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Parish History

BAYFIELD (St. Margaret), a parish, in the union of Erpingham, hundred of Holt, W. division of Norfolk, 2¾ miles (N. W.) from Holt. [1] The ancient Bayfield Parish church has been in ruins since at least 1845, and probably since the mid 1700s. At one time there would have been an associated graveyard with the Bayfield Parish church, but any evidence of it, like the parish church records, have long since disappeared. It is of note though that on the road from Letheringsett to Bayfield, before you get to where you can see the ruins of St Margaret's off in the distance, there is a small modern estate graveyard containing ca 50 or so graves.

"John and Eleanor Jermy of Norwich became owners of Bayfield Hall about 1620. Their eldest son Robert was soon sent off to London to study Law at the Middle Temple and while in London he became a Purictan with extreme views. When, in 1642, the Civil War started, between King Charles I and Parliament. Robert joined Cromwell's forces and became an officer of mounted trooops in Norfolk. Soon he became a commissioner dealing with land confiscated from Royalists. He was also chairman of the committee examining clergy and schoolmasters about their faith and their politcal views. This committee had the power to eject clergy and schoolmasters from their jobs if they failed to agree to follow the new decrees of Parliment."[2]

"In 1650, a year after the execution of King Charles I, Robert Jermy wrote to the authorities in London to say that there was a serious Royalist conspiracy in North Norfolk and insurrection had broken out. The Goverment sent 4000 foot soldiers and three judges who sentenced twenty-four men to death. These included William Hobart who was a son of the lord of the manor at Holt." Also at this time Thomas Louther, the rector at neighboring Letheringsett made a huge donation to Cromwell's funds.[3]

"When the Restoration came, with the return of Charles II in 1660, Robert Jermey obtained leave to go overseas. He was back in Engalnd a year or so later when he is recorded as now being lord of the manor of Bayfield...Robert Jermy now presented bond as rector of Bayfield and of Letheringsett, whose old rector, Louther, was no longer living...Robert Jermy's signature appears in the earliest Letheringsett marriage register of 1653, as a JP."[4]

Robert Jeremy died in 1677, but the "Jermys continued at Bayfield until 1766 when the estate was sold to trustees, to be held for Elizabeth, wife of Paul Jodrell and daughter of Richard Warner of North Elmham."[5]

Formerly Bayfield was a parish in and of itself until it started being covered under other parishes jurisdictions. "All the Registers belonging to Bayfield have disappeared."[6] But that is not surprising given the views of Robert Jermy and the political upheaval he was envolved in. However it is of note that a steady list of rectors for Bayfield from 1320-1744 has been identified.[7] 

The transfer of Bayfield Hall and its estate from the Jermys to the Jodrells is also within a few decades of Bayfield being mentioned as being under the jurisdictionof nearby parishes.

At first, it apears that Bayfield was under Glandfords jurisdiction. Each of the Glanford Archdeacon Transcripts bills state "Glandford" on them until the year 1732 when a bill states "Glandford w Bayfield". For mid 1700 marraiges look for Bayfield brides amoungst the Blakeney Parish records. In 1825 Letheringsett's St. Andrew Parish Baptismal Register refers to an abode as the "Extraparochial Parish of Bayfield"[8] 

In more recent times (by early 1900s) Bayfield was once again united to Glandford and the two ran a civil parish called Glandford-cum-Bayfield.[9] Both the Glanford Parish Church (St. Martins) and a Bayfield Parish Church (St. Margarets) are found on Bayfield Hall and its Estate. Both churches were ancient parishes, and both ended up in a ruins condition. However, in about 1882 Sir Alfred Jodrell, Baronet, inherited the estate and set about rebuilding the Glandford Parish (and also contributing to some other parishes) but he did not rebuild the ruins of the Bayfield St Margarets church, which, even today, remains in ruins. (Map that illustates this.)

Today the Civil Parish of Letheringsett with Glandford covers all of what was the Parish of Bayfield on the 1851 England Jurisdiction map.

Resources

Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Church records

Contributor: Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts, non conformist and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection

Archdeacon Transcripts

The earliest ones appear to have been lost. Later Bayfield was under the jurisdiction of other parishes. By 1732 the Glandford Archdeacon Transcripts bills change from stating "Glandford" to "Glandford w Bayfield".

First try: Glandford, Blakeney, Letheringsett or Wiveton, . Bayfield residents records might also be located in neighboring parishes of Cley Next the Sea or Saxlingham

Bishops Transcripts
Parish Records - Church of England

The earliest ones appear to have been lost. Later Bayfield was under the jurisdiction of other parishes.

Quaker, etc

Census records

a. 

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 438862.

Manorial Records

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Norfolk Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites

References

  1. Lewis, Samuel A.,A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 177-181.
  2. Derick Mellor, The Glaven Valley: Further Historical Jottings (Blakeney, England : Glaven Valley Churches Aid, 1994) Pages 17-18.
  3. Derick Mellor, The Glaven Valley: Further Historical Jottings (Blakeney, England : Glaven Valley Churches Aid, 1994) Pg 18.
  4. Derick Mellor, The Glaven Valley: Further Historical Jottings (Blakeney, England : Glaven Valley Churches Aid, 1994) Pg 19.
  5. Derick Mellor, The Glaven Valley: Further Historical Jottings (Blakeney, England : Glaven Valley Churches Aid, 1994) Pg 19.
  6. T. H. Bryant, "St Margaret's Bayfield", Page 8, The Parish Churches of Norfolk, Hundred of Holt. (Norwich, 1900-1915) See www.norfolksources.norfolk.gov.uk.
  7. T. H. Bryant, 'St. Margaret's Bayfield", Pages 9, 12. 'The Parish Churches of Norfolk, Hundred of Holt. (Norwich : 1900-1915)
  8. Church of England (Letheringsett, Norfolk, England), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12418-30014-4?cc=1416598wc=MMVP-79R:91182195 digital image, FamilySearch (www.familysearch.org : accessed 2013).
  9. T.H. Bryant, [The Parish Churches of Norfolk, Hundred of Holt.www.norfolksources.norfolk.gov.uk] (Norwich, 1900-1915)

 

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