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Online Records

Barnstable County, Massachusetts
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Barnstable County
Location in the state of Massachusetts
Founded June 2, 1685
County Seat Barnstable
Address Barnstable County Courthouse
3195 Main Street
P.O. Box 427
Barnstable, MA 02630 
Phone: 508.362.2511
Barnstable County Website
Plymouth CountyBarnstable CountyDukes CountyMarshfieldDuxburyKingstonPlymouthCarverWarehamBourneFalmouthGosnoldTisburySandwichMashpeeBarnstableYarmouthDennisBrewsterHarwichChathamOrleansEasthamWellfleetTruroProvincetown
Modern towns and cities in Barnstable County, Massachusetts.


County Courthouse

Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1828; Register of Deeds has land records
Probate Judge has probate records[1]

Towns Organized Before 1800:
Barnstable 1638,
Chatham 1712,
Dennis 1793,
Eastham 1646,
Falmouth 1694,
Harwich 1694,
Mashpee 1763,
Orleans 1797,
Provincetown 1727,
Truro 1709,
Wellfleet 1763,
Yarmouth 1639

Historical Facts

Template:Adoption RootsWorks Research
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Barnstable County, Massachusetts

Barnstable County is part of Cape Cod and was made an island when the Cape Cod Canal was finished in 1914. (besides the two vehicle bridges and a railroad bridge across the canal the only other other access is by boat or plane). Well there is a little piece of the county (part of Bourne) on the north side of the canal, but it is still fun to think of it as an island. In fact, some of the islanders may have advocated closing the canal bridges to vehicle traffic.

The Mayflower and its 99 passengers landed first on Cape Cod near Provincetown and then at Plymouth on 21 Nov 1620.

The ship Fortune arrived in Nov 1621.

The Anne and Little James followed so that by 1624 there are about 180 persons in Plymouth Colony.

Late 1630s settlements formed in what is now Barnstable County.

In Sandwich there are some families led by Rev. John Vincent before 1637.

Settlers in Yarmouth before 1639 and the Town of Barnstable in 1638.

Eastham is the fourth area settled in Mar 1644.

Barnstable County was originally part of Plymouth Colony, separated from Massachusetts Bay colony to the north by "the Old Colony Line." Plymouth Colony was initially centered on the landing place of the Pilgrims, the town of Plymouth. But since the 1620s the population and reach of the colony had grown considerable. At first, Governor Bradford had only one assistant, Isaac Allerton. By 1685 the colony was governed by a governor, a deputy governor, six assistants, deputies and constables from seventeen towns, grand jury members, and highway surveyors. The seventeen towns of Plymouth Colony at that time were governed by selectmen. So in 1685, with government rapidly growing and travel still difficult, the deputies of the General Court which made the laws for the Colony decided to divide the colony into three counties, Bristol to the south and west, Barnstable to the south and east and Plymouth to the north. These three counties would each have a government able to record deeds, operate judicial courts and more closely respond to the needs of the citizens.

Barnstable - The County, Town or Village? Town of Barnstable - founded by Rev. John Lothrop and his group after they left Scituate (pronoune Sit'-u-et). September 3, 1639 is the precise birthdate given to Barnstable, which really represents just the best guess of when a band of hardy colonists officially took advantage of Plymouth Colony laws passed in March, 1638 authorizing towns to send deputies to the General Court.

Boundary Changes

2 June 1685: from the Plymouth Colony lands. [2]

Established as a County in the year 1685, the current boundary lines were drawn in 1707 and have not changed since that date.

Record Loss

Records and Resources


Archives and libraries

Inventories, registers, catalogs


Business records and commerce



  • For local cemeteries, please refer to specific town/village in "Muncipalities and Communities" below.


For tips on accessing Barnstable County, Massachusetts Genealogy census records online, see: Massachusetts Census.



Massachusetts 1855 State Census A free searchable index and images to the 1855 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Historical Records Search. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.


Massachusetts 1865 State Census A free searchable index and images to the 1865 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Historical Records Search. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1865, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.


Church History and Records (Rural)

for local churches, please refer to specific town/village in "Muncipalities and Communities" below.

Court records

go to Probate Records for more information.

Court records


Description and travel









Land and property



Native races

Naturalization and citizenship


Probate records


Religion and religious life


Town records

Vital records

Societies, Libraries and Museums

Falmouth Genealogical Society serves primarily Upper Cape towns.

Cape Cod Genealogical Society serves primarily Mid and Lower Cape towns. If you image Cape Cod as an arm with Provincetown as the hand then Upper Cape corresponds with upper arm and lower Cape corresponds with lower arm (even though Lower Cape town of Provincetown at the tip of the peninsula is "higher" than Falmouth which is located in the Upper Cape)

Family History Centers



  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002)Barnstable County, Massachussetts, p.329.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.; Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002 WorldCat 50140092, FHL Book 973 D27e 2002


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