Birmingham St Martin, WarwickshireEdit This Page
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There are numerous post-1800 churches built within this large township to handle the large burgeoning populations of the 19th century; to see a complete list of these, see the link under "Church Records" below.
Birmingham St Martin. Prior to the year 1715, Birmingham comprised only one parish, at present it comprises the five parishes of St. Martin, St. Philip, St. George, St. Thomas, and All Saints. Christ-church, in the parish of St. Philip usually called the "Free church," St. Peter's, St. Luke's church, St. Stephen's church, is in the parish of St. George. There are places of worship for Baptists, the Society of Friends, Independents, Primitive and Wesleyan Methodists, Swedenborgians, and Unitarians; a Scottish church, and two Roman Catholic chapels.
Birmingham St Martin in the Bull Ring is the original parish church of the city of Birmingham.
The present church on the site replaced the 13th century church and was built in 1873 by J.A. Chatwin.
The original church reputedly included the first clock in Birmingham. In 1547, although no record is kept to indicate when the first clock appears in Birmingham, during this year the 'King's Commissioners report that the Guild of the Holy Cross are responsible 'ffor keeping the Clocke and the Chyme," at a cost of four shillings and four pence a year at St Martin's Church. The next recorded mention of a clock is in 1613. The earliest known clock makers in the town arrived in 1667 from London.
In 1690, the church-wardens "dressed the church in brick." All was cased in brick with the exception of the spire.
John Cheshire rebuilt 40 feet of the spire in 1781, which was strengthened by an iron spindle running up its centre for a length of 105 feet. It was secured to the sidewalls at every ten feet by braces. In 1801, several metres from the top of the spire were replaced after they were found to have decayed. The tops of the four pinnacles surrounding the main spire were also rebuilt. By 1808, the spire had been struck by lightning three times.
Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.
Birmingham St Martin
Bishop's Transcripts deposited at the Lichfield Record Office Bap 1632-1881 Marr 1662-1831 Bur 1662-1831
Birmingham St Mary (chapelry formed within the Ancient Parish)
Bishop's Transcripts deposited at the Lichfield Record Office Bap 1774-1847 Marr none Bur 1774-1847
See A Comprehensive List of Birmingham Parishes and Chapels for details of the the churches and chapels formed from this parish and microfilm of the records.
Census records from 1841-1891 are available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 464179. To view these census images online, they are available through the following websites for a fee ($) or free:
- FamilySearch has some of the British Censuses available.
- FindMyPast ($) has all available census records including images, and is free at Family History Centers and the Family History Library and some public and academic libraries.
- Ancestry.co.uk ($) has now all available census records but free at Family History Centers and the Family History Library and at numerous public and academic libraries. The library versions are known as AncestryInstitution.com.
- The Genealogist.co.uk ($) has all available censuses and is free at Family History Centers and the Family History Library and various other libraries.
- FreeCen is a UK census searches. It is not complete and individuals are always asked to consider helping out with transcriptions.
Poor Law Unions
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Warwickshire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.
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