Bayern (Bavaria) – Königreich (kingdom) Genealogy

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'''Bavaria''' (German: '''''Bayern''''') named for a Teutonic tribe, the Baiovarii, who defeated the Romans and settled among the Romano-Celtic peoples of the area around the 6th Century of the common era (CE). The Duchy of Bavaria dates back to 562 CE and its ally, Napoleon, elevated it to a kingdom (German: '''''Königreich Bayern''''') through the Treaty of Pressburg in 1805. After the collapse of the German Reich st the end of World War I it briefly became a Republic and in 1919 a German state. In 1949, Bavaria became a German federal province.<ref>"Bavaria (Bayern) (Germany)" in John Everett-Heath, ''The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names'' (2nd ed., Oxford University Press; published to Oxford Reference Online 2010-2012, eISBN: 9780199580897) accessed 8 Jul 2013.</ref> <ref name="OEMW">Jaromír Balcar, "Bavaria" in Peter N. Stearns (ed.) ''Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World'', (2008, Oxford University Press, print ISBN-13: 9780195176322; published to Oxford Reference Online, 2008-2012, eISBN: 9780195341126) accessed 8 Jul 2013.</ref>  
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'''Bavaria''' (German: '''''Bayern''''') named for a Teutonic tribe, the Baiovarii, who defeated the Romans and settled among the Romano-Celtic peoples of the area around the 6th Century of the common era (CE). The Duchy of Bavaria dates back to 562 CE and its ally, Napoleon, elevated it to a kingdom (German: '''''Königreich Bayern''''') through the Treaty of Pressburg in 1805. After the collapse of the German Reich at the end of World War I it briefly became a Republic and in 1919 a German state. In 1949, Bavaria became a German federal province.<ref>"Bavaria (Bayern) (Germany)" in John Everett-Heath, ''The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names'' (2nd ed., Oxford University Press; published to Oxford Reference Online 2010-2012, eISBN: 9780199580897) accessed 8 Jul 2013.</ref> <ref name="OEMW">Jaromír Balcar, "Bavaria" in Peter N. Stearns (ed.) ''Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World'', (2008, Oxford University Press, print ISBN-13: 9780195176322; published to Oxford Reference Online, 2008-2012, eISBN: 9780195341126) accessed 8 Jul 2013.</ref>
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The capital, '''Munich''' (German: '''''München''''') was originally a small monastic settlement dating from the 8th Century. The origin of the name dates from when a new bridge was built over the River Isar "zu den Munichen" (Old High German meaning ‘to the Monks’).<ref>"Munich (München), Bavaria/Germany)" in John Everett-Heath, ''The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names'' (2nd ed., Oxford University Press; published to Oxford Reference Online 2010-2012, eISBN: 9780199580897) accessed 8 Jul 2013.</ref>
  
 
== Getting started in Bavarian research  ==
 
== Getting started in Bavarian research  ==

Revision as of 11:35, 8 July 2013

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Bavaria (German: Bayern) named for a Teutonic tribe, the Baiovarii, who defeated the Romans and settled among the Romano-Celtic peoples of the area around the 6th Century of the common era (CE). The Duchy of Bavaria dates back to 562 CE and its ally, Napoleon, elevated it to a kingdom (German: Königreich Bayern) through the Treaty of Pressburg in 1805. After the collapse of the German Reich at the end of World War I it briefly became a Republic and in 1919 a German state. In 1949, Bavaria became a German federal province.[1] [2]

The capital, Munich (German: München) was originally a small monastic settlement dating from the 8th Century. The origin of the name dates from when a new bridge was built over the River Isar "zu den Munichen" (Old High German meaning ‘to the Monks’).[3]

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Notes and References

  1. "Bavaria (Bayern) (Germany)" in John Everett-Heath, The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2nd ed., Oxford University Press; published to Oxford Reference Online 2010-2012, eISBN: 9780199580897) accessed 8 Jul 2013.
  2. Jaromír Balcar, "Bavaria" in Peter N. Stearns (ed.) Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, (2008, Oxford University Press, print ISBN-13: 9780195176322; published to Oxford Reference Online, 2008-2012, eISBN: 9780195341126) accessed 8 Jul 2013.
  3. "Munich (München), Bavaria/Germany)" in John Everett-Heath, The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2nd ed., Oxford University Press; published to Oxford Reference Online 2010-2012, eISBN: 9780199580897) accessed 8 Jul 2013.

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