Bardsey Island, Gwynedd GenealogyEdit This Page

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Wales Gotoarrow.png Caernarfonshire Gotoarrow.png Caernarfonshire Parishes Gotoarrow.png Bardsey Island

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History

Bardsey Island (Welsh: Ynys Enlli), the legendary "Island of 20,000 saints", lies 1.9 miles (3.1 km) off the Llŷn Peninsula in the Welsh county of Gwynedd.[1] The Welsh name means "The Island in the Currents", although its English name refers to the "Island of the Bards",[2] or possibly the island of the Viking chieftain, "Barda". It is 0.6 miles (1.0 km) wide and 1.0 mile (1.6 km) long. The north east rises steeply from the sea to a height of 548 feet (167 m) at Mynydd Enlli,[3] while the western plain is low and relatively flat cultivated farmland; to the south the island narrows to an isthmus, connecting to a peninsula.[4] Since 1974 it has been included in the community of Aberdaron.[5] It is about 440 acres (180 ha) in extent (about 2 square km). It is the fourth largest offshore island in Wales.

The island has been an important religious site since Saint Cadfan built a monastery in 516.[6] In medieval times it was a major centre of pilgrimage and, by 1212, belonged to the Augustinian Canons Regular.[7] The monastery was dissolved and its buildings demolished by Henry VIII in 1537,[8] but the island remains an attraction for pilgrims to this day.[8]

 1] Encyclopaedia Britannica : Bardsey Island Retrieved 2009-08-16

2] Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1849, S Lewis and Co, London, 474 pages
3] Cycling North Wales : Cycle Ride from Aberdaron Retrieved 2009-08-16
4] a b c Gwynedd Archaeological Trust : Bardsey Retrieved 2009-08-16
5] Ordnance Survey : Election Maps : Gwynedd Retrieved 2009-08-16
6] a b British Broadcasting Corporation : Island of 20,000 Saints Retrieved 2009-08-16
7] a b c University College London Institute of Archaeology : Bardsey Island Retrieved 2009-08-16
8] a b c Bardsey Island Trust : The Island : History Retrieved 2009-08-16
(From Wikipedia; Retrieved 2013-05-10)


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