor, proprietor, owner."

beskattning

   Swedish word for "taxation."

beskrive

   Danish word for "description."

beskrivelse

   Norwegian word for "description."

beskrivning, Swedish

   Swedish word for "description."

beskrywing, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "description."

beslagnemen

   Dutch word for "to seize."

beslektet

   Norwegian word for "related."

besnijdenis

   Dutch word for "circumcision."

bestattet

   German word for "buried."

bestefar

   Norwegian word for "grandfather."

besteforeldre

   Norwegian word for "grandparents."

bestemor

   Norwegian word for "grandmother."

bestilling

   Danish word for "occupation."

bestätigt

   German word for "confirmed, verified."

besvangre

   Norwegian word for "impregnate, get with child, make pregnant."

besökare

   Swedish word for "customs official (archaic), visitor (modern)."

bet-bet-overgrootvader

   Dutch word for "third great-grandfather."

bet-overgrootvader

   Dutch word for "second great-grandfather."

betale

   Norwegian word for "pay."

betegség

   Hungarian word for "disease, illness."

betjene

   Danish word for "serve."

betjänt

   Swedish word for "servant, civil servant."

betler

   Norwegian word for "beggar."

betrekking, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "concerning, in relation to, position (employment)."

betrekking, Dutch

   Dutch word for "in relation to, relatives."

bettlare

   Swedish word for "beggar."

Bettler

   German word for "beggar."

bettlägerig

   German word for "bedridden."

bettoliere

   Italian word for "tavern keeper."

betuiging, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "giving (as in giving thanks or legal testimony)."

betuiging, Dutch

   Dutch word for "declaration, expression."
Between the Miami Rivers Survey
  • A land survey that the United States government conducted between the Great and Little Miami Rivers in Ohio. The survey used the same nonstandard method used in the Symmes Purchase.

betyg

   Swedish word for "certificate."

bevaka

   Swedish word for "protect."

bevestiging

   Afrikaans word for "confirmation."

bevilge

   Norwegian word for "grant."

bevis, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "proof."

bevis, Swedish

   Swedish word for "certificate, proof, evidence."

bevistat läsförhören

   Swedish word for "present at household examination (clerical survey).

bevolking

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "population."

bevolking, Dutch

   Dutch word for "population."

bevolkingsregister

   Dutch word for "population register."

bevorstehend

   German word for "previously mentioned."

bevándorlás

   Hungarian word for "immigration."

bevándorló

   Hungarian word for "immigrant."

beväring

   Swedish word for "conscript."

beväringsman

   Swedish word for "recruit."

Bevölkerungsregister

   German word for "population register."

bewaarder

   Dutch word for "guardian, warden."

bewijs

   Dutch word for "certificate, proof."

bewijs van overlijden

   Dutch word for "death certificate, proof of death."

bewijs van trouwen

   Dutch word for "marriage certificate, proof of marriage."

bewys

   Afrikaans word for "evidence, proof."

beykir

   Icelandic word for "cooper."

bez

   Polish and Czech word for "without."

bezdzietny

   Polish word for "childless."

bezejmenný

   Czech word for "unnamed, nameless."

bezimienny

   Polish word for "unnamed, nameless."

Bezirk

   German word for "district."

beður

   Icelandic word for "bed."

Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)

   An agency of the United States government that manages and keeps the records of the government's interaction with American Indian tribes.

bialoruski

   Polish word for "Belorussian."

bialy

   Polish word for "white."

bianco

   Italian word for "white."

Bible records

   Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.


Bible Records, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize Bible records (birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles).
  • Bible records, general: Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.


Bibliography, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize lists of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.
Bibliography, general
  • A list of books, periodicals, or other resources that were used to prepare a book or article; also a separate list of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.

bibliográfia

   Hungarian word for "bibliography."

biblioteca

   Portuguese and Spanish word for "library."

biblioteche

   Italian word for "libraries."

bibliotek

   Danish and Norwegian word for "library."
Bibliothèque Généalogique, France
  • A library in Paris, France, that has a name index, genealogical books, and genealogical periodicals from all parts of France. Translated as Genealogical Library in English.
Bibliothèque Publique d' Information, France
  • A library in Paris, France, that has a collection of 300,000 volumes and 2,400 periodicals. It has a good genealogical collection.

bidden

   Dutch word for "to request, to pray."

bidello

   Italian word for "janitor."

biduum

   Latin word for "space of two days, two-day period."

biegunka

   Polish word for "diarrhea, dysentery."

bien, French

   French word for "well."

bien, Spanish

   Spanish word for "good, well."

bienes

   Spanish word for "property, goods, fee."
Bienes de difuntos
  • A Spanish term for inheritance records and inventories of personal estates. Also used in the Philippines.

biennium

   Latin word for "two-year period."

biens

   French word for "goods, property."

bierzmowanie

   Polish word for "confirmation."

biezacy

   Polish word for "current." Roku biezacego means "of the current year."

bifolco

   Italian word for "plowman."

bijlagen

   Dutch word for "supplemental documents."

bijna

   Dutch word for "almost, nearly."

bijnaam

   Dutch word for "surname, nickname."

bijzit

   Dutch word for "mistress, concubine".

bilaga

   Swedish word for "supplement, enclosure."
Bill of sale
  • A written document that transfers personal property from one individual to another. It proves that a sale occurred.

billedhugger

   Danish word for "sculptor."

Biloxi Bay, Mississippi

   The seaport area on the Gulf of Mexico where the city of Biloxi, Mississippi is now located. The permanent settlement in the Mississippi Valley was made there by the French in 1699.

bind, Danish

   Danish word for "volume."

bind, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "volume (book)."

binnekant

   Afrikaans word for "inside."

binnenkant

   Dutch word for "inside."

biografi

   Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "biography."

biografia

   Italian word for "biography."
Biografica
  • A biographical collection of notes, newspaper clippings, and obituaries of Swedish army officers and others.

biografie

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "biography."
Biographical dictionary
  • A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical dictionary usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical encyclopedia or compiled biography.
Biographical Dictionary of Early Virginia, 1607-1660
  • A biographical dictionary that contains more than 100,000 entries and mentions over 30,000 people who are named in wills, deeds, court orders, histories, and Virginia Company records.
Biographical encyclopedia
  • A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical encyclopedia usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical dictionary or compiled biography.
Biographical sketch
  • A brief account of an individual’s life.

biographie, French

   French word for "biography."

Biographie, German

   German word for "biography."

Biography

   A history of an individual's life.
Biography and Genealogy Master Index
  • An index that lists the subjects in most nationwide American biographical dictionaries. This index is essential for finding biographical sketches. It concentrates heavily on the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Biography File
  • A 180-drawer card index to newspaper clippings, local histories, and periodicals from Maryland during the 1800s and 1900s. This file is at the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, Maryland.
Biography, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize biographies (histories of people's lives) and biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias (compilations of histories of people’s lives).
Biography, general
  • A history of an individual’s life.
Biography, PERiodical Source Index
  • A record type used in the Locality and Research Methodologies sections of the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI) to identify articles that contain biographical information about a person or group of people.

birk

   Danish word for "court district."
Birke, Denmark
  • A Danish civil district, an area covered by a court. Also called herred.
Birth certificate
  • An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.

birodalom

   Hungarian word for "empire."

birraio

   Italian word for "barkeeper, brewer."

Birth certificate

   An official government document stating an individual's birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
Birth record
  • An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
Birthplace Index, 1881 British Census
  • An index of the 1881 British Census that is organized alphabetically by surname then by individuals' parish of birth. The Birthplace Index can help you identify possible brothers, sisters, and cousins who were born in the same parish but who may have moved to a different part of Great Britain.

birtokos

   Hungarian word for "landowning farmer."

bis-bisnonno

   Italian word for "secont great-grandfather."

bisabuela

   Spanish word for "great-grandmother."

bisabuelo

   Spanish word for "great-grandfather."

bisabuelos

   Spanish word for "great-grandparents."

bisavo, -a

   Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."

bisavolo, -a

   Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."

bisavó

   Portuguese word for "great-grandmother."

bisavô

   Portuguese word for "great-grandfather."

bisavôs

   Portuguese word for "great-grandparents."

Bischof

   German word for "bishop."

bisdom

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "diocese."
Bishop's court, Church of England
  • The highest court in a diocese of the Church of England. These courts also had superior jurisdiction over lesser courts in probate matters. Bishop's courts are also called episcopal, commissary, diocesan, exchequer, and consistory courts.
Bishop's transcript, Church of England
  • A contemporary copy of a parish register of the Church of England that a local priest sends to the bishop of the diocese each year. The transcripts were supposed to be exact, but entries were sometimes abbreviated and may contain additional or variant information. If the original parish register has been lost, the bishop's transcript may be the only source of information.
Bishops’ report, Latter-day Saint
  • A list of Latter-day Saint heads of households and the wards in which they lived. This report was prepared in 1852 and 1853.

biskop

   Norwegian word for "bishop."

biskup

   Czech and Polish word for "bishop."

bisneta

   Portuguese word for "great-granddaughter."

bisneto

   Portuguese word for "great-grandson."

bisnetos

   Portuguese word for "great-grandchildren."

bisnieta

   Spanish word for "great-granddaughter."

bisnieto

   Spanish word for "great-grandson."

bisnietos

   Spanish word for "great-grandchildren."

bisnonna

   Italian word for "great-grandmother."

bisnonno

   Italian word for "great-grandfather."

bispado

   Portuguese word for "bishopric."

bispedømme

   Danish and Norwegian word for "diocese."

bispo

   Portuguese word for "bishop."

Bistum

   German word for "diocese."

bitang

   Hungarian word for "vagrant, vagabond."

bizonyos

   Hungarian word for "certain, sure."

bizonyságok

   Hungarian word for "testimonies, (witnesses)."

bizonytalan

   Hungarian word for "uncertain."

bizonyítvány

   Hungarian word for "certificate, document."


Bjelke Feud (1658-1660), Norway
  • A military action in which Norway regained Trondheim and Romsdal, which it had lost to Sweden in the Krabbe War.
Black Books
  • A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains messages, petitions, addresses, accounts, court proceedings, and other legal documents from 1636 to 1785.
Black Hawk War (1832)
  • A war fought between the Sauk and Fox Native Americans and the United States militia and regular troops. The leader of the Native Americans was named Black Hawk.
Black Hawk War (1865-1867)
  • An Indian war that arose when a Ute chief named Black Hawk led an uprising against the settlers in Utah.

blad(sy)

   Afrikaans word for "page."

bladzijde (blz.)

   Dutch word for "page."

blanc (blanche)

   French word for "white."

blanco (a)

   Spanish word for "white."

Blattern

   German word for "smallpox."
Blazon
  • An official description of a coat of arms. Blazons are found in armorials. The term blazon is also used to mean a coat of arms.

blaðsíða

   Icelandic word for "page."
Blessing certificate, Latter-day Saint
  • A certificate issued when a baby is blessed in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Blessing of baby, Latter-day Saint
  • A priesthood ordinance of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in which an infant is given a name and a blessing.

bli

   Norwegian word for "become."

blikkenslager

   Danish and Norwegian word for "tinsmith."

blikksmiður

   Icelandic word for "tinsmith."

blind

   Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "blind."

blindur

   Icelandic word for "blind."

bliski

   Polish word for "near."

bliva

   Swedish word for "to become."

bliznieta

   Polish word for "twins."

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

   An agency of the United States government that manages and maintains the government's survey and land records. The bureau also manages national lands and their resources, including mineral resources. The bureau was created in 1946 when the Government Land Office (GLO) and the Grazing Service were combined. It is under the Department of the Interior.

blod

   Danish and Norwegian word for "blood."

blodgang

   Danish and Norwegian word for "dysentery."

blodskam

   Norwegian word for "incest."

blodsott

   Norwegian word for "abnormal loss of blood during illness."

bloeding

   Afrikaans word for "bleeding, hemorrhage."

bloei

   Afrikaans word for "bloei."

bloeimaand

   Dutch word for "May (blossoming month)."

blogoslawil

   Polish word for "blessed."

blogoslawiony

   Polish word for "blessed, the late."


Blue Books
  • A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains records relating to stock in the Bank of Maryland from 1733 to 1810. The collection contains information about paper money investment schemes, lawsuits against the state of Maryland, and papers concerning property that citizens lost during the Revolutionary War.

blutend

   German word for "bleeding."

Blutsverwandschaft

   German word for "blood relationship."

bladzijde (blz.)

   Dutch word for "page."

blízký

   Czech word for "near."

blóðsótt

   Icelandic word for "dysentery."

blödning

   Swedish word for "bleeding."

Blütenmonat

   German word for "May."

bo, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "above, on top of."

bo, Danish

   Danish word for "to live at, home."

bo, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "to live at."

bo, Polish

   Polish word for "because."

bo, Swedish

   Swedish word for "to live, home, estate."


Board for Certification of Genealogists
  • A professional organization for genealogists. The board administers a certification process.
Board of Commissioners to Quiet Land Titles, Hawaii
  • A commission established in Hawaii in 1845 to settle land disputes between the king of Hawaii, who owned all of the land, and settlers who were not native to Hawaii. The king received a portion of the land, and the rest was divided equally between the government, chiefs, and tenants. To acquire ownership of land, an individual made a claim to the commission. This commission was also known as the Land Commission.
Board of Commissioners, USA 1805
  • A committee organized by the United States Congress in 1805 to investigate claims made by landowners to lands previously granted by the French and Spanish governments.

boaro

   Italian word for "cattle hand."
Boatswain
  • The officer on a merchant or navy ship who has charge over the hull, sails, rigging, and so forth.

boca

   Portuguese and Spanish word for "mouth."

boda

   Portuguese and Spanish word for "wedding, marriage."

bodde

   Norwegian word for "lived."

bodnár

   Hungarian word for "cooper, barrel maker."

boede

   Danish word for "lived."

boek

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "book."

boer

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "farmer."
Boer Wars (1877-1901)
  • A term referring to two wars between the British and the Boers (now called Afrikaners) in South Africa. The first Boer War occurred in 1880 and 1881, when the Boers gained independence from Britain. The second Boer War, which occurred between 1899 and 1902, happened when the Boers tried to deny British citizens and other non-Afrikaners full political rights. The Boers won the opening battles of the second war, but the British eventually won the war. The Boer troops surrendered in 1900, but guerilla fighting lasted until 1902.

boerearbeider

   Afrikaans word for "farmhand (laborer)."

boerekneg

   Afrikaans word for "farmworker."

boerenarbeider

   Dutch word for "cottager, farmhand, worker."

boerenknecht

   Dutch word for "farm worker."

bog

   Danish word for "book."

boghandler

   Danish word for "bookseller."

bogholder

   Danish word for "bookkeeper, accountant."

bognár

   Hungarian word for "wheel maker."

boieiro

   Portuguese word for "herdsman."

bok

   Norwegian and Swedish word for "book."

bokhandler

   Norwegian word for "bookseller."

bokholder, bokfører

   Norwegian word for "bookkeeper."

bokhållare

   Swedish word for "bookkeeper."

bokstav

   Norwegian word for "letter, character."

boldog

   Hungarian word for "happy."

bolest

   Czech word for "pain."

bolig

   Danish and Norwegian word for "residence, house."

boltos

   Hungarian word for "shopkeeper."

bom (oa)

   Portuguese word for "good."

bon (bonne)

   French word for "good."

bona

   Latin word for "possessions."
Bond of curation
  • A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is old enough to marry but still younger than 21 to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
Bond of indemnification
  • A document guaranteeing that the father of an illegitimate child would take financial responsibility for the child. This document relieved the parish from that responsibility. Also called a bastardy bond.
Bond of tuition
  • A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is not old enough to marry to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
Bond with a will annexed
  • A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties. This document has a will attached to it.
Bond, financial
  • A legal act by which people obligate themselves or their heirs, executors, or administrators to pay a certain amount of money to another individual under certain conditions.
Bond, general
  • A binding agreement or a certificate or evidence of debt.
Bond, investment
  • A certificate or other type of evidence showing that a company, government, or institution promises to pay the purchaser of the bond (the lender) the amount of money loaned plus interest.
Bond, jail
  • The amount of money needed to get out of jail while awaiting trial. Also called bail.
Bond, probate
  • A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties.

bonde

   Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "farmer."
Bondsman
  • An individual or institution that signs a bond to guarantee that if the bond holder does not meet the obligations, that individual or institution will. Also called a surety.

bonne

   French word for "maid, female servant."

bonus

   Latin word for "good."
Bonus application papers
  • An application for a financial bonus promised by the United States government to men who enlisted in the United States military during World War I.
Book indexes by vessel line
  • Indexes to passenger lists. The indexes are arranged by the shipping line and the date of arrival in the United States.
Book of remembrance, Latter-day Saint
  • A record in which members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints record important Church-related events (such as baptism, confirmation, priesthood ordination, marriage, and so forth) and family history information.
Book review
  • An article that summarizes a book and evaluates the quality of the book’s information and writing.

Boom

   Sudden population growth (large numbers of people moving in) caused by economic opportunites. When land was opened to homesteading, land rushes or land booms occured. The discovery of oil caused oil booms; the discovery of minerals caused mining booms.

boot

   Afrikaans word for "boat, barge, ship."

Bootsmann

   German word for "bargeman, boatman."

bopel

   Norwegian word for "residence, domicile."

bopæl

   Danish word for "residence, home, domicile."

borbély

   Hungarian word for "barber."

bordarius

   Latin word for "cottager, tenant, border."
Bordeaux Emigration Index, France
  • A card index to about 16,000 people who emigrated from Bordeaux, France, between 1713 and 1787.
Border Crossing Indexes, Canada
  • A card index to the Canadian border crossing manifests. Sometimes officials recorded information only on the index card for the crossing instead of in both the index and the border crossing manifest.
Border crossing lists, USA
  • Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
Border crossing manifests, Canada
  • Lists of passengers being transported from Canada into the United States. Canadian shipping companies began keeping these records in 1895. There are two type of manifests: lists of people traveling by train and lists of people traveling by boat. The manifests may include the person's name, port or station of entry, date of entry, age, literacy, last residence, previous visits to the United States, and birthplace. Sometimes officials only recorded the information on the index card rather than on the manifest. Beginning in 1908 the companies began keeping similar records of people arriving in Canada from the United States. These records are not indexed and are not available through the Family History Library™. Also called Canadian border crossing lists, passenger lists, and manifests.
Border crossing records, USA
  • Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.

Border crossings

   The act of going across a political boundary from one country to another.
   The place where people go from one country to another.

borg

   Swedish word for "castle,fortress."

borg

   Icelandic word for "city."

borgare

   Swedish word for "citizen, burgher."

borgari

   Icelandic word for "citizen."

borger

   Danish and Norwegian word for "citizen."

borgermester

   Norwegian word for "mayor."

borgerskab

   Danish word for "citizenship."


Borgerskabprotokoller, Denmark
  • A Danish word for citizenship book. It lists the people who received the rights to citizenship extended by a city. Citizenship rights included the right to engage in business in the city, protection under the law, and permission to live in the city without being expelled. The book includes the names of the people granted citizenship and their age, social and economic status, occupation and training, and sometimes birthplace and names of relatives. Until the twentieth century, only males of the middle or upper class, usually merchants and tradesmen, were granted citizenship.

borgerskap

   Norwegian word for "citizenship."

borghese

   Italian word for "burgher, citizen."

borgmester

   Danish word for "mayor."

borgmästare

   Swedish word for "mayor."


Born In (the) Covenant
  • A term referring to a child born after the sealing of his/her parents in a temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is often abbreviated BIC.
Borough court, Connecticut
  • A court in Connecticut with townwide jurisdiction over civil matters. Borough courts were succeeded by the circuit courts.
Borough, Great Britain
  • A self-governing town or city that sends a representative to Parliament.

Borough, New York City

   One of the five administrative divisions of New York City: Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Richmond (Staten Island).
Borough, Scotland
  • A city or town in Scotland. In current usage, the term borough refers only to towns with a charter. Also spelled burgh.

borta

   Swedish word for "absent."

bortgift

   Swedish word for "married elsewhere."

borussia

   Latin word for "Prussia."

bos

   Dutch word for "woods, forest (new version of the word)."

bosbaas

   Dutch word for "forester."

bosbouer

   Afrikaans word for "forester, warden."

bosch

   Dutch word for "woods, forest (old version of the word)."

bosque

   Portuguese word for "grove, forest, woods."

bostad

   Swedish word for "domicile."

boswachter

   Dutch word for "forester."

boswagter

   Afrikaans word for "forester."

bot

   Norwegian word for "fine, penalty."

bottaio

   Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."

bottegaio

   Italian word for "shopkeeper."

boucher

   French word for "butcher."

boulanger

   French word for "baker."


Boundary
  • A separation, whether natural or manmade, between properties or jurisdictions.
Bounty land
  • Federal land given to people for their service in the military.
Bounty land warrant application
  • A formal, written request for a piece of federal land in return for past military service.

boupptekning

   Swedish word for "estate inventory, probate."

bourgeois

   French word for "citizen, member of the middle class."

bourguignon

   French word for "Burgundian."

bouvier

   French word for "herdsman, cowherd."

bovaro

   Italian word for "cattle driver."

boven

   Dutch word for "above, over, upstairs."


Bowman Collection
  • A card index to Connecticut vital records in Massachusetts from 1800 to 1900.
Box Type, Latter-day Saint
  • A printed book used to record membership records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1920 and 1941. Each page of the book had four to six boxes, and each box contained the complete membership information for an individual. The records are available at the Family History Library™ and Family History Centers™.

boznica

   Polish word for "synagogue."

Bozy

   Polish word for "the Lord's."

braaf

   Dutch word for "honest, worthy, good."

bracciale

   Italian word for "laborer."

bracciante

   Italian word for "farm laborer."

Brachmonat

   German word for "June."

bracia

   Polish word for "brothers."

brak

   Polish word for "lack of, is missing."
Branch history, Latter-day Saint
  • An historical account of a branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Branch records, Latter-day Saint
  • Membership records that each branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints keeps of members who live within the branch boundaries.
Branch, Latter-day Saint
  • A local division of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is similar to a ward but usually does not have enough membership or enough priesthood leadership to support all the programs of the Church.

branco (a)

   Portuguese word for "white."

brann

   Norwegian word for "fire."

brasiator

   Latin word for "brewer."

brasseur

   French word for "brewer."

brassier

   French word for "farmworker, laborer (old word)."

brat

   Polish word for "brother."

bratanek

   Polish word for "nephew."

bratanica

   Polish word for "niece."

bratowa

   Polish word for "sister-in-law."

bratr

   Czech word for "brother."

bratranec

   Czech word for "cousin (male)."

Brauer

   German word for "brewer."


Brief description, Family History Library Catalog™ on compact disc
  • A screen on the compact disc version of the Family History Library Catalog™ that shows the title of the source.
Brieve, Scotland
  • A document created by a chancery court in Scotland that summoned the local sheriff's court to hold a jury trial. Brieves were issued when a landowner died and the heir wished to take ownership of the land.
Brigadier, British
  • An officer in the British army who ranks below a major general. A brigadier commands a brigade.
Briggs Collection
  • A large collection of typed transcripts of wills, cemetery records, vital records, and other family records for families from the towns of West Greenwich, Exeter, and Coventry in Rhode Island. It was created by Anthony Tarbox Briggs and is at the Rhode Island Historical Society and on microfilm at the Family History Library™.
British
  • Pertaining to something or someone from Great Britain. Many British people emigrated to the Americas, Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.
British census
  • A census taken by the British government in Britain, including England, Wales, Scotland, Isle of Man, and Channel Islands.
British Genealogical Record Users Committee
  • A group of organizations that are dedicated to preserving and providing access to genealogical and historical records.
British Library
  • The national repository for all materials published in England. It also has a large collection of manuscript materials. The British Library is one of the five copyright libraries in Great Britain.
British North America
  • The name used for colonies that remained in British hands after the Revolutionary War between 1783 (when Britain acknowledged the independence of the United States) and 1867 (when the Dominion of Canada was created).
Bromwell Index
  • A five-volume alphabetical list of prominent people from Colorado. The index covers up to the year 1933 and is held by the Colorado Historical Society.
Brown Books
  • A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains military and civilian communications dating from 1775 to 1803. The books also contain Revolutionary War correspondence, including lists of rebels, payments, seizures, arrests, and military engagements.
Buddhism
  • A major world religion founded in India in 500 B.C. by a teacher named Buddha. It has influenced religious, social, and cultural effects in much of Asia. In each area it has often combined with teachings from other religions such as Hinduism and Shinto. Zen Buddhism, practiced chiefly in Japan, has some distinctive differences. Buddha taught that each person's position in life was determined by actions in past lives. He sought to conquer attachments to worldly things.
Bureau de l'état civil, France
  • The French term for a civil registration office.
Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, USA
  • Former name of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • An agency of the United States government that manages and keeps the records of the government’s interaction with American Indian tribes.
Bureau of Land Management
  • An agency of the United States government that manages and maintains the government's survey and land records. The bureau also manages national lands and their resources, including mineral resources. The bureau was created in 1946 when the Government Land Office (GLO) and the Grazing Service were combined. It is under the Department of the Interior.
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Freedmen's Bureau
  • An agency created by the United States Congress in 1865 to help former slaves make the transition to freedom. The bureau provided food, clothing, and shelter and created schools, hospitals, and universities. It distributed abandoned lands to former slaves. Although President Andrew Johnson twice vetoed bills to renew the agency, Congress repassed them and expanded the bureau's powers in 1866. The bureau was dissolved in 1872.
Bureau of the Census
  • The agency of the United States government charged with taking a national census every 10 years.
Bürgerbücher, Germany
  • A German term for citizenship books. In Germany, these books were used to record the names of people who had received the rights to citizenship. Also called Bürgerlisten.
Bürgerlisten, Germany
  • A German term for a citizenship book. In Germany, these books were used to record the names of people who had received the rights to citizenship. Also called Bürgerbücher.
Burgess
  • A resident of a city who has full rights of citizenship within the city. Tradesmen and craftsmen were burgesses. The term burgess can also refer to a freeman who lived in a rural area. In Scotland, a burgess is a craftsman or tradesman who lives and works within a burgh.
Burgh, Scotland
  • A city or town with a charter.  There are three types.  Royal burghs have charters granted by the crown, and they send a representative to Parliament.  Burghs of regality and burghs of barony have charters granted by either a lord of regality or a baron (see above).  They do not send representatives to Parliament.  Also spelled borough.
Burgh court, Scotland
  • A Scottish court with jurisdiction over a royal burgh. These courts handled minor civil offenses.
Burgher
  • A citizen of a town.
Burghers Church, Scotland
  • A church that formed out of the Secession Church in 1745. This group believed that communion should not be withheld from people who took the Burgess Oath. In 1820 the Burghers and Anti-Burghers reunited.
Burial plot
  • A specific piece of ground within a cemetery where an individual is or can be buried.
Burial record
  • A record detailing where a person is buried.
Burial register
  • A list of the people buried in a cemetery.
Business directory
  • A list of the names and addresses of businesses or business people.
Business Records and Commerce, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize information about businesses, trades, and other types of commerce.
Buyer
  • An individual purchasing something, such as a piece of land.
Byfogden, Denmark
  • The judge of a Danish city court. In the 1700s this court handled matters of commerce, such as citizenship records.
Bygdbøker, Norway
  • A Norwegian term meaning "rural chronicles" or "community books." The bygdbøker are Norwegian town histories that contain extensive genealogical information about the people living in the community.
Byting, Denmark
  • A Danish city court. In the 1700s this was the court of first instance (the court where a case begins) in general cases.