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This article discusses the Prussian province of Brandenburg, which existed from 1815 to 1920. Much of this area is contained in the modern German state of Brandenburg. Brandenburg was the nucleus of the Kingdom of Preussen [Prussia].
History and Borders
The province of Brandenburg was created in 1815 and consisted of the historical Mark Brandenburg and the Neumark and Niederlausitz regions. The Neumark was situated East of the Oder river. The Altmark west of the Elbe river had been added to the Prussian province of Saxony.
The first capital city was Potsdam, followed by Berlin from 1827 to 1843, and Potsdam again from 1843 to 1918. FRom 1918 until 1945 the capital was Berlin-Charlottenburg.
Berlin was expanded separated from Brandenburg on 1 Oct 1920 and became an independent entity with province-like administrative rights. The new greater Berlin area included six former counties with fifty-nine civil communities and 27 rural districts.
Brandenburg province was divided into the regions of Frankfurt/ Oder and Potsdam. Regional offices in both cities were also responsible for issuing permits to emigrants. Card indexes [in German titled Auswandererkartei] of 19th Century emigrants kept by these offices are available on microfiche at the Family History Library. There is a separate set for each region. Indexes to these microfiches are also available on www.ancestry.com in the Immigration Collection.