Beaufort County, South Carolina

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(deed table)
(IGI)
(43 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Beaufort County'''
 +
 +
'''Beaufort County, South Carolina''' genealogy and family history research guide. Introduces you to county topics such as vital record births, marriages, divorces, and deaths, census, court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.
 +
 +
*From 1800 to 1868 this ''Beaufort County'' was also known by the alias of ''Beaufort District''.
 +
*'''''Not''''' to be confused with the overarching [[Beaufort District, South Carolina|Beaufort District]] 1768-1800.
 +
 +
County in South Carolina {{wpd|Lowcountry}}.
 +
 +
{{SCDC}}
 +
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Beaufort County
 
| county = Beaufort County
Line 4: Line 15:
 
| state = South Carolina
 
| state = South Carolina
 
| state_map = South-carolina.png  
 
| state_map = South-carolina.png  
 +
| latd = 32.35
 +
| longd = 80.69
 
| founded year = 1769
 
| founded year = 1769
 
| seat wl = Beaufort
 
| seat wl = Beaufort
}}
+
}}  
 
+
''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Beaufort County'''
+
 
+
County in South Carolina {{wpd|Lowcountry}}. 
+
  
 
== Quick Dates  ==
 
== Quick Dates  ==
Line 16: Line 25:
 
Beaufort County's civil records start the following years:  
 
Beaufort County's civil records start the following years:  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''  
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | [[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Land|'''Land''']]  
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | [[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Land|'''Land''']]  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Beaufort County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1915   
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915   
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1911   
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1911   
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1915   
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915   
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1790   
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1790   
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1863   
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1863   
| align="center" width="16.6%" |  
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" |  
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
== County Courthouse  ==
 
== County Courthouse  ==
 
+
<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 
{{SCBeaufortCourthouse}}  
 
{{SCBeaufortCourthouse}}  
  
Line 70: Line 79:
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
Beaufort suffered a major loss in February 1865 after records had been removed to Columbia for safety and subsequent losses during Reconstruction.  
+
Beaufort suffered a major loss in February 1865 after records had been removed to Columbia for safety and subsequent losses during Reconstruction. Deed books in particular have suffered heavy losses.  
  
 
== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
  
==== Populated Places  ====
+
{{Beaufort County, South Carolina}} The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.  
 
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="left" width="710" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
|-
+
| Baileys Landing
+
| Fairview&nbsp;
+
| Lawton&nbsp;
+
| Rose Hill
+
|-
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Beaufort|subject|disp=Beaufort}}
+
| Folly Field&nbsp;
+
| Lobeco
+
| Roseida
+
|-
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Bluffton|subject|disp=Bluffton}}  
+
| Forest Beach&nbsp;
+
| Longwood
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+St%2E+Helena+Island|subject|disp=Saint Helena Island }}(hist.)
+
|-
+
| Brewton
+
| Fort Fremont&nbsp;
+
| Myrtle Island
+
| Santa Elena (hist.)
+
|-
+
| Briars
+
| Fripp Landing
+
| Palmetto Bluff
+
| Scott
+
|-
+
| Brighton Beach
+
| Frogmore
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Parris+Island|subject|disp=Parris Island}}
+
| Sea Pines
+
|-
+
| Buckingham Landing
+
| Gardens Corner&nbsp;
+
| Pinckney Colony
+
| Seabrook
+
|-
+
| Burton
+
| Gaza (hist.)&nbsp;
+
| Pocotaligo (hist.)
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Sheldon|subject|disp=Sheldon}}
+
|-
+
| Chisolm
+
| Grays Hill
+
| Polk Village
+
| Shell Point
+
|-
+
| Coosaw
+
| Hazel Farm
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Port+Royal|subject|disp=Port Royal}}
+
| Spanish Wells
+
|-
+
| Dale
+
| Hickory&nbsp;Bluff&nbsp;
+
| Port Royal Plantation
+
| Tomotley
+
|-
+
| Dataw Island
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Hilton+Head+Island|subject|disp=Hilton Head Island}}
+
| Pritchard
+
| Wilkins
+
|-
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Daufuskie+Island|subject|disp=Daufuskie Landing}}
+
| Lands End
+
| Pritchardville
+
| {{FHL|1050511|subject-id|disp=Woodfin}}
+
|-
+
| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort%2C+Fairfield|subject|disp=Fairfield}}
+
| Laurel Bay
+
| Radnor (hist.)
+
|
+
|}
+
 
+
For further information (and links) on these populated places, please go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Populated_Places:_Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina Populated Places, Beaufort County, South Carolina]
+
 
+
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
+
 
+
*[[Colleton County, South Carolina|Colleton]]
+
*[[Hampton County, South Carolina|Hampton]]
+
*[[Jasper County, South Carolina|Jasper]]
+
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
 
+
[[Image:Scbeaufort.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
Line 165: Line 93:
 
==== African Americans  ====
 
==== African Americans  ====
  
''[[African American Research|United States African Americans]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina African Americans|South Carolina African Americans]]''
+
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[Beaufort County, South Carolina African Americans]]  
 
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/southeast/finding-aids/slave-manifests/ Beaufort, S.C. Slave Manifests (Outbound)]&nbsp;&nbsp;(National Archives at Atlanta)
+
*Davis, John Martin. "Bankless in Beaufort: A Reexamination of the 1873 Failure of the Freedmans Savings Branch at Beaufort, South Carolina," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'', Vol. 104, No. 1 (Jan., 2003), 25-55. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27570611 JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
+
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/1790SCc.htm "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County,"] Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in Beaufort District.]
+
 
+
For a local white minister's perspective of slaves 15 years before the Civil War broke out, see:
+
 
+
*''Domestic Slavery Considered as a Scriptural Institution: In a Correspondence Between the Rev. Richard Fuller of Beaufort, S.C., and the Rev. Francis Wayland of Providence, R.I.'' New York: Lewis Colby, 1845. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=YtogNDA2QpYC Google Books].
+
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
Line 240: Line 160:
 
*Jarrell, Lawrence E.&nbsp;''1850 Beaufort District, South Carolina Census Complete Transcription of the Free Schedule, U.S. Federal Census; Current Counties of Beaufort, Hampton, Jasper and Parts of Allendale, South Carolina''.&nbsp;High Point,&nbsp;N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 2000. {{FHL|1013082|item}} 975.799 X2j 1850
 
*Jarrell, Lawrence E.&nbsp;''1850 Beaufort District, South Carolina Census Complete Transcription of the Free Schedule, U.S. Federal Census; Current Counties of Beaufort, Hampton, Jasper and Parts of Allendale, South Carolina''.&nbsp;High Point,&nbsp;N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 2000. {{FHL|1013082|item}} 975.799 X2j 1850
  
==== Church  ====
+
==== Church Records ====
  
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Prince William Parish, South Carolina|Prince William Parish]] <br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. Helenas Parish, South Carolina|St. Helena's Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. Lukes Parish, South Carolina|St. Lukes Parish]] <br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. Peters Parish, South Carolina|St. Peter's Parish]]  
+
For documents of early residents in this area, look in:<ref>"South Carolina Districts and Parishes 1775" [map] in ''Carolana'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1775.html (accessed 9 May 2011).</ref>  
 +
 
 +
:*[[St. Helenas Parish, South Carolina|St. Helena's Parish]] since 1712
 +
:*[[Prince William Parish, South Carolina|Prince William Parish]] since 1745
 +
:*[[St. Peters Parish, South Carolina|St. Peter's Parish]] since 1747
 +
:*[[St. Lukes Parish, South Carolina|St. Lukes Parish]] since 1767
  
 
The following Beaufort County church records have been indexed on the [http://www.familysearch.org International Genealogical Index]:<ref>Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbersNA/SPSouth_Carolina.htm ''IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA,''] accessed 14 September 2010.</ref>  
 
The following Beaufort County church records have been indexed on the [http://www.familysearch.org International Genealogical Index]:<ref>Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbersNA/SPSouth_Carolina.htm ''IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA,''] accessed 14 September 2010.</ref>  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Church'''  
 
| '''Church'''  
Line 256: Line 181:
 
| Prince William's Parish (Sheldon Church)  
 
| Prince William's Parish (Sheldon Church)  
 
| 1825-1873  
 
| 1825-1873  
| C506571  
+
| {{IGI|C506571}}
 
| 1826-1876  
 
| 1826-1876  
| M506571
+
| {{IGI|M506571}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| St. Helena's Parish  
 
| St. Helena's Parish  
 
| 1683-1822  
 
| 1683-1822  
| C506581  
+
| {{IGI|C506581}}
 
| 1683-1822  
 
| 1683-1822  
| M506581
+
| {{IGI|M506581}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Stoney Creek (Independent Congregational Church)  
 
| Stoney Creek (Independent Congregational Church)  
 
| 1744-1756  
 
| 1744-1756  
| C506591  
+
| {{IGI|C506591}}
 
| 1744-1756  
 
| 1744-1756  
| M506591
+
| {{IGI|M506591}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 291: Line 216:
 
Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Beaufort County:  
 
Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Beaufort County:  
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
{| style="width: 550px; height: 75px" border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="center"
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" style="width: 550px; height: 75px;"
 
|+ '''Tracing Land&nbsp;Currently in Beaufort County with&nbsp;Parent Counties and Districts''' <ref>Schweitzer, George K. , ''South Carolina Genealogical Research'' (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, {{FHL|425402|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 D27s}}</ref>  
 
|+ '''Tracing Land&nbsp;Currently in Beaufort County with&nbsp;Parent Counties and Districts''' <ref>Schweitzer, George K. , ''South Carolina Genealogical Research'' (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, {{FHL|425402|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 D27s}}</ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" height="50" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | Date  
+
| width="16%" valign="middle" height="50" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Date  
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | Government Office &nbsp;
+
| width="52%" valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Government Office &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1868-present
+
| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1868-present  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Beaufort County''
+
| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Beaufort County''
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1865-1868
+
| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1865-1868  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Beaufort District''
+
| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Beaufort District''
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1769-1865  
+
| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1769-1865  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Records Lost''
+
| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Records Lost'' *
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1670-1769
+
| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1710-1769  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Charleston District''
+
| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Charleston District''
 +
|-
 +
| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1670-1710
 +
| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Proprietary Land Grants''
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''''Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868'''''
+
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Beaufort District records destroyed by fire
  
This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and&nbsp;the Columbia Series&nbsp;with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.&nbsp; All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Search.aspx?br=1 On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants]<br>
+
<br>  
 
+
The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.
+
  
Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.
+
*'''''Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868''''' For information about the State Land Grants, see [[South Carolina Land and Property#Plats_For_State_Land_Grants_1784-1868|State Land Grants]]
  
 
*Sherrard, Thomas H. ''A Working Plan for Forest Lands in Hampton and Beaufort Counties, South Carolina''. Washington, D.C.:&nbsp;Government Printing Office, 1903. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=hCcDAAAAYAAJ Google Books].
 
*Sherrard, Thomas H. ''A Working Plan for Forest Lands in Hampton and Beaufort Counties, South Carolina''. Washington, D.C.:&nbsp;Government Printing Office, 1903. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=hCcDAAAAYAAJ Google Books].
Line 363: Line 289:
  
 
Civil War service men from Beaufort County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies and regiments that were specifically formed of men from Beaufort County.  
 
Civil War service men from Beaufort County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies and regiments that were specifically formed of men from Beaufort County.  
 +
 +
:- [[1st Battalion, South Carolina Sharpshooters|1st Battalion, South Carolina Sharpshooters]]
 +
::- Company B - (also known as the Sumter Guards)
 +
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army)]]
 +
::- Company H - (also known as Haskell's Rifle Corps)
  
 
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Mounted Militia|1st Regiment, South Carolina Mounted Militia]]  
 
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Mounted Militia|1st Regiment, South Carolina Mounted Militia]]  
Line 371: Line 303:
 
::- Kirk's Company (also known as May River Troop or Bluffton Troop)  
 
::- Kirk's Company (also known as May River Troop or Bluffton Troop)  
 
::- Martin's Company (also known as Calhoun Minute Men or Red Oak Rangers  
 
::- Martin's Company (also known as Calhoun Minute Men or Red Oak Rangers  
::- Screven's Company (also known as Beaufort District or Coosawhatchie Guerrillas)  
+
::- Screven's Company (also known as Beaufort District or Coosawhatchie Guerrillas)
 +
 
 +
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)]]
 +
::- Company I (also known as Palmetto Guards)
 +
 
 
:- [[2nd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry Reserves|2nd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry Reserves]]  
 
:- [[2nd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry Reserves|2nd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry Reserves]]  
 +
::- Company B
 
::- Ashley Dragoons or Ashley Rangers (also known as Captain Colcock's Company, South Carolina Cavalry)  
 
::- Ashley Dragoons or Ashley Rangers (also known as Captain Colcock's Company, South Carolina Cavalry)  
::- Beaufort District Troop (also known as Captain J. H. Howard's Company)  
+
::- Beaufort District Troop (also known as Captain J. H. Howard's Company)
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina State Troops (6 months 1863-64)|2nd Regiment, South Carolina State Troops (6 months 1863-64)]] - Companies E and K  
+
 
 +
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina State Troops (6 months 1863-64)|2nd Regiment, South Carolina State Troops (6 months 1863-64)]]  
 +
::- Company E  
 +
::- Company K
 +
 
 
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry]]  
 
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry]]  
::- Company E (also known as Beaufort Detachment, Hampton Legion, Beaufort District Troop, Beaufort Dragoons)  
+
::- Company B (also known as Beaufort Detachment, Hampton Legion, Beaufort District Troop, Beaufort Dragoons)
 +
 
 +
:- [[3rd Battalion, South Carolina Light Artillery (Palmetto Battalion)|3rd Battalion, South Carolina Light Artillery (Palmetto Battalion)]]
 +
::- Company F (also known as the Chestnut Light Artillery)
 +
 
 
:- [[3rd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|3rd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry]]  
 
:- [[3rd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|3rd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry]]  
 
::- Company C (also known as the Beaufort District Troop and Captain John H. Howard's Company, South Carolina Cavalry)  
 
::- Company C (also known as the Beaufort District Troop and Captain John H. Howard's Company, South Carolina Cavalry)  
 
::- Company H (also known as the Ashley Dragoons or Rangers)  
 
::- Company H (also known as the Ashley Dragoons or Rangers)  
::- Company I (also known as the Rebel Troops)- [[9th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves|9th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves,]] Company K
+
::- Company I (also known as the Rebel Troops)
 +
 
 +
:- [[4th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Rutledge's)|4th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Rutledge's)]]
 +
::- Company D
 +
 
 +
:- [[7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry ]],
 +
::- Company G
 +
 
 +
:- [[7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry ]],
 +
::- Company B
 +
 
 +
:- [[8th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves (Stalling's)|8th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves (Stalling's)]]
 +
::- Company C
 +
 
 +
:-[[9th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Smith's) (Pee Dee Legion)|9th Battalion, South Carolina infantry (Smith's) (Pee Dee Legion)]]
 +
::- Company D
 +
 
 +
:- [[9th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves|9th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves,]]  
 +
::- Company K
 +
 
 +
:- [[11th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (9th Volunteers)|11th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (9th Volunteers)]]
 +
::- Company A
 +
::- Company D
 +
::- Company E
 +
::- Company F
 +
 
 +
:- [[11th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves (90 days 1862-63)|11th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves(90 days 1862-63)]]
 +
::- Company F
 +
::- Company L
 +
 
 +
:- [[24th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry|24th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry]]
 +
::- Company D
  
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
Line 392: Line 368:
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 +
 +
Eighteenth-century South Carolina newspapers&nbsp;contain a wealth of information about residents. The Early South Carolina Newspapers Database (ESCN Database) has created an every-name index to the three largest newspapers for the years 1732 to 1780. Using their [http://www.escndatabase.com/name1.htm free online Surname Database] , researchers may order a list of specific newspaper references from the organization for a very reasonable rate.
 +
 +
[http://www.beaufortcountylibrary.org/htdocs-sirsi/bdc/newobits_xml.html Beaufort County Obituary Indexes]
 +
 +
The Beaufort County Library has created a Newspaper Obituary Index. The Index is drawn from the library's microfilmed collection. Also included are some local newspapers that were started in 2006--Beaufort Today, Bluffton Today, and Hilton Head Island Today--these are not in the microfilm archives, they are just published in an online version as the source.
 +
 +
Currently, the obituary index contains 18,794 records from 18 Beaufort County newspapers from 1862 and May 15, 1984 and October, 2007 to the present. This is an ongoing project and records are being added on a regular bases. This link is a Beta version at the moment. The site includes instructions on how to secure copies if you locate your ancestor. This index has been compiled independently by volunteers and the staff at the Beaufort County Library! The link will lead you to the index and you can click the "Obituary Index Beta Version" link located in the middle of the page. What a great asset to those doing research in Beaufort County. <br>
  
 
'''Historic'''  
 
'''Historic'''  
Line 432: Line 416:
 
'''Current'''  
 
'''Current'''  
  
<br>Eighteenth-century South Carolina newspapers&nbsp;contain a wealth of information about residents. The Early South Carolina Newspapers Database (ESCN Database) has created an every-name index to the three largest newspapers for the years 1732 to 1780. Using their [http://www.escndatabase.com/name1.htm free online Surname Database] , researchers may order a list of specific newspaper references from the organization for a very reasonable rate.  
+
*[http://www.islandpacket.com/ Island Packet] (Hilton Head, S.C.) Online edition.  
 
+
*[http://www.islandpacket.com/beaufortgazette/ The Beaufort Gazette] (Beaufort, S.C.) Online editon.
[http://www.beaufortcountylibrary.org/htdocs-sirsi/bdc/newobits_xml.html Beaufort County Obituary Indexes]  
+
 
+
The Beaufort County Library has created a Newspaper Obituary Index. The Index is drawn from the library's microfilmed collection. Also included are some local newspapers that were started in 2006--Beaufort Today, Bluffton Today, and Hilton Head Island Today--these are not in the microfilm archives, they are just published in an online version as the source.  
+
 
+
Currently, the obituary index contains 18,794 records from 18 Beaufort County newspapers from 1862 and May 15, 1984 and October, 2007 to the present. This is an ongoing project and records are being added on a regular bases. This link is a Beta version at the moment. The site includes instructions on how to secure copies if you locate your ancestor. This index has been compiled independently by volunteers and the staff at the Beaufort County Library! The link will lead you to the index and you can click the "Obituary Index Beta Version" link located in the middle of the page. What a great asset to those doing research in Beaufort County. <br>
+
  
 
==== Periodicals  ====
 
==== Periodicals  ====
Line 448: Line 427:
 
==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
  
Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records&nbsp;in [[South Carolina Probate Records|South Carolina]].  
+
Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records&nbsp;in [[South Carolina Probate Records|South Carolina]].<br>
  
<br>
+
==== Taxation  ====
  
==== Taxation  ====
+
Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.
 +
 
 +
*South Carolina Department of Archives and History [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0007.htm tax lists] for Beaufort County.<br>
  
 
An interesting article about the intersection of free blacks and tax collecting in the county was published in 2006:  
 
An interesting article about the intersection of free blacks and tax collecting in the county was published in 2006:  
Line 492: Line 473:
  
 
== Archives, Libraries, and Museums  ==
 
== Archives, Libraries, and Museums  ==
 +
 +
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
 +
 +
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 +
*[[Beaufort South Carolina Family History Center]]
 +
*'''Heritage Library Foundation'''&nbsp;(described under&nbsp;"Archives, Libraries, and Museums" (below)
 +
 +
The library is a certified branch facility of the Family History Library and you can order microfilm and microfiche maintained by the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.
  
 
==== Libraries  ====
 
==== Libraries  ====
Line 508: Line 497:
 
[http://parrisislandmuseum.com/ Parris Island Historical Society]<br>P.O. Box 5202<br>Parris Island SC 29905-5202<br>Source: [http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/ Society Hill]  
 
[http://parrisislandmuseum.com/ Parris Island Historical Society]<br>P.O. Box 5202<br>Parris Island SC 29905-5202<br>Source: [http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/ Society Hill]  
  
== Family History Centers  ==
+
'''Heritage Library Foundation'''&nbsp;(described under&nbsp;"Archives, Libraries, and Museums" above)
  
*'''Beaufort South Carolina<br>'''703 Parris Island Gateway<br>Beaufort, Beaufort, South Carolina, United States<br>Phone: 843-525-1823<br>Hours: By appointment only.
+
<br>  
*'''Heritage Library Foundation'''&nbsp;(described under&nbsp;"Archives, Libraries, and Museums" above)<br>&nbsp;The library is a certified branch facility of the Family History Library and you can order microfilm and microfiche maintained by the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.
+
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
Line 517: Line 505:
 
{{Wikipedia|Beaufort County, South Carolina}}  
 
{{Wikipedia|Beaufort County, South Carolina}}  
  
*[http://sciway3.net/clark/beaufort/ Beaufort County, SCGenWeb]&nbsp;
+
*[http://sciway3.net/clark/beaufort/ Beaufort County, SCGenWeb]  
*{{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Beaufort|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/SC/Beaufort/ Beaufort County, South Carolina Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/SC/Beaufort/ Beaufort County, South Carolina Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
+
{{reflist}}
  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
+
</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]]
 
[[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]]

Revision as of 22:04, 30 March 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Beaufort County

Beaufort County, South Carolina genealogy and family history research guide. Introduces you to county topics such as vital record births, marriages, divorces, and deaths, census, court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.

  • From 1800 to 1868 this Beaufort County was also known by the alias of Beaufort District.
  • Not to be confused with the overarching Beaufort District 1768-1800.

County in South Carolina Lowcountry.

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/South Carolina_Online_Genealogy_Records South Carolina
Online Records

Coordinates: 32.35°0′N 80.69°0′W / 32.35°N 80.69°W / 32.35; -80.69

Beaufort County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Beaufort County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1769
County Seat Beaufort
Courthouse

Contents

Quick Dates

Beaufort County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1915  1911  1915  1790  1863   

County Courthouse

BeaufortSC.jpg

Beaufort County Courthouse
1501 Bay Street
Beaufort, SC 29902
Phone: 843-521-2088

Beaufort County Probate Judge
P.O. Box 1083
Beaufort, SC 29901-1083
Phone: 843-255-5850
Hours: 9 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Marriage and Probate records.

Register of Deeds
100 Ribaut Rd. Rm. 205
Beaufort, SC 29901
Phone: 843-255-2555
Hours: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Land records

Clerk of Court
102 Ribaut Rd. Rm. 208
Beaufort, SC 29902-4453
Phone: 843-255-5057
Court records

History

The county was named for Henry Somerset, second Duke of Beaufort (1684-1714), one of the Lord Proprietors of South Carolina. Beaufort was once home to a both a French Fort (built 1562) and a Spanish fort (built 1566), neither of which survived.[1] Learn more about the history of Beaufort County from the South Carolina State Library or from Carolana.com.

Parent County/Boundary Changes

  • 1768 - Beaufort District was established from Prince William, St. Lukes, St. Helenas, and St. Peters Parishes.
  • 1785 - Beaufort divided into Granville, Hilton, Lincoln, and Shrewsbury Counties, which never became functional.[2]
  • 1800 - Non-functional counties of Granville, Hilton, Lincoln, and Shrewsbury were abolished. Beaufort District re-established.
  • 1868 - Beaufort and all other districts became counties.
  • 1878 - Hampton created from Beaufort County.
  • 1912 - Jasper created from Hampton and Beaufort counties.

For more information as well as maps of Beaufort County through time, see the South Carolina State Archives or South Carolina County Maps and Atlases.

County Seat

The county seat of Beaufort County is Beaufort, which was founded in 1710.[3]

County Pronunciation

Hear it spoken.[4]

Record Loss

Beaufort suffered a major loss in February 1865 after records had been removed to Columbia for safety and subsequent losses during Reconstruction. Deed books in particular have suffered heavy losses.

Places/Localities

The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Resources

Scbeaufort.jpg

Research Guides

African Americans

Gotoarrow.pngBeaufort County, South Carolina African Americans

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Beaufort County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 18,753
1800 20,428 8.9%
1810 25,887 26.7%
1820 32,199 24.4%
1830 37,032 15.0%
1840 35,794 −3.3%
1850 38,805 8.4%
1860 40,053 3.2%
1870 34,359 −14.2%
1880 30,176 −12.2%
1890 34,119 13.1%
1900 35,495 4.0%
1910 30,355 −14.5%
1920 22,269 −26.6%
1930 21,815 −2.0%
1940 22,037 1.0%
1950 26,993 22.5%
1960 44,187 63.7%
1970 51,136 15.7%
1980 65,364 27.8%
1990 86,426 32.2%
2000 155,215 79.6%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Beaufort County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Beaufort County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1790
  • Jarrell, Lawrence E. Early Beaufort South Carolina Census. High Point, N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 1998. FHL Collection 975.79 X2jL
1800
  • Jarrell, Lawrence E. Early Beaufort South Carolina Census. High Point, N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 1998. FHL Collection 975.79 X2jL
1810
  • Jarrell, Lawrence E. Early Beaufort South Carolina Census. High Point, N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 1998. FHL Collection 975.79 X2jL
1820
  • Jarrell, Lawrence E. 1820 Beaufort District, South Carolina Census. High Point, N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 1998. FHL Collection 975.799 X2j 1820
1839
  • "The 1839 State Census of Beaufort District," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Summer 2008):139-143; Vol. 36, No. 4 (Fall 2008):193-195; Vol. 37, No. 1 (Winter 2009):29-31; Vol. 37, No. 2 (Spring 2009):89-91; Vol. 38, No. 2 (Spring 2009):89-91. FHL Books 975.7 B2sc v. 36-v. 38 [Abstract of SCDAH microfilm CN 656B.]
1850
  • Caldwell, Betsy McIntosh, Ann Kirkland Laffitte, and Lucy Keating Cobb. The 1850 Census of St. Luke's Parish, Beaufort County, South Carolina. Bluffton, S.C.: Bluffton Historical Preservation Society, 1984. FHL Collection 975.799 X2c 1850
  • Jarrell, Lawrence E. 1850 Beaufort District, South Carolina Census Complete Transcription of the Free Schedule, U.S. Federal Census; Current Counties of Beaufort, Hampton, Jasper and Parts of Allendale, South Carolina. High Point, N.C.: Alligator Creek Genealogy Publications, 2000. FHL Collection 975.799 X2j 1850

Church Records

For documents of early residents in this area, look in:[5]

The following Beaufort County church records have been indexed on the International Genealogical Index:[6]

Church Baptisms Batch Marriages Batch
Prince William's Parish (Sheldon Church) 1825-1873 C506571 1826-1876 M506571
St. Helena's Parish 1683-1822 C506581 1683-1822 M506581
Stoney Creek (Independent Congregational Church) 1744-1756 C506591 1744-1756 M506591

Court

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

More than 25 genealogies have been published about Beaufort County families. To view a list, visit Beaufort County, South Carolina Genealogy.

Historic Residences

Land

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information about types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Beaufort County:


Tracing Land Currently in Beaufort County with Parent Counties and Districts [7]
Date Government Office  
1868-present Beaufort County
1865-1868 Beaufort District
1769-1865 Records Lost *
1710-1769 Charleston District
1670-1710 Proprietary Land Grants

* Beaufort District records destroyed by fire


  • Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868 For information about the State Land Grants, see State Land Grants
  • Sherrard, Thomas H. A Working Plan for Forest Lands in Hampton and Beaufort Counties, South Carolina. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1903. Digital version at Google Books.

Local Histories

  • Dabbs, Edith M.  Sea Island Diary : a History of St. Helena Island   (Spartanburg, South Carolina : Reprint, 1983, c1983), 285 pages. History of Penn School and St. Helena Island, showing the inseparably interwoven heritage of blacks and whites together. Book at FHL 975.799 H2d and Other Libraries
  • Johnson, Guion Griffis.  A Social History of the Sea Islands With Special Reference to St. Helena Island, South Carolina   (New York, New York : Negro Universities Press, 1969), 245 pages. Sea Islands during the Federal Occupation throughout the Civil War and Negro culture on St. Helena Island. Book at FHL 975.799 H2j and Other Libraries
  • Marscher, Fran Heyward.  Remembering the Way it was : at Hilton Head, Bluffton, and Daufuskie  (Charleston, South Carolina : The History Press, c2005-c2007), 190 pages. A collection of oral histories. Book at 975.799 H2m v.1 and Other Libraries.
  • Marscher, Fran Heyward. Remembering the Way it was : at Beaufort, Sheldon and the Sea Islands  (Charleston, South Carolina : The History Press, c2006), 126 pages. A collection of oral histories. Book at FHL 975.799 H2mf and Other Libaries
  • Pearson, Elizabeth Ware.  Letters from Port Royal, 1862-1868   (New York, New York : Arno Press, Inc., 1969), 345 pages. Letters from Port Royal written at the time of the Civil War. Experiment in freedom for 10,000 slaves. Book at FHL 975.799 F2L , Other Libraries
  • Rowland, Lawrence S.  The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina  (Columbia, South Carolina : University of S.C., c1996), 521 pages. Three historians of the Palmetto State recount more that three centuries of Spanish and French exploration, English & Huguenot agriculture and African slave labor. Book (Vol.1) at FHL 975.799 H2rand Other Libraries.
  • Smith, Henry A.M. "Beaufort: The Original Plan and the Earliest Settlers," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Jul. 1908):141-160. FHL Collection 975.7 B2s v. 9 (1908); digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Todd, John Reynard and Francis Marion Huston.  Prince William's Parish and Plantations (Richmond [Virginia] : Garrett & Massie, c1935), 265 pages. This book portrays the physical development & transition of the Prince William's Parish section of South Carolina from the earliest days to the present and to preserve the old records. Book at 975.799 H2m v.1 Other Libraries

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Beaufort County for European settlers included:[8]

Military

General
  • "Court-martial at Black Mingo for neglect of military duty, 1809," Three Rivers Chronicle, Summer 2004, Volume 25, Issue 2. Three Rivers Historical Society : Hemingway, SC.
  • "Charlesfort revisited," Huguenot Society of South Carolina Transactions, 1985, Volume 26, Issue 90. Huguenot Society of North Carolina : Charleston, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.7 C4h
  • "Port Royal Sound, French and Spanish forts," Huguenot Society of South Carolina Transactions, 1936, Volume 7, Issue 41. Huguenot Society of South Carolina : Charleston, SC.FHL Collection Book 975.7 C4h
  • "Charles fort, Parris Island, dedication," Huguenot Society of South Carolina Transactions, 1926, Volume 5, Issue 31. Huguenot Society of South Carolina : Charleston, SC.FHL Collection Book 975.7 C4h
  • "Charles fort, Parris Island, 1562," Huguenot Society of South Carolina Transactions, 1924, Volume 5, Issue 29. Huguenot Society of South Carolina : Charleston, SC.FHL Collection Book 975.7 C4h
  • "Ribaults Fort," Huguenot Society of South Carolina Transactions, 1907, Volume 2, Issue 14. Huguenot Society of South Carolina : Charleston, SC.FHL Collection Book 975.7 C4h
Revolutionary War
  • Barnwell, Robert. An Oration, Delivered before the Philomathean Society and Inhabitants of Beaufort, South Carolina, on Monday, July 4, 1803, In Commemoration of American Independence. Charleston, S.C.: John J. Evans & Co., 1803. Digital version at Google Books.
  • "Battle of Port Royal note, 1779," Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, February 2001, Volume 135, Issue 2. Daughters of the America Revolution : Washington, D.C. FHL Collection 973 B2dar Films 1294343-48, 1697390 and 2055446.


Civil War

Civil War service men from Beaufort County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies and regiments that were specifically formed of men from Beaufort County.

- 1st Battalion, South Carolina Sharpshooters
- Company B - (also known as the Sumter Guards)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army)
- Company H - (also known as Haskell's Rifle Corps)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Mounted Militia
- Barnwell's Company (also known as Palmetto Hussars)
- Blakewood's Company (also known as Hardeeville Guerrillas)
- Bostick's Company (also known as Allendale Guards)
- Fripp's Company (also known as St. Helena Mounted Riflemen)
- Kirk's Company (also known as May River Troop or Bluffton Troop)
- Martin's Company (also known as Calhoun Minute Men or Red Oak Rangers
- Screven's Company (also known as Beaufort District or Coosawhatchie Guerrillas)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)
- Company I (also known as Palmetto Guards)
- 2nd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry Reserves
- Company B
- Ashley Dragoons or Ashley Rangers (also known as Captain Colcock's Company, South Carolina Cavalry)
- Beaufort District Troop (also known as Captain J. H. Howard's Company)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina State Troops (6 months 1863-64)
- Company E
- Company K
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company B (also known as Beaufort Detachment, Hampton Legion, Beaufort District Troop, Beaufort Dragoons)
- 3rd Battalion, South Carolina Light Artillery (Palmetto Battalion)
- Company F (also known as the Chestnut Light Artillery)
- 3rd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company C (also known as the Beaufort District Troop and Captain John H. Howard's Company, South Carolina Cavalry)
- Company H (also known as the Ashley Dragoons or Rangers)
- Company I (also known as the Rebel Troops)
- 4th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Rutledge's)
- Company D
- 7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry ,
- Company G
- 7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry ,
- Company B
- 8th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves (Stalling's)
- Company C
-9th Battalion, South Carolina infantry (Smith's) (Pee Dee Legion)
- Company D
- 9th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves,
- Company K
- 11th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (9th Volunteers)
- Company A
- Company D
- Company E
- Company F
- 11th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves(90 days 1862-63)
- Company F
- Company L
- 24th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
- Company D


  • Staudenraus, P.J. "Occupied Beaufort, 1863: A War Correspondent's View," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 64, No. 3 (Jul. 1963):136-144. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Pearson, Elizabeth Ware, Letters from Port Royal, 1862-1868 (New York, New York : Arno Press, Inc., 1969), 345 pages. Letters from Port Royal written at the time of the Civil War. Experiment in freedom for 10,000 slaves. Book at FHL 975.775 H2t , Other Libraries
  • Johnson, Guion Griffis. A Social History of the Sea Islands With Special Reference to St. Helena Island, South Carolina (New York, New York;: Negro Universities Press, 1969), 245 pages. Civil War pages start on 154. Sea Islands during the Federal Occupation throughout the Civil War and Negro culture on St. Helena Island. Book at FHL 975.799 H2j and Other Libraries

Newspapers

Eighteenth-century South Carolina newspapers contain a wealth of information about residents. The Early South Carolina Newspapers Database (ESCN Database) has created an every-name index to the three largest newspapers for the years 1732 to 1780. Using their free online Surname Database , researchers may order a list of specific newspaper references from the organization for a very reasonable rate.

Beaufort County Obituary Indexes

The Beaufort County Library has created a Newspaper Obituary Index. The Index is drawn from the library's microfilmed collection. Also included are some local newspapers that were started in 2006--Beaufort Today, Bluffton Today, and Hilton Head Island Today--these are not in the microfilm archives, they are just published in an online version as the source.

Currently, the obituary index contains 18,794 records from 18 Beaufort County newspapers from 1862 and May 15, 1984 and October, 2007 to the present. This is an ongoing project and records are being added on a regular bases. This link is a Beta version at the moment. The site includes instructions on how to secure copies if you locate your ancestor. This index has been compiled independently by volunteers and the staff at the Beaufort County Library! The link will lead you to the index and you can click the "Obituary Index Beta Version" link located in the middle of the page. What a great asset to those doing research in Beaufort County.

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Beaufort County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Current

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • Carolina Herald and Newsletter

Probate

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[9] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

Taxation

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.

  • South Carolina Department of Archives and History tax lists for Beaufort County.

An interesting article about the intersection of free blacks and tax collecting in the county was published in 2006:

  • Free Negroes Prohibition on Collecting Taxes, 1821-1841, Carolina Herald and Newsletter, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Jul. 2006).
Published abstracts
  • [1816] Aggregate of Poor Tax for St. Peters in 1816, South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 35, No. 2 (Spring 2007).

Vital Records

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth

State-wide birth registration began in 1915.  For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health.  The Beaufort County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Beaufort County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages - Indexes

  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in  some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death

State-wide death registration began in 1915.  For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Beaufort County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths and Substitutes - Indexes and Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums

Family History Centers

The library is a certified branch facility of the Family History Library and you can order microfilm and microfiche maintained by the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

Libraries

  • Beaufort County Public Library
    Address:
    311 Scott St.
    Beaufort, SC 29902
    Telephone: (843) 255-6456
    FAX: (843) 470-6541
    Hours: Monday - Thursday: 9:00 AM - 8:00 PM; Frriday - Saturday: 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM; Sunday: CLOSED
    Collections: Beauford District Collection preserves, maintains and makes accessible a research collection of permanent value that records the history of the area of lowcountry South Carolina known as the old historic Beaufort District. It is intended to be used by customers who perform their own research. The  BDC Research Room provides access to some of its materials and services through the “Virtual BDC,” the BDC web pages, the Online Obituary Index, the Phosphate, Farms, and Family digital collection, and the Connections blog.

    They present programs about local history, archaeology, and our coastal environment, including the occasional instructional session about how to perform historical and/or genealogical research
    . The BDC Research Room welcomes all visitors and researchers over the age of 12 years. It has space for up to 6 researchers at a time. Group visits must be scheduled in advance realizing they may not be able to accommodate a request. 
     
  • Heritage Library Foundation
    Address:
    852 William Hilton parkway
    2nd Floor, Suite A-2
    Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, United States
    Telephone: 843-686-6560
    Email: Info@heritagelib.org
    Hours: Monday, Thursday, Fririday, Saturday 10:00 am-3:00 pm, Closed: Saturday in July and August
    Fee: $10.00 per day

    Services: Microfilm readers, computers, high-speed Web service, major online databases at Ancestry.com, Genealogy.com, and HeritageQuest.com through the Library’s network. The Library offers educational programs and publishes The Heritage Observer, a newsletter, and Glimpses,The library is a certified branch facility of the Family History Library.

    The Heritage Library is a private reference library and research center which is open to the public. It is one of the most comprehensive libraries of its kind in the region, with and collections of books, microfilm, microfiche, CD-ROM, manuscripts, periodicals, video tapes, audio tapes, and maps. South Carolina materials account for about 10 percent of the holdings. The balance covers other states and many countries.
    Online catalog
    Collections: Collections include the records of The Hilton Head Island Historical Society containing a wealth of historical information, old photographs, and maps of Hilton Head Island and the Low Country. Also included is census data collected by the State of South Carolina immediately following the Civil War. The Library has a continually-growing collection of histories of the plantations that existed on the island, and such ongoing projects as indexing maps, land certificates and indentures, and the collection of material on Colored Troops from pension and other records

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage

Beaufort Chapter SCGS
P.O. Box 1070
St. Helena Island SC 29920-1070

Beaufort County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 5492
Hilton Head Island SC 29928
Source: Society Hill

Bluffton Historical Preservation Society
P.O. Box 742
Bluffton SC 29910
Source: Society Hill

Parris Island Historical Society
P.O. Box 5202
Parris Island SC 29905-5202
Source: Society Hill

Heritage Library Foundation (described under "Archives, Libraries, and Museums" above)


Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Beaufort County, South Carolina

References

  1. South Carolina State Library, "Beaufort County" (http://www.statelibrary.sc.gov/beaufort-county : accessed 15 April 2011).
  2. "Beaufort County" (http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/beaufort_county_sc.html : accessed 15 April 2011)
  3. Workers of the Writers' Program of the Works Projects Administration in the State of South Carolina, Palmetto Place Names (The Reprint Company: Spartanburg, S.C., 1975) 12.
  4. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  5. "South Carolina Districts and Parishes 1775" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1775.html (accessed 9 May 2011).
  6. Hugh Wallis, IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA, accessed 14 September 2010.
  7. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  9. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."