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England Gotoarrow.png CheshireEngland Gotoarrow.png Cheshire Parishes

St. Oswald Church Backford.JPG


Parish History

BACKFORD (St. Oswald), a parish, in the union of Great Boughton, partly in the Higher division of the hundred of Wirrall, and partly in the Lower division of the hundred of Broxton, S. division of the county of Chester; comprising the townships of Backford, Caughall, Chorlton, Lea, and Mollington-Tarrant.[1]

Backford, St. Oswald is  an ancient parish serving the townships of Backford, Caughall, Chorlton by Backford, Great Mollington and Lea by Backford. Registers of Baptisms 1562–1981, Marriages 1562–1977 and Burials 1573–1981 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office.

St Oswald's Church, Backford is in the village of Backford, northwest of Chester, Cheshire, England close to the A41 road and adjoining Backford Hall. It is a Grade II* listed building. The church dates from the 14th century with later additions and restorations. It contains one of the few surviving aumbries in Cheshire and a number of memorial boards painted by the Randle Holme family. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Wirral South. Its benefice is combined with that of Holy Trinity Church, Capenhurst.

The first mention of a church on this site is in the 13th century. Soon after this it was given by the barons of Dunham Massey to the Benedictine Priory at Birkenhead. At the dissolution of the monasteries the advowson was passed to the Diocese of Chester. The chancel dates from the 14th century and the tower from the 15th century. The nave was rebuilt in 1728–31 and it was remodelled in 1877–79 by Ewan Christian. A reredos designed by John Douglas was added in 1892.


Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD. Registration events may be searched online at Cheshire BMD

Church Records

Backford parish registers of christenings, marriages and burials have been indexed by the following groups:

FS PR's =FamilySearch Parish Registers
FS BT's = FamilySearch Bishops Transcripts
Backford Parish Online Records


Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
FS PR's 1562-1909
FS BT'S 1581-1855   NONE

To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use England Jurisdictions 1851. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.

Parish registers for Backford, 1562-1981 Cheshire Record Office reference: P32 1/1-4, P32/2/1-2, P32/3/1-3, P32/4, P32/5/1-2, P32/6.

 An index for Cheshire parish registers is available online FamilySearch Historical Records.

Here is a list of church registers on microfilm at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

Parish Register FHL Film
Baptisms, marriages, burials, 1562-1808. Baptisms, 1813-1981. Marriages, 1808-1812 (includes banns).  BRITISH 2093492 Items 6 - 12
Marriages, 1813-1964. Banns of marriages, 1824-1906. Burials, 1813-1981. Burials in woollen, 1678-1686 (includes memorandums, 1725-1735). VAULT BRITISH 2093504 Items 1 - 6

The parish register transcripts online are complete at Cheshire Parish Register project.

Title Bishop's transcripts for Backford, 1581-1840  Early entries in Latin. The church is St. Oswald. Cheshire Record Office refence: EDB 14.

Bishop's Transcripts FHLFilm
Baptisms, marriages, burials, 1581, 1586, 1600-1602, 1605 1607-1610, 1615-1617, 1619, 1622-1624, 1626, 1633-1634, 1638-1642, 1663-1664, 1669-1671, 1674-1675, 1677, 1679-1681, 1685, 1690-1691, 1694-1703, 1705-1739, 1741-1787, 1789-1838. Baptisms, burials, 1838-1840. BRITISH 
1656809 Item 1
Another filming, 1989 BRITISH 1655366 Item 2

To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use England Jurisdictions 1851. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.

Non-Conformist Churches

Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 241252.

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Cheshire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Poor Law Unions

Tarvin (previously Great Boughton) Poor Law Union, Cheshire

Chester Poor Law Union from 1871-1930


Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites


  1. Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 124-128


Pevsner, Nikolaus; Edward Hubbard (2003) [1971], The Buildings of England: Cheshire, New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 69–70, ISBN 0 300 09588 0


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